The Soufriere Hills volcano is a complex stratovolcano with many lava domes forming its summit on the Caribbeanisland of Montserrat. After a long period of dormancy it became active in 1995, and eruptions have continued ever since. Its eruptions have rendered much of Montserrat uninhabitable, destroying the capital, Plymouth, and causing about two thirds of the population to leave the island. Ash from Soufriere Hills volcano in Montserrat. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... The most general definition of a mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... Stratovolcano LanÃn in the border between Argentina and Chile. ... The geologic time scale is used by geologists and other scientists to describe the timing and relationships between events that have occurred during the history of the Earth. ... Eruption redirects here. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Stratovolcano LanÃn in the border between Argentina and Chile. ... ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Plymouth is the capital of Montserrat, which is an overseas territory of the U.K. After the volcanic eruption in 1995, the city has been abandoned. ...
Seismic activity had occurred at the volcano for most of the 20th Century, but 1995 was the first time an eruption had occurred. When pyroclastic flows and mudflows began occurring regularly, Plymouth, was evacuated, and a few weeks later a pyroclastic flow covered the city in several metres of debris. A large eruption in 1997 resulted in the deaths of about 20 people. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Pyroclastic flows sweep down the flanks of Mayon Volcano, Philippines, in 1984 Pyroclastic flows are a common and devastating result of some volcanic eruptions. ... The metre (Commonwealth English) or meter (American English) (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...
The volcano has been become one of the most closely monitored volcanoes in the world since its eruption began, with the Montserrat Volcano Observatory taking detailed measurements and reporting on its activity to the government and population of Montserrat. Eruption redirects here. ...
Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO) - Current monitoring of the Soufri�re Hills Volcano in Montserrat.
USGS Info on Soufriere Hills Volcano
Ash Plume from Soufriere Hills, March 10, 2004
Categories: British Overseas Territories geography stubs | Caribbean geography stubs | Montserrat | Stratovolcanoes | Subduction volcanoes | Active volcanoes | Volcanoes of the Atlantic Ocean | Mountains and hills of British overseas territories Ash Plume from Soufriere Hills, Montserrat March 10, 2004, 17:40 UTC source Image Courtesy: NASA/MODIS Rapid Response System File links The following pages link to this file: Soufriere Hills volcano Categories: NASA images ... Ash Plume from Soufriere Hills, Montserrat March 10, 2004, 17:40 UTC source Image Courtesy: NASA/MODIS Rapid Response System File links The following pages link to this file: Soufriere Hills volcano Categories: NASA images ...
Even before viscous lava first breached the old forest-covered lava dome of SoufriereHillsvolcano in November 1995, scientists monitoring the volcano were concerned about the potential effects of pyroclastic flows and surges that would likely accompany the emplacement of a new dome in the volcano's summit crater.
With the experience of dome growth and collapses from Unzen volcano in Japan fresh in their minds, and based on recent deposits that clearly identified a lava dome and many associated pyroclastic flows that were erupted from SoufriereHills only 350 years ago, scientists knew what to expect if indeed a dome began to grow.
The initial eruptive activity of SoufriereHills began on July 18, 1995, and consisted of vigorous venting of steam and gas and a series of small steam explosions that formed ash-laden plumes less than 100 m tall.
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