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Encyclopedia > Sodomy law

A sodomy law is a law that defines certain sexual acts as sex crimes. The precise sexual acts meant by the term sodomy are rarely spelled out in the law, but is typically understood by courts to include any sexual act which does not lead to procreation. It also has a range of similar euphemisms.[1] For other uses, see Law (disambiguation). ... Sexual behavior is a form of physical intimacy that may be directed to reproduction (one possible goal of sexual intercourse) and/or to the enjoyment of activity involving sexual gratification. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ... Reproduction is the creation of one thing as a copy of, product of, or replacement for a similar thing, e. ... Euphemism is the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant to the listener; or in the case of doublespeak, to make it less troublesome for the speaker. ...


This includes heterosexual oral sex, anal sex, and bestiality, in practice such laws are primarily enforced against sex between men (particularly anal sex).[2] Oral sex consists of all sexual activities that involve the use of the mouth, which may include use of the tongue, teeth, and throat, to stimulate genitalia. ... Roman men having anal sex. ... Look up Bestiality in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Such laws have roots in antiquity, and are linked to religious proscriptions against certain sex acts. Contemporary supporters of sodomy laws argue that there are additional reasons for retaining them. They include public health concerns about anal sex, or concerns that legalisation of homosexuality will lead to a declining population. Such arguments may be considered invalid due to the availability of condoms, and global population increasing too rapidly already, respectively.


Sodomy laws can be found around the world. Today, consensual homosexual acts between adults are illegal in about 70 out of the 195 countries of the world;[3] in 40 of these, only male-male sex is outlawed.[4] This number has been declining since the second half of the 20th century.

Contents

History

The Middle Assyrian Law Codes (1075 BC) state: If a man have intercourse with his brother-in-arms, they shall turn him into a eunuch. This is the earliest known law condemning the act of sodomy. The Lex Scantia was written by the Romans.[5] François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ... Lex Scantia is the earliest known law condemning the act of sodomy, written by the Romans. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ...


Most anti-sodomy laws in Western countries originated from a Christian world-view established from the bible. The Biblical book Leviticus defines sex between men as a crime that warrants capital punishment.[6]The New Testament also condemns Sodomy. The biblical book of Romans calls Sodomy "unnatural", "degrading passions", "indecent acts"(Romans 1:24-27)"Therefore God gave them over in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, so that their bodies would be dishonored among them. 25 For they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshipped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen 26 for this reason God gave them over to degrading passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is unnatural, and in the same way also the men abandoned the natural function of the women and burned in their desire toward one another, men with men committing indecent acts and receiving in their own persons the due penalty of their error." 1 Cor 6:9 says, "Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor homosexuals, nor thieves, nor the covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor swindlers, will inherit the kingdom of God." 1 Timothy (1:9-10) calls Sodomy an act that ungodly and sinners do. Leviticus is the third book of the Hebrew Bible, also the third book in the Torah (five books of Moses). ... Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the execution of a convicted criminal by the state as punishment for crimes known as capital crimes or capital offences. ...


In England, Henry VIII introduced the first legislation under English criminal law against homosexuals with the Buggery Act of 1533, making buggery punishable by hanging, a penalty not lifted until 1861. For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Henry VIII redirects here. ... The Buggery Act was adopted in England in 1533 during the reign of Henry VIII, and was the first legislation against homosexuals in the country. ... Anal sex or anal intercourse is a form of human sexual behavior. ... Hanging is the suspension of a person by a ligature, usually a cord wrapped around the neck, causing death. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Following Sir William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England,[7] the crime of sodomy has often been defined only as the abominable and detestable crime against nature, or some variation of the phrase. This language led to widely varying rulings about what specific acts were encompassed by its prohibition. William Blackstone as illustrated in his Commentaries on the Laws of England. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


After the publishing of the Wolfenden report in the UK, which asserted that "homosexual behaviour between consenting adults in private should no longer be a criminal offence", many western governments, including the United States, have repealed laws specifically against homosexual acts while retaining sodomy laws. In June 2003, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Lawrence v. Texas that state laws criminalizing private, non-commercial sexual activity (including homosexual activity) between consenting adults on the grounds of morality are unconstitutional since there is insufficient justification for state interest in such conduct. The Report of the Departmental Committee on Homosexual Offences and Prostitution (better known as the Wolfenden report, after Lord Wolfenden, the chairman of the committee) was published in Britain on September 3, 1957 after a succession of well-known men, including Peter Wildeblood, were convicted of homosexual offences. ... The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS[1]) is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the federal judiciary. ... Holding A Texas law prohibiting homosexual sodomy violated the privacy and liberty of adults, under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, to engage in private intimate conduct. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of...


All of Europe, North America and nearly all of Latin America or/and South America have recently abolished sodomy laws (except for; Belize, Guyana and Panama? — along with several Caribbean islands, including Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Trinidad and Tobago). This trend among Western nations has not been followed in all other regions of the world (Africa, some parts of Asia, Oceania and the Caribbean Islands), where sodomy often remains a serious crime. Homosexual acts remain punishable by death in Iran, Mauritania, Saudi-Arabia, Sudan, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, some parts of Nigeria and Somalia. Prison for life in; Barbados (Not enforced for in private - Under review) Bangladesh, Guyana, India, Maldives, Myanmar/Burma, Pakistan, Qatar, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and Uganda. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North American redirects here. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... This is a list of inhabited islands in the Caribbean. ... Motto There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is His messenger (the Shahadah) Anthem Aash Al Maleek Long live the King Capital (and largest city) Riyadh Official languages Arabic Demonym Saudi, Saudi Arabian Government Absolute monarchy  -  King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz  -  Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz Establishment  -  Kingdom declared... Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule...


