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Encyclopedia > Soufriere Hills

The Soufriere Hills volcano is a stratovolcano on the Caribbean island of Montserrat. It became active in 1995, and has been active ever since. Its eruptions have rendered most of the island uninhabitable. It is 915 meters above sea level. The first eruption on July 18, 1995, caused about 2/3 of the people to evacuate the island.


USGS Info on Soufriere Hills Volcano (http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Volcanoes/WestIndies/Montserrat/framework.html)


  Results from FactBites:
 
Soufriere Hills, Montserrat, West Indies (9518 words)
Soufriere Hills, a stratovolcano on the island of Montserrat, began erupting on July 18, 1995.
The Soufriere Hills Volcano is exhibiting the highest level of sustained rockfall activity since the dome started erupting in November 1999.
The activity at the Soufriere Hills Volcano was at a higher level between 5 November and 12 November.
VOLCANIC TSUNAMI GENERATING SOURCE MECHANISMS IN THE EASTERN CARIBBEAN REGION - Dr. George Pararas-Carayannis (10937 words)
In recent times, Soufriere Hills on Montserrat, Kick'em Jenny near Grenada, Soufriere of St. Vincent, and Mt. Pelée on Martinique, are volcanoes in the Lesser Antilles region that have generated local tsunamis by renewed volcanic activity and associated flank failures and landslides (Lander et al 2002).
Debris avalanches and pyroclastic (lava) flows associated with the 1999 eruption of the Soufriere Hills volcano on the island of Montserrat reached the sea and generated a tsunami.
The Soufriere Hills, located on the southern part of Montserrat Island, is a very active, primarily andesitic stratovolcano (Rowley1978), which is the predominant type of explosive volcano in the world.
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