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Encyclopedia > Somerville, Massachusetts
Somerville, Massachusetts
Davis Square, Somerville
Official seal of Somerville, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°23′15″N 71°06′00″W / 42.3875, -71.1
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Middlesex
Settled 1630
Incorporated 1842
Government
 - Type Mayor-council city
 - Mayor Joseph A. Curtatone
Area
 - Total 4.2 sq mi (10.9 km²)
 - Land 4.1 sq mi (10.6 km²)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km²)
Elevation 12 ft (4 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 77,478
 - Density 18,868.1/sq mi (7,285.0/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02143, 02144, 02145
Area code(s) 617 / 857
FIPS code 25-62535
GNIS feature ID 0612815
Website: http://www.ci.somerville.ma.us/

Somerville (pronunciation IPA: /ˈsʌmərvɪl/) is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, just north of Boston. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 77,478, and was the most densely populated municipality in New England, and the most dense in the United States outside the New York - New Jersey metropolitan area. It was established as a town in 1842, when it was separated from the urbanizing Charlestown. photo of Davis Sq. ... Lifted from http://www. ... Image File history File links Somerville_ma_highlight. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Massachusetts counties This is a list of Massachusetts counties, consisting of the 14 Massachusetts counties currently in existence. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area code 617 once covered the entire Greater Boston (Eastern Massachusetts) area, reaching beyond the I-495 loop. ... Area code 857 is an overlay of parts of area code 617. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the commonwealth of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... This article is about the state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910. ...

Contents

History

Somerville was first settled in 1630 as part of Charlestown. It was known as "Charlestown beyond the Neck"[1] because it was part of the Massachusetts mainland, not the Charlestown Peninsula. (Charlestown Neck was the narrow strip of land that joined the two.) The incorporation of Somerville in 1842 separated the largely rural town from the urbanizing Charlestown. Events February 22 - Native American Quadequine introduces Popcorn to English colonists. ... Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


The original choice for the city's new name after breaking away from Charlestown was Walford, after the first settler of Charlestown. However this name was not adopted by the separation committee. Mr. Charles Miller, a member of this committee, proposed the name "Somerville" which was chosen. It was not derived from any one person's name. A report commissioned by the Somerville Historical Society found that Somerville was a "purely fanciful name".[2]


Traffic on the Middlesex Canal began its famous journey from the mouth of the Charles River in Charlestown (now part of Boston) to Lowell by going through East Somerville, where several historical markers can be discovered today. The Middlesex Canal was built in the late 18th century to connect the Merrimack River with the port of Boston. ... Nickname: Motto: Art is the Handmaid of Human Good Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1653 Incorporated 1826 A city 1836 Government  - Type Manager-City council  - Mayor William F. Martin, Jr. ...


Historically Somerville encompassed many of the less desirable railway and industrial lands squeezed between the Charles River to the southwest and the Mystic River to the northeast. For all its problems, Somerville's late 1800s and early 1900s industrial revolution left behind a rich historical record of Sanborn Maps, apparently invented in Somerville in 1867, and subsequently used for fire insurance appraisal across the USA. The delicate, detailed original Sanborn Maps are on display at the main branch of the Somerville Public Library.[3] The Charles River from the Boston side, facing Cambridge and the main campus of Harvard University. ... For other uses, see Mystic River (disambiguation) A quiet afternoon on the Mystic River, as seen from very close to Grandfathers House, Medford, Massachusetts Mystic River and environs The Mystic River is the name of a short river in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. ... A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... A sample Sanborn Map from 1867 Sanborn Maps were originally created for assessing fire insurance liability in urbanized areas in the United States. ...


Somerville's industrial past left one special legacy, the invention of Fluff, the marshmallow creme. Fluff may be: Look up Fluff in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Marshmallow Fluff Marshmallow creme is a uniquely American food item. ...


One of the earliest American flags was raised on Prospect Hill, above Union Square, on January 1, 1776.[4] Grand Union flag North Carolina Currency, 1776 Painting of flag of East India Company, 1732 The Grand Union Flag, also known as the Congress flag, the First Navy Ensign, The Cambridge Flag, and The Continental Colors is the first true Flag of the United States. ... The Prospect Hill Monument in Union Square, Somerville, MA Union Square is a neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, located around the intersection of Washington Street and Somerville Avenue, not far from Cambridges Inman Square. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1776 (disambiguation). ...


