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A system of labor arrangement in which labor unions and capitalists jointly set wages below market clearing levels. From this arrangement, labor receives full employment and wage leveling, while capitalists pay less for labor, and do not have to worry about their employees being "poached" by firms who can offer more. This arrangement is traditionally enforced through employer organizations. The arrangement is destabilized during economic booms, when firms cheat on the system and surreptitiously raise "compensation," rather than pay, in the form of increased benefits, safety, or other forms of indirect payment. Present in Sweden.
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Solidarity's example was in various ways repeated by opposition groups throughout the Eastern Bloc, eventually leading to the Eastern Bloc's effectual dismantling, and contributing to the collapse of the Soviet Union, in the early 1990s.
The factors contributing to the initial success of Solidarity in particular, and dissident movements in general in the 1970s and 1980s, were deepening internal crisis of Soviet-style societies due to degradation of morale, worsening economic conditions (shortage economy) and the increasing stress of the Cold War.
Solidarity's leaders gathered at Gdańsk were interned and isolated in facilities guarded by Służba Bezpieczeństwa, and thousands of Solidarity's supporters were arrested in the middle of the night.
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