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Encyclopedia > Sole (foot)
Sole (foot)
Soles (Male & Female)
Latin planta
Artery medial plantar, lateral plantar
Nerve medial plantar, lateral plantar
Dorlands/Elsevier p_22/12644411

The sole is the bottom of the human foot. Anatomically, the sole of the foot is referred to as the plantar aspect. The equivalent surface in ungulates is the hoof. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Section of an artery For other uses, see Artery (disambiguation). ... The medial plantar artery (internal plantar artery), much smaller than the lateral, passes forward along the medial side of the foot. ... The lateral plantar artery (external plantar artery), much larger than the medial, passes obliquely lateralward and forward to the base of the fifth metatarsal bone. ... Nerves (yellow) Nerves redirects here. ... The medial plantar nerve (internal plantar nerve), the larger of the two terminal divisions of the tibial nerve, accompanies the medial plantar artery. ... The Lateral Plantar Nerve (external plantar nerve) supplies the skin of the fifth toe and lateral half of the fourth, as well as most of the deep muscles, its distribution being similar to that of the ulnar nerve in the hand. ... Elseviers logo. ... For other uses, see Foot (disambiguation). ... In sciences dealing with the anatomy of animals, precise anatomical terms of location are necessary for a variety of reasons. ... Orders & Clades Order Perissodactyla Eparctocyona Order Arctostylonia (extinct) Order Mesonychia (extinct) Cetartiodactyla Order Cetacea Order Artiodactyla Bulbulodentata (extinct) Family Hyopsodontidae Meridiungulata (extinct) Order Litopterna Notoungulata (extinct) Order Toxodontia Order Typotheria Ungulates (meaning roughly being hoofed or hoofed animal) are several groups of mammals most of which use the tips of... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...



The skin on the sole of the foot lacks the vellus hair and pigmentation found on the rest of the body, and has a high concentration of sweat pores. The soles are crossed by a set of creases that form during embryogenesis and contain the thickest layers of skin on the human body due to the weight that is continually placed on them. Like the palm, the sweat pores of the sole lack sebaceous glands. Vellus hair is short, fine, peach fuzz body hair. ... Broadly, melanin is any of the polyacetylene, polyaniline, and polypyrrole blacks and browns or their mixed copolymers. ... Embryogenesis is the process by which the embryo is formed and develops. ... The hands (med. ... Schematic view of a hair follicle with sebaceous gland. ...

Innervation of the sole

The soles of the feet are extremely sensitive to touch due to a high concentration of nerve endings. This makes them sensitive to surfaces that are walked on, ticklish and some people find them to be erogenous zones.[1] Medically, the soles are the site of the plantar reflex, the testing of which can be painful due to the sole's sensitivity. The feet can also be a used for torture. Somatic sensation consists of the various sensory receptors that trigger the experiences labelled as touch or pressure, temperature (warm or cold), pain (including itch and tickle), and the sensations of muscle movement and joint position including posture, movement, and facial expression (collectively also called proprioception). ... Nerves (yellow) Nerves redirects here. ... A young girl tickles her sibling, evoking a pleasurable response in the child being tickled. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In medicine (neurology), the Babinski reflex or Babinski sign is a reflex that can identify disease of the spinal cord and brain. ... A Falaka was originally a Persian instrument of physical punishment used to immobilize torture victims who would then have the soles of their feet beaten with rods. ...


The sole of the adult foot is normally arched. Arches may fail to develop during childhood or may flatten during pregnancy and old age resulting in flat feet. In order to allow it to support the weight of the body in the erect posture with the least expenditure of material, the foot is constructed of a series of arches formed by the tarsal and metatarsal bones, and strengthened by the ligaments and tendons of the foot. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Flat feet, also called pes planus or fallen arches, is a condition in which the arch of the foot collapses, with the entire sole of the foot coming into complete or near-complete contact with the ground. ...

The sole of the foot in culture

The soles of a woman's feet. In some cultures, there is no taboo about displaying the bare soles in public.
The soles of a woman's feet. In some cultures, there is no taboo about displaying the bare soles in public.

In the Middle East and Thailand the sole of the foot is considered unclean and it is considered insulting or offensive to prominently display a bare sole. In other cultures, such as in the West, such a taboo does not exist; in fact the sensitivity and vulnerability of bare soles makes their appearance a subject of humor or of desire.[2] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Leonardo da Vincis Vitruvian Man, for many a symbol of the changes of the Western culture during the Renaissance Western culture or Western civilization is a term used to generally refer to most of the cultures of European origin and most of their descendants. ...


  1. ^ Brittan, Patti (2003). Complete Idiot's Guide to Sensual Massage. Alpha Books. 
  2. ^ Rossi, William A. (1993). The Sex Life of the Foot and Shoe. Kreiger Publishing. 



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