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Encyclopedia > Sophia Alekseyevna
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Sofia Alekseyevna (Царевна Софья Алексеевна in Russian) (September 17 (27), 1657July 3 (14), 1704) was a regent of Russia (1682-1689) who allied herself with a singularly capable courtier and politician, Prince Vasily Galitzine, to install herself as a regent during the minority of her brothers, Peter I and Ivan V. The activity of this "bogatyr-tsarevna" (as Sergey Solovyov called her) was all the more extraordinary, as the Muscovite women usually kept themselves aloof from politics. Jump to: navigation, search September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... Events January 8 - Miles Sindercombe, would-be-assassin of Oliver Cromwell, and his group are captured in London February - Admiral Robert Blake defeats the Spanish West Indian Fleet in a battle over the seizure of Jamaica. ... Jump to: navigation, search July 3 is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 181 days remaining. ... Events Building of the Students Monument in Aiud, Romania. ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts of head of state, especially if not the Monarch (who has higher titles). ... Peter I permitted the Galitzines to take an emblem of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania as their coat of arms Galitzine, more correctly Golitsyn (Russian: Голицын), is one of the largest and noblest princely houses of Russia. ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts of head of state, especially if not the Monarch (who has higher titles). ... Jump to: navigation, search Portrait of Peter by Paul Delaroche Peter I (Пётр I Алексеевич in Russian, or Pyotr I Alexeyevich) (10 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672– 28 January 1725 O.S.] ) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death. ... Categories: People stubs | 1666 births | 1696 deaths | Russian tsars ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Tsarevna or czarevna(Царевна) - daughter of a Tsar and/or Tsaritsa. ... Sergey Mikhaylovich Solovyov (Soloviev, Solovyev) May 17 (May 5 (O.S.) 1820 — April 16 (April 4, (O.S.)), 1879 was one of the greatest historians of Imperial Russia. ...


Sofia was the eldest daughter of Tsar Alexei I of Russia by his first wife, Maria Miloslavskaya. After the death of her full brother Fyodor Alekseyevich on April 27, 1682, Sofia unexpectedly entered Russian politics, trying to preclude her young step-brother, the 10-year old Peter Alekseyevich, and his Naryshkin relatives, from inheriting the throne. Tsar (Bulgarian цар, Russian царь,   listen[?]; often spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English), was the title used for the autocratic rulers of the First and Second Bulgarian Empires since 913, in Serbia in the middle of the 14th century, and in Russia from 1547 to 1917 (although... Alexei Mikhailovich Romanov (In Russian Алексей Михаилович Романов) (March 9, 1629 (O.S.) - January 29, 1676 (O.S.)) was a Tsar of Russia during some of the most eventful decades of the mid_17th century. ... Maria Miloslavskaya Maria Ilyinichna Miloslavskaya (Russian: , 1625-1669) was the first wife of tzar Alexis I of Russia and mother of the tzars Feodor III of Russia and Ivan V of Russia, as well as regent princess Sophia Alekseyevna. ... Feodor III of Russia (In Russian: Фёдор III Алексеевич) (June 9, 1661 - May 7, 1682) was the Tsar of all Russia, during whose short reign (1678-82) the Polish influence in the Kremlin was paramount. ... Jump to: navigation, search April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... Events March 11 – Chelsea hospital for soldiers is founded in England May 6 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. ... Jump to: navigation, search Portrait of Peter by Paul Delaroche Peter I (Пётр I Алексеевич in Russian, or Pyotr I Alexeyevich) (10 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672– 28 January 1725 O.S.] ) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death. ...

Tsarevna Sofia at the Novodevichy Convent (1879), by Ilya Repin.
Tsarevna Sofia at the Novodevichy Convent (1879), by Ilya Repin.

The Miloslavsky party took advantage of the Moscow Uprising of 1682 to proclaim Ivan V the "first" tsar, young Peter I being relegated to the second position, with Sofia acting as a regent for them both. Vasily Galitzine was installed as a de-facto head of government, responsible for most of the policies during her regency. It was even rumoured that Galitzine was Sofia's lover, but this is almost certainly a slander propagated by her enemies. Jump to: navigation, search Image File history File links Download high resolution version (518x744, 23 KB) Summary Ilya Repin. ... Jump to: navigation, search Image File history File links Download high resolution version (518x744, 23 KB) Summary Ilya Repin. ... Novodevichy convent in summer Novodevichy Convent, also known as Bogoroditse-Smolensky Monastery (Новодевичий монастырь, Богородице-Смоленский монастырь in Russian) is probably the best-known cloister of Moscow. ... Ilyá Yefímovich Répin (Илья́ Ефи́мович Ре́пин) (August 5, 1844 (Julian calendar: July 24) – September 29, 1930) was a leading Russian painter and sculptor of the Peredvizhniki artistic school. ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts of head of state, especially if not the Monarch (who has higher titles). ... Peter I permitted the Galitzines to take an emblem of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania as their coat of arms Galitzine, more correctly Golitsyn (Russian: Голицын), is one of the largest and noblest princely houses of Russia. ...


