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Encyclopedia > Solid
Continuum Mechanics
Conservation of mass
Conservation of momentum
Navier-Stokes equations
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A solid object is in the states of matter characterized by resistance to deformation and changes of volume. At the microscopic scale, a solid has these properties : This box:      Fluid mechanics is the study of how fluids move and the forces on them. ... A fluid is defined as a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress regardless of the magnitude of the applied stress. ... Fluid statics (also called hydrostatics) is the science of fluids at rest, and is a sub-field within fluid mechanics. ... Fluid dynamics is the sub-discipline of fluid mechanics dealing with fluids (liquids and gases) in motion. ... For other uses, see Viscosity (disambiguation). ... A Newtonian fluid (named for Isaac Newton) is a fluid that flows like water—its shear stress is linearly proportional to the velocity gradient in the direction perpendicular to the plane of shear. ... A non-Newtonian fluid is a fluid in which the viscosity changes with the applied strain rate. ... This box:      Surface tension is an effect within the surface layer of a liquid that causes that layer to behave as an elastic sheet. ... Sir Isaac Newton FRS (4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727) [ OS: 25 December 1642 – 20 March 1727][1] was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, and alchemist. ... Sir George Gabriel Stokes, 1st Baronet FRS (13 August 1819–1 February 1903), was an Irish mathematician and physicist, who at Cambridge made important contributions to fluid dynamics (including the Navier-Stokes equations), optics, and mathematical physics (including Stokes theorem). ... Claude-Louis Navier (born Claude Louis Marie Henri Navier on February 10, 1785 in Dijon, died August 21, 1836 in Paris) was a French engineer and physicist. ... Augustin Louis Cauchy Augustin Louis Cauchy (August 21, 1789 – May 23, 1857) was a French mathematician. ... Robert Hooke, FRS (July 18, 1635 – March 3, 1703) was an English polymath who played an important role in the scientific revolution, through both experimental and theoretical work. ... Look up solid in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In the physical sciences, a phase is a set of states of a macroscopic physical system that have relatively uniform chemical composition and physical properties (i. ... In engineering mechanics, deformation is a change in shape due to an applied force. ... For other uses, see Volume (disambiguation). ...

  • The atoms or molecules that compose the solid are packed closely together.
  • These constituent elements have fixed positions in space relative to each other. This accounts for the solid's rigidity. In mineralogy and crystallography, a crystal structure is a unique arrangement of atoms in a crystal. A crystal structure is composed of a unit cell, a set of atoms arranged in a particular way; which is periodically repeated in three dimensions on a lattice. The spacing between unit cells in various directions is called its lattice parameters. The symmetry properties of the crystal are embodied in its space group. A crystal's structure and symmetry play a role in determining many of its properties, such as cleavage, electronic band structure, and optical properties.
    • If sufficient force is applied, either of these properties can be disrupted, causing permanent deformation.
  • Because solids have thermal energy, their atoms vibrate. However, this movement is very small, and cannot be observed or felt under ordinary conditions.

The branch of physics that deals with solids is called solid-state physics, and is a type of condensed matter physics. Materials science is primarily concerned with properties of solids such as strength and phase transformations. It overlaps strongly with solid-state physics. Solid-state chemistry overlaps both of these fields, but is especially concerned with the synthesis of novel materials. For other uses, see Atom (disambiguation). ... 3D (left and center) and 2D (right) representations of the terpenoid molecule atisane. ... Look up position in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the idea of space. ... Look up cleavage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In thermal physics, thermal energy is the energy portion of a system that increases with its temperature. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... Solid-state physics, the largest branch of condensed matter physics, is the study of rigid matter, or solids. ... Condensed matter physics is the field of physics that deals with the macroscopic physical properties of matter. ... The Materials Science Tetrahedron, which often also includes Characterization at the center Materials science or Materials Engineering is an interdisciplinary field involving the properties of matter and its applications to various areas of science and engineering. ... In the physical sciences, a phase is a set of states of a macroscopic physical system that have relatively uniform chemical composition and physical properties (i. ... Solid-state chemistry is the study of solid materials, which may be molecular. ...

The lightest known solid is aerogel. The lightest aerogel produced has a density of 1.9 mg/cm³ or 1.9 kg/m³ (1/530 the density of water). A 2. ... The milligram (symbol mg) is an SI unit of mass. ... Kg redirects here. ...

In the physical sciences, a state of matter is one of the many ways that matter can interact with itself to form a macroscopic, homogenous phase. ... For other uses, see Liquid (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Gas (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plasma. ... A Colloid or colloidal dispersion is a type of homogeneous mixture. ... A supercritical fluid is any substance at a temperature and pressure above its thermodynamic critical point. ... Helium II will creep along surfaces in order to find its own level - after a short while, the levels in the two containers will equalize. ... Phase diagram for 4He A supersolid is a spatially ordered superfluid. ... Degenerate matter is matter which has sufficiently high density that the dominant contribution to its pressure arises from the Pauli exclusion principle. ... A QGP is formed at the collision point of two relativistically accelerated gold ions in the center of the STAR detector at the relativistic heavy ion collider at the Brookhaven national laboratory. ... A fermionic condensate is a superfluid phase formed by fermionic particles at low temperatures. ... A Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) is a state of matter formed by a system of bosons confined in an external potential and cooled to temperatures very near to absolute zero (0 kelvin or −273. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The melting point of a crystalline solid is the temperature range at which it changes state from solid to liquid. ... Italic text This article is about the boiling point of liquids. ... In physics, the triple point of a substance is the temperature and pressure at which three phases (gas, liquid, and solid) of that substance may coexist in thermodynamic equilibrium. ... In physical chemistry, thermodynamics, chemistry and condensed matter physics, a critical point, also called a critical state, specifies the conditions (temperature, pressure) at which the liquid state of the matter ceases to exist. ... In physics and thermodynamics, an equation of state is a relation between state variables. ... A cooling curve of naphthalene from liquid to solid. ... This is a list of the different states of matter including the more exotic ones (see phases of matter). ...

  Results from FactBites:
Discover Solid: Solid, The KDE Hardware Library (375 words)
Solid will be tested again and again, to ensure the most bug safe behavior, because network and portable devices are things the user specially wants to just work.
Solid could also be used for more extensive changes.
Many KDE applications are already aware of hardware and networks to some extent, but with Solid this awareness could become far more pervasive and robust.
Chem4Kids.com: Matter: Solids (315 words)
Solids are usually hard because their molecules have been packed together.
In the same way that a solid holds its shape, the atoms inside of a solid are not allowed to move around too much.
This is one of the physical characteristics of solids.
  More results at FactBites »



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