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Encyclopedia > Sociological paradigm

Sociological paradigm (also sociological perespectives or frameworks) are specific 'points of view' used by social scientists in social research. All sociologists follow the general sociological perspective paradigm, but this general paradigm is divided into many smaller, sometimes mutually exclusive paradigms. They include: Terms like SOSE (Studies of Society & the Environment) not only refer to social sciences but also studies of the environment. ... Social research refers to research conducted by social scientists (primarily within sociology, but also within other disciplines such as social policy, human geography, social anthropology and education). ... Sociological perspective is a point of view that focuses not on individuals but their group, or society. ...

  • conflict paradigm paradigm focuses on the ability of some groups to dominate others, or resistance to such domination.
  • ethnomethodology paradigm examines how people make sense out of social life in the process of living it, as if each was a researcher engaged in enquiry.
  • feminist paradigm focuses on how male dominance of society has shaped social life.
  • darwinism paradigm sees a progressive evolution in social life.
  • positivism paradigm was an early 19th century approach, now considered obsolete in its pure form. Positivists believed we can scientifically discover all the rules governing social life.
  • structural functionalism paradigm also known as a social systems paradigm addresses what functions various elements of the social system perform in regard to the entire system.
  • symbolic interactionis paradigm examines how shared meanings and social patterns are developed in the course of social interactions.

Out of those three, the conflict paradigm, symbolic interactionism and structural functionalism are the most famous. In sociology and biology, conflict theory states that the society or organization functions so that each individual participant and its groups struggle to maximize their benefits, which inevitably contributes to social change such as changes in politics and revolutions. ... Ethnomethodology (literally, the study of peoples methods) is a sociological discipline which focuses on the way people make sense of the world and display their understandings of it. ... Feminism is a diverse collection of social theories, political movements, and moral philosophies, largely motivated by or concerning the experiences of women, especially in terms of their social, political, and economic situation. ... Social Darwinism is a term used to describe a style or trend in social theory which holds that Darwins theory of evolution of biological traits in a population by natural selection can also be applied to human social institutions. ... This article describes the term positivism as used in social sciences, especially within the science of sociology. ... The article is about functionalism in sociology; for other uses, see functionalism. ... Social structure (also referred to as a social system) is a system in which people forming the society are organized by a patterns of prelationships. ... Since the late 1800s, the word paradigm (IPA: ) has referred to a thought pattern in any scientific discipline or other epistemological context. ... Symbolic interactionism is a sociological perspective which examines how individuals and groups interact, focusing on the creation of personal identity through interaction with others. ... Symbolic interactionism is a sociological perspective which examines how individuals and groups interact, focusing on the creation of personal identity through interaction with others. ... The article is about functionalism in sociology; for other uses, see functionalism. ...


References

  • Earl Babbie, 'The Practice of Social Research', 10th edition, Wadsworth, Thomson Learning Inc., ISBN 0534620299
  • Michael Hughes, Carolyn J. Kroehler, James W. Vander Zanden. 'Sociology: The Core', McGraw-Hill, ISBN 007240535X[Online chapter summary

Earl Robert Babbie (January 8, 1938 - present) is a professor of sociology and behavioral sciences at Chapman University, United States. ...

External links

  • Introduction to sociological perspective and paradigms for students] by Phil Bartle

 
 

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