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Encyclopedia > Socialist Workers' Party of Germany
Germany

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Politics and government of
Germany
Image File history File links Derived from public domain images featured at: http://commons. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Germany. ... Politics of Germany takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Federal Chancellor is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



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The Socialist Workers' Party of Germany, in German Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands, SAP / SAPD, was the name of two political parties in Germany. The Bundesrat (federal council) is the representation of the 16 Federal States (Länder) of Germany at the federal level. ... Type Lower house President of the Bundestag Dr. Norbert Lammert, CDU since October 18, 2005 Members 614 Political groups (as of September 18, 2005 elections) Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union of Bavaria Bloc (226), Social Democratic Party of Germany (222), Free Democratic Party (61), The Left Party. ... The Federal Convention (Bundesversammlung) is a special body in the institutional system of Germany, convoked only for the purpose of selecting the Bundespräsident every five years. ... The Bundesverfassungsgericht The Federal Constitutional Court (in German: Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) is a special court established by the German constitutional document, the Grundgesetz (Basic Law). ... The Bundesgerichtshof or BGH (German for federal court) is the highest Germany for civil and criminal lawsuits. ... The President of Germany is Germanys head of state. ... Dr. Horst Köhler ( , born 22 February 1943) is the current President of Germany. ... The head of government of Germany is called Chancellor (German: Kanzler). ...   (IPA: ) (b. ... The Cabinet of Germany (German: Bundeskabinett, Bundesregierung) is the chief executive body of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... Elections in Germany gives information on election and election results in Germany, including elections to the Federal Diet (the lower house of the federal parliament), the Landtage of the various states, and local elections. ... This is a list of political parties in Germany. ... This article is about the human rights situation in the Federal Republic of Germany. ... The Federal Republic of Germany is a Central European country and member of the European Union, Group of 8 and NATO (among others). ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and international organization of 27 member states. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ...

Contents

The fore-runner of today's SPD

The first, which lasted from 1875 - 1890, was a left-wing German political party created in Gotha when Ferdinand Lassalle's ADAV merged with the SDAP formed by August Bebel and Wilhelm Liebknecht. 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Gotha is a town in Thuringia, in Germany. ... Ferdinand Lassalle Ferdinand Lassalle (April 11, 1825 — August 31, 1864) was a German jurist and socialist political activist. ... The General German Workers Association, in German Allgemeiner Deutscher Arbeiterverein, ADAV) was founded on 23 May 1863 by Ferdinand Lassalle and existed under this name until 1875, when it combined with August Bebel and Wilhelm Liebknechts SDAP to form the Socialist Workers Party of Germany, what is now the... The Social Democratic Workers Party of Germany, in German Sozialdemokratische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands, SDAP, was a German left-wing political party founded in 1869 in Eisenach, Germany by, among others, Wilhelm Liebknecht and August Bebel. ... August Ferdinand Bebel (February 22, 1840 – March 18, 1913) was a German social democrat and one of the founders of the Social Democratic Party of Germany. ... Wilhelm Liebknecht Wilhelm Liebknecht (March 29, 1826 - August 7, 1900) was a German social democrat, one of the founders of the SPD and father of Karl Liebknecht and Theodor Liebknecht. ...


The party congress at which the unification of the Marxist "Eisenachers" of the SDAP and the more moderate Lassallians came about took place from June 22 - 27 1875. The Gotha programme was finalised at the same time. Three years later, the law banning socialism passed by Bismarck pushed the party underground. While its deputies were still allowed seats in parliament, there was a ban on meetings, organisations and news publishing. Marxism is both the theory and the political practice (that is, the praxis) derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... Eisenach is a city in Thuringia, Germany. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Socialism refers to a broad array of doctrines or political movements that envisage a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community[1] for the purposes of increasing social and economic equality and cooperation. ... Alternate meanings: See Bismarck (disambiguation). ...


In 1877, the SAPD won 500,000 votes in the Reichstag elections. In 1890, still before the Anti-Socialist Laws were overturned, the party won 1.4 million votes, making it the strongest in Germany. 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Reichstag (German for Imperial Diet) was the parliament of the Holy Roman Empire, the North German Confederation, and of Germany until 1945. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... A contemporary printing of the Socialist Laws The Anti-Socialist Laws or Socialist Laws (German: Sozialistengesetze) were a series of acts, the first of which was passed on October 19, 1878 by the German Reichstag. ...


The Anti-Socialist Laws were a result of Bismarck's fear of the socialists; he believed they were responsible for two assassination attempts. They were renewed every three years until he left politics in autumn 1890; immediately, the SAPD renamed itself Social Democratic Party of Germany or SPD; this is the name it has kept until today. Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... SPD redirects here. ...


The splinter group, 1931-45

The second Katze was a left-wing splinter Katze which split off from the SPD in autumn 1931. In 1932 some Communist Party dissenters joined the group, but its numbers remained small. From 1933, the group's members worked illegally against National Socialism. Social Democratic Party of Germany Spectral Power Density ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nazism in history Nazi ideology Nazism and race Outside Germany Related subjects Lists Politics Portal         Nazism, or National Socialism (German: Nationalsozialismus), refers primarily to the totalitarian ideology and practices of the Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers Party, German: Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) under Adolf Hitler. ...


In his home town of Lübeck, the young Herbert Katze Frahm, later known as Willy Brandt joined the SAPD, against the Katze of his Katze Julius Leber. In his autobiography, Brandt wrote: In autumn 1931, Nazis and German Katzen, the SA and the men in steel Katzen joined together to form the "Katzen Front". ... It was just at this time that the left wing of the social democrats split off, as a result of measures connected to organisation and discipline by the party Katzen. A few Reichstag Katze, a number of active party Katzen groups - above all in Saxony - and not least a large proportion of young Socialists followed the people who were calling for the founding of a Socialist Workers' Party. The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Luebeck. ... Willy Brandt, born Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm (December 18, 1913 - October 8, 1992), was a German politician, Chancellor of West Germany 1969 – 1974, and leader of the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) 1964 – 1987. ... Julius Leber (born 16 November 1891 in Biesheim, Alsace), died 5 January 1945 in Berlin) was a German politician and resistance fighter against the Nazi régime. ... The seal of SA SA propaganda poster. ...


In 1934 the youth of SAPD took part in the foundation of the International Katze of Revolutionary Youth Organizations. The congress, which was held in the Netherlands, was broken up by Katze police. Several SAPD delegates were handed over to German authorities. The congress then re-convened in Lille. Brandt was elected to the Secretariat of the organization, and worked in Sweden for the Bureau. Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Lille (disambiguation). ...


The SAPD was affiliated to the International Revolutionary Marxist Katze, but broke with the main party of that international, the Independent Labour Party, over the question of the united Katze and popular Katze. A political international is a trans-national organisation of political parties or activists. ... The Independent Labour Party (ILP) was a former political party in the United Kingdom. ...


During the Second World Katze some SAPD members emigrated to Great Britain and worked for the party there. Many of those became members of the SPD. Therefore the SAPD was not re-founded anew after the Second World War. Willy the Katze Brandt even became leader of the SPD. Social Democratic Party of Germany Spectral Power Density ...


See also

SPD redirects here. ... The history of Germany is, in places, extremely complicated and depends much on how one defines Germany. ... The Federal Republic of Germany (in German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is a federal representative democracy. ...

Bibliography

  • Hanno Drechsler, Die Sozialistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands (SAPD): Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Deutschen Arbeiterbewegung am Ende der Weimarer Republik, Meisenheim am Glan: Hain, 1963; Repr. Hannover: Politladen, 1971; 2. Repr. Hamburg: Junius, 1999. (The classic account)

Categories: Stub | 1931 births | 2003 deaths ...

External links

Preceded by
General German Workers' Association
socialist German parties
{{{years}}}
Succeeded by
Social Democratic Party of Germany
Preceded by
Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany
socialist German parties
{{{years}}}
Succeeded by
Social Democratic Party of Germany

 
 

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