Somerville was once[when?] colloquially referred to as "Slummerville"[1] or "Scumerville",[citation needed] referring to its blue-collar residents and its reputation for crime, especially in the city's east, where James "Buddy" McLean and Howie Winter and the "Winter Hill Gang" were based.[2] The city also had a very high car theft rate,[citation needed] once being the car theft capital of the country, and its Assembly Square area especially infamous for theft.[3] However, after the gentrification period the city went through in the 1990s this name became less prevalent. More recently, lobbying by grassroots organizations is attempting to revive and preserve Somerville's "small town" neighborhood environments by supporting local business, public transit, gardens and pedestrian/bike access. A blue-collar worker is a working class employee who performs manual or technical labor, such as in a factory or in technical maintenance trades, in contrast to a white-collar worker, who does non-manual work generally at a desk. ... James Buddy McLean (1929-October 31, 1965) was the first leader of the Somerville, Massachusetts Irish-American gang known as The Winter Hill Gang in the 1960s. ... Howie Winter (born March 17, 1929) is a Irish/German-American mobster. ... The Winter Hill Gang is a loose confederation of Boston, Massachusetts area, mostly Irish-American organized crime figures. ... In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ... Union Square Main Streets is a community development organization in Somerville, Massachusetts that aims to enhance the Union Square areas commercial viability through collaborative efforts in design, promotion, economic restructuring, transportation, and organization. ...


Political history

The first Democratic Mayor of the city was John J. Murphy (1929). He succeeded on his seventh try by uniting the Irish, Italians, Greeks, and Portuguese people. There were "Candle Parades" with thousands marching to giant rallies in the middle of Union Square (and other squares too). At the time signs in real estate windows often had "Irish Catholic need not apply" under their "Flats for Rent".[citation needed] The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... John Murphy in his Morris Township Firehouse John J. Murphy (born 1959) is a politician from New Jersey. ... Languages Portuguese Religions Predominantly Roman Catholic Related ethnic groups Galicians and other Spaniards, Italians, French The Portuguese people (Portuguese: ; literally the Portuguese) are the ethnic group or nation native to the country of Portugal, in the west of the Iberian peninsula of south-west Europe. ...


Geography

Somerville is located at 42°23′26″N, 71°6′13″W (42.390546, -71.103683).[5]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles (10.9 km²), of which, 4.1 square miles (10.6 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (2.61%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ...


Somerville has a number of squares that are bustling business and entertainment centers, among them Davis Square, Powder House Square, Union Square, Ball Square, Foodmaster Square, Teele Square, and Magoun Square. Davis Square, Somerville, Massachusetts Davis Square is a neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, located around the intersection of Holland Street, Dover Street, Elm Street, Highland Avenue, and College Avenue. ... The Prospect Hill Monument in Union Square, Somerville, MA Union Square is a neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, located around the intersection of Washington Street and Somerville Avenue, not far from Cambridges Inman Square. ... Ball Square is a neighborhood in Somerville, Massachusetts at the intersection of Boston Avenue and Broadway, located between Powderhouse Square and Magoun Square. ... Foodmaster Square is the common name for the intersection of Alewife Brook Parkway and Broadway, in Somerville, Massachusetts. ... Teele Square is at the intersection of Broadway, Holland Street, and Curtis Avenue in Somerville, Massachusetts. ... Magoun Square is a neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts located at the intersection of two major streets, Broadway and Medford Street, with the smaller Dexter Street. ...