Sources:

Sodomy laws by country

Australia

Australia inherited the United Kingdom's sodomy laws on colonisation in 1788. These were retained in the criminal codes passed by the various colonial parliaments during the 19th century, and by the state parliaments after Federation.[citation needed] LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      The recognition and rights of LGBT couples and individuals in Australia have gradually been increasing within the states and territories. ... 1788 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The House of Representatives Chamber of the Parliament of Australia in Canberra. ... A map displaying todays federations. ...


Following the Wolfenden report, the Dunstan Labor government introduced a consenting adults in private type defence in South Australia in 1972. This defence was initiated as a bill by Murray Hill, father of former Defence Minister Robert Hill, and repealed the state's sodomy law in 1975. The Campaign Against Moral Persecution during the 1970s raised the profile and acceptance of Australia's gay and lesbian communities, and other states and territories repealed their laws between 1976 and 1990. The exception was Tasmania, which retained its laws until the Federal Government and the United Nations Human Rights Committee forced their repeal in 1997. The details are given in the book Living out Loud: A History of Gay and Lesbian Activism in Australia.[citation needed] The Report of the Departmental Committee on Homosexual Offences and Prostitution (better known as the Wolfenden report, after Lord Wolfenden, the chairman of the committee) was published in Britain on September 3, 1957 after a succession of well-known men, including Peter Wildeblood, were convicted of homosexual offences. ... Donald Allan Dunstan AC QC (21 September 1926 – 6 February 1999) was an Australian politician. ... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Department of Defence redirects here. ... Senator Robert Hill Robert Murray Hill (born 25 September 1946), Australian politician, was a Liberal member of the Australian Senate from July 1981 to January 2006, representing South Australia. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Slogan or Nickname: Island of Inspiration; The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product... The Commonwealth of Australia is a constitutional monarchy, a federation, and a parliamentary democracy. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... The Human Rights Committee is a group of 18 experts who meet three times a year to consider the five-yearly reports submitted by United Nations member states on their compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. ...


When male homosexuality was decriminalised in the Australian Capital Territory in 1976, then Norfolk Island in 1993, following South Australia in 1975 and Victoria in 1981 - At the time of legalization (for the above), the age of consent, rape, defences, etc were all set gender-neutral and equal[citation needed]. Western Australia legalised male homosexuality in 1989 - Under the Law Reform (Decriminalization of Sodomy) Act 1989, as did New South Wales and the Northern Territory in 1984 with unequal ages of consent of 18 for New South Wales and the Northern Territory and 21 for Western Australia. Then since 1997, the states and territories that retained different ages of consent or other vestiges of sodomy laws have tended to repeal them later; Western Australia did so in 2002, and New South Wales and the Northern Territory did so in 2003. Today only Tasmania and Queensland are the only Australian jurisdictions that still enforces a sodomy law - with the age of consent for anal sex being set at 18 (as compared to 16 for vaginal and oral sex in Queensland)[8] and in Tasmania, certain exceptions which constitute a defence do not apply if anal sex is involved with a person or persons under 17.[9] Capital Canberra Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator none Chief Minister Jon Stanhope (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2006)  - Product ($m)  $19,167 (6th)  - Product per capita  $57,303/person (1st) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  333,667 (7th)  - Density  137. ... For the song, see South Australia (song). ... VIC redirects here. ... Non-sexist language (gender-generic, gender-inclusive, gender-neutral, or sex-neutral language) is language that attempts to refer neither to males nor females when discussing an abstract or hypothetical person whose sex cannot otherwise be determined, as opposed to sexist language, which attempts to refer to males. ... See: Equality (mathematics) Social equality Equality, Illinois This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person... NSW redirects here. ... For similar terms, see Northern Territories (disambiguation) Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End Motto(s): none Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Ted Egan Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2004... NSW redirects here. ... For similar terms, see Northern Territories (disambiguation) Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End Motto(s): none Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Ted Egan Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2004... Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person... Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person... NSW redirects here. ... For similar terms, see Northern Territories (disambiguation) Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End Motto(s): none Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Ted Egan Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2004... Slogan or Nickname: Island of Inspiration; The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any... Roman men having anal sex. ... Oral sex consists of all sexual activities that involve the use of the mouth, which may include use of the tongue, teeth, and throat, to stimulate genitalia. ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... Slogan or Nickname: Island of Inspiration; The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product... Roman men having anal sex. ...


Brazil

Main article: LGBT rights in Brazil

Brazilian criminal law does not punish any sexual act performed by consenting adults, but allows for prosecution, under statutory rape laws and the children's protection act, when one of the participants is under 14 year of age and the other an adult, as per Articles 214, 223, 224 and 225 of the Brazilian Penal Code and Articles 240 and 244-A of the Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente - Law 8.069. Article 235 of the Brazilian Military Criminal Code - DL 1.001/69-, however, does incriminate any contact deemed to be libidinous, be it of a homosexual nature or not, made in any location subject to military administration. Since the article is entitled Of pederasty or other libidinous acts, gay rights advocates claim that, since the Brazilian armed forces are comprised almost exclusively by males, the article allows for witch-hunts against homosexuals in the military service. ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ...


Canada

Main article: LGBT rights in Canada

Before 1859, Canada relied on British law to prosecute sodomy. In 1859, Canada repatriated its buggery law in the Consolidated Statutes of Canada as an offense punishable by death. Buggery remained punishable by death until 1869. A broader law targeting all homosexual male sexual activity ("gross indecency") was passed in 1892, as part of a larger update to the criminal law. Changes to the criminal code in 1948 and 1961 were used to brand gay men as "criminal sexual psychopaths" and "dangerous sexual offenders." These labels provided for indeterminate prison sentences. Most famously, George Klippert, a homosexual, was labelled a dangerous sexual offender and sentenced to life in prison, a sentence confirmed by the Supreme Court of Canada. He was released in 1971. Canada has provided more legal rights for LGBT people than many other liberal nations. ... Everett George Klippert (1926 - 1996) was the last person in Canada to be arrested, charged, prosecuted, convicted, and imprisoned for homosexuality before its legalization in 1969; the reforms which led to Canadian legalization of homosexuality were a direct result of the Klippert case. ...


