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Encyclopedia > Sound system (Jamaican)
Music of Jamaica

Kumina - Nyabinghi- Mento - Ska - Rocksteady - Reggae - Sound systems - Lovers rock - Dub - Dancehall - Dub poetry - Toasting - Raggamuffin - Roots reggae Jamaica is known as the birthplace of many popular musical genres including raggamuffin, ska, reggae and dub. ... Kumina is both the religion and the music practiced by the people of eastern Jamaica. ... Nyabinghi is a legendary Amazon queen, who was said to have possesed a Ugandan woman named Muhumusa in the 19th century. ... Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced ska and reggae music. ... Ska (pron. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... A reggae sound system is a group of disc jockeys, engineers and MCs playing reggae music. ... Lovers Rock is the United Kingdoms main contribution to reggae. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ragga. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... Raggamuffin (or ragga) is a kind of reggae that includes digitized backing instrumentation. ... Roots reggae is a spiritual Rastafari subgenre of reggae music with lyrics that often include praise for Jah Ras Tafari Makonnen, Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia; the Emperor of Ethiopia. ...

Anglophone Caribbean music
Anguilla - Antigua and Barbuda - Bahamas - Barbados - Bermuda - Caymans - Grenada - Jamaica - Montserrat - St. Kitts and Nevis - St. Vincent and the Grenadines - Trinidad and Tobago - Turks and Caicos - Virgin Islands
Sound samples
Other Caribbean music
Aruba and the Dutch Antilles - Cuba - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Haiti - Hawaii - Martinique and Guadeloupe - Puerto Rico - St. Lucia - United States - United Kingdom

In the context of Jamaican popular culture, a sound system is a group of disc jockeys, engineers and MCs playing ska, rocksteady or reggae music. The sound system scene is generally regarded as an important part of Jamaican cultural history and as being responsible for the rise of several modern Jamaican musical genres.[1] The Cayman Islands are a Caribbean island chain, currently a territory of the United Kingdom. ... Timeline and Samples Pop genres Calypso - Chutney - Dancehall - Dub - Junkanoo - Ragga - Rapso - Reggae - Ripsaw - Rocksteady - Scratch - Ska - Soca - Spouge - Steelpan Other islands Aruba and the Dutch Antilles - Cuba - Dominica - Dominican Republic - Haiti - Martinique and Guadeloupe - Puerto Rico - Saint Lucia The Turks and Caicos Islands are an overseas dependency of the... 1966 in music Download sample of Alton Ellis rocksteady track Girl Youve Got a Date. Download sample of Cincinatti Kid by Prince Buster, a legendary ska artist. ... Aruba and the five main islands of the Netherlands Antilles are part of the Lesser Antilles island chain. ... The music of Hawaii includes an array of traditional and popular styles, ranging from native Hawaiian folk music to modern rock and hip hop. ... The former French colonies of Martinique and Guadeloupe are small islands in the Caribbean. ... Popular culture, sometimes called pop culture, consists of widespread cultural elements in any given society. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... Audio engineering is a part of audio science dealing with the recording and reproduction of sound through mechanical and electronic means. ... A Master of Ceremonies or MC (sometimes spelled emcee), sometimes called a compere or an MJ for microphone jockey, is the host of an official public or private staged event or other performance. ... Ska (pron. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


The sound system concept first became popular in the 1950s, in the ghettos of Kingston. DJs would load up a truck with a generator, turntables, and huge speakers and set up street parties. In the beginning, the DJs played American rhythm and blues music, but as time progressed and more local music was created, the sound migrated to a local flavor.[2] The sound systems were big business, and represented one of the few sure ways to make money in the unstable economy of the area. The promoter (the DJ) would make his profit by charging a minimal admission, and selling food and alcohol. Competition between these sound systems was fierce, and eventually two DJs emerged as the stars of the scene: Clement 'Coxsone' Dodd, and Duke Reid. It was not uncommon for thousands of people to be in attendance. This does not cite any references or sources. ... The City of Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica. ... For other meanings of DJ, see DJ (disambiguation). ... Rhythm and blues (also known as R&B or RnB) is a popular music genre combining jazz, gospel, and blues influences — first performed by African American artists. ... Clement Seymour Sir Coxsone Dodd (Kingston, Jamaica, January 26, 1932 – May 5, 2004) was a Jamaican record producer who was influential in the development of reggae and other forms of Jamaican music in the 1950s, 60s and later. ... Duke Reid was a Jamaican record producer, DJ and label owner. ...


The popularity of a sound system was mainly contingent on one thing: having new music. In order to circumvent the release cycle of the American record labels, the two sound system superstars turned to record production. Initially, they produced only singles for their own sound systems, known as "Exclusives" or Dubplates - a limited run of one copy per song.[3] What began as an attempt to copy the American R&B sound using local musicians became Jamaica's first unique music: ska. As this new musical form became more popular, both Dodd and Reid began to move more seriously into music production. Coxsone Dodd's production studio became the famous Studio One, while Duke Reid founded Treasure Isle. A dubplate is an acetate disc — usually 12 inches, 10 inches or 7 inches in diameter — used in mastering studios for quality control and test recordings before proceeding with the final master, and subsequent pressing of the record to be mass produced on vinyl. ... Rhythm and blues (also known as R&B or RnB) is a popular music genre combining jazz, gospel, and blues influences — first performed by African American artists. ... Ska (pron. ... Studio One is one of reggaes most renowned record labels and recording studios, having been described as the Motown of Jamaica. ...


