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Encyclopedia > Soufriere Hills volcano
Soufriere Hills volcano

Ash fall from Soufriere Hills volcano
Elevation: 3002 ft (915 m)
Location: Montserrat, West Indies
Range: N/A
Coordinates: 16°43′N, 62°11′W
Type: Stratovolcano
Age of rock:
Last eruption: 2004

The Soufriere Hills volcano is a complex stratovolcano with many lava domes forming its summit on the Caribbean island of Montserrat. After a long period of dormancy it became active in 1995, and eruptions have continued ever since. Its eruptions have rendered much of Montserrat uninhabitable, destroying the capital, Plymouth, and causing about two thirds of the population to leave the island. Ash from Soufriere Hills volcano in Montserrat. ... A topographical summit is a point on a surface which is higher in elevation than all points immediately adjacent to it. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... The most general definition of a mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically); large version (pdf) The geographic (earth-mapping) coordinate system expresses every horizontal position on Earth by two of the three coordinates of a spherical coordinate system which is aligned with the spin axis of the Earth. ... Mountains can be characterized in several ways. ... Stratovolcano Lanín in the border between Argentina and Chile. ... The geologic time scale is used by geologists and other scientists to describe the timing and relationships between events that have occurred during the history of the Earth. ... Eruption redirects here. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Stratovolcano Lanín in the border between Argentina and Chile. ... ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Plymouth is the capital of Montserrat, which is an overseas territory of the U.K. After the volcanic eruption in 1995, the city has been abandoned. ...


Seismic activity had occurred at the volcano for most of the 20th Century, but 1995 was the first time an eruption had occurred. When pyroclastic flows and mudflows began occurring regularly, Plymouth, was evacuated, and a few weeks later a pyroclastic flow covered the city in several metres of debris. A large eruption in 1997 resulted in the deaths of about 20 people. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Pyroclastic flows sweep down the flanks of Mayon Volcano, Philippines, in 1984 Pyroclastic flows are a common and devastating result of some volcanic eruptions. ... The metre (Commonwealth English) or meter (American English) (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The volcano has been become one of the most closely monitored volcanoes in the world since its eruption began, with the Montserrat Volcano Observatory taking detailed measurements and reporting on its activity to the government and population of Montserrat. Eruption redirects here. ...


External link

  • Montserrat Volcano Observatory (MVO) - Current monitoring of the Soufri�re Hills Volcano in Montserrat.
  • USGS Info on Soufriere Hills Volcano
Ash Plume from Soufriere Hills, March 10, 2004
Ash Plume from Soufriere Hills, March 10, 2004

  Results from FactBites:
 
Soufriere Hills, Montserrat, West Indies (9518 words)
Soufriere Hills, a stratovolcano on the island of Montserrat, began erupting on July 18, 1995.
Activity at the volcano increased on the 25th, and extrusion in the northern part of the lava dome continued.
The activity at the Soufriere Hills Volcano was at a higher level between 5 November and 12 November.
Effects of Pyroclastic Flows and Surges at Soufriere Hills volcano, Montserrat (0 words)
Even before viscous lava first breached the old forest-covered lava dome of Soufriere Hills volcano in November 1995, scientists monitoring the volcano were concerned about the potential effects of pyroclastic flows and surges that would likely accompany the emplacement of a new dome in the volcano's summit crater.
With the experience of dome growth and collapses from Unzen volcano in Japan fresh in their minds, and based on recent deposits that clearly identified a lava dome and many associated pyroclastic flows that were erupted from Soufriere Hills only 350 years ago, scientists knew what to expect if indeed a dome began to grow.
The initial eruptive activity of Soufriere Hills began on July 18, 1995, and consisted of vigorous venting of steam and gas and a series of small steam explosions that formed ash-laden plumes less than 100 m tall.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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