The Somerville Community Path is a tree-lined rail trail that runs from Cedar Street to Davis Square. It connects with the Linear Park, which in turn connects with the Minuteman Bikeway and the Fitchburg Cutoff Path. The city has many community groups, including Friends of the Community Path, dedicated to extending the Somerville Community Path eastward from its current ending at Cedar Street, to the Charles River Path and on to Boston. The Somerville Community Path is an ambitious project to connect the Minuteman Bikeway and Cambridge Linear Park to the Charles river and downtown Boston. ... Davis Square, Somerville, Massachusetts Davis Square is a neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, located around the intersection of Holland Street, Dover Street, Elm Street, Highland Avenue, and College Avenue. ... The Linear Park is a mixed-use path, about 1 mile long, running through Cambridge and Somerville (Massachusetts), and connecting the Minuteman Bikeway and the Fitchburg Cutoff Path near Alewife with the Somerville Community Path at Davis Square. ... The Minuteman Commuter Bikeway in Bedford, near Wiggins Avenue The Minuteman Bikeway is a 10 mile (16 km) paved mixed-use path/rail trail in the Greater Boston area of Massachusetts. ... The Fitchburg Cutoff Path is a short, unpaved mixed-use path/rail trail in suburban Boston, Massachusetts. ...


Neighborhoods

The Somerville City website recognizes the following neighborhoods:

Sullivan Square is on the Charlestown border. Davis Square, Somerville, Massachusetts Davis Square is a neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, located around the intersection of Holland Street, Dover Street, Elm Street, Highland Avenue, and College Avenue. ... Magoun Square is a neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts located at the intersection of two major streets, Broadway and Medford Street, with the smaller Dexter Street. ... For other uses, see Mystic River (disambiguation) A quiet afternoon on the Mystic River, as seen from very close to Grandfathers House, Medford, Massachusetts Mystic River and environs The Mystic River is the name of a short river in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. ... Teele Square is at the intersection of Broadway, Holland Street, and Curtis Avenue in Somerville, Massachusetts. ... Tufts University is a private research university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts, suburbs of Boston. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Prospect Hill Monument in Union Square, Somerville, MA Union Square is a neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, located around the intersection of Washington Street and Somerville Avenue, not far from Cambridges Inman Square. ... Birdseye view of Boston, Charlestown, and Bunker Hill between 1890 and 1910. ...


Hills

The seven hills of Somerville are:

Spring Hill is the name of a ridge in the central part of the city of Somerville, Massachusetts, and the neighborhood that sits atop it. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Government

Somerville has a mayor-city council form of municipal government. The Board of Aldermen consists of 4 at-large (city-wide) positions and 7 ward representatives (each ward is a specific section of the city).[6]


Somerville is part of Massachusetts's 8th congressional district for purposes of elections to the United States House of Representatives. For representation to the Massachusetts Senate, Somerville is part of the "Second Middlesex" and "Middlesex, Suffolk, and Essex" districts.[7] For representation to the Massachusetts House of Representatives, Somerville is part of the 26th, 27th, and 34th Middlesex districts.[8] Massachusetts Congressional District 8 is a congressional district in eastern Massachusetts. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... The Massachusetts Senate is the upper house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts House of Representatives is the lower house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ...


Demographics

Somerville has a mix of blue collar Irish-American, Italian American and to a slightly lesser extent Portuguese American families who are spread throughout the city; immigrant families from Brazil, Haiti and El Salvador, who live in East Somerville, from South Korea and India, in the Union Square area,[citations needed] and college students and young professionals, many of whom live in sections near Cambridge, or near Tufts University, which straddles the Somerville-Medford city line, although the university's formal address is Medford. A blue-collar worker is a working class employee who performs manual or technical labor, such as in a factory or in technical maintenance trades, in contrast to a white-collar worker, who does non-manual work generally at a desk. ... Irish Americans (Irish: Gael-Mheiriceánach) are citizens of the United States who can claim ancestry originating in the west European island of Ireland. ... An Italian-American is an American of Italian descent either born in America or someone who has immigrated. ... Portuguese Americans are citizens of the United States whose ancestry originates in the southwest European nation of Portugal. ... The Prospect Hill Monument in Union Square, Somerville, MA Union Square is a neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, located around the intersection of Washington Street and Somerville Avenue, not far from Cambridges Inman Square. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-City Council  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - Total 7. ... Tufts University is a private research university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts, suburbs of Boston. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1630 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Michael J. McGlynn Area  - City  8. ...


