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Encyclopedia > Solaris Operating Environment
Solaris

Solaris 10 using the Java Desktop System
Website: [1]
Company/
developer:
Sun Microsystems
OS family: Unix
Source model: AT&T UNIX System V
Latest stable release: 10 / 2005-01-31
Kernel type: Monolithic kernel
Default user interface: Java Desktop System
License: Proprietary
Working state: Current

Solaris is a computer operating system developed by Sun Microsystems. It is certified as a version of UNIX; although Solaris proper is still proprietary software, many core components have made their way into an open source CDDL version, OpenSolaris. Solaris 10 with the new Java Desktop System (JDS). ... JDS screenshot. ... This page as shown in the aol 9. ... The term software company could be applied to; a) a company that produces software or b) a company that distributes software from a third party or c) a company that provides services for software. ... A software developer is a programmer who is concerned with one or more facets of the software development process, a somewhat broader scope of computer programming. ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ... Unix or UNIX is a computer operating system originally developed in the 1960s and 1970s by a group of AT&T Bell Labs employees including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and Douglas McIlroy. ... It has been suggested that Traditional Unix be merged into this article or section. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... In computer science, the kernel is the core piece of most operating systems. ... Graphical overview of a monolithic kernel A monolithic kernel defines a high-level virtual interface over the hardware, with a set of primitives or system calls to implement operating system services such as process management, concurrency, and memory management in several modules that run in supervisor mode. ... The user interface is the part of a system exposed to users. ... JDS screenshot. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... Proprietary software is software that has restrictions on using and copying it, usually enforced by a proprietor. ... The IBM ThinkCentre A Series is a popular line of computers. ... An operating system (OS) is a software program that manages the hardware and software resources of a computer. ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ... The Single UNIX Specification (SUS) is the collective name of a family of standards for computer operating systems to qualify for the name Unix. The SUS is developed and maintained by the Austin Group, based on earlier work by the IEEE and The Open Group. ... Unix or UNIX is a computer operating system originally developed in the 1960s and 1970s by a group of AT&T Bell Labs employees including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and Douglas McIlroy. ... Proprietary software is software that has restrictions on using and copying it, usually enforced by a proprietor. ... Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... Common Development and Distribution License (CDDL) is an open source license, produced by Sun Microsystems, based the Mozilla Public License, version 1. ... OpenSolaris is an open source project created by Sun Microsystems to build a developer community around the Solaris Operating System technology. ...


During the 1980s, Sun's version of UNIX, SunOS, was based on BSD UNIX. In the early 1990s, Sun replaced SunOS 4 with a version of UNIX System V Release 4, jointly developed with AT&T. This was marked by changing the marketing name of the operating system to Solaris 2; however, the term "SunOS" was still used to refer to the underlying operating system itself, and Solaris is considered to be the SunOS 5 operating system plus a graphical user environment, ONC+, and networking and other components. SunOS was the version of the UNIX operating system developed by Sun Microsystems for their workstations and server systems until the early 1990s. ... Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD, sometimes called Berkeley Unix) is the Unix derivative distributed by the University of California, Berkeley starting in the 1970s. ... System V, previously known as AT&T System V, was one of the versions of the Unix computer operating system. ... This article describes the present AT&T Inc. ...


The SunOS 5 minor version included in earlier Solaris releases corresponds to the minor Solaris version number. For example, Solaris 2.4 incorporated SunOS 5.4. After Solaris 2.6, Sun dropped the "2." from the name, so SunOS 5.10 forms the core of Solaris 10.


Confusingly, around the same time as the launch of Solaris 2, Sun also started labeling the later (SPARC) SunOS 4 releases as Solaris 1. However, this usage of the Solaris name is not common.

Contents


Supported architectures

Solaris uses a common code base for the architectures it supports: SPARC, x86 and AMD64. Solaris was also ported to the PowerPC architecture (PReP platform) for version 2.5.1, but the port was cancelled almost as soon as it was released. Solaris has a reputation for being well-suited to SMP and supporting a large number of CPUs. Sun also plans to implement part of the Linux APIs in Solaris 10, allowing Solaris to natively run Linux binaries on x86 and AMD64 systems. Sun UltraSPARC II Microprocessor Sun UltraSPARC T1 (Niagara 8 Core) SPARC (Scalable Processor ARChitecture) is a pure big-endian RISC microprocessor architecture originally designed in 1985 by Sun Microsystems. ... x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ... AMD64 Logo AMD64 (also x86-64 or x64) is a 64-bit microprocessor architecture and corresponding instruction set designed by Advanced Micro Devices. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Prep is an abbreviation for: The PowerPC Reference Platform, an obsolete computer hardware standard from Apple Computer, IBM and Motorola. ... Symmetric Multiprocessing, or SMP, is a multiprocessor computer architecture where two or more identical processors are connected to a single shared main memory. ... CPU redirects here. ... Linux (also known as GNU/Linux) is a computer operating system. ... An application programming interface (API) is the interface that a computer system, library or application provides in order to allow requests for service to be made of it by other computer programs, and/or to allow data to be exchanged between them. ... Computer files can be divided into two broad categories: binary and text. ... x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ... AMD64 Logo AMD64 (also x86-64 or x64) is a 64-bit microprocessor architecture and corresponding instruction set designed by Advanced Micro Devices. ...


