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Encyclopedia > Socialist Republic of Serbia
Република Србија
Republika Srbija

Republic of Serbia
Coat of arms of Serbia
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Bože pravde
(English: God of Justice)
Capital
(and largest city)
Belgrade
44°48′N 20°28′E
Official languages Serbian written with the Cyrillic alphabet1
Government Republic
 - Prime Minister Vojislav Koštunica
 - President Boris Tadić
Establishment  
 - Formation 814 
 - First Serbian Uprising 1804 
 - Internationally recognized July 13, 1878 
 - Kingdom of SCS created December 1, 1918 
 - SCG dissolved June 5, 2006 
Area
 - Total 88,361 km² (113th)
34,116 sq mi 
 - Water (%) n/a
Population
 - 2006 estimate 9,396,411 (83th)
 - Density 106/km² (94th)
275/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate
 - Total $47,77 billion (77th)
 - Per capita $5,713 (97th)
HDI  (n/a) n/a (not ranked) (n/a)
Currency Serbian dinar2 (RSD)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
Internet TLD .yu (.rs)3
Calling code +3814
1 In Vojvodina, the following languages are also official: Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn and Croatian.

In Kosovo, Albanian and English are also official.
2 The euro is used in Kosovo alongside the dinar.
3 The .rs is official domain since September 2006, but former .yu is still in use until the current active leases expire.
4 To be shared with Montenegro until 2007.
Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia_(state). ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Serbia. ... The flag of Serbia is a tricolour with Pan-Slavic colours. ... Large Coat of Arms of Serbia Small Coat of Arms of Serbia The Coat of Arms of Serbia, adopted on August 17, 2004, is a replica of the coat of arms of the former Obrenović dynasty (first adopted in 1882) and features the white bicephalic eagle of the Nemanjić dynasty... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Bože pravde (God of Justice) is the official anthem of Serbia and Republika Srpska. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 112 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Serbia Wikipedia talk:WikiProject Countries Maps of Serbia ... This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. ... Ethnic map of Serbia // Demographics of Serbia Population of Serbia (including Kosovo) Serbs 66% Albanians 17% Hungarians 3. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... An official language is a language that is given a privileged legal status in a state, or other legally-defined territory. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (pronounced , also called azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used for several East and South Slavic languages—Belarusian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, and Ukrainian—and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... In a broad definition, a republic is a state or country that is led by people whose political power is based on principles that are not beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... List of Prime Ministers of Serbia Current Prime Minister of Serbia is Vojislav Koštunica. ... Dr. Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica   (Serbian: Војислав Коштуница) (pronounced , born March 24, 1944, Belgrade, Serbia) is the current Prime Minister of Serbia. ... Standard flag of President of Serbia Current Serbian President Boris Tadić The President of Serbia is the head of state of the Republic of Serbia. ... Boris Tadić   (Борис Тадић) (born 15 January 1958) is the President of Serbia. ... Events Louis the Pious succeeds Charlemagne as king of the Franks and Emperor. ... Flag of the First Serbian Uprising First Serbian Uprising was an uprising at the beginning of the 19th century in which Serbs living in Belgrade Pashaluk in the Ottoman Empire, led by Karadjordje, managed to liberate the Pashaluk for a significant time, which eventually led to the creation of modern... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Congress of Berlin was a meeting of the European Great Powers and the Ottoman Empires leading statesmen in Berlin in 1878. ... July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Motto: none Anthem: Hej Sloveni Capital Belgrade (Executive and Legislative) Podgorica (Judicial) Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government President Svetozar Marović Reconstituted From FRY Dissolved February 4, 2003 June 5, 2006 Area    - Total 102,350 km² (105th)   39,518 sq mi   - Water (%) 0. ... The Montenegrin independence referendum was a referendum on the independence of the Republic of Montenegro from Serbia and Montenegro that was held on May 21, 2006. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... This is a list of sovereign states and other territories by population, using the most recently available official figures. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries/dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The figures in the following table are based on areas including inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). ... Purchasing power parity (PPP) is in economics the method of using the long-run equilibrium exchange rate of two currencies to equalize the currencies purchasing power. ... Map of world GDP (PPP) by country using the IMF list for 2005 There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Map of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita, based on the 2005 IMF data. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2004). ... This is a list of countries by Human Development Index (2004), as included in the United Nations Development Programmes Human Development Report of 2006. ... The dinar is the official currency of Serbia, one of the two republics that comprise Serbia and Montenegro. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ... The following is a list of currently existing Internet Top-level domains (TLDs). ... .yu is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) assigned originally to the SFR Yugoslavia. ... .rs is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Republic of Serbia. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... Pannonian Rusyn or simply Rusyn (Ruthenian) is a Slavic language or dialect spoken in north-western Serbia and eastern Croatia (therefore also called Yugoslavo-Ruthenian, Vojvodina-Ruthenian or Bačka-Ruthenian). ... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Serbian of the Ijekavian dialect1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence From Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 13. ...

Serbia, officially the Republic of Serbia (Serbian: Република Србија or Republika Srbija, listen ), is a landlocked country in Central and Southeastern Europe, covering the central part of the Balkan Peninsula and the southern part of the Pannonian Plain. The capital is Belgrade. Serbia borders Hungary to the north; Romania and Bulgaria to the east; Albania and the Republic of Macedonia to the south; and Montenegro, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Image File history File links Republika_Srbija. ... A landlocked country is one that has no coastline. ... Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... Balkan peninsula with northwest border Isonzo-Krka-Sava The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe a region of southeastern Europe. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe southeastern Europe (see the Definitions and boundaries section below). ... The Pannonian Plain is a large plain in Central Europe that remained when the Pliocene Pannonian Sea (see below) dried out. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Anthem: (Macedonian for Today over Macedonia) Capital (and largest city) Skopje Macedonian, Albanian1 Government Parliamentary republic  - President Branko Crvenkovski  - Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski Independence from Yugoslavia   - Declared September 8, 1991  Area  - Total 25,333 km² (148th) 9,779 sq mi   - Water (%) 1. ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Serbian of the Ijekavian dialect1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence From Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 13. ...


