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Encyclopedia > Sociology of science

Portal · History This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sociology is a relatively new academic discipline among other social sciences including economics, political science, anthropology, and psychology. ...

General Aspects

Applied sociology · Public sociology
Social research · Sociological theory Sociology is the study of society and human social interaction. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Sociological practice. ... Public sociology is an approach to the discipline which seeks to transcend the academy and engage wider audiences. ... Social research refers to research conducted by social scientists (primarily within sociology, but also within other disciplines such as social policy, human geography, social anthropology and education). ... Sociological theory can refer to: contemporary sociological theory social theory sociological paradigms (also known as perespectives or frameworks) See also list of theories in sociology. ...

Related fields & subfields

Comparative sociology · Criminology
Demography · Social movements
Social psychology · Sociolinguistics
Sociology of: culture · deviance
economics · education · gender
knowledge · law · politics · religion
science · stratification · work Sociology has many subfields. ... Comparative Sociology Comparative sociology generally refers to sociological analysis that involves comparison of social processes between nation-states, or across different types of society (for example capitalist and socialist). ... Criminology is the scientific study of crime as an individual and social phenomenon. ... Map of countries by population Population growth showing projections for later this century Demography is the statistical study of human populations. ... Social movements are broader political associations focussed on specific issues. ... Social Psychology is a subfield of sociology which looks at the social behavior of humans in terms of associations and relationships that they have. ... This article or section cites its sources but does not provide page references. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The sociology of deviance is the sociological study of deviant behavior, the recognized violation of cultural norms, and the creation and enforcement of those norms. ... Economic sociology may be defined as the sociological analysis of economic phenomena. ... Sociology of gender is a prominent subfield of sociology. ... The sociology of knowledge is the study of the social origins of ideas, and of the effects prevailing ideas have on societies. ... An approach to law stressing the actual social effects of legal institutions, doctrines, and practices and vice versa. ... Political sociology is the study of power and the intersection of personality, social structure and politics. ... In sociology, social stratification is the hierarchical arrangement of social classes, castes, and strata within a society. ... Industrial Sociology (also known as sociology of industrial relations or sociology of work) is the study of the interaction of people within industry it includes the study of boss-subordinate, inter-departmental, and management / trade-union relationships´. Moreover, on a macrosociological scale, it is the study of the impact of...

Categories & Lists
Journals · Publications · Topics

Sociology of science is the subfield of sociology that deals with the practice of science. // Foundations The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism Max Weber Die protestantische Ethik und der Geist des Kapitalismus, 1904 Online version Description: In The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, Weber puts forward a thesis that Puritan ethic and ideas had influenced the development of capitalism. ... This is a list of terms in sociology. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ...

Generally speaking, the sociology of science involves the study of science as a social activity, especially dealing "with the social conditions and effects of science, and with the social structures and processes of scientific activity."[1] It has historically employed a number of methods for doing this. For example, Robert K. Merton, generally considered one of the seminal authors in the sociology of science, used reference to bibliometric information and historical information to develop a thesis about the relationship between the Puritan religion and the scientific revolution in the 18th century. In a later work, he used his experience with scientists and with the history of science to formulate a list of norms which governed conduct within the scientific community. Though both of these approaches have been criticized for various reasons since they were postulated in the late 1930s and early 1940s, they serve as somewhat canonical examples of the sociology of science.[1] Editing Robert K. Merton This article is about the sociologist. ... Bibliometrics is a set of methods used to study or measure texts and information. ... Science is a body of empirical and theoretical knowledge, produced by a global community of researchers, making use of specific techniques for the observation and explanation of real phenomena, this techne summed up under the banner of scientific method. ... The Merton Thesis is an argument about the nature of early experimental science proposed by Robert K. Merton. ... For the record label, see Puritan Records. ... The event which most historians of science call the scientific revolution can be dated roughly as having begun in 1543, the year in which Nicolaus Copernicus published his De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres) and Andreas Vesalius published his De humani corporis fabrica (On the... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... It has been suggested that Convention (norm) be merged into this article or section. ...


See also

The sociology and philosophy of science, as well as the entire field of science studies, have in the 20th century been preoccupied with the question of large-scale patterns and trends in the development of science, and asking questions about how science works both in a philosophical and practical sense. ... The sociology of knowledge is the study of the social origins of ideas, and of the effects prevailing ideas have on societies. ... The sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK), closely related to the sociology of science, considers social influences on science. ... In academics, science studies (sometimes seen as science and technology studies) is an umbrella term for a number of approaches devoted to studying science, and as a discipline its participants often come from a wide variety of disciplines, usually history of science, sociology of science, philosophy of science, the social...


  1. ^ a b Ben-David, Joseph; Teresa A. Sullivan (1975). "Sociology of Science". Annual Review of Sociology 1: 203-222. Retrieved on 2006-11-29. 

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 29 is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Matthew David, Science in society, Houndsmall: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005 - ISBN 0333993489 - excellent introduction with case studies

External links

  • Gary Werskey - The Marxist Critique of Capitalist Science: A History in Three Movements?

  Results from FactBites:
Sociology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2554 words)
Sociology is interested in our behavior as social beings; thus the sociological field of interest ranges from the analysis of short contacts between anonymous individuals on the street to the study of global social processes.
Sociology as a scientific discipline emerged in the early 19th century as an academic response to the challenge of modernity: as the world was becoming smaller and more integrated, people's experience of the world was increasingly atomized and dispersed.
In 1919 a sociology department was established in Germany at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich by Max Weber and in 1920 in Poland by Florian Znaniecki.
  More results at FactBites »



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