Solaris is tightly integrated with Sun's SPARC hardware, and is designed and marketed as a combined package. This has often led to more reliable systems, but at a cost premium over commodity PC hardware. However, since the availability of commodity 64-bit CPUs (based on the AMD64 architecture), the latest version of Solaris, Solaris 10, has been designed with AMD64 in mind. Sun heavily marketed Solaris on x86 with its AMD64-based entry-level servers. A stylised illustration of a modern personal computer. ... AMD64 Logo AMD64 (also x86-64 or x64) is a 64-bit microprocessor architecture and corresponding instruction set designed by Advanced Micro Devices. ... In information technology, a server is a computer system that provides services to other computing systems—called clients—over a network. ...


Desktop Environments

The first Solaris desktop environment was OpenWindows. It was followed by CDE in Solaris 2.5. Sun's Java Desktop System, which is based on GNOME, is included with Solaris 10. In graphical computing, a desktop environment (DE) offers graphical user interface (GUI) solution to operate a computer. ... OpenWindows file manager OpenWindows was a graphical user interface server for Sun Microsystems workstations which handled SunView, NeWS, and X Window System protocols. ... CDE on Unix (Solaris 8) DECwindows CDE on OpenVMS 7. ... JDS screenshot. ... The GNOME project is an international effort to create an easy-to-use computer desktop environment built entirely from software considered free by the Free Software Foundation. ...


License

Solaris's source code (with a few exceptions) has been released under the CDDL as open-source in the OpenSolaris project. Both binary and source versions are currently downloadable and licensed without cost. Common Development and Distribution License (CDDL) is an open source license, produced by Sun Microsystems, based the Mozilla Public License, version 1. ... OpenSolaris is an open source project created by Sun Microsystems to build a developer community around the Solaris Operating System technology. ...


Sun's Common Development and Distribution License, which was approved after review by Open Source Initiative (though incompatible with the popular GPL[2]) was selected by Sun as the license for OpenSolaris, which was seeded on June 14, 2005, from the current Solaris development code. Future releases of Solaris proper will be derived from OpenSolaris. Common Development and Distribution License (CDDL) is an open source license, produced by Sun Microsystems, based on the Mozilla Public License, version 1. ... The Open Source Initiative is an organization dedicated to promoting open source software. ... The GNU logo Wikisource has original text related to this article: GNU General Public License The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or simply GPL) is a widely-used free software license, originally written by Richard Stallman for the GNU project. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Versions

In descending order, the following versions of Solaris have been released (as of early 2006): 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Solaris version SunOS version Release date Description
Solaris 10 SunOS 5.10 January 31, 2005 Includes AMD64 support, DTrace (Dynamic Tracing), Solaris Containers, Service Management Facility (SMF) which replaces init.d scripts, and iSCSI support. Support for sun4m and UltraSPARC I systems removed. Adds GNOME-based Java Desktop System as default desktop, CDE included.
Solaris 9 SunOS 5.9 May 28, 2002 (SPARC)
Jan 10, 2003 (x86)
iPlanet Directory Server, Resource Manager, Solaris Volume Manager, and Linux compatibility added; OpenWindows dropped, sun4d support removed. Most current update is Solaris 9 9/05.
Solaris 8 SunOS 5.8 February 2000 Includes Multipath I/O, IPv6 and IPsec. Introduced Role-Based Access Control (RBAC); sun4c support removed. Last update is Solaris 8 2/04[3].
Solaris 7 SunOS 5.7 November 1998 The first 64-bit UltraSPARC release[4].
Solaris 2.6 SunOS 5.6 July 1997 Includes Kerberos 5, PAM, TrueType fonts, WebNFS [5], Large file support.
Solaris 2.5.1 SunOS 5.5.1 May 1996 Only release to support PowerPC platform; Ultra Enterprise support added; user IDs (uid_t) expanded to 32-bits [6].
Solaris 2.5 SunOS 5.5 November 1995 First to support UltraSPARC and include CDE, NFSv3 and NFS/TCP [7].
Solaris 2.4 SunOS 5.4 November 1994 First unified SPARC/x86 release. Includes OSF/Motif runtime support.
Solaris 2.3 SunOS 5.3 November 1993 OpenWindows 3.3 switches from NeWS to Display PostScript and drops SunView support (SPARC only).
Solaris 2.2 SunOS 5.2 May 1993 First to support Sun-4d architecture (SPARC only).
Solaris 2.1 SunOS 5.1 Dec. 1992 (SPARC)
May 1993 (x86)
Support for Sun-4 and Sun-4m architectures added; first Solaris x86 release.
Solaris 2.0 SunOS 5.0 June 1992 Preliminary release, support for only Sun-4c architecture[8].