See also

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jamaica is known as the birthplace of many popular musical genres including raggamuffin, ska, reggae and dub. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ska (pron. ... A sound reinforcement system is a functional arrangement of electronic components that is designed to reinforce a live sound source. ... A sound system is a group of DJs and engineers contributing and working together as one, often playing and producing one particular kind of music. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ...

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/bluessoulreggae/guides/reggae/#guide
  2. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/music/bluessoulreggae/guides/reggae/#guide
  3. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/1xtra/events/jamaica05/rebelmusic.shtml

External links

  • [1] - "Soundsystem Splashdown" feature from the London-based New Musical Express circa 1981.
  • Notting Hill Carnival Sound systems
  • Live sound system shows in Brixton / London
Ska

Mento - Calypso - Jazz - R&B - Rocksteady - Reggae - 2 Tone - Third wave ska - Ska jazz - Ska punk - Christian ska - J-ska - List of ska musicians - Music of Jamaica - Caribbean music genres - Caribbean music in the UK - Culture of Jamaica - Dancehall (venue) - Skank (dance) - Sound system (Jamaican) - Toasting - Jamaican record producers - Studio One - Trojan Records - Blue Beat Records - 2 Tone Records - Moon Ska Records - Asian Man Records
Rude boy - Mod - Skinhead - Trojan skinhead - Chelsea girl - Suedehead - Scooterboy - Spirit of 69
Ska (pron. ... Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced ska and reggae music. ... Calypso is a style of Afro-Caribbean music which originated in Trinidad at about the start of the 20th century. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Rhythm and blues (also known as R&B or RnB) is a popular music genre combining jazz, gospel, and blues influences — first performed by African American artists. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Third wave ska is a musical genre derived from the fusion of Jamaican ska with various American and British styles of music, such as 2 Tone, rock music, punk rock, hardcore and jazz. ... Ska jazz is a musical form derived by combining the melodic content of jazz with the rhythmical and harmonic content of ska. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Japanese ska or J-ska is ska (スカ) or ska punk music made in Japan by Japanese artists with lyrics in the Japanese language or in English. ... This is a list of famous and influential ska and ska punk musicians. ... Jamaica is known as the birthplace of many popular musical genres including raggamuffin, ska, reggae and dub. ... The music of the Caribbean is a diverse grouping of musical genres. ... Jamaican music in the United Kingdom // White Reggae White reggae has very low artistic credibility, but it laid a path for genuine reggae in Britain. ... Jamaican culture represents a rich blend of cultures that have inhabited the island. ... The dance halls of Jamaica in the 1950s and 60s were home to public dances usually targeted at younger patrons. ... Skanking is a form of dancing practiced in the ska, ska-core, hardcore punk, and more recently, grime music scenes, The dance style originated in the 1950s or 1960s at Jamaican dance halls, where ska music was played. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... Chris Blackwell Lloyd Barnes Richard Browne Clive Chin Lloyd Daley Clement Dodd Clancy Eccles Rupie Edwards Roy Francis Boris Gardiner Joe Gibbs (record producer) Jeremy Harding Derrick Harriott Harry Johnson Niney the Observer Joseph Hoo Kim Keith Hudson Clive Hunt King Jammy Tony CD Kelly Dave Kelly King Tubby Leslie... Studio One is one of reggaes most renowned record labels and recording studios, having been described as the Motown of Jamaica. ... Trojan Records Trojan Records is a label specialising in ska,rocksteady,reggae and dub music. ... Blue Beat Records was a record label that released Jamaican rhythm & blues and ska music in the United Kingdom in the early and mid 1960s. ... 2 Tone Records was a British record label which released ska and reggae influenced music with a punk overtone. ... Moon Ska Records was one of the most influential ska record labels of the 1980s and 1990s. ... Asian Mans Logo resembling the South Korean flag Asian Man Records is a small, DIY record label run by Mike Park out of his parents garage in Monte Sereno, California. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Skinheads, named after their cropped or shaven heads, are members of a working-class subculture that originated in Britain in the 1960s. ... Trojan Skinhead is a subculture of skinheads who identify themselves with the subcultures heyday in 1969 when ska music was at its most popular, and with the cults multicultural Jamaican and British working class roots (called The Spirit of 69). Bands/artists The Ethiopians Judge Dread Laurel Aitken... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Suedehead was an early-1970s offshoot of the skinhead subculture in the United Kingdom. ... Originating in the United Kingdom in the 1980s, scooterboy culture emerged from mods and skinheads, although it became a distinct and separate subculture. ... Spirit of 69 is a phrase used by traditional skinheads to commemorate the skinhead subcultures heyday in 1969. ...

Reggae
Mento - Ska - Blue Beat - Rocksteady - Dub music - Dub poetry - Toasting - Lovers Rock - Dancehall - Ragga - Reggae rock - Reggaet├│n - Roots reggae - 2 Tone
Reggae genres - Music of Jamaica - Caribbean music in the United Kingdom
Related topics
Jamaica - Haile Selassie - Marcus Garvey - Rastafari - Afrocentrism - Black nationalism - Zion - Dreadlocks - Ganja - Rude boy - Skinhead - Suedehead - Dancehall (venue) - Dubplate - Stalag version - Sound system (Jamaican) - Sound system (DJ) - Riddim - Jamaican English - Studio One - Trojan Records - Island Records - Coxsone Dodd - Chris Blackwell - Reggae musiciams - Dub artists - Jamaican record producers

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