When the Old Believers joined the rebels in the fall of 1682 and demanded the reversal of Nikon's reforms, Sofia and her court had to flee the Moscow Kremlin and sought refuge in the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra. The streltsy rebels, who instigated the rebellion, hoped to depose Sofia and to make Prince Ivan Khovansky a new regent. Eventually, Sofia managed to suppress the so-called Khovanshchina with the help of Fyodor Shaklovityi, who succeeded Khovansky in charge of the Muscovite army. Jump to: navigation, search A fragment of painting Boyarynya Morozova by Vasily Surikov depicting a defiant Old Believer arrested by Czarist authorities in 1671. ... Painting by Vasily Perov. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Moscow Kremlin The Moscow Kremlin (Russian: Московский Кремль) is the best known kremlin (Russian citadel). ... View of the lavra in the 1890s. ... Streltsy (Стрельцы in Russian), a unit of Russian guardsmen in the 16th - early 18th centuries, armed with firearms. ... Ivan Andreyevich Khovansky (Иван Андреевич Хованский) (ca. ... Khovanshchina or The Khovansky Affair (Хованщина in Russian) is an opera by Modest Mussorgsky. ...


During her regency, Sofia made a few concessions to posads and loosened detention policies towards runaway peasants, which caused dissatifaction among the nobles. The most important highlights of her foreign policy, as engineered by Galitzine, were the Eternal Peace Treaty of 1686 with Poland, the 1689 Treaty of Nerchinsk with China, and the Crimean campaigns against Turkey. A posad (посад) was a settlement, often rounded by bulwarks and a moat, by a town or a kremlin, but outside the town/kremlin, or by a monastery in the 10th to 15th centuries. ... The Eternal Peace Treaty of 1686 (Polish Pokój wieczysty or Pokój Grzymułtowskiego, Russian Вечный мир) was a treaty between Russia and Poland, signed by Polish envoys: voivod of Poznań Krzysztof Grzymułtowski and chancellor of Lithuania Marcjan Ogiński and Russian knyaz Vasily Golitsyn on May 6, 1686 in Moscow. ... Nerchinsk Treaty was the first treaty between Russia and China. ... Crimean campaigns of 1687 and 1689 (Крымские походы in Russian), military campaigns of the Russian army against the Crimean Khanate. ...


When Peter I turned 17 years of age, his Naryshkin relatives demanded Sofia to step down. In response, Shaklovityi advised Sofia to proclaim herself tsarina and attempted to induce the Streltsy to a new uprising. Most of the Streltsy units, however, deserted downtown Moscow for the suburb of Preobrazhenskoye and later for the Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra, where the young tsar was living. Feeling the power slipping from her hands, Sofia sent the boyars and the Patriarch to Peter, asking him to join her in the Kremlin. He flatly refused her overtures, demanding Shaklovityi's execution and Galitzine's exile. A Tsaritsa (Цари́ца), also called tsarina, czarina, or czaritsa, was the title of Tsars wife or a female autocratic ruler(monarch) of Russia or Bulgaria. ... Streltsy (Стрельцы in Russian), a unit of Russian guardsmen in the 16th - early 18th centuries, armed with firearms. ... Moscow (Russian: Москва́, Moskva, IPA:   listen?) is the capital of Russia, located on the river Moskva. ... Preobrazhenskoye is a village on Mednyi Island in the Komandorski Islands east of Russia. ... View of the lavra in the 1890s. ...


After Sofia agreed to surrender her senior boyars, she was put to home arrest and forced to withdraw into the Novodevichy Convent without formally taking the veil. Her fate was sealed ten years later, when the Streltsy attempted to reinstate her in the Kremlin during Peter's absence from the country. This uprising was suppressed with an iron hand, and soon the corpses of the rebels were suspended in front of Sofia's windows. Having taken the veil, she was kept in the strictest seclusion, with other nuns not allowed to see her except on the Easter day. She died in the Novodevichy Convent 6 years later. Novodevichy convent in summer Novodevichy Convent, also known as Bogoroditse-Smolensky Monastery (Новодевичий монастырь, Богородице-Смоленский монастырь in Russian) is probably the best-known cloister of Moscow. ... Streltsy Uprising of 1698 - an uprising of the Moscow Streltsy regiments. ... Jump to: navigation, search Easter is one of most important religious holiday of the Christian liturgical year, observed in March, April, or May to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus after his death by crucifixion in AD 30-33 (see Good Friday). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
AllRefer.com - Sophia Alekseyevna (Russian, Soviet, And CIS History, Biography) - Encyclopedia (0 words)
Sophia Alekseyevna[sO´fyu ulyiksyA´yuvnu] Pronunciation Key, 1657–1704, regent of Russia (1682–89); daughter of Czar Alexis by his first wife and sister of Czar Feodor III.
Supported by the streltsi (semimilitary formations in Moscow), she seized power shortly after Feodor's death (1682) and was proclaimed regent during the minority of her retarded brother, Ivan V, and of her half brother, Peter I (Peter the Great), who reigned jointly.
Sophia wished to be crowned czarina in her own right, but she lacked sufficient support among the nobility and clergy.
Royal Russia - Tsarevna Sophia Alekseyevna Romanova (356 words)
Sophia was born in Moscow on 17 September, 1657.
Sophia's image was struck on Russian coins from 1684 onwards and she assumed the title of autocrat in 1686.
Sophia's dream of ruling Russia on her own was thwarted by Peter the Great, who pursued his own independent line after marrying in January 1689.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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