Solaris 7 and Solaris 2.6 are no longer shipping but still supported. Earlier versions are unsupported. January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... AMD64 Logo AMD64 (also x86-64 or x64) is a 64-bit microprocessor architecture and corresponding instruction set designed by Advanced Micro Devices. ... DTrace is a comprehensive dynamic tracing framework released under the Common Development and Distribution License (CDDL) in January 2005 and included in Suns Solaris 10 for troubleshooting system problems in real time. ... Solaris Containers (formerly known as Solaris Zones) is a virtualization feature first available with Solaris 10. ... Service Management Facility (SMF) is a new feature of the Solaris Operating System 10 that creates a supported, unified model for services and service management on each Solaris system and replaces init. ... Internet SCSI (iSCSI) is an official standard ratified on February 11, 2003 by the Internet Engineering Task Force that allows the use of the SCSI protocol over TCP/IP networks. ... JDS screenshot. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Solaris Volume Manager is a software the enables to create, modify and use RAID-0 (concatenation and stripe) volumes, RAID-1 (mirror) volumes, RAID-5 volumes, and soft partitions. ... Linux (also known as GNU/Linux) is a computer operating system. ... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is a network layer standard used by electronic devices to exchange data across a packet-switched internetwork. ... IPsec (IP security) is a standard for securing Internet Protocol (IP) communications by encrypting and/or authenticating all IP packets. ... In computer systems security Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) is an approach to restricting system access to authorized users. ... Kerberos is a computer network authentication protocol which allows individuals communicating over an insecure network to prove their identity to one another in a secure manner. ... Pluggable authentication modules or PAM are a mechanism to integrate multiple low-level authentication schemes into a high-level API, which allows for programs that rely on authentication to be written independently of the underlying authentication scheme. ... TrueType is an outline font standard originally developed by Apple Computer in the late 1980s as a competitor to Adobes Type 1 fonts used in PostScript. ... Large file support, often abberviated to LFS, is the term frequently applied to the support for files larger than 2 GB on 32-bit operating systems. ... Network File System (NFS) is a protocol originally developed by Sun Microsystems in 1984 and defined in RFCs 1094, 1813, and 3530 (obsoletes 3010), as a distributed file system which allows a computer to access files over a network as easily as if they were on its local disks. ... Screenshot of an application that uses the Open Motif toolkit Motif (or capitalized MOTIF) is a graphical widget toolkit for building graphical user interfaces under the X Window System on Unix and other POSIX-compliant systems. ... OpenWindows file manager OpenWindows was a graphical user interface server for Sun Microsystems workstations which handled SunView, NeWS, and X Window System protocols. ... NewS (NEWS) is a J-pop group from Johnny & Associates, which also produced groups such as SMAP, TOKIO, Kinki Kids and Tackey & Tsubasa. ... NeXT Computer Inc. ... SunView (Sun Visual Integrated Environment for Workstations) was an early, non-networked windowing system from Sun Microsystems. ...


A more comprehensive summary [9] of some Solaris versions is also available. Solaris releases are also described in the Solaris 2 FAQ.


See also

OpenSolaris is an open source project created by Sun Microsystems to build a developer community around the Solaris Operating System technology. ... The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of operating systems. ... Common Development and Distribution License (CDDL) is an open source license, produced by Sun Microsystems, based on the Mozilla Public License, version 1. ... Solaris Volume Manager is a software the enables to create, modify and use RAID-0 (concatenation and stripe) volumes, RAID-1 (mirror) volumes, RAID-5 volumes, and soft partitions. ... In computing, Nexenta OS is an Debian-based GNU/Solaris operating system. ... It has been suggested that Embedded Debian be merged into this article or section. ... GNU (pronounced ) is a free software operating system consisting of a kernel, libraries, system tools, compilers and many end-user applications. ... The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of operating systems. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Solaris Operating Environment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (692 words)
Solaris is a computer operating system developed by Sun Microsystems.
Solaris was also ported to the PowerPC architecture (PReP platform) for version 2.5.1, but the port was cancelled almost as soon as it was released.
Solaris is tightly integrated with Sun's SPARC hardware, and is designed and marketed as a combined package.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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