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Encyclopedia > Son (music)

Son is a style of Cuban music which became popular in the second half of the 19th century in the eastern province of Oriente. The earliest known son dates from the late 1500s (the oldest known son is "Son de la Má Teodora", from about the 1570s in Santiago de Cuba). It combines the structure and elements of Spanish canción and the Spanish guitar with African rhythms and percussion instruments of [Bantu,and Arara] origin. The Caribbean island of Cuba has been influential in the development of multiple musical styles in the 19th and 20th centuries. ... Provinces of Cuba Cuba consists of 14 provinces, plus one special municipality. ... ---- Events and Trends Leonardo da Vinci paints the Mona Lisa Spanish arrive in present-day Gulf of Mexico External links 1500-1524 Events 1500-1509 Events Categories: 1500s ... Significant Events and Trends Transition from the Muromachi to the Azuchi-Momoyama period in Japan Categories: 1570s ... Santiago de Cuba is the capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province in eastern Cuba. ... Canción is a genre of Latin American music that was popular in the first half of the 20th century. ... The acoustic archtop guitar, used in Jazz music, features steel strings The guitar is a stringed musical instrument. ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... Percussion instruments are music instruments played by being struck, shaken, rubbed or scraped, hence the percussive name. ...

Son
Stylistic origins: Changui, a mixture of Spanish guitar and canción, mixed with [Bantu,and Arara] percussion
Cultural origins: Late 19th century Oriente
Typical instruments: Guitar or tres, marímbula or double bass, trumpet, bongo, clave and maracas
Mainstream popularity: Much in Cuba and elsewhere in Latin America
Subgenres
mambo, rumba
Fusion genres
Son montuno - Guajira-son - Bolero-son - Guaracha-son - Salsa music
Other topics
Anticipated bass - Clave

A son is a male offspring; a boy, man, or male animal in relation to his parents. ... Changui is a style of Cuban music which originated in the early 19th century in the eastern region of Guant namo Province. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Capital: Santiago de Cuba Area: 6,170km² Inhabitants: 1,016,600 Population Density: 164. ... A musical instrument is a device that has been constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... The acoustic archtop guitar, used in Jazz music, features steel strings The guitar is a stringed musical instrument. ... The Tres is a 3 course chordophone which was created in Cuba. ... Marimbula Marímbula (not to be confused with marimba), pronounced as mah-REAM-boo-lah, is a folk musical instrument of Caribbean Islands. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... The trumpet is the highest brass instrument in register, above the tuba, euphonium, trombone, sousaphone, and french horn. ... Bongo can refer to: bongo drums a kind of antelope the Bongo GUI development tool Bongo the Clown Omar Bongo This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The term clave may refer to Clave, a rhythmic pattern Claves, a percussion instrument This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Maracas are simple percussion instruments (idiophones), usually played in pairs, consisting of a dried gourd shell (cuia - kOO-ya) filled with seeds or dried beans. ... Mambo is a Cuban musical form and dance style. ... Rumba is both a family of music rhythms and a dance style that originated in Africa and traveled via the slave trade to Cuba and the New World. ... Arsenio Rodríguez initially developed son montuno from son. ... Salsa music is a diverse and predominantly Caribbean and Latin genre that is popular across Latin America and among Latinos abroad; the style is the primary music played at Latin danceclubs and is the essential pulse of Latin music, according to author Ed Morales . ... In music, syncopation is the stressing of a normally unstressed beat in a bar or the failure to sound a tone on an accented beat. ... Clave is a rhythmic pattern or timeline which has its roots in West African music and was developed in Cuba. ...

Development

The sister's Teodora and Micaela Ginez, from Santiago de los Caballeros, Dominican Republic, black slaves emigrated to Cuba and brought with them the new rhythm. "El Son de la Ma. Teodora" marks the birth of Son which Cubans have made their own and which in turn is also the source of modern Salsa.