With only slightly over 4 square miles (10 km²) of land, Somerville is the most densely populated city in New England and the fifth densest municipality under 100,000 in the United States after Guttenberg, NJ, Union City, NJ, West New York, NJ and Hoboken, NJ according to the 2000 Demographics of the United States. The town hall of Guttenberg, NJ Guttenberg is a town in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. ... Union City, New Jersey Spectators viewing the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks from across the Hudson River, in the terrace courtyard of the Union City Boxing Club. ... West New York is a town in Hudson County, New Jersey, United States, situated upon the New Jersey Palisades. ... Image of Hoboken taken by NASA (red line shows where Hoboken is). ... Population of the United States, 1790 to 2000 The demographics of the United States depict a largely urban nation, with 57 percent of its population living in places more than 100 miles away from the ocean (2003). ...


As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 77,478 people, 31,555 households, and 14,673 families residing in the city. The population density was 18,868.1 people per square mile (7,278.4/km²). There were 32,477 housing units at an average density of 7,909.1/sq mi (3,051.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 76.97% White, 6.50% African American, 0.22% Native American, 6.44% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 4.96% from other races, and 4.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.76% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 31,555 households out of which 18.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 53.5% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.06. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 14.8% under the age of 18, 15.9% from 18 to 24, 42.6% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 94.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $46,315, and the median income for a family was $51,243. Males had a median income of $36,333 versus $31,418 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,628. About 8.4% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.3% of those under age 18 and 13.6% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...

Somerville has experienced dramatic gentrification since the Red Line of Boston's subway system was extended through Somerville in 1985, especially in the area between Harvard and Tufts Universities, centering around Davis Square. Gentrification has historical cycles in the city of Somerville due to its proximity to these and many other colleges and universities.[citation needed] This was especially accelerated by the repeal of rent control in the mid-1990s being directly followed by the internet boom of the late 90s. Residential property values approximately quadrupled from 1991 to 2003 and the stock of rental housing decreased as lucrative condo conversions become commonplace. This has led to tensions between long-time residents and recent arrivals, with many of the former accusing the latter of ignoring problems of working-class families such as drugs, gang violence, and suicides. Incidents such as anti-"yuppie" graffiti, (also known locally as "barnies",[4]) appearing around town, have highlighted this rift. The economic clash between several areas of the city of Somerville and its neighboring cities of Boston, and in particular Cambridge, has created a culture of anti-intellectualism and anti-gentry sentiment that has spanned many generations.[5] Symptoms of this include petty crime, and in some cases, violence against outsiders.[6] Recent years have seen the arrival of community groups such as Save Our Somerville (SOS), dedicated to improving relationships between old and new residents and ensuring that the concerns of the Somerville working class remain at the forefront of the city's political concerns. SOS in particular is headed by young residents of the city who claim to desire unity between all residents but also focus on the difficulties that young adults in Somerville face. They enjoy support from a number of well-known, local adults, including elected officials. Many such community-led groups find it difficult to attract wide support as many would-be advocates are forced to move to less expensive towns due to the density of the population and strong economic forces that have made Somerville a very expensive city to live in. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... In San Francisco, during the mid-1960s, the bohemian center of the city shifted from the old Beat enclave of North Beach to Haight-Ashbury (pictured) as a response to gentrification. ... Red Line train of #1 Red Line stock crossing the Charles River on the Longfellow Bridge, towards Boston View of Boston from the Red Line Red Line Signage The Red Line is a rapid transit line operated by the MBTA running roughly north-south through Boston, Massachusetts into neighboring communities. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... This article is about the year. ... Harvard redirects here. ... Tufts University is a university located in Medford, Massachusetts (near Boston). ... Davis Square, Somerville, Massachusetts Davis Square is a neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, located around the intersection of Holland Street, Dover Street, Elm Street, Highland Avenue, and College Avenue. ... Rent control refers to laws or ordinances that set price controls on the renting of residential housing. ... Yuppies (young urban professionals, young up and coming professionals or less commonly young upwardly-mobile professionals[1]) is a market segment whose consumers are characterized as self-reliant, financially secure individualists. ... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ...


