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Encyclopedia > Sogdian
This article or section should be merged with Sogdiana.

The Sogdians were an ancient people of Central Asia, who inhabited the region known to the West as Sogdiana. Sogdiana covered much of the territory of modern-day Tajikistan, southern Uzbekistan, and northern Afghanistan. The Sogdian state was centered around its capital city of Afrasiab, which was situated where the modern city of Samarkand now stands, in southeastern Uzbekistan. They occupied a key position along the ancient Silk Road, and played a major role in facilitating trade between China and Central Asia. Small icon for merging articles File links The following pages link to this file: Friction Jacobin Private branch exchange Pro-feminist Rotary piston engine Tagalog language Saint Veronica Spoiler effect Parser Password length equation Sudovian language Wikipedia:Why arent these pages copy-edited Static scoping Maximum power theorem General... Sogdiana (Sugdiane, O. Pers. ... Samarkand (Samarqand or Самарқанд in Uzbek, in Persian سمرقند) (population 400,000) is the second-largest city in Uzbekistan, capital of the Samarkand region (Samarqand Wiloyati). ... The Silk Road (Traditional Chinese: 絲綢之路; Simplified Chinese: 丝绸之路; pinyin: sī chóu zhī lù) was an interconnected series of routes through Southern Asia traversed by caravan and ocean vessel, and connecting Changan, China with Antioch, Syria, as well as other points. ... Map of Central Asia outlined in orange showing one set of possible borders Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ...


The Sogdians were noted for their tolerance of different religious beliefs, and Buddhism, Manichaeism, Nestorian Christianity, and Zoroastrianism all had significant followings. Much of our knowledge of the Sogdians and their language comes from the numerous religious texts that they have left behind. Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... Manichaeism was one of the major ancient religions. ... The term Nestorianism is eponymous, even though the person who lent his name to it always denied the associated belief. ... Faravahar, The depiction of the human soul before birth and after death. ...


The Sogdians spoke an East Iranian language called Sogdian language, which was closely related to Bactrian, another major language of the region in ancient times. Sogdian was written in a variety of scripts, all of which were derived from Aramaic. The Iranian languages are a part of the Indo European language family. ... The Sogdian language is a Middle Iranian language spoken in Sogdiana (Zarafshan River Valley) in the modern day republics of Uzbekistan and Tajikistan (cheif cities: Samarkand, Panjikent, Ferghana). ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies The Bactrian language is an extinct language which was spoken in the Central Asian region of Bactria, also called Tocharistan, in northern Afghanistan. ... The Sogdian alphabet is derived from Syriac, the descendant script of Aramaic alphabet. ... Aramaic was for a long time (between the later Assyrian empire and the Abbasid Caliphate) a lingua franca in the Middle East; its alphabet, though itself derived from the Phoenician alphabet, therefore superseded the Old Hebrew alphabet that had been independently descended from the Phoenician alphabet. ...


Following the conquest of Central Asia by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC (despite ferocious local resistance), Sogdiana was ruled by a series of foreign rulers, including Greeks, Hepthalites, Turks, and Mongols. The great majority of the Sogdian people gradually mixed with other local Iranian groups such as the Bactrians and came to speak the Tajik dialect of Persian. Numerous Sogdian words can be found in Tajik Persian as a result of this admixture. The Sogdian language continued to be spoken in a small part of the area, and is today known as Yaghnobi. Bust of Alexander III in the British Museum. ... (5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events Invasion of the Celts into Ireland Gauls sack Rome Kingdom of Macedon conquers Persian empire The Scythians are beginning to be absorbed into the Sarmatian people. ... The Hephthalites, also known as White Huns, were a nomadic people who lived across northern China, Central Asia, and northern India in the fourth through sixth centuries. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... Tajik or Tadjik (natively Тоҷикӣ, Tojikí, تاجیکی) is a descendant of the Persian language spoken in Central Asia. ... Persian (فارسی), (local name in Iran and Afghanistan: Fârsi), Pârsi (older local name, but still used by some speakers), Tajik (a Central Asian dialect) or Dari (Another local name in Afghanistan), is a language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Bahrain and Uzbekistan. ... Yaghnobi language - one of two living Northeastern Iranian languages, spoken in high valley of the Yaghnob river in Zarafshan area of Tajikistan, considered to be direct descendant of Sogdian by many linguists. ...


References

  • Louis Dupree, Afghanistan, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980

External links

  • http://www.iranianlanguages.com
  • http://www.geocities.com/interlinguae/sogdian.html

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sogdian language (232 words)
One of the dead East Iranian languages, Sogdian was once spoken in ancient Sogdiana, the historical region along the upper Zeravshan river, having the center in Samarkand (then Marakanda).
The language of Sogdian documents represents the western dialects of the tongue, while the eastern branch gave birth to another Iranian language, Yagnobi, spoken nowadays.
Sogdian phonetics showed 5 long and 5 short Indo-European vowels, also 2 pairs of diphthongs (ai, au), had the Indo-European schwa, 19 consonant sounds (while l was used only in loanwords, but absent in Sogdian words).
Sogdian language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (437 words)
The Sogdian language is a Middle Iranian language spoken in Sogdiana (Zarafshan River Valley) in the modern day republics of Uzbekistan and Tajikistan (chief cities: Samarkand, Panjikent, Ferghana).
Sogdian is one of the most important Middle Iranian languages with a large literary corpus, standing next to Middle Persian and Parthian.
Sogdian script is the direct ancestor of Uyghur script, itself the forerunner of the Mongolian script.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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