Son is derived from Haitian, African, Spanish and native musical influences, arising first in the Oriente province, reaching Havana around 1880's's. The most influential group from this period was the Trio Oriental, who stabilized the sextet format that soon came to dominate son bands. In 1912, recording began with groups like Sexteto Habanero (a re-named Trio Oriental) and Sexteto Boloña, and popularization began in earnest with the arrival of radio broadcasting in 1922, which came at the same time as Havana's reputation as an attraction for Americans evading Prohibition laws and the city became a haven for the Mafia, prostitution and gambling, and also became a second home for trendy and influential bands from New York City. A few years later, in the late 1920s, son sextets became septets and son's popularity continued to grow with artists like Septeto Nacional and its leader, Ignacio Piñeiro. Piñeiro experimented with fusing son with other genres of music, forming guajira-son, bolero-son and guaracha-son. In 1928, Rita Montaner's "El Manicero" became the first Cuban song to be a major hit in Paris and elsewhere in Europe. In 1930, the Havana Orchestra took the song to the United States, where it also became a big hit. Havana (Spanish: San Cristóbal de La Habana; UN/LOCODE: Habana (CU HAV)) is the capital of Cuba and, with a population of 2. ... 1912 was a leap year starting on Monday. ... Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and video signals (programs) to a number of recipients (listeners or viewers) that belong to a large group. ... 1922 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Prohibition agents destroying barrels of alcohol. ... The Mafia, also referred to in Italian as La Cosa Nostra (variously translated as This Thing Of Ours or Our Thing), is the name for a secret criminal organization which evolved in mid-19th century Sicily, and led to an offshoot on the East Coast of the United States, emerging... Prostitution is the sale of sexual services, such as oral sex or sexual intercourse, for money. ... Gambling (or betting) is any behavior involving risking money or property (making a wager or placing a stake) on the outcome of a game, contest, or other event in which the outcome of that activity depends partially or totally upon chance or upon ones ability to do something. ... New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the most populous city in the United States, the most densely populated major city in North America, and is at the center of international finance, politics, entertainment, and culture. ... Sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or primarily in North America as the Roaring Twenties . In Europe it is sometimes refered to as the Golden Twenties. ... Septeto Nacional (National Septet), for its actual name Septeto Nacional de Ignacio Piñeiro. ... This article about a musical group, band, singer, musician, album, or song does not make it clear whether the subject meets the WikiProject Music criteria for importance. ... 1928 was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... World map showing Europe (geographically) When considered a continent, Europe is the worlds second-smallest continent in terms of area, with an area of 10,600,000 km² (4,140,625 square miles), making it larger than Australia only. ... 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


Son montuno

Main article: Son montuno Arsenio Rodríguez initially developed son montuno from son. ...


In the 1940s Arsenio Rodríguez became the most influential player of son, creating the modern Afro-Cuban sound, the son montuno. Later Beny Moré and others helped develop salsa music. Arsenio Rodríguez was especially influential, incorporating improvised solos, toques, congas and extra trumpets, percussion and pianos. Beny Moré (known as the "Barbarian of Rhythm") further evolved the genre, adding guaracha, bolero and mambo influences, helping make him extraordinarily popular and is now cited as perhaps the greatest sonero,(El Barbaro del Ritmo). // Events and trends The 1940s were seen as a transition period between the radical 1930s and the conservative 1950s, which also leads the period to be divided in two halves: The first half of the decade was dominated by World War II, the widest and most destructive armed conflict in... Arsenio Rodríguez (August 30, 1911 - December 30, 1972) was a Cuban musician who developed the son montuno. ... Benny Moré (August 24, 1919 – February 19, 1963) is considered by many fans of Cuban music the greatest Cuban singer of all time. ... Cuban Guaracha Traditionally an early form of peasant street music with satirical lyric content somewhat in the Son rhythm style. ... The bolero is a type of dance and musical form. ... Mambo is a Cuban musical form and dance style. ...