In November of 1997, the Utne Reader named Davis Square in Somerville one of the 15 hippest places to live in the U.S.[10] The article illustrates how Somerville is in an era socio-economic change shared by many other working-class and industrial areas of the country. Utne Reader is a left-of-center periodical founded in 1984 by Eric Utne. ... Davis Square, Somerville, Massachusetts Davis Square is a neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, located around the intersection of Holland Street, Dover Street, Elm Street, Highland Avenue, and College Avenue. ...


Culture

Though formally listed as being located in Medford, Tufts University is also located in Somerville. The Somerville-Medford line actually runs through Tufts' campus. The school employs many local residents and has many community service projects that serve the city, especially those run through the Leonard Carmichael Society and the Jonathan M. Tisch College of Citizenship and Public Service, the latter of which especially emphasizes public service in Tufts' host communities. Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1630 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Michael J. McGlynn Area  - City  8. ... Tufts University is a private research university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts, suburbs of Boston. ... The Jonathan M. Tisch College of Citizenship and Public Service, (originally named University College of Citizenship and Public Service, UCCPS) is a college of Tufts University, located in Medford, Massachusetts. ...


Similarly, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences lists its address in Cambridge, but has its main entrance on Beacon Street in Somerville. The House of the Academy, Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-City Council  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - Total 7. ...


Somerville is home to a thriving arts community. Regular arts-related events, such as the annual "ArtBeat" festival, occur throughout the year. In addition, numerous galleries and music clubs showcase the talents of residents and others.


A major art studio complex is located in former industrial buildings known as the Brickbottom complex, between Union Square and the Cambridge line. The Prospect Hill Monument in Union Square, Somerville, MA Union Square is a neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, located around the intersection of Washington Street and Somerville Avenue, not far from Cambridges Inman Square. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-City Council  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - Total 7. ...


Davis Square is home to a lively coffeehouse scene with several coffeehouses each boasting its own fiercely loyal clientele. It is also known for its mom-and-pop shops, vintage stores, and other independent retailers.


The volunteer-operated Somerville Museum[11] preserves memorabilia chronicling Somerville's roots, with historical and artistic exhibits. It is located on 1 Westwood Road, on the corner with Central Street.


The Somerville Arts Council and Somerville Open Studios both host annual events involving the community in homegrown arts.


The Boston Review, a political and literary magazine, has its offices in the city. Boston Reviews July/August 2006 Issue Boston Review is a national political and literary magazine, published bimonthly by Boston Critic, Inc. ...


Transportation

Major highways

Massachusetts Route 28 runs Northeast/Southwest through Somerville, bisecting East Somerville from the rest of the city.


Interstate 93 runs North/South through Somerville, bisecting Ten Hills and Assembly Square from the rest of the city.


Rail

Somerville Highlands Station, 1908
Somerville Highlands Station, 1908

Davis Square in Somerville and nearby Porter Square in Cambridge have Red Line subway stations providing easy access to Harvard Square and to downtown Boston. Porter Square also has an MBTA Commuter Rail station, providing access to Boston's North Station and other locations on the Fitchburg Line. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Davis Square, Somerville, Massachusetts Davis Square is a neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, located around the intersection of Holland Street, Dover Street, Elm Street, Highland Avenue, and College Avenue. ... Porter Square is a neighborhood of Cambridge, Massachusetts, located around the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue and Somerville Avenue, between Harvard and Davis Squares. ... Red Line train of #1 Red Line stock crossing the Charles River on the Longfellow Bridge, towards Boston View of Boston from the Red Line Red Line Signage The Red Line is a rapid transit line operated by the MBTA running roughly north-south through Boston, Massachusetts into neighboring communities. ... Chess players in Harvard Square in August of 2005 Harvard Square is a large triangular area in the center of Cambridge, Massachusetts, at the intersection of Massachusetts Avenue, Brattle Street, and John F. Kennedy Street. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... The MBTA Commuter Rail is the regional rail arm of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Platforms at North Station North Station, located at Causeway and Nashua Streets, in Boston, Massachusetts is a major transportation hub. ...