Invited by the Byzantine emperor Heraclius, Serbs settled the region by 630 A.D. [2], fully converted to Christianity by 865 A.D. [3], and formed three distinct independent kingdoms by the 14th century- in Dioclea [4], Rascia [5] and Bosnia [6], as well as two distinct shortlasting Empires- Serbian Empire of Stefan Dusan [7] and Empire of Jovan Nenad[8]. The Medieval Serbian Kingdom, later Empire, rose from Byzantine, Bulgarian and Hungarian patronage to become a threat to the very existence of Constantinople itself. Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Empires is currently a Half-Life 2 modification that saw its first public release for the HL2 source engine on March 4, 2006. ... Serbia was formerly a principality (1817-1882), kingdom (1882-1918) and part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918-1945, until 1929 the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes). ... Monument to Emperor Jovan Nenad in Subotica Serb empire of Jovan Nenad Emperor Jovan Nenad (died on July 26, 1527, Serbian: Car Jovan Nenad or Цар Јован Ненад, also spelled as Tsar Jovan Nenad in English) was a leader of the Serb mercenaries in the Kingdom of Hungary who, using a period of... The Medieval Serbian Kingdom 1167 - 1196: Stefan Nemanja (Grand Zupan) 1331 - 1355: Stefan Uros IV Dusan (King to 1346, then Tsar) 1196 - 1227: Stefan First-Crowned (Grand Zupan to 1217, then crowned King) 1355 - 1371: Stefan Uros V (Tsar Uros) 1227 - 1234: Stefan Radoslav 1371 - 1389: Lazar (Prince) 1234 - 1243... Serbia was formerly a principality (1817-1882), kingdom (1882-1918) and part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918-1945, until 1929 the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes). ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Map of Constantinople. ...


Placed under Ottoman occupation in the 15th century following the collapse of the Serbian Empire, the uprisings against Turkish occupation between 1804-1815 reestablished Serbia as a state which obtained formal independence in 1878 [9]. Victorious in Balkan wars and both World Wars [10] [11], for nearly a century Serbia was part of various South Slavic states, including the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes from 1918 to 1941 (renamed to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929), the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1992, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1992 to 2003, and the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro from 2003 to 2006[12]. After Montenegro voted independence from the State Union, Serbia officially proclaimed its independence on June 5, 2006, as the successor state to the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1680) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... Serbia was formerly a principality (1817-1882), kingdom (1882-1918) and part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918-1945, until 1929 the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes). ... Flag of the First Serbian Uprising First Serbian Uprising was an uprising at the beginning of the 19th century in which Serbs living in Belgrade Pashaluk in the Ottoman Empire, led by Karadjordje, managed to liberate the Pashaluk for a significant time, which eventually led to the creation of modern... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Ottoman Empire Balkan League Bulgaria Commanders Nizam Pasha, Zekki Pasha, Esat Pasha, Abdullah Pasha, Ali Rizah Pasha Bulgaria: Vladimir Vazov, Vasil Kutinchev, Nikola Ivanov, Radko Dimitriev Serbia: Radomir Putnik, Petar Bojović, Stepa Stepanović Greece:Crown Prince Constantine, Panagiotis Danglis, Pavlos Kountouriotis Nikola Ivanov, Vasil Kutinchev, Radko Dimitriev The outcome... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in South Slavic languages, Југославија (Serbian, Macedonian Cyrillic): Land of the South Slavs) describes three separate political entities that existed on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Bože Pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino and Naprej zastava slave medley Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander I... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...   Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian Macedonian Slovenian Government Federation of socialist republics Last President Stjepan Mesić Last Prime Minister Ante Marković Historical era Cold War  - Proclamation November 29 1943  - UN membership October 24, 1945  - Constitution 21 February 1974  - formation of FRY April 28 1992 Area  - July 1989 255,800... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Official language Serbian written in Cyrillic alphabet1 Capital Belgrade2 President3 Svetozar Marović Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 105th 102,350 km² 0. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A successor state is a state that takes over some or all of the territory and assets from a previously well-established state (the predecessor state). ...