Music of Cuba
Batá and yuka drums - Chachachá - Changuí - Charanga - Conga - Danzón - Descarga - Guajira - Guaracha - Habanera - Jazz - Hip hop - Mambo - Música campesina - Nueva trova - Pilón - Rumba - Salsa cubana - Son - Son montuno - Timba
History (Timeline and Samples)
Awards Beny Moré Award
Festivals Cuba Danzon, Percuba
National anthem "La Bayamesa"
Caribbean music
Bahamas - Bermuda - Cayman Islands - Cuba - Dominican Republic - Haiti - Jamaica - Lesser Antilles - Puerto Rico - Turks and Caicos Islands

The Caribbean island of Cuba has been influential in the development of multiple musical styles in the 19th and 20th centuries. ... The batá is a double-headed drum shaped like an hourglass with one cone larger than the other. ... Binomial name Manihot esculenta Crantz The cassava or manioc (Manihot esculenta; also yuca in Spanish, mandioca, aipim, or macaxeira in Portuguese, and mandio in Guaraní) is a woody perennial shrub of the spurge family, that is extensively cultivated as an annual crop for its edible starchy tuberous root. ... For the dance, see Cha-cha-cha (dance). ... Changui is a style of Cuban music which originated in the early 19th century in the eastern region of Guantánamo Province. ... A charanga is a Cuban orchestra composed of piano, strings, vocals, flute and Cuban musical style characterized by this kind of orchestration. ... Conga music is a style of Cuban music used to dance Conga. ... Danzón is the official music of Cuba, and derives from a European-influenced ballroom dance played by Cuban ensembles. ... Roberto Fazz. ... Guajira is a style of Cuban acoustic music. ... Cuban Guaracha Traditionally an early form of peasant street music with satirical lyric content somewhat in the Son rhythm style. ... Habanera is an adjective meaning from Havana (also known as La Habana), Cuba. ... Latin jazz is the general term given to music that combines rhythms from African and Latin American countries with jazz harmonies from the United States. ... Hip hop arrived in Cuba via radio and TV broadcasts from Miami. ... Mambo is a Cuban musical form and dance style. ... Nueva trova was a movement in Cuban music that emerged in the mid-1960s. ... Rumba is both a family of music rhythms and a dance style that originated in Africa and traveled via the slave trade to Cuba and the New World. ... Salsa Dance is the name given in New York to Casino Dance, developed in Havana in the early 1960s. ... A son is a male offspring; a boy, man, or male animal in relation to his parents. ... Arsenio Rodríguez initially developed son montuno from son. ... Timba is the Cuban variant of salsa music, and is often understood to be a sub-category of salsa. ... Categories: Substubs | Timelines of music | Cuban music ... A music festival is a festival that presents a number of musical performances usually tied together through a theme or genre. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is formally recognized by a countrys government as their states official national song. ... El Himno de Bayamo (The Bayamo Anthem) is the national anthem of Cuba. ... The music of the Caribbean is a diverse grouping of musical genres. ... The Lesser Antilles, an island chain composed of Martinique, Guadeloupe, Dominica and other countries and dependencies, is best-known internationally for the mid-1980s international craze zouk. ...

Rumba

Main article: Rumba Rumba is both a family of music rhythms and a dance style that originated in Africa and traveled via the slave trade to Cuba and the New World. ...


With the arrival of pop chachachá and mambo in the United States, son also became extremely popular but was usually called rumba, which more properly refers to a specific genre of music. Son, mambo and rumba, along with other forms of Latin music contributed to the development of salsa music, which quickly became perhaps the most popular form of Latin music ever. Rumba is both a family of music rhythms and a dance style that originated in Africa and traveled via the slave trade to Cuba and the New World. ... Salsa music is a diverse and predominantly Caribbean and Latin genre that is popular across Latin America and among Latinos abroad; the style is the primary music played at Latin danceclubs and is the essential pulse of Latin music, according to author Ed Morales . ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Mamborama.com | Cuban Music 101 (429 words)
Cuban music is a myriad of styles and genres, with a long history.
While influences from Africa and Spain were predominant, Cuban music has also been shaped by the music of Europe, Latin-America and American pop music and jazz.
Son is a style of popular dance music that originated in the Oriente province of Cuba.
Music Genre: Son - Music of Puerto Rico (406 words)
Son is the music of the Spanish colonists, using traditional Spanish instruments like the tres and maracas, fused with the sounds of slavery -- the instruments, rhythms and beats of Africa.
The son is a music genre especially for dance and originated in the Sierra Maestra mountains of eastern Cuba, during the last century.
The son genre is defined by three main elements: sensual lyrics and street wisdom; complex, infectious rhythmic structures with various percussion instruments including bongos, maracas, and claves; and lastly, harmony that is achieved by the tres and the guitar.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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