Massachusetts state officials have agreed, both in court settlements and legislation, to extend the Green line subway/streetcar system through Somerville. This commitment was made, in part, to offset the additional burdens in traffic and pollution within the city due to completion of the Big Dig infrastructure. The Green Line extension would be built along existing commuter rail rights-of-way, and would extend service to much of central Somerville, to Tufts University and surrounding areas of Medford, and (along a separate spur) to Union Square.[12] Controversy has surrounded the repeated delays by the state in providing funding for the project, most recently when Governor Deval Patrick decided to delay work an additional two years in order to seek up to $300 million in federal financing for the project. This decision makes it unlikely that the previous completion date of 2014 will be met.[13] Two trains at Park Street. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... a historic postcard showing electric trolley-powered streetcars in Richmond, Virginia, where Frank J. Sprague successfully demonstrated his new system on the hills in 1888 A streetcar is a railway vehicle designed to carry passengers on tracks, usually laid in city streets. ... For other projects of the same name, see Big Dig. ... Tufts University is a private research university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts, suburbs of Boston. ... Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country United States State Massachusetts County Middlesex County Settled 1630 Incorporated 1630 Government  - Type Mayor-council city  - Mayor Michael J. McGlynn Area  - City  8. ... The Prospect Hill Monument in Union Square, Somerville, MA Union Square is a neighborhood of Somerville, Massachusetts, located around the intersection of Washington Street and Somerville Avenue, not far from Cambridges Inman Square. ... Deval Laurdine Patrick (born July 31, 1956) is an American politician and the current Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. ...


A new Orange Line station has been proposed, to be built near the Assembly Square Mall in eastern Somerville, between the existing Sullivan and Wellington stations. Outbound Train at North Station The old Main Line Elevated and related lines The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Assembly Square Marketplace is a power center and mixed-use development located in Somerville, Massachusetts. ... Old elevated configuration, elevated in red and upper level streetcar loop in blue Sullivan Square is a station on the MBTA rapid transit Orange Line, and a major bus transfer point, at Sullivan Square, Charlestown, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. It was also a major transfer point on the old Charlestown Elevated... Parking 1,316 spaces Bicycle facilities 16 spaces Other information Opened September 6, 1975 Accessible Owned by MBTA Services Wellington Station is a MBTA station on the Orange Line, located in Medford, Massachusetts, USA on the Revere Beach Parkway (a. ...


Bus

The city is served by buses that connect to these subway stations:

  • Orange Line stations:
    • Sullivan Square in Charlestown
    • Wellington in Medford
    • Malden in Malden
  • Red Line stations:
    • Davis Square in Somerville
    • Kendall, Central, Harvard, and Porter in Cambridge
  • Green Line station:
    • Lechmere in East Cambridge
    • Cleveland Circle and Reservoir, at the Brighton/Brookline line

Outbound Train at North Station The old Main Line Elevated and related lines The Orange Line is one of the four subway lines of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Red Line train of #1 Red Line stock crossing the Charles River on the Longfellow Bridge, towards Boston View of Boston from the Red Line Red Line Signage The Red Line is a rapid transit line operated by the MBTA running roughly north-south through Boston, Massachusetts into neighboring communities. ... Two trains at Park Street. ...

Air

Somerville is approximately three miles from Logan International Airport, which serves Greater Boston and is accessible by car and public transit. For the Logan airport in Billings, Montana, see Billings Logan International Airport. ... Light Blue represents the area in Massachusetts known as Greater Boston, while Dark Blue represents the Metro-Boston area and Red represents Boston proper, the City of Boston Greater Boston is the area of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts surrounding the city of Boston, Massachusetts. ...