Contents

Geography

Main article: Geography of Serbia

Serbia is located in the Balkans and in the Pannonian Plain (a region of central Europe). It is placed at the crossroads between Central, Southern and Eastern Europe. Serbian borders and regions are mostly determined by nature itself. Danube river (2850 km) flows through the northern third of the country in length of 588 km, forming the border with Croatia and partially, Romania. Sava river forms the southern border of the Vojvodina province, flowing into the Danube in central Belgrade, while bypassing the hills of the Fruska Gora ("Frankish Mountains") in the west. 60 km to the northeast of Belgrade Tisa river flows into the Danube, ending its 1350 km long journey from Ukraine, with partially navigable Tamis (60 km/350 km) also flowing into the Danube near Pancevo. Begej river (254km) flows into Tisa near Titel. All five rivers are navigable, connecting the country with Northern and Western Europe (through Rhine-Main-Danube Canal - North Sea route); Eastern Europe (via Tisa- Tamis- Begej and Danube- Black sea route); and Southern Europe (Sava river - 990 km long - connects Belgrade with Zagreb and Ljubljana)- altogether making the strategic importance of Serbia invaluable. map of Serbia Serbia is located in the Balkans (a historical and geographical region of southeastern Europe) and in the Pannonian Plain (a region of central Europe). ... Balkan peninsula with northwest border Isonzo-Krka-Sava The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe a region of southeastern Europe. ... The Pannonian Plain is a large plain in Central Europe that remained when the Pliocene Pannonian Sea (see below) dried out. ... Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Regions of Europe as delineated by the United Nations (UN definition of Eastern Europe marked salmon):  Northern Europe  Western Europe  Eastern Europe  Southern Europe Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium... Length 2,888 km Elevation of the source 1,078 m Average discharge 30 km before Passau: 580 m³/s Vienna: 1,900 m³/s Budapest: 2,350 m³/s just before Delta: 6,500 m³/s Area watershed 817,000 km² Origin Black Forest (Schwarzwald-Baar, Baden- Württemberg... For other uses of this word, see Sava (disambiguation). ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Fruska Gora (Фрушка гора) is a mountain in Vojvodina, Serbia and Montenegro. ... The Tisza or Tisa is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ... Flood in JaÅ¡a Tomić in 2005 The TimiÅŸ or TamiÅ¡ (Romanian: TimiÅŸ; Serbian: TamiÅ¡ or Тамиш; German: Temesch; Hungarian: Temes) is a 359 km long river rising in the Semenic Mountains, southern Carpathian Mountains, CaraÅŸ-Severin County, Romania. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ... Pančevo (Панчево, Hungarian: Pancsova, German: Pantschowa, Romanian: Panciova) is a city located in Serbia and Montenegro at 44. ... The Begej (Serbian: Begej or Бегеј, Romanian: Bega) is a river in Romania and Serbia. ... The Tisza (in Hungarian, Ukrainian: Tysa/Тиса, Russian: Tisa/Тиса, Romanian, Slovak and Serbian: Tisa, German: Theiß, Latin: Tissus, Tisia or Pathissus) is a river, tributary of the Danube and one of the major rivers of Central Europe, passing through Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine... Catholic Church in Titel Abandoned church in Titel map of the Titel municipality and Å ajkaÅ¡ka region Titel (Serbian: Titel or Тител, Hungarian: Titel, German: Tittel and sometimes Theisshügel, Latin: Titulium), is a town and municipality in the South Bačka District of the Vojvodina, Serbia. ... the Rhine-Main Danube Canal (in the foreground) near Nuremberg The Rhine-Main-Danube Canal (also called Main-Danube Canal, RMD Canal or Europa Canal) connects the Main and Danube from Bamberg by Nuremberg to Regensburg. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... The Tisza or Tisa is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. ... Flood in JaÅ¡a Tomić in 2005 The TimiÅŸ or TamiÅ¡ (Romanian: TimiÅŸ; Serbian: TamiÅ¡ or Тамиш; German: Temesch; Hungarian: Temes) is a 359 km long river rising in the Semenic Mountains, southern Carpathian Mountains, CaraÅŸ-Severin County, Romania. ... The Begej (Serbian: Begej or Бегеј, Romanian: Bega) is a river in Romania and Serbia. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ... Map of the Black Sea. ... For other uses of this word, see Sava (disambiguation). ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Zagreb (pronounced: ) is the largest and capital city of Croatia. ...   (IPA: ) is the capital and largest city in Slovenia. ...

Serbia's geographic components

Eastern border of the country is determined by the Carpathian Mountain range, which run through entire Central Europe, separating it from the East. Carpathians meet the Balkan Mountains, following the course of Velika Morava, 500 km long (partially navigable) river. Midzor peak tops Eastern Serbia at 2156 m. In the southeast Balkan Mountains meet the Rhodope Mountains, connecting the country with Greece. Sar Mountains of Kosovo form the border with Albania, with one of the highest peaks in the region- Djeravica {2656 m). Dinaric Alps of Serbia follow the flow of the Drina river -(at 350 km navigable for smaller vessels only)- overlooking the Dinaric peaks on the other side of the shore in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (429x620, 75 KB) Main mountain ranges of Serbia Based on Image:Serbia relief. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (429x620, 75 KB) Main mountain ranges of Serbia Based on Image:Serbia relief. ... This is about the terrestrial mountain range. ... Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... Satellite image of the Carpathians. ... Stara Planina, Rhodope, Rila and Pirin Mountains The Balkan mountain range (Bulgarian: Stara Planina, Old Mountain) is an extension of the Carpathian mountain range, separated from it by the Danube River. ... The Velika Morava is a river in Serbia that flows into the Danube near Smederevo. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Stara Planina, Rhodope, Rila and Pirin Mountains The Balkan mountain range (Bulgarian: Stara Planina, Old Mountain) is an extension of the Carpathian mountain range, separated from it by the Danube River. ... View from the Belintash Rock towards the village of Vrata View from the Southern Rhodopes Dospat Dam in the western parts The river Mesta crossing the mountains The Rhodopes (Bulgarian: Родопи, Rodopi; Greek: Ροδόπη, Rodopi) are a mountain range in Southeastern Europe, with over 83% of its area in southern Bulgaria and... The Šar mountain (Serbian and Macedonian Шар Планина, Šar Planina; Albanian Malet e Sharrit, Sharr) is a mountain located on the southern border of Serbia (in Kosovo) and the northwest part of Republic of Macedonia. ... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... This article should belong in one or more categories. ... Mt Orjen at the Bay of Kotor is the heaviest karstified range of the dinarids View of the central part of the Dinaric Alps (north=down) The Dinaric Alps or Dinarides (Italian: Alpi Dinariche; Croatian and Serbian: Dinaridi or Dinarsko gorje/Динариди or Динарско горје; Slovenian: Dinarsko gorstvo) form a mountain chain in... The Drina is a river on the border of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia and Montenegro. ...


