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Encyclopedia > Sophophora
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Sophophora
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Drosophilidae
Subfamily: Drosophilinae
Genus: Drosophila
Subgenus: Sophophora
Sturtevant, 1939

The subgenus Sophophora of the genus Drosophila was first described by Alfred Sturtevant in 1939. It contains the best known drosophilid species, Drosophila melanogaster. Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Phyla Subregnum Parazoa Porifera (sponges) Subregnum Agnotozoa Placozoa (trichoplax) Orthonectida (orthonectids) Rhombozoa (dicyemids) Subregnum Eumetazoa Radiata (unranked) (radial symmetry) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (coral, jellyfish, anemones) Bilateria (unranked) (bilateral symmetry) Acoelomorpha (basal) Orthonectida (parasitic to flatworms, echinoderms, etc. ... Subphyla and Classes Subphylum Trilobitomorpha Trilobita - trilobites (extinct) Subphylum Chelicerata Arachnida - spiders,scorpions, etc. ... Classes & Orders See taxonomy Insects are invertebrate animals of the Class Insecta, the largest and (on land) most widely-distributed taxon within the phylum Arthropoda. ... Suborders Nematocera(Eudiptera) Brachycera Green Bottle Fly Flesh Fly Fannia a Lesser House Fly (unidentified species) Dolichopodidae (unidentified species) Diptera (di - two, ptera – wings), or true flies, is the order of insects in which the hind wings are reduced to halteres. ... [[|Diversity]] Binomial name Trinomial name Type Species [[Image: ]] Synonyms Drosophilidae compound eye Drosophilidae (Order: Diptera) is a diverse, cosmopolitan family of flies, including the genus Drosophila, which includes the species fruit fly, vinegar flies, wine flies, pomace flies, grape flies, and picked fruit-flies. ... Genera Chymomyza Drosophila Hirtodrosophila Mycodrosophila Scaptodrosophila Scaptomyza Zaprionus Many more genera Largest subfamily in the Drosophilidae, other subfamily is the Steganinae. ... Type Species Musca funebris Fabricius, 1787 Species Many; see text. ... Alfred Henry Sturtevant ( November 21, 1891 - April 5, 1970) was an American geneticist, Sturtevant constructed the first genetic map of a chromosome in 1913. ... In biology, a subgenus is a taxonomic grade intermediate between genus and species. ... In biology, a genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic grouping. ... Type Species Musca funebris Fabricius, 1787 Species Many; see text. ... Alfred Henry Sturtevant ( November 21, 1891 - April 5, 1970) was an American geneticist, Sturtevant constructed the first genetic map of a chromosome in 1913. ... Binomial name Drosophila melanogaster Meigen, 1830 Drosophila melanogaster (from the Greek for black-bellied dew-lover) is a dipteran (two-winged) insect, and is the species of fruit fly that is most commonly used in genetic experiments; it is among the most important model organisms. ...


Phylogeny

Phylogeny of the Sophophora subgenus as far as known
Phylogeny of the Sophophora subgenus as far as known

Currently, eight species groups are recognized: In biology, phylogenetics (Greek: phylon = tribe, race and genetikos = relative to birth, from genesis = birth) is the study of evolutionary relatedness among various groups of organisms (e. ...

  • melanogaster species group (177 species, including D. melanogaster and D. simulans)
  • obscura species group (41)
  • saltans species group (21)
  • willistoni species group (23)
  • dentissima species group (17)
  • fima species group (23)
  • populi species group (2)
  • dispar species group (3)

The subgenus is paraphyletic because the genus Lordiphosa in also placed within this subgenus. Binomial name Drosophila melanogaster Meigen, 1830 Drosophila melanogaster (from the Greek for black-bellied dew-lover) is a dipteran (two-winged) insect, and is the species of fruit fly that is most commonly used in genetic experiments; it is among the most important model organisms. ... Drosophila simulans is a sister species of Drosophila melanogaster, the fruit fly used commonly in genetic research. ... Paraphyletic - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


 
 

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