Notable residents

Isaac Asimov (January 2?, 1920?[1] – April 6, 1992), pronounced , originally Исаак Озимов but now transcribed into Russian as Айзек Азимов [1], was a Russian-born American author and professor of biochemistry, a highly successful writer, best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books. ... For the similarly named institution in Chestnut Hill, see Boston College. ... Robert Arthur Bruce (November 20, 1916, Somerville, Massachusetts—February 12, 2004, Seattle, Washington) was an internationally recognized cardiologist and a professor at the University of Washington. ... ... Michael Everett Capuano (born January 9, 1952), American politician, has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1999, representing the 8th District of Massachusetts. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... Haroutioun Hovanes Chakmakjian (b. ... Alan Hovhaness with an Indonesian rebab Alan Hovhaness (March 8, 1911 – June 21, 2000) was an American composer of Armenian and Scottish descent. ... Harry Clement Stubbs (May 30, 1922 - October 29, 2003), better known by the pen name Hal Clement, was an American science fiction writer, a leader of the subgenre hard science fiction. ... George Dilboy George Dilboy, (born February 05, 1896 - died July 18, 1918), Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company H, 103d Infantry, 26th Division was one of the greatest Doughboy to enter into service and the first Greek-American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor during WWI, for... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... Promotional photograph of Antje Duvekot Antje Duvekunt is a drummer, tong wearer, and obscurantist encased in Budapest, Madras. ... Nick Gomez (b. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 4, 8, 9, 27, 42 Name Boston Red Sox (1908–present) Boston Americans (1901-1907) Other nicknames The BoSox, The Olde Towne Team, The Sox Ballpark Fenway Park (1912–present) Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds... Henry Kimball Hadley (December 20, 1871 – September 6, 1937) was an American composer and conductor. ... Henry Oliver (Hank) Hansen (December 14, 1919 - March 1, 1945) was a US Marine. ... Belligerents United States Empire of Japan Commanders Holland Smith Tadamichi Kuribayashi â€  Strength 110,000 21,000 Casualties and losses 6,821 dead 19,189 wounded,[1] 494 missing[1] Total: 26,504 20,703 dead,[1] 216 captured[1] Total: 20,919 The Battle of Iwo Jima took place between... Alan Hovhaness with an Indonesian rebab Alan Hovhaness (March 8, 1911 – June 21, 2000) was an American composer of Armenian and Scottish descent. ... Pagan Kennedy is an author and pioneer of the 90s zine movement, along with writer/publishers like Lisa Crystal Carver of Rollerderby, Jim Goad of ANSWER Me! and Larry Crane of Tape Op. ... Jennifer Kimball is a vocalist, songwriter, and multi-instrumentalist who was part of The Story along with friend and Amherst College classmate Jonatha Brooke. ... Howard Michael Howie Long (born January 6, 1960 in Somerville, Massachusetts) is a former American football player who played as a defensive end, and was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 2000. ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame is actually the National Football Leagues Hall of Fame. ... Claire Messud (born 1966) is an American novelist. ... Connie Morella Constance Albanese Morella (born February 12, 1931), popularly known as Connie, is a Republican United States politician currently serving as Permanent Representative to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... “Barack” redirects here. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Harvard Law School (colloquially, Harvard Law or HLS) is one of the professional graduate schools of Harvard University. ... Howard Petrie (1906-1968) The son of James A. and Martha Petrie, Howard A. Petrie was born in Beverly, Massachusetts, on November 22, 1906. ... Robert George Pickett (February 11, 1938 - April 25, 2007), was a native of Somerville, Massachusetts, United States, who found fame as a one-hit wonder musician under the name Bobby Boris Pickett. ... Monster Mash is a 1962 novelty song and the best-known song by Bobby Boris Pickett. ... Harry Nelson Pillsbury (December 5, 1872 - July, 1906), was United States Chess Champion from 1898 until his death in 1906. ... This article is about the Western board game. ... In 1917, Archibald Query invented Marshmallow Fluff, a special formula of marshmallow creme. ... Marshmallow Fluff Marshmallow creme is a uniquely American food item. ... Keri Rodrigues (AKA Kerianne Rodrigues) (born 7 February 1979 in Atlanta, Georgia) is an American talk radio personality. ... Lloyd Schwartz is an American poet who is Frederick S. Troy Professor of English at The University of Massachusetts Boston, Classical Music Editor of The Boston Phoenix, and a regular commentator for NPRs Fresh Air. ... John Shea as Lex Luthor. ... Paul Anthony Sorrento (born November 17, 1965 in Somerville, Massachusetts) is a former first baseman in Major League Baseball. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... Leonard Len H. Tower Jr. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action or inaction to bring about social or political change. ... This article is about computer hacking. ... Chairman of the Board redirects here. ... The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a non-profit corporation founded in October 1985 by Richard Stallman to support the free software movement (free as in freedom), and in particular the GNU project. ... James Wood (born 1965 in Durham, United Kingdom) is a literary critic and novelist. ... Evan Ziporyn Evan Ziporyn (b. ... The Winter Hill Gang is a loose confederation of Boston, Massachusetts area, mostly Irish-American organized crime figures. ... Alex Rocco (born Alexander Federico Petricone, Jr. ... The Winter Hill Gang is a loose confederation of Boston, Massachusetts area, mostly Irish-American organized crime figures. ... James Buddy McLean (1929-October 31, 1965) was the first leader of the Somerville, Massachusetts Irish-American gang known as The Winter Hill Gang in the 1960s. ... Salvatore Sal Sperlinga (d. ... Howie Winter (born March 17, 1929) is a Irish/German-American mobster. ...