Climate

The Serbian climate varies between a continental climate in the north, with cold winters, and hot, humid summers with well distributed rainfall patterns, and a more Adriatic climate in the south with hot, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy inland snowfall. Differences in elevation, proximity to the Adriatic sea and large river basins, as well as the exposure to the winds account for climate differences [1]. Vojvodina posseses typical continental climate, with airmasses from Northern and Western Europe which shape its climatic profile. South and Southwest Serbia is subject to Mediterranean influences, however the Dinaric Alps and other mountain ranges contribute cooling down the biggest part of warm air masses. Winters are quite harsh in Sandžak due to the mountains which encircle that plateau [2]. A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... Northern Europe is marked in dark blue Northern Europe is a name of the northern part of the European continent. ... A common understanding of Western Europe in modern times. ... Mt Orjen at the Bay of Kotor is the heaviest karstified range of the dinarids View of the central part of the Dinaric Alps (north=down) The Dinaric Alps or Dinarides (Italian: Alpi Dinariche; Croatian and Serbian: Dinaridi or Dinarsko gorje/Динариди or Динарско горје; Slovenian: Dinarsko gorstvo) form a mountain chain in... Map of Sandžak Sandžak (Serbian: Sandžak or Санџак, Bosnian: Sandžak, Albanian: Sanxhak or Sanxhaku) is a geographical region in central Balkans. ...


Average annual air temperature for the period 1961-1990 for the area with the altitude of up to 300 m amounts to 10.9 °C. The areas with the altitudes of 300 to 500 m have average annual temperature of around 10.0 °C, and over 1000 m of altitude around 6.0 °C. [3] The degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ...


Cities

Main article: Serbian cities
Map of Serbia
Enlarge
Map of Serbia

Major cities (over 100,000 inhabitants) - 2002 census data, for Kosovo current World Gazetteer estimates (unofficial): This is the list of largest cities in the republic of Serbia: Largest cities of Central Serbia (2002 census): Belgrade = 1,280,600 Kragujevac = 211,580 Niš = 173,400 Čačak = 73,200 Leskovac = 63,100 Smederevo = 62,700 Valjevo = 61,400 Kraljevo = 57,800 Kruševac = 57,400 U... Image File history File links Sr-map. ... Image File history File links Sr-map. ... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ...

  • Beograd (Belgrade): 1,273,651 (inner city area); 1,576,124 (with suburbs)
  • Novi Sad: 215,659 (298,139 greater metropolitan area)
  • Priština: between 155,499 (1991 census) and 262,686 (2006 calculation)
  • Niš: 194,790 (250,518 greater metropolitan area)
  • Kragujevac: 147.473 (180.252 greater metropolitan area)
  • Prizren: between 92,303 (1991 census) and 165,227 (2006 calculation)
  • Subotica: 99,471 (147,758 greater metropolitan area)

For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Serbian Athens Motto: Град по мери грађана City of the citizens (in English) Location of Novi Sad within Serbia Coordinates: Country  Serbia Province Vojvodina District South Bačka Established 1694 City status February 1, 1748 Politics    - Mayor Maja Gojković (SRS)  - City assembly SRS, DSS and SPS  - Municipalities 2 (Novi Sad and Petrovaradin) Area... PriÅ¡tina, also spelled Pristina (Albanian: Prishtinë/Prishtina; Serbian: PriÅ¡tina/Приштина) is the capital and the largest city of Kosovo,Serbia. ... NiÅ¡ or Nish (Serbian: Ниш / NiÅ¡, Latin: Naissus, Greek: Naissos) is a city in Serbia situated at 43. ... Location in Serbia General Information Mayor Veroljub Stevanović Party SDPO Land area 865 km² Population (2002 census) 211. ... View of Prizren Prizren (Albanian Prizren/Prizreni, Serbian: Призрен / Prizren) is a historical city located in Kosovo a Serbian Province under UN administration at 42. ... Subotica city hall Subotica (Serbian: Суботица or Subotica, Hungarian: Szabadka, Croatian: Subotica, German: Maria-Theresiopel or Theresiopel, Slovak: Subotica, Rusin: Суботица, Romanian: Subotica or Subotita) is a city and municipality in northern Serbia and Montenegro, in the North Bačka District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ...

National parks

Serbia has five national parks: Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ...

  • Fruška Gora (250 km²)
  • Kopaonik (120 km²)
  • Tara (220 km²)
  • Đerdap (Iron Gate) (640 km²)
  • Šar-planina (390 km²)

Fruška Gora (Фрушка гора) is a mountain in Srem/Srijem. ... Tourist Center Kopaonik Is The Most Popular Ski Resort in Serbia Visit website: www. ... Tara national park is located in the mountainous region of western Serbia. ... Castle Golubac Tabula Traiana in Djerdap National Park The Đerdap National Park (Национални парк Ђердап) stretches along the right bank of the Danube River from the castle of Golubac (Golubački Grad) to the dam near Sip, Serbia and Montenegro. ... The Iron Gate (Romanian: Porţile de Fier, Serbian: Гвоздена врата / Gvozdena vrata, Hungarian: Vaskapu, Turkish: Demirkapi, German: Eisernes Tor, Bulgarian: Железни врата) is a gorge on the Danube River. ... The Sharr mountains Albanian Malet e Sharrit, Sharr) Šar mountain (Serbian and Macedonian Шар Планина, Šar Planina; is a mountain located on the southern border of Serbia and Montenegro (in Kosovo) and the northwest part of Republic of Macedonia. ...

