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Encyclopedia > Socratic dialogue

Socratic dialogue (Greek Σωκρατικός λόγος or Σωκρατικός διάλογος), is a prose literary form developed in Greece at the turn of the fourth century BCE, preserved today in the dialogues of Plato and the Socratic works of Xenophon - either dramatic or narrative - in which characters discuss moral and philosophical problems. (5th century BC - 4th century BC - 3rd century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) Events Invasion of the Celts into Ireland Gauls sack Rome Kingdom of Macedon conquers Persian empire The Scythians are beginning to be absorbed into the Sarmatian people. ... The term dialogue (or dialog) expresses basically reciprocal conversation between two or more persons. ... Statue of a philosopher, presumably Plato, in Delphi. ... Xenophon (In Greek , c. ...


Most accurately, the term refers to works in which Socrates is a character, though Plato's Laws and Xenophon's Hiero are Socratic dialogues in which a wise man other than Socrates leads the discussion (the Athenian Stranger and Simonides, respectively). Socrates This article is about the ancient Greek philosopher, for all other uses see: Socrates (disambiguation) Socrates (June 4, ca. ... The Laws is Platos last and longest dialogue. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


According to a fragment of Aristotle, the first author of Socratic dialogue was Alexamenes of Teos, but we do not know anything else about him, whether Socrates appeared in his works, or how accurate Aristotle was in his unfavorable judgement about him. In addition to Plato and Xenophon, Antisthenes, Aeschines of Sphettos, Phaedo, Eucleides of Megara, Theocritus, Tissaphernes and Aristotle all wrote Socratic dialogues, and Cicero wrote similar dialogues in Latin on philosophical and rhetorical themes, for example De re publica. Aristotle, marble copy of bronze by Lysippos. ... Marcus Tullius Cicero (January 3, 106 BC – December 7, 43 BC) was an orator and statesman of Ancient Rome, and is generally considered the greatest Latin prose stylist. ... De re publica is a work by Cicero, written in six books 54-51 BC, in the format of a Socratic dialogue, that is to say: Scipio Africanus Minor (who had died a few decades before Cicero was born) takes the role of wise old man, that is an obligatory...


"A Socratic Dialogue can happen at any time between two or more people when they seek to answer a question" [...] about something "answerable by our own effort of reflection and thinking" [...] starting "from the concrete" [...] asking "all sorts of questions" until "the details of the example are fleshed out" [...] as "a kind of platform for reaching more general judgments" [1].


See also

Socratic debate is a form of philosophical enquirey. ... Maieutics is a method of teaching introduced by Socrates. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Socratic Dialogue as Collegial Reasoning (4218 words)
But in a Socratic Dialogue, after the question is posed, the first move is to ask participants for examples from their own lives which seem to them to illustrate the theme.
The strategy of the Socratic Dialogue is to allow everyone to know the example well enough in order to allow them to see it as a case of human dignity from the inside, as it were; as if they were all wearing Lynne's shoes.
But the rules of the Socratic Dialogue insist that the focus be on the point of view of the example giver since it is this which is immeidately available to the group.
Power of Socratic Dialogue (1176 words)
Not to be confused with the more traditional Socratic Teaching Method, which likewise derives from the Dialogues of Plato, this innovative approach similarly involves a progression of questioning and conversation as a basis for discussion, though the means of arriving at conclusions is very different.
A typical Socratic Dialogue will last an hour and a half, with half of that time dedicated to conversation within the panel, and the other half of the time in open dialogue between the audience and the panel.
As with other education methods, the success of the Socratic Dialogue depends to a large extent on how well the outcomes for the program and for the activity itself are defined from the outset.
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