Born Zhŕo Bǐng (趙昺) to Emperor Gong, he was the younger brother of his predecessor, Duanzong. He became King Xin (信王) in 1274. Two years later, he received the titles of King Guang (廣王) and King Wei (衛王). He was enthroned at Gangzhou on May 10, 1278. His era name was Xiángxīng (祥興).
A year later, at the end of the Battle of Yamen, an official carried him and jumped off a boat in an act of defiance to the Mongol invaders at Mount Ya (厓) at the mouth of the West River.
The Song Dynasty (宋朝 960-1279) followed the Period of the Five Dynasties and the Ten Kingdoms and preceded the Yuan Dynasty in China.
In 1276, the Southern Song Dynasty court fled to Guangdong by boat, fleeing Mongol invaders, and leaving the Emperor Gong of Song China behind.
When in 1279 the Song army was defeated in its last battle, the Battle of Yamen, against the Mongols in the Pearl River Delta, a high official is said to have taken the boy emperor in his arms and jumped from a clifftop into the sea, drowning both of them.
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