References

  1. ^ The History of Prospect Hill
  2. ^ cf. Haskell, Albert L., "Haskell's Historical Guide Book of Somerville, Massachusetts", section on "Somerville: Why So Named".
  3. ^ Somerville Public Library
  4. ^ Historical postcards of the raising of the Grand Union Flag in 1776.
  5. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990. United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ City Of Somerville - Board of Aldermen
  7. ^ Massachusetts General Court - Senatorial Districts
  8. ^ Representative Districts
  9. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ Jay Walljasper and Daniel Kraker, Hip Hot Spots: The 15 Hippest Places to Live. Utne Reader (November/December 1997).
  11. ^ The Somerville Museum
  12. ^ City Of Somerville - Green Line Extension Info. Retrieved on 2007-08-26.
  13. ^ Proponents rap delay to extend Green Line - The Boston Globe. Retrieved on 2007-08-26.

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Utne Reader is a periodical founded in 1984 by Eric Utne. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Bibliography

  • Drake, Samuel Adams. History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Volume 1 (A-H), Volume 2 (L-W) published 1879 and 1880. 572 and 505 pages. Somerville article by E.C.Booth in volume 2 pages 309-338.
  • Dutton, E.P. Chart of Boston Harbor and Massachusetts Bay with Map of Adjacent Country. Published 1867. A good map of roads and rail lines around Somerville.
  • Lehr, Dick; Gerard O'Neil (2000). Black Mass:The True Story of an Unholy Alliance Between the FBI and the Irish Mob. Public Affairs Press, 8-84. ISBN 1-891620-40-1. 
  • Haskell, Albert L., Haskell's Historical Guide Book of Somerville, Massachusetts
  • Sammarco, Anthony Michael (1997). Images of America: Somerville. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 0-7385-1290-7. 
  • Zellie, Carole (1982, 1990). Beyond the Neck: The Architecture and Development of Somerville, Massachusetts. St. Paul, Minn.: Landscape Research. ISBN 0-7385-1290-7. 
  • Wall & Gray. 1871 Atlas of Massachusetts. Map of Massachusetts. Map of Middlesex County.

This article might not be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ...

External links

  • Official City of Somerville site
  • Somerville, Massachusetts travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Somerville Chamber Of Commerce
  • Somerville Journal Online
  • Somerville's Industrial Past
  • Somerville Community Corporation
  • Prospect Hill History
  • Lost Theaters of Somerville exhibition
  • Union Square Main Streets
  • Somerville, Massachusetts is at coordinates 42°23′26″N 71°06′13″W / 42.390546, -71.103683 (Somerville, Massachusetts)Coordinates: 42°23′26″N 71°06′13″W / 42.390546, -71.103683 (Somerville, Massachusetts)

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No fee apartments in Somerville, Massachusetts. (795 words)
Somerville’s average class size is nineteen students, and full-day kindergarten is available to all parents.
Somerville’s proximity to Boston means that world renowned facilities such as Massachusetts General Hospital, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Beth Israel, Children’s Hospital, the Dana Farber Cancer Institute and the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary are just minutes away.
Somerville’s artists are not confined to the exhibit hours of a museum-their mark is found on colorful murals throughout the city, splashed all over previously dull traffic boxes, in just about all of Somerville’s parks and playgrounds and at the nationally famous annual Artbeat festival in Davis Square.
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