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Encyclopedia > Songbird

A songbird is a bird belonging to the suborder Oscines of Passeriformes (ca. 4000 species), in which the vocal organ is developed in such a way as to produce various sound notes, commonly known as bird song. Songbirds evolved about 50 million years ago in the western part of Gondwana that later became Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica and later spread around the world. Orders Many - see section below. ... Families Many, see text A passerine is a bird of the giant order Passeriformes. ... A schematic representation of auditory signaling Sound is vibration, as perceived by the sense of hearing. ... Bird song refers to the sounds, usually melodious to the human ear, made by many birds of the order Passeriformes as a form of communication. ... Pangea broke into the two supercontinents, Laurasia and Gondwana The southern supercontinent Gondwana (originally Gondwanaland) included most of the landmasses which make up todays continents of the southern hemisphere, including Antarctica, South America, Africa, Madagascar, India, Arabia, Australia-New Guinea and New Zealand. ...


This 'bird song' is essentially territorial in that it communicates the identity and whereabouts of an individual to other birds and also signals sexual intentions. It is not to be confused with bird calls which are used for alarms and contact, and are especially important in birds that feed or migrate in flocks.


Other birds have songs to attract mates or hold territory, but these are usually simple and repetitive, lacking the variety of many passerine songs. The monotonous repetition of the Common Cuckoo or Little Crake can be contrasted with the variety of a Nightingale or Marsh Warbler. Binomial name Cucullus canorus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Common Cuckoo (Cucullus canorus) is a member of the cuckoo order of birds, the Cuculiformes, which also includes the roadrunners, the anis, the coucals, and the Hoatzin. ... Binomial name Porzana parva (Scopoli, 1769) The Little Crake (Porzana parva) is a very small waterbird of the family Rallidae. ... Binomial name Luscinia megarhynchos (Brehm, 1831) The Nightingale (Luscinia megarhynchos) is a small passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family Turdidae, but is now more generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher, Muscicapidae. ... Binomial name Acrocephalus palustris (Bechstein, 1798) The Marsh Warbler, Acrocephalus palustris, is an Old World warbler in the genus Acrocephalus. ...


Although many songbirds have songs which are pleasant to the human ear, this is not invariably the case. Many members of the crow family make croaks or screeches which sound harsh to humans. For other uses of the word Crow, please see Crow (disambiguation). ...


Examples of songbirds include:

Genera Menura A Lyrebird is either of two large ground-dwelling Australian birds, most notable for their extraordinary ability to mimic natural and artificial sounds from their environment. ... Binomial name Cinclus cinclus (Linnaeus, 1758) The White-throated Dipper (Cinclus cinclus) is an aquatic passerine bird found in Europe and the Middle East, also known as the European Dipper or just Dipper. ... Binomial name Turdus migratorius Linnaeus, 1766 The American Robin (Turdus migratorius) is a migratory songbird of the thrush family. ... Binomial name Erithacus rubecula (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Robin (Erithacus rubecula) is a small passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family, but is now considered to be an Old World flycatcher, Muscicapidae. ... Binomial name Lanius excubitor Linnaeus, 1758 The Great Grey Shrike (Lanius excubitor) is a member of the shrike family. ... Binomial name Corvus corone Linnaeus, 1758 The Carrion Crow, Corvus corone, can be distinguished from the Raven by its size (48–52 cm in length) and from the Hooded Crow by its black plumage, but there is frequent confusion between it and the Rook. ... Genera Donacobius Campylorhynchus Odontorchilus Salpinctes Catherpes Hylorchilus Cinnycerthia Thryomanes Ferminia Troglodytes Cistothorus Uropsila Thryorchilus Henicorhina Microcerculus Cyphorhinus The true wrens are members of a New World passerine bird family Troglodytidae containing 55 species. ...

see also


  Results from FactBites:
 
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Songbird - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (241 words)
A songbird is a bird belonging to the suborder Oscines of Passeriformes (ca.
Songbirds evolved about 50 million years ago in the western part of Gondwana that later became Australia, New Zealand and Antarctica and later spread around the world.
Although many songbirds have songs which are pleasant to the human ear, this is not invariably the case.
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