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Encyclopedia > Sodium taurocholate
Taurocholic acid
Taurocholic acid
Chemical name 2-{[(3alpha,5beta,7alpha,12alpha)-3,7,12-trihydroxy-
24-oxocholan-24-yl]amino}ethanesulfonic acid
Chemical formula C26H45NO7S
Molecular mass 515.7058 g/mol
CAS number [81-24-3]
Density x.xxx g/cm3
Melting point 125.0 °C
Boiling point xx.x °C
SMILES C[C@@]34[C@] (CC[C@@H]4[C@@H] (CCC(NCCS(O)
(=O)=O)=O)C) ([H])[C@]2([H]) [C@H](O)C[C@]1
([H])C[C@H](O)CC [C@@](C)1[C@] ([H])2C[C@@H]3O</samll>
Disclaimer and references

Taurocholic acid, known also as cholaic acid, cholyltaurine, or acidum cholatauricum, is a deliquescent yellowish crystalline bile acid involved in the emulsification of fats. It occurs as a sodium salt in the bile of mammals. It is a conjugate of cholic acid with taurine. Medically it is used as a cholagogue and cholerectic. Image File history File links Taurocholic_acid. ... IUPAC nomenclature is a system of naming chemical compounds and of describing the science of chemistry in general. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The molecular mass (abbreviated MM) of a substance, formerly also called molecular weight and abbreviated as MW, is the mass of one molecule of that substance, relative to the unified atomic mass unit u (equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12). ... CAS registry numbers are unique numerical identifiers for chemical compounds, polymers, biological sequences, mixtures and alloys. ... In physics, density is mass m per unit volume V. For the common case of a homogeneous substance, it is expressed as: where, in SI units: ρ (rho) is the density of the substance, measured in kg·m-3 m is the mass of the substance, measured in kg V is... The melting point of a crystalline solid is the temperature at which it changes state from solid to liquid. ... The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which it can change its state from a liquid to a gas throughout the bulk of the liquid at a given pressure. ... The simplified molecular input line entry specification or SMILES is a specification for unambiguously describing the structure of chemical molecules using short ASCII strings. ... Deliquescent materials are substances (mostly salts) which have a strong affinity for moisture and will absorb relatively large amount of water from the atmosphere if exposed to it, forming a liquid solution. ... Bile acids are steroid acids found predominantly in the bile of mammals. ... An emulsion is a mixture of two immiscible substances. ... Fats consist of a wide group of compounds that are generally soluble in organic solvents and largely insoluble in water. ... A magnified crystal of a salt (halite/sodium chloride) Salt covering the floor of Bad Water in Death Valley, CA, the lowest point in the US. A salt, in chemistry, is any ionic compound composed of cations (positively charged ions) and anions (negative ions) so that the product is neutral... Bile (or gall) is a bitter, yellow or green alkaline fluid secreted by hepatocytes from the liver of most vertebrates. ... Subclasses Allotheria* Order Multituberculata (extinct) Order Volaticotheria (extinct) Order Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Order Triconodonta (extinct) Order Docodonta (extinct) Prototheria Order Monotremata Theria Infraclass Trituberculata (extinct) Infraclass Marsupialia Infraclass Eutheria The mammals are the class of vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in females for the nourishment of young, from... A chemically conjugated system, is a system of atoms covalently bonded with alternating single and double bonds (e. ... Cholic acid Cholic acid is a bile acid, a white crystalline substance insoluble in water. ... Taurine or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid is an organic acid that is abundant in the tissues of many animals (metazoa). ... Cholagogue is a substance which is added to the bile canaliculi in the alimentary canal during glyco-respiration. ...

Hydrolysis of taurocholic acid yields Taurine, a nonessential amino acid. Hydrolysis is a chemical reaction or process in which a chemical compound reacts with water. ... Taurine or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid is an organic acid that is abundant in the tissues of many animals (metazoa). ... Phenylalanine is one of the standard amino acids. ...

Commercially, taurocholic acid is manufactured from cattle bile, a byproduct of the meat-processing industry. Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle (often called cows in vernacular and contemporary usage, or kye as the Scots plural of cou) are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ...

See also

deoxycholic acid. Deoxycholic acid, also known as deoxycholate, cholanoic acid, and 3α,12α-dihydroxy-5β-cholanate, is a bile acid. ...


February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

External links

  • Links to external chemical sources



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