Canadian law now permits anal sex by consenting parties above the age of 18, provided no more than two people are present. The bill repealing Canada's sodomy laws achieved royal assent on June 27, 1969. The bill had been introduced in the House of Commons by Pierre Trudeau,[10] who famously stated that "there's no place for the state in the bedrooms of the nation".[11] In the 1995 Ontario Court of Appeal case R. v. M. (C.), the judges ruled that the relevant section (section 159) of the Criminal Code of Canada violated section 15 of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms when one or both of the partners are 16 to 18 years of age; this has not been tried in court again. is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... “Trudeau” redirects here. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... The Ontario Court of Appeal is headquartered in downtown Toronto, in historic Osgoode Hall. ... The Canadian Criminal Code (formal title An Act respecting the Criminal Law) is the codification of most of the criminal offenses and procedure in Canada. ... Section Fifteen of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms consist of the equality rights guarantee of the Charter against all forms of discrimination perpetrated by the government with the exception of ameliorative programs (affirmative action). ... The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is the bill of rights which forms part of the Constitution of Canada adopted in 1982. ...


A similar decision was made by the Quebec Court of Appeal in the 1998 case R. v. Roy. The Court of Appeal of Quebec (in French: la Cour dappel du Québec) is the highest judicial court in Quebec, Canada. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


China, People's Republic of

Main article: LGBT rights in China

Sodomy was legalised in 1992, but "hooliganism" was still a crime until 1997 in the People's Republic of China. Yet there is no clear statute towards consenting parties above the age of 18.[citation needed] If someone under 18 is involved, the adult partner will be prosecuted. In a notable case in 2002, a man who had anal intercourse with a teenager was sentenced to three and a half years in prison.[citation needed] Young men sipping tea and having sex. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...


Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

"Homosexual Buggery". In Hong Kong SAR, according to the Hong Kong Crimes Ordinance Section 118C, both of the two men must be at least 21 to commit homosexual buggery legally or otherwise both of them can be liable to life imprisonment. Sect 118F states that committing homosexual buggery not privately is also illegal and can be liable to imprisonment for 5 years. Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative...


"Heterosexual Buggery". A man who commits buggery with a girl under 21 can also be liable to life imprisonment (Sect 118D) while no similar laws concerning committing heterosexual buggery otherwise than in private.


In 2005, Judge Hartmann found these 4 laws: Sect 118C, 118F, 118H, and 118J were discriminatory towards gay male and unconstitutional against the Hong Kong Basic Law and Bills of Rights Ordinance in the judicial review filed by a Hong Kong citizen. It was believed that the age of consent had been reduced from 21 to 16 for any kind of homosexual sex acts. However, there were still individuals caught in spite of the judgement and there have been both cases in which the defendants were judged guilty and not guilty. Still, no revision has been made to the 4 deemed unconstitutional laws so far. Cover of Index to the Basic Law The Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the Peoples Republic of China (中華人民共和國香港特別行政區基本法; or in short 香港基本法 or 基本法) serves as the constitutional document of Hong Kong. ...


Macau Special Administrative Region

In Macau SAR, according to Código Penal de Macau Article 166 & 168, committing anal coitus with whoever under the age of 17 is a crime and shall be punished by imprisonment of up to 10 years (committing with whoever under 14) and 4 years (committing with whoever between 14 and 16) respectively. Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative...


China, Republic of (Taiwan)

Main article: LGBT rights in Taiwan

In Taiwan, the Criminal Code of Republic of China Article 10 officially defines anal intercourse to be a form of sexual intercourse, along with vaginal and oral intercourse. The age of consent is 18, and Article 277 and the Child and Youth Sexual Transaction Prevention Act Article 22 make it a criminal offense to engage in sexual contact with minors. The law is written in gender neutral terms and does not discriminate against homosexual conduct. Taiwan is one of Asias most progressive countries as far as LGBT rights are concerned, not only since the government plans to introduce same-sex marriage since 2003. ...


Denmark

Denmark was the first country in Europe to fully legalize homosexuality, in 1933. The age of consent is 15, for all people, and has been since 1977. LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Gay rights in Denmark are generally extensive, and Danish society is very tolerant of homosexuality. ...


France

Main article: LGBT rights in France

Since the French Revolution, France has not had laws punishing homosexual conduct per se between over-age consenting adults in private. However, other qualifications such as "offense to good mores" were occasionally retained in the 19th century (see Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès). Furthermore, the age of consent for homosexual sex was kept to the age of the legal majority (21 then 18), above the age for heterosexual sex (15), until 1981. LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      France has traditionally been fairly tolerant in matters of private morality including homosexuality and this is reflected in the countrys progressive legislation. ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... Jean-Jacques-Régis de Cambacérès Jean-Jacques-Régis de Cambacérès, Duke of Parma, (18 October 1753 - 8 March 1824), French lawyer and statesman, is best remembered as the author of the Code Napoléon, which still forms the basis of French law. ... Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any... The age of majority is the threshold of adulthood as it is conceptualized in law. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ...


In 1960, a parliamentary amendment by Paul Mirguet added homosexuality to a list of "social scourges", along with alcoholism and prostitution. This prompted the government to increase the penalties for public display of a sex act when the act was homosexual. Transvestites or homosexuals caught cruising were also the target of police repression. Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alcoholism is the consumption of, or preoccupation with, alcoholic beverages to the extent that this behavior interferes with the drinkers normal personal, family, social, or work life, and may lead to physical or mental harm. ... Whore redirects here. ... A male dressed as a female. ... Cruising for sex, or more commonly, cruising, denotes the act of walking or driving about a locality in search or pursuit of a suitable partner for sex, usually of the anonymous, casual, one-time variety. ...


In 1980, the 1960 law making homosexuality an aggravating circumstance for public indecency was repealed. Then in 1982, under president François Mitterrand, the law from 1942 (Vichy France) making the age of consent for homosexual sex higher than for heterosexual sex was also repealed. Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ...   IPA: (October 26, 1916 – January 8, 1996) served as President of France from 1981 to 1995, elected as representative of the Socialist Party (PS). ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto Travail, famille, patrie French: Unoccupied zone of Vichy France (until November 1942) Capital Vichy Capital-in-exile Sigmaringen (1944-1945) Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholic Government Dictatorship Chief of state  - 1940 — 1944 Philippe Pétain President of the Council  - 1940 — 1942 Philippe Pétain  - 1942 — 1944 Pierre Laval...


Germany

Paragraph 175, which punished "fornication between men", was eased to an age of consent of 21 in East Germany in 1957 and in West Germany in 1969. This age was lowered to 18 in the East in 1968 and the West in 1973, and all legal distinctions between heterosexual and homosexual acts were abolished in the East in 1988, with this change being extended to all of Germany in 1994 as part of the process of German Reunification. LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      For extensive information regarding historical legislation against homosexuality in Germany, see Paragraph 175. ... Paragraph 175 (known formally as §175 StGB; also known as Section 175 in English) was a provision of the German Criminal Code from 15 May 1871 to 10 March 1994. ... Fornication, or simple fornication, is a term which refers to consensual sexual intercourse between two persons not married to each other[1]. In contrast adultery is consensual sex where one or both of the partners are married to someone else. ... Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any... This article is about the state which existed from 1949 to 1990. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Heterosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love or sexual desire exclusively for members of the opposite sex or gender, contrasted with homosexuality and distinguished from bisexuality and asexuality. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... This article is about the 1990 German reunification. ...


In modern German, the term Sodomie has a meaning different from the English word "sodomy": it does not refer to anal sex at all, but acts of Zoophilia. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ... Roman men having anal sex. ... This article is about zoophilia, the emotional and (optionally) sexual attraction of humans to animals. ...


Hungary

Homosexuality in Hungary was decriminalized in 1962, Paragraph 199 of the Hungarian Penal Code from then on threatened "only" adults over 20 who engaged themselves in a consensual same-sex relationship with an underaged person between 14 and 20. Then in 1978 the age was lowered to 18. Since 2002, by the ruling of the Hungarian Constitutional Court repealed Paragraph 199 - Which provided an equal age of consent of 14, regardless of sexual orientation and/or gender. Effective from 1 January 2009, a registered partnership will be available for all couples (since 1995 unregistered co-habitation was provided for any couple). LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      // The first Hungarian penal code (1878) has punished homosexuality between men (perverse fornication). Homosexual activity above the age of 20 was decriminalized in 1961, then above the... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Block quoItalic textte A paragraph is a self-contained unit of a discourse in writing dealing with a particular point or idea, or the words of an author. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2009 (MMIX) will be a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...


Iceland

Homosexuality has been legal in Iceland since 1940, but equal age of consent was not approved until 1992. Civil union was legalised by Alþingi in 1996 with 44 votes pro, 1 con, 1 neutral and 17 not present. Those laws were changed to allow adoption and artificial insemination for lesbians 27th of June 2006 among other things. Civil Union of Lesbians and Gays is now equal to marriage of heterosexual people, except it cannot be performed by religious foundations, only the State. LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Iceland, as in the rest of Scandinavia, is a very liberal country concerning gay rights. ... As unregistered cohabitation Recognised in some regions Recognised prior to legalisation of same-sex marriage Netherlands (nationwide) (1998) Spain (12 of 17 communities) (1998) South Africa (nationwide) (1999) Belgium (nationwide) (2000) Canada (QC, NS and MB) (2001) Recognition debated See also Same-sex marriage Registered partnership Domestic partnership Common-law... The Althing (Modern Icelandic Alþingi; Old Norse Alþing) is the national parliament: literally, the all-thing (or General Assembly) of Iceland. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... AIH redirects here. ... This article is about homosexual women, not inhabitants of the Greek island of Lesbos A lesbian (lowercase L) is a homosexual woman. ...


India

Main article: LGBT rights in India

India also inherited the anti-sodomy laws in its criminal code from the British raj, which were not present in its history of codified or customary legal system before. Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code calls for a maximum punishment of life imprisonment for all sexual acts against human nature (primarily interpreted to be homosexuality, especially sodomy, including between consenting adults). This law has rarely been executed, if at all, in case of consenting adults, although sometimes comes in the news when a homosexual rape has been conducted and the rapist is arrested. Police repression in alleged or real gay bars is common, and is often highlighted by the contemporary media. Section 377 is currently facing constitutional challenge in the Delhi High Court in a petition filed by Naz Foundation.[12] Homosexual marriages are de facto banned. LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Homosexuality in India is considered a taboo subject, by both Indian civil society and the government of India. ... Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy... Indian Penal Code (IPC, Hindi: भारतीय दण्ड संहिता, Urdu-in-devanagari: ताज़ीरात-ए-हिन्द ) provides a penal code for all of India including Jammu and Kashmir, where it was renamed the Ranbir Penal Code (RPC). ...


Israel

Main article: LGBT rights in Israel

The State of Israel inherited its sodomy ("buggery") law from the British Mandate of Palestine but there is no record that it was ever enforced against homosexual acts that took place between consenting adults in private. In the late 1960s the Supreme Court of Israel ruled that these laws could not be enforced and they were formally repealed by the national legislative assembly in 1988. The age of consent for both heterosexuals and homosexuals is sixteen years of age. LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Israel is considered to be the most advanced and tolerant in the Middle East in terms of gay rights. ... Flag The approximate borders of the British Mandate circa 1922. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... The Supreme Court (Hebrew: בית המשפט העליון, Beit Hamishpat Haelyon ) is at the head of the court system in the State of Israel. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any...


Japan

Main article: LGBT rights in Japan

In Japan, extramarital heterosexual anal sex is not considered an act of infidelity in Japanese law.[citation needed] Japan has no laws against homosexual activity, and some legal protections for LGBT people. ...


In the Meiji Period, sex between men was punishable under the sodomy laws announced in 1872 and revised in 1873. This was changed by laws announced in 1880 (ja:同性愛#同性愛に関する法と政治). Since that time no further laws criminalizing homosexuality have been passed, though the age of consent for homosexual sex is different in some parts of Japan (see LGBT rights in Japan). Now, sexual acts are governed by the Anti-Prostitution Law (Japanese) and sex related to children under 18 are protected by Law for Punishing Acts Related to Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, and for Protecting Children (Japanese). The Meiji period ), or Meiji era, denotes the 45-year reign of Emperor Meiji, running, in the Gregorian calendar, from 23 October 1868 to 30 July 1912. ... Japan has no laws against homosexual activity, and some legal protections for LGBT people. ...


Korea, North

Although no homosexual related laws are currently known in North Korea, the government states in the official site that while they respect those who are homosexuals, they reject many western gay cultures as they embrace consumerism, classism and promiscuity.


Korea, South

Sexual relationships between same sex are regarded as sexual harassment in the Military Penal Code. LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence This box:      Homosexuality in South Korea is not specifically mentioned in either the South Korean Constitution or in the Civil Penal Code. ...


New Zealand

Homosexual sex was legalised in New Zealand as a result of the passage of the Homosexual Law Reform Act 1986. The age of consent was set at 16 years, the same as for heterosexual sex. Gay Rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Gays, lesbians and transgendered people have most of the same rights as heterosexuals in New Zealand. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Russia

Main article: LGBT rights in Russia

In Russia sexual activity between males was criminalized by state law on March 4, 1934. Sexual activity between females was not mentioned in the law. On May 27, 1993, homosexual acts between consenting males were decriminalized. LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Russia has neither legislation against gay people nor anti-discrimination laws. ... is the 147th day of the year (148th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


Singapore

Section 377A of the Singapore Penal Code criminalizes ("outrages on decency") additionally punishes commission, solicitation, or attempted male same-sex "gross indecency", with imprisonment up to two years [2]. Prior to October 2007 Singaporean Section 377 was added by the British colonial administration in 1858, replacing Hindu law at the time which had not criminalized consensual same-sex sexuality. In October 2007, Singapore has "repealed section 377 in the New Penal Code it will reduce the maximum sentence for male-male sex to just a maximum term of 2 years in prison under "maintained" section 377A.[13] Homosexual sex is illegal in Singapore. ... Section 377A of the Penal Code of Singapore criminalize certain forms of sexual acts. ... The Penal Code of Singapore[1] sets out general principles of the criminal law of Singapore, as well as the elements and penalties of common criminal offences such as homicide, theft and cheating. ...


Sweden

Main article: LGBT rights in Sweden

Sweden legalized homosexuality in 1944. The age of consent is 15, regardless of sexual orientation, since equalization in 1978. The Swedish Crime Law (SFS 1962:700), chapter six ('About Sexual Crimes')), shows gender-neutral terms and does not distinguish between sexual orientation. The only sexual act specifically mentioned in the law is intended indecent exposure (SUS 1762:779), chapter seventeen. LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Sweden is considered to one of the most liberal countries in Europe and in fact the world, when it comes to laws surrounding homosexuality. ...


Thailand

Sodomy was decriminalized in Thailand in 1956. LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Homosexuality and cross-dressing are widely tolerated in Thailand // Sodomy was decriminalized in Thailand in 1956. ... François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


United Kingdom

The UK has historically had similar laws, but the offence is known in England and Wales as buggery, not sodomy, and is usually interpreted as referring to anal intercourse between two males or a male and a female. In England and Wales Buggery was made a felony by the Buggery Act in 1533, during the reign of Henry VIII. The punishment for those convicted was the death penalty right up until 1861. A lesser offence of "attempted buggery" was punished by 2 years of jail and some time on the pillory. In 1885, Parliament enacted the Labouchere Amendment,[14] which prohibited gross indecency between males, a broad term that was understood to encompass most or all male homosexual acts. Following the Wolfenden report, sexual acts between two adult males, with no other people present, were made legal in England and Wales in 1967, in Scotland in 1980 and Northern Ireland in 1982. LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Attitudes to homosexuality in the United Kingdom have liberalised considerably in recent years, with equal ages of consent for heterosexual and homosexuals, civil partnerships and large gay... Anal sex or anal intercourse is a form of human sexual behavior. ... For the record label, see Felony Records The term felony is a term used in common law systems for very serious crimes, whereas misdemeanors are considered to be less serious offenses. ... The Buggery Act was adopted in England in 1533 during the reign of Henry VIII, and was the first legislation against homosexuals in the country. ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... Henry VIII redirects here. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Gothic pillory (early 16th century) in Schwäbisch Hall, Germany The pillory was a device used in punishment by public humiliation and often additional, sometimes lethal, physical abuse. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... In response to a wave of sensationalism in the press about the prostitution of teenaged girls, the British Parliament adopted the Criminal Law Amendment Act in 1885. ... The Report of the Departmental Committee on Homosexual Offences and Prostitution (better known as the Wolfenden report, after Lord Wolfenden, the chairman of the committee) was published in Britain on September 3, 1957 after a succession of well-known men, including Peter Wildeblood, were convicted of homosexual offences. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the country. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Northern Ireland (Irish: , Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a constituent country of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ...


In the 1980s and 1990s, attempts were made by gay rights organizations to equalize the age of consent for heterosexuals and homosexuals, as the age of consent for homosexuals was set at 21, while the age of consent for heterosexuals was 16. Efforts were also made to modify the "no other person present" clause so that it dealt only with minors. In 1994, Conservative MP Edwina Currie introduced an amendment to Criminal Justice and Public Order Bill which would have lowered the age of consent to 16. The amendment failed, but a compromise amendment which lowered the age of consent to 18 was accepted. Therefore the age of consent disparity remained, albeit reduced. However, the July 1, 1997 decision in the case Sutherland v. United Kingdom resulted in the Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 2000 which further reduced it to 16, and the "no other person present" clause was modified to "no minor persons present". Today, the universal age of consent is 16 in England, Scotland, and Wales. The age of consent for both heterosexuals and homosexuals remains at 17 in Northern Ireland - effective from April 2008 for Northern Ireland, the age of sexual consent will be 16, in line with the rest of the UK under the Sexual Offences NI Order 2007. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      Attitudes to homosexuality in the United Kingdom have liberalised considerably in recent years, with equal ages of consent for heterosexual and homosexuals, civil partnerships and large gay... Edwina Currie Jones née Cohen, (born 13 October 1946) is a former British Member of Parliament. ... Sutherland v. ... The Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act 2000 is an Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom. ...

This page contains discussions regarding Age of Consent (AoC) laws in Europe and is a subpage of Age of consent. ...

United States

Main Article: LGBT rights in the United States LGBT rights Around the world By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Discrimination Violence This box:      The LGBT rights movement in the United States seeks to achieve equality for all Americans, regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity (heterosexual, lesbian, gay, bisexual...

US sodomy laws by the year when they were repealed or struck down.      Laws repealed or struck down before 1970.      Laws repealed or struck down from 1970-1989.      Laws repealed or struck down from 1989-2002.      Laws struck down by the US Supreme Court in 2003.
US sodomy laws by the year when they were repealed or struck down.      Laws repealed or struck down before 1970.      Laws repealed or struck down from 1970-1989.      Laws repealed or struck down from 1989-2002.      Laws struck down by the US Supreme Court in 2003.

Sodomy laws in the United States were largely a matter of state rather than federal jurisdiction. By the last quarter of the 20th century, 47 out of 50 states had repealed any specifically anti-homosexual-conduct laws, and 37 had repealed all sodomy laws. The remaining anti-homosexual sodomy laws have been invalidated by the 2003 U.S. Supreme Court decision Lawrence v. Texas (see above). It is not clear whether or how sodomy laws that apply to both homosexual and heterosexual sex are affected by Lawrence. The United States Supreme Court also implied that the age of consent must be the same for heterosexuals and homosexuals when it ordered the Kansas courts to review the constitutionality of the state's Romeo and Juliet Law. A sodomy law is a law which makes certain sexual acts into sex crimes. ... Sodomy laws in the United States, laws primarily intended to outlaw gay sex, were historically pervasive, but have been invalidated by the 2003 Supreme Court decision Lawrence v. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Holding A Texas law prohibiting homosexual sodomy violated the privacy and liberty of adults, under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, to engage in private intimate conduct. ... Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any...


Despite Lawrence v. Texas Article 125 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice, the article banning sodony, remains a special case in recognition of the fact that "the military is, by necessity, a specialized society separate from civilian society."[15] The United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, the last court of appeals for the US Military before the Supreme Court, has ruled that the Lawrence v. Texas decision applies to Article 125. In both United States v. Stirewalt and United States v. Marcum, the court ruled that the "conduct falls within the liberty interest identified by the Supreme Court."[16] However, the court went on to say that despite Lawrence's application to the military, Article 125 can still be upheld in cases where there are "factors unique to the military environment" which would place the conduct "outside any protected liberty interest recognized in Lawrence."[17] Examples of such factors could be fraternization, public sexual behavior, or any other factors that would adversely affect good order and discipline. In both Marcum and Stirewalt the court found Article 125 to be "constitutional as applied to Appellant."[18] The Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) is the foundation of military law in the United States. ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ...


United States v. Meno and United States v. Bullock are two known cases in which consensual sodomy convictions have been overturned in military courts under the Lawrence precedent.[19][20]


The term "crime against nature" was first used in law in 1828. Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


State laws at time of 2003 Supreme Court decision

U.S. Supreme Court decision Lawrence v. Texas (2003) invalidated anti-homosexual sodomy laws in the fifty states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. At that time, the laws stood as follows: Holding A Texas law prohibiting homosexual sodomy violated the privacy and liberty of adults, under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, to engage in private intimate conduct. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...

  • Alabama — All sodomy acts illegal - affects only unmarried couples.[21][22] Penalty = (1 year/$2,000)
  • Alaska (repealed through legislative action 1980)
  • Arizona (repealed through legislative action 2001)
  • Arkansas — struck down by Jegley v. Picado, 80 S.W.3d 332 (Ark. 2001)
  • California (repealed through legislative action 1976)
  • Colorado (repealed through legislative action 1972)
  • Connecticut (repealed through legislative action 1971)
  • Delaware (repealed through legislative action 1973)
  • Florida — All sodomy acts illegal. Penalty = (60 days/$500)
  • Georgia — struck down by Powell v. Georgia, 510 S.E.2d 18 (1998)
  • Hawaii (repealed through legislative action 1973)
  • Idaho — All sodomy acts illegal. Penalty = (5 years to life)
  • Illinois (repealed through legislative action 1962)
  • Indiana (repealed through legislative action 1977)
  • Iowa (repealed through legislative action 1978)
  • Kansas — Same-Sex sodomy acts illegal. Penalty = (6 months/$1,000)
  • Kentucky — struck down by Commonwealth v. Wasson, 842 S.W.2d 487 (Ky. 1992)
  • Louisiana — All sodomy acts illegal. Penalty = (5 years/$2,000)[23]
  • Maine (repealed through legislative action 1976)
  • Maryland — struck down by Williams v. State, 1998 Extra LEXIS 260, Baltimore City Circuit Court, January 14, 1999
  • Massachusetts — struck down by GLAD v. Attorney General, SJC-08539 (Mass. Supreme Judicial Ct. 2002)
  • Michigan - In Michigan Organization for Human Rights v. Kelley 1990, a trial court ruled Michigan's sodomy law unconstitutional under the state constitution. This ruling is believed to apply to all state prosecutors; however, due to the fact that the judge's decision has not yet been appealed, the current status of the law is unclear.[24][25] (all sexes; felony punishable by up to 15 years imprisonment, repeat offenders get life)
  • Minnesota — struck down by Doe v. Ventura, No. MC 01-489, 2001 WL 543734 (Minn. Dist. Ct 2001)
  • Mississippi — All sodomy acts illegal. Penalty = (10 years)
  • Missouri — Same-Sex sodomy acts illegal. Penalty = (1 year/$1,000), then repealed through legislative action in 2006[26]
  • Montana — struck down by Gryczan v. Montana, 942 P.2d 112 (1997)
  • Nebraska (repealed through legislative action 1978)
  • Nevada (repealed through legislative action 1993)
  • New Hampshire (repealed through legislative action 1975)
  • New Jersey (repealed through legislative action 1979)
  • New Mexico (repealed through legislative action 1975)
  • New York — struck down by People v. Onofre, 415 N.E.2d 936 (N.Y. 1980) and repealed by the legislature in 2000.
  • North Carolina — All sodomy acts illegal. Penalty = (10 years/discretionary fine)
  • North Dakota (repealed through legislative action 1973)
  • Ohio (repealed through legislative action 1974)
  • Oklahoma — Same-Sex sodomy acts illegal. Penalty = (10 years)
  • Oregon (repealed through legislative action 1972)
  • Pennsylvania — struck down by Commonwealth v. Bonadio, 415 A.2d 47 (Pa. 1980) and repealed by the legislature in 1995.
  • Rhode Island (repealed through legislative action 1998)
  • South Carolina — All sodomy acts illegal. Penalty = (5 years/$500)
  • South Dakota (repealed through legislative action 1977)
  • Tennessee — Struck down in Campbell v. Sundquist, 926 S.W.2d 250 (1996)
  • Texas — Same-Sex sodomy acts illegal. Penalty = ($500)
  • Utah — All sodomy acts illegal. Penalty = (6 months/$1,000)[27]
  • Vermont (repealed through legislative action 1977)
  • Virginia — All sodomy acts illegal. Penalty = (1-5 years)
  • Washington (repealed through legislative action 1976)
  • West Virginia (repealed through legislative action 1976)
  • Wisconsin (repealed through legislative action 1983)
  • Wyoming (repealed through legislative action 1977)
  • District of Columbia (City Council repealed law in 1995; Congress did not veto repeal as it did the first time in 1981)[28]
  • Puerto Rico (repealed through legislative action 2005)[29]
  • "repealed" - means abolished from the law books (statutes)
  • "law invalidated" (by Lawrence vs Texas) - means still in the law books, but not enforced (statutes)

Source:[30] and[31] Updated on 6-9-06 Powell v. ... Kentucky v. ... The People v Ronald Onofre was a 1981 appeal against New York sodomy laws, decided in the New York Court of Appeals Ronald Onofre was convicted for violating New York Penal Law that made it a misdemeanor to engage in sodomy (encompassing anal and oral sex, not vaginal), when he...


Interesting to note that in the 1970's, sodomy laws were repealed in two states (Idaho [3] and Arkansas [4]), but before the repeal took effect, the sodomy law(s) were re-introduced [5] [6] [7] [8].


See also

A protest by The Westboro Baptist Church, a group identified by the Anti-Defamation League as virulently homophobic. ... This list indexes the articles on LGBT rights in each country and significant non-country region (e. ... Societal attitudes towards homosexuality vary greatly in different cultures and different historical periods, as do attitudes toward sexual desire, activity and relationships in general. ... World laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in the US. Legality of same-sex unions in Europe. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Weeks, Jeff (January 1981). Sex, Politics and Society: The Regulation of Sexuality Since 1800. London: Longman Publishing Group. ISBN 0-582-48334-4. 
  2. ^ Sullivan, Andrew (2003-04-03). We're all sodomists now.. The New Republic Online. Retrieved on 2006-12-04.
  3. ^ Speeches Foreign & Commonwealth Office
  4. ^ ILGA World Legal Survey (Last updated: 31 July 2000, accessed 19 April 2006); updates from Homosexuality laws of the world.
  5. ^ Rictor Norton, "A History of Homophobia", 2 The Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah.
  6. ^ Leviticus 18:22 & 20:13
  7. ^ Book the Fourth - Chapter the Fifteenth: Of Offences Against the Persons of Individuals. Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England. Retrieved on 2006-08-06.
  8. ^ Lawstuff.org
  9. ^ Lawstuff.org
  10. ^ [[:Template:Cite Journals of the House of Commons, vol. CXV (1968-69)]]
  11. ^ Template:Cite http://archives.cbc.ca/IDC-1-73-538-2671/politics economy/omnibus/clip1
  12. ^ Homosexuality in India
  13. ^ GenerationQ.net - News, Entertainment, Lifestyle and Opinion for GLBT Australia, USA, Canada, UK, Europe, Asia and South America
  14. ^ The Law in England, 1290-1885. Retrieved on 2006-08-06.
  15. ^ Parker v. Levy (1974)
  16. ^ U.S. v. Stirewalt
  17. ^ U.S. v. Marcum
  18. ^ U.S. v. Marcum
  19. ^ http://www.sldn.org/binary-data/SLDN_ARTICLES/pdf_file/2309.pdf
  20. ^ http://www.sodomylaws.org/usa/military/milnews052.htm
  21. ^ http://www.actwin.com/eatonohio/gay/sodomy.html
  22. ^ http://www.sodomylaws.org/usa/alabama/alabama.htm
  23. ^ Nola.com's Printer-Friendly Page
  24. ^ Gay Guide - GayTimes
  25. ^ http://www.actwin.com/eatonohio/gay/sodomy.html
  26. ^ Gay News From 365Gay.com
  27. ^ Gay News From 365Gay.com
  28. ^ http://www.hrc.org/Template.cfm?Section=Home&CONTENTID=30422&TEMPLATE=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm
  29. ^ [1][dead link]
  30. ^ http://www.actwin.com/eatonohio/gay/sodomy.html
  31. ^ http://www.actwin.com/eatonohio/gay/GAY.htm

Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... World laws on homosexuality Legality of same-sex unions in the US. Legality of same-sex unions in Europe. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... LGBT rights Around the world · By country History · Groups · Activists Declaration of Montreal Same-sex relationships Marriage · Adoption Opposition · Persecution Violence This box:      Homosexuality in India, despite having an ancient history, is still considered a taboo subject, by both Indian civil society and the government of India. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Aint Nobodys Business if You Do: The Absurdity of Consensual Crimes in Our Free Society (ISBN 0931580587) is a book by Peter McWilliams in which he presents the history of legislation against consensual crimes (also called victimless crimes), as well as arguments for their legalization. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...

External links

  • International Lesbian and Gay Association World Legal Survey (2000)
  • Sodomy Laws Around the World
  • Where Having Sex is a Crime: Criminalization and Decriminalization of Homosexual Acts, IGLHRC (2003)
  • The Accidental Legacy of a Homophobic Humanitarian — The Times, October 2, 2000
The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Sexual ethics is a sub-category of ethics that pertain to acts falling within the broad spectrum of human sexual behavior, sexual intercourse in particular. ... This is a list of topics on sexual ethics. ... Age of consent laws Worldwide While the phrase age of consent typically does not appear in legal statutes,[1] when used with reference to criminal law the age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered to be capable of legally giving informed consent to any... The ages of consent for sexual activity vary by jurisdiction across Africa. ... The ages of consent for sexual activity vary by jurisdiction across Asia. ... The ages of consent for sexual activity vary by jurisdiction across Australia and Oceania. ... Age of consent laws Worldwide The ages of consent for sexual activity vary by jurisdiction across Europe. ... The ages of consent for sexual activity vary by jurisdiction across North America. ... The ages of consent for sexual activity vary by jurisdiction across South America. ... Child sexuality refers to sexual feelings, behavior and development in children. ... Child pornography refers to pornographic material depicting children. ... Prostitution of children refers to the use of children as prostitutes. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... An early 20th century post card documents the problem of unwanted pregnancy. ... Virginity pledges (or abstinence pledges) are commitments made by teenagers and young adults to refrain from sexual intercourse until marriage. ... Main articles: Human sexual behavior, Adolescence, and Adolescent sexuality Adolescent sexual behavior refers to the sexual behavior of adolescents. ... Main articles: Adolescent sexuality and Adolescent sexual behavior Adolescent sexuality in the United States relates to the sexuality of American adolescents and its place in American society, both in terms of their feelings, behaviors and development and in terms of the response of the government, educators and interested groups. ... This article is about human sexual perceptions. ... Incest is defined as sexual intercourse or any form of sexual activity between closely related persons, especially within the nuclear family. ... Sexual orientation refers to the direction of an individuals sexuality, usually conceived of as classifiable according to the sex or gender of the persons whom the individual finds sexually attractive. ... This article is about the act of adultery. ... Frederick Douglass with his second wife Helen Pitts Douglass (sitting) who was white, a famous 19th century American example of miscegenation. ... Bad Touch redirects here. ... Sexual harassment is harassment or unwelcome attention of a sexual nature. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Child sexual abuse is an umbrella term describing criminal and civil offenses in which an adult engages in sexual activity with a minor or exploits a minor for the purpose of sexual gratification. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Age of consent reform refers to efforts meant to change age of consent laws. ... Anti-pedophile (or anti-paedophile) activism encompasses opposition to pedophiles, pro-pedophile activism, and other phenomena that are commonly seen as related to pedophilia, such as child pornography and child sexual abuse[1]. // Some local groups have taken to marching in opposition to the locations of various child sex offenders... Pro-pedophile activism or Pro-paedophile activism (Commonwealth usage) encompasses pro-pedophile organizations and activists that argue for certain changes of criminal laws and cultural response associated with pedophiles and adult-minor sexual relations. ... Whore redirects here. ... Zoosexuality and the law looks at the laws governing human-animal sexual interaction (also sometimes known as bestiality or zoophilia) around the world. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Strategies for sodomy law repeal (1284 words)
Most remaining sodomy laws are in southern states with small and inexperienced organizations with strong opposition groups and conservative legislatures and judiciaries.
Quite often, arrests are not made for sodomy, but for soliciting sodomy—asking someone to perform sodomy—even in the confines of a private conversation—is itself a crime, and often a felony.
Seven states consider consensual sodomy convictions serious enough to require the registration of released convicts and notification of their neighbors as is done with rapists and child-molesters: Alabama, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oklahoma, and South Carolina.
Laws Against Sodomy (1388 words)
Groups lobbying for repeal of sodomy laws across the country say that the laws provide the underpinnings for discrimination against gay men and lesbians in a wide range of areas, including employment, child custody, and housing.
Sodomy originally was banned in every state, but since 1961 the laws have been repealed or ruled unconstitutional in 26 states.
"Sodomy laws are used to say that gay people are criminals and, therefore, not entitled to constitutional protections," said New York law professor Aruther Leonard, author of "Sexuality and the Law." The tendency of judges to equate homosexuality with sodomy cost one Virginia father the custody of his 9-year-old daughter.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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