History

Main article: History of Serbia
See also: List of Serbian monarchs and History of Yugoslavia
Golubac fortress
Golubac fortress

The roots of the Serbian state date back to the 7th century and the House of Vlastimirović. A Serbian kingdom (centered around Duklja) was established in the 11th century. It lasted until the end of the 12th century. First Serbian state was founded in 800s by House of Vlastimirović under the name of RaÅ¡ka; it has evolved into Serbian Kingdom and Empire under House of Nemanjić. In modern era it was an autonomous principality (1817–1878), independent principality and kingdom (1878–1918), part of the Kingdom of... Coat of Arms of Serbia This is a list of Serbian monarchs. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in all south Slavic languages) is a term used for three separate but successive political entities that existed during most of the 20th century on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x750, 287 KB) Golubac (Golubacki Grad), Serbien (Srbija) 2004, Foto: Denis Barthel File links The following pages link to this file: Djerdap National Park ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x750, 287 KB) Golubac (Golubacki Grad), Serbien (Srbija) 2004, Foto: Denis Barthel File links The following pages link to this file: Djerdap National Park ... Castle Golubac The Golubački grad fortress (Голубачки град) is located near the town of Golubac in north-eastern Serbia, on the right side of the river Danube (which marks the border with Romania). ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... The House of Vlastimirović was named after Knez Vlastimir who was the great great grandson of the Unknown Archont who led the Serbs to the Balkans from White Serbia (modern day Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine) during the reign of Byzantine emperor Heraclius somewhere between 610 - 641. ... Duklja according to De administrando imperio. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ...


The medieval Serbian state was re-formed in the Raška region in the 12th century by the Serbian Grand Župan Stefan Nemanja. In 1220, under Stefan the First Crowned, Serbia became a kingdom, and in 1346, Stefan Dušan established the Serbian Empire. Under a string of accomplished leaders, from Stefan Nemanja, through the Czar Stefan Dusan The Great, and culminating with the death of Prince Lazar at Kosovo in 1389, the medieval Serbs created a political entity which today still resonates strongly in the Serbian culture. The Empire was disintegrated and fell to the Ottoman Turks after the historic Battle of Kosovo in 1389. The northern Serbian territories (the Serbian Despotate) were conquered in 1459 following the siege of the "temporary" capital Smederevo. Bosnia fell a few years after Smederevo, and Herzegovina in 1482. Belgrade was the last major Balkan city to endure Ottoman onslaughts, as it joined Catholic Royal Hungary, following heavy Turkish defeat in Siege of Belgrade of 1456. It held out for another 70 years, succumbing to the Ottomans in 1521, alongside greater part of Hungary that was soon conquered. RaÅ¡ka (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... Grand Župan [Veliki župan], Serbian medieval title equivalent to the prince from 11th to early 13th century. ... Image:Simeon. ... // The world in 1220 Middle Ages in Europe Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Events Mongols first invade Abbasid caliphate - Bukhara and Samarkand taken End of the Kara-Khitan Khanate, destroyed by Genghis Khans Mongolian cavalry Dominican Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope... Stefan Prvovenčani (lit. ... // Events Serbian Empire was proclaimed in Skopje by Dusan Silni, occupying much of the South-Eastern Europe Foundation of the University of Valladolid Foundation of Pembroke College, University of Cambridge August 26 Battle of Crecy after which Edward the Black Prince honored the bravery of John I, Count of Luxemburg... DuÅ¡an Silni Tsar Stefan UroÅ¡ IV DuÅ¡an Silni (the mighty) (Serbian: Цар Стефан Душан Силни) (circa 1308 – December 20, 1355) was a Serb king (September 8, 1331 – 1346) and tsar (1346 – December 5, 1355). ... Serbia was formerly a principality (1817-1882), kingdom (1882-1918) and part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918-1945, until 1929 the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes). ... Image:Simeon. ... Tsar Stefan Uroš IV Dušan Silni (the mighty) (Цар Стефан Душан Силни) (around 1308-December 20, 1355) was a Serb king (September 8, 1331-1346) and tsar (1346-December 5, 1355). ... Prince Lazar, Photo courtesy of freesrpska. ... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Serbian culture refers to the culture of Serbia as well as the culture of Serbians in other parts of the former Yugoslavia and elsewhere in the world. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1680) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... // This page is about the Battle of Kosovo of 1389; for other battles, see Battle of Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Events February 24 - Margaret I defeats Albert in battle, thus becoming ruler of Denmark, Norway and Sweden June 28 - Battle of Kosovo between Serbs and Ottomans. ... The Serbian Despotate (Srpska despotovina) was among the last Serbian states to be conquered by the Ottoman Empire. ... Events September 23 - Battle of Blore Heath. ... Location in Serbia-Montenegro [[Image:|150px|center|Map of Serbia-Montenegro highlighting the settlement location]] General Information Mayor SaÅ¡a Radosavljević Land area  ? Population (2002 census) 77,808 (109,809 municipality) Population density (2002)  ? Coordinates [1] Area code +381 26 Subdivisions 27 settlements in the municipality License plate code SD... Approximate borders between Bosnia (marked light) and Herzegovina (marked dark) Historically and geographically, the region known as Bosnia (natively Bosna/Босна) comprises the northern part of the present-day country of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Herzegovina (natively Hercegovina/Херцеговина) is a historical region in the Dinaric Alps that composes the southern part of present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Events Portuguese fortify Fort Elmina on the Gold Coast Tizoc rules the Aztecs Diogo Cão, a Portuguese navigator, becomes the first European to sail up the Congo. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Consequences of the Battle of Mohács, and the conquest of Buda in 1541 by the Ottomans: the Kingdom is partitioned. ... Combatants Ottoman Empire Kingdom of Hungary Commanders Mehmet II John Hunyadi Strength About 100,000 About 75,000 Casualties About 50,000 About 10,000 After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, Ottoman sultan Mehmed II was rallying his resources in order to subjugate the Kingdom of Hungary. ... // Events July 7 - Joan of Arc acquitted (but she had already been executed). ... Events January 3 - Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther in the papal bull Decet Romanum Pontificem. ...


Following the collapse of Serbian Empire in Battle of Kosovo, between 1459 and 1804, Serbia was under the Ottoman occupation, despite three Austrian invasions and numerous rebellions (such as the Banat Uprising). Islam was in a period of expansion during this time, especially in Raska, Kosovo and Bosnia. Many Serbs (and Croats) converted to Islam, which eventually led to the forming of the Bosniak nation. The Ottoman period was a defining one in the history of the country; Slavic, Byzantine, Arabic and Turkish cultures suffused. Many contemporary cultural traits can be traced back to Ottoman period. However the majority of the Serbs managed to keep their culture and religion through the long period of Ottoman rule. Serbia was formerly a principality (1817-1882), kingdom (1882-1918) and part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918-1945, until 1929 the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes). ... // This page is about the Battle of Kosovo of 1389; for other battles, see Battle of Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Events September 23 - Battle of Blore Heath. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1680) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... Banat Uprising was a rebellion of Serbs living in Ottoman Empire that has started in Bosnia and spread across Serb- populated areas of the country. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the Quran, its principal scripture, whose followers, known as Muslims (مسلم), believe God (Arabic: الله ) sent through revelations to Muhammad. ... Raška (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The Province of Bosnia was a key Ottoman province, the westernmost one, based on the territory of the present day state of Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Bosniaks (natively: Bošnjaci) are South Slavs descended from those who converted to Islam during the Ottoman period (15th-19th century). ...

Austrian and Ottoman Serbia in 1849

The First Serbian Uprising of 1804-1813, led by Đorđe Petrović (also known as Karađorđe or "Black George"), and the Second Serbian Uprising of 1815 resulted in the establishment of the Principality of Serbia. As it was semi-independent from the Ottoman Empire, it is considered to be the precursor of the formation of modern Serbia. Image File history File links Serbia02. ... Image File history File links Serbia02. ... Flag of the First Serbian Uprising First Serbian Uprising was an uprising at the beginning of the 19th century in which Serbs living in Belgrade Pashaluk in the Ottoman Empire, led by Karadjordje, managed to liberate the Pashaluk for a significant time, which eventually led to the creation of modern... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... KaraÄ‘orÄ‘e or Карађорђе (November 3, 1768 – July 13, 1817) was the leader of the First Serbian uprising against the Turks, and the founder of the House of KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević. He was born Ђорђе Петровић (ĐorÄ‘e Petrović). Because of his dark complexion and short temper he was nicknamed Black Djordje... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Principality of Serbia and Vojvodina of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat in 1849 Serbian Principality was a state in the Balkans that came into existence as a result of First Serbian Uprising and Second Serbian Uprising between 1804 and 1816. ... KaraÄ‘orÄ‘e Petrović, leader of Serbian uprising in 1804 Serbia gained its autonomy from the Ottoman Empire in two revolutions in 1804 and 1815, though Turkish troops continued to garrison the capital, Belgrade until 1867. ...


From 1815 to 1903, the Serbian state was ruled by the House of Obrenović, except from 1842 to 1858, when Serbia was ruled by Prince Aleksandar Karađorđević. In 1903, the House of Obrenović was replaced by the House of Karađorđević, who were descendants of Đorđe Petrović. The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... The House of Obrenović (or Obrenovići/Обреновићи) ruled Serbia from 1815 to 1842, and again from 1858 to 1903. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic, oil technique, painter Uros Knezevic Aleksandar KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević (1806–1885), Serbian Cyrillic Александар Карађорђевић was the Prince of Serbia between 1842 and 1858. ... The House of KaraÄ‘orÄ‘ević (Serbian: Карађорђевићи; English: House of Karageorgevich) was a Serbian ruling dynasty descended from KaraÄ‘orÄ‘e (George Petrović). The family had a long feud with the Obrenović dynasty. ...


In the northern part of present-day Serbia that was ruled by the Austrian Empire, the local Serbs created in 1848 their autonomous region known as the Serbian Vojvodina. The region was in 1849 transformed into new Austrian crownland known as the Vojvodina of Serbia and Tamiš Banat. Although, the crownland was abolished in 1860, the Serbs from the Vojvodina region gained another opportunity to achieve their political demands in 1918. Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy The Crown of the Austrian Emperor For the history of these states before 1804, see Holy Roman Empire, Habsburg Monarchy, and articles on each of the component countries. ... Serbia and Montenegro  â€“ Serbia    â€“ Kosovo and Metohia        (UN administration)    â€“ Vojvodina  â€“ Montenegro Official languages Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn1 Capital Novi Sad Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % water  21,500 km²  n/a Population  â€“ Total (2002)  â€“ Density  2,031,992  94. ... Vojvodina of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat and Principality of Serbia in 1849 The Vojvodina of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat (Hungarian: Szerb Vajdaság és Temesi Bánság, German: Woiwodschaft Serbien und Temescher Banat, Serbian: Vojvodstvo Srbija i TamiÅ¡ki Banat) was an Austrian crownland, which existed between 1849 and...


The struggle for a modern society, human rights and a nation-state in Serbia lasted almost three decades and was completed with the adoption of the constitution on 15th February 1835. In 1876, Montenegro, Serbia, and Bosnia declared war against the Ottoman Empire and proclaimed their unification. However, the Treaty of Berlin of 1878, which was signed at the Congress of Berlin by the Great Powers, granted complete independence only to Serbia and Montenegro, leaving Bosnia and Raška to Austria-Hungary, who blocked their unification until the Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913 and World War I. Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Serbian of the Ijekavian dialect1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence From Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 13. ... Motto: none Anthem(s): Intermeco Capital Sarajevo Largest city Sarajevo Official language(s) Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian Government Republic  - Presidency members Haris Silajdžić1 (Bosniak) NebojÅ¡a Radmanović (Serb) Željko KomÅ¡ić (Croat)  - Chairman of the Council of Ministers Adnan Terzić Independence From Yugoslavia   - Recognized 6 April 1992  Area  - Total... The separate Bulgaria after The Treatry of Berlin - Lithography Nikolay Pavlovich The Treaty of Berlin was the final Act of the Congress of Berlin (June 13-July 13, 1878), by which the United Kingdom, Austria-Hungary, France, Germany, Italy, Russia and the Ottoman government under Sultan Hamid revised the Treaty... The Congress of Berlin was a meeting of the European Great Powers and the Ottoman Empires leading statesmen in Berlin in 1878. ... In the context of international relations and diplomacy, power (sometimes clarified as international power, national power, or state power) is the ability of one state to influence or control other states. ... RaÅ¡ka is a geographical region in south-central Serbia. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Combatants Ottoman Empire Balkan League Bulgaria Commanders Nizam Pasha, Zekki Pasha, Esat Pasha, Abdullah Pasha, Ali Rizah Pasha Bulgaria: Vladimir Vazov, Vasil Kutinchev, Nikola Ivanov, Radko Dimitriev Serbia: Radomir Putnik, Petar Bojović, Stepa Stepanović Greece:Crown Prince Constantine, Panagiotis Danglis, Pavlos Kountouriotis Nikola Ivanov, Vasil Kutinchev, Radko Dimitriev The outcome... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul...

Karađorđe Petrović, leader of the First Serbian uprising in 1804.
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Karađorđe Petrović, leader of the First Serbian uprising in 1804.

On 28 June 1914 the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria at Sarajevo in Austria-Hungary by Gavrilo Princip, a South Slav unionist, Austrian citizen and member of Young Bosnia, led to Austria-Hungary declaring war on Serbia. The Russian Empire started to mobilise its troops in defence of its ally Serbia, which resulted in the German Empire declaring war on Russia in support of its ally Austria-Hungary. However, as German military planners wished to avoid a war on two fronts against both Russia and France, they attacked France first. This eventually culminated in all the major European Powers being drawn into the war. The Serbian Army won several major victories against Austria-Hungary at the beginning of World War I, but it was overpowered by the joint forces of the German Empire, Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria in 1915. Most of its army and some people went to exile to Greece and Corfu where it healed, regrouped and returned to Thessaloniki front to lead a final breaktrough through enemy lines on 15 September 1918, freeing Serbia again and ending the war on 11 November[4]. In World War I, Serbia had 1,264,000 casualties — 28% of its total population, and 58% of its male population.[citation needed] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x1430, 64 KB) Djordje (Karadjordje) Petrovic 1768-1817 (founder of dynasty) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Serbia History of Serbia KaraÄ‘orÄ‘e Petrović Vladimir Borovikovsky... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x1430, 64 KB) Djordje (Karadjordje) Petrovic 1768-1817 (founder of dynasty) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Serbia History of Serbia KaraÄ‘orÄ‘e Petrović Vladimir Borovikovsky... KaraÄ‘orÄ‘e Petrović (Serbian Cyrillic: Карађорђе Петровић; Anglicised: Karageorge Petrovitch), (November 3, 1768? – July 13, 1817) was the leader of the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire, and the founder of the Serbian House of Karadjordjević. He was born as ĐorÄ‘e (George) Petrović. Because of his dark complexion and... Flag of the First Serbian Uprising First Serbian Uprising was an uprising at the beginning of the 19th century in which Serbs living in Belgrade Pashaluk in the Ottoman Empire, led by Karadjordje, managed to liberate the Pashaluk for a significant time, which eventually led to the creation of modern... June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 186 days remaining. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... A plaque commemorating the exact location of the Sarajevo Assassination On June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg were shot to death in Sarajevo, capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the... Francis Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria-Este (December 18, 1863 – June 28, 1914) was an Archduke of Austria, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia, and from 1896 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Mayor Semiha Borovac Area    - City 142 km²  (54. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ... Gavrilo Princip in prison cell at Theresienstadt Gavrilo Princip (Serbian Cyrillic: Гаврило Принцип) (pronounced (gäv´ri:lo: pri:n´tsip) (July 25, 1894 – April 28, 1918) was a Serb member of the Young Bosnia secret society who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg in... Young Bosnia (Serbo-Croat: Млада Босна / Mlada Bosna) was a revolutionary youth organization in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the early 20th century. ... Official language Russian Official Religion Russian Orthodox Christianity Capital Saint Petersburg (Petrograd 1914-1924) Area Approx. ... Motto: Gott mit Uns (German: God with us”) Anthem: Heil dir im Siegerkranz (unofficial) Territory of the German Empire in 1914, prior to World War I Capital Berlin Language(s) Official: German Unofficial minority languages: Polish (Posen, Lower Silesia,Upper Silesia, Masuria) French (Alsace-Lorraine) Government Constitutional monarchy Emperor  - 1871... Alfred Graf von Schlieffen The Schlieffen Plan was the German General Staffs overall strategic plan for victory on the Western Front against France, and was executed to near victory in the first month of World War I; however, a French counterattack on the outskirts of Paris, the Battle of... European Powers refers to the leading Nation States of Northern Europe (such as France, the Netherlands, Germany, and the United Kingdom - particularly in terms of the hegemonic role that these powers played in World affairs in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul... Pontikonisi island in the background with the Vlaheraina Monastery in the foreground. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ...

This article is part of the series on the
History of Serbia Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Serbia_small. ... First Serbian state was founded in 800s by House of Vlastimirović under the name of Raška; it has evolved into Serbian Kingdom and Empire under House of Nemanjić. In modern era it was an autonomous principality (1817–1878), independent principality and kingdom (1878–1918), part of the Kingdom of...

Medieval Serbia
Raška
Serbian Empire
Battle of Kosovo
Serbian Despotate
Ottoman Serbia
First Serbian Uprising
Second Serbian Uprising
Modern Serbia
Principality of Serbia
Kingdom of Serbia
Serbian Campaign (World War I)
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Nedić's Serbia
SFR Yugoslavia
FR Yugoslavia
Serbia and Montenegro
Republic of Serbia

After 1918, Serbia, along with Montenegro, was a founding member of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, later known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During World War II, Serbia was a German-occupied puppet state that included present-day Central Serbia and Banat, popularly called Nedić's Serbia. However, parts of the present-day territory of Serbia were occupied by Croatian, Hungarian, Bulgarian, Albanian, and Italian armies. The occupying powers committed numerous crimes against the civilian population, especially against Serbs and Jews.[citation needed] The Serbs entered their present territory early in the 7th century AD, settling in six distinct tribal delimitations: Rascia/RaÅ¡ka (present-day Western Serbia and Northern Montenegro), Bosnia [1] (indistinct from Rascia until the 12th century), Zachumlie/Zahumlje (western Herzegovina), Trebounia/Travunija (eastern Herzegovina), Pagania/Paganija (middle Dalmatia) and... RaÅ¡ka (Raschka, Rascia, Rassa) was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or župa, area ruled by a župan) that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into the main medieval Serbian state in Balkans. ... Serbia was formerly a principality (1817-1882), kingdom (1882-1918) and part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918-1945, until 1929 the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes). ... // This page is about the Battle of Kosovo of 1389; for other battles, see Battle of Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The Serbian Despotate (Srpska despotovina) was among the last Serbian states to be conquered by the Ottoman Empire. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Flag of the First Serbian Uprising First Serbian Uprising was an uprising at the beginning of the 19th century in which Serbs living in Belgrade Pashaluk in the Ottoman Empire, led by Karadjordje, managed to liberate the Pashaluk for a significant time, which eventually led to the creation of modern... This article is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... KaraÄ‘orÄ‘e Petrović, leader of Serbian uprising in 1804 Serbia gained its autonomy from the Ottoman Empire in two revolutions in 1804 and 1815, though Turkish troops continued to garrison the capital, Belgrade until 1867. ... Principality of Serbia and Vojvodina of Serbia and TamiÅ¡ Banat in 1849 Serbian Principality was a state in the Balkans that came into existence as a result of First Serbian Uprising and Second Serbian Uprising between 1804 and 1816. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... Combatants Austria-Hungary German Empire Bulgaria Triple Entente Serbia Greece Italy Commanders Oskar Potiorek Radomir Putnik Maurice Sarrail Adolphe Guillaumat Franchet dEsperey George Milne Panagiotis Danglis The Serbian Campaign was fought from August 1914, when Austria-Hungary invaded Serbia, thus starting the First World War, until the end of... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Bože Pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino and Naprej zastava slave medley Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander I... Nedićs Serbia (Nedićeva Srbija) is the popular name for the Serbian nazi puppet state that existed between 1941 and 1944, on the teritory of parts of todays Serbia. ...   Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian Macedonian Slovenian Government Federation of socialist republics Last President Stjepan Mesić Last Prime Minister Ante Marković Historical era Cold War  - Proclamation November 29 1943  - UN membership October 24, 1945  - Constitution 21 February 1974  - formation of FRY April 28 1992 Area  - July 1989 255,800... Official language Serbian written in Cyrillic alphabet1 Capital Belgrade2 President3 Svetozar Marović Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 105th 102,350 km² 0. ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Serbian of the Ijekavian dialect1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence From Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 13. ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Bože Pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino and Naprej zastava slave medley Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander I... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Nedićs Serbia (Nedićeva Srbija) is the popular name for the Serbian nazi puppet state that existed between 1941 and 1944, on the teritory of parts of todays Serbia. ...


In 1945, Serbia was established as one of the federal units of the second Yugoslavia, the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia, led by Josip Broz Tito until his death in 1980. The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state that existed from 1945 to 1992. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ...


After the collapse of the second Yugoslavia in 1992 until the year 2003, Serbia, together with Montenegro, was part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Despite civil wars in neighbouring Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, while helping Serbs in Croatia and Bosnia try to remain a part of Yugoslavia, Serbia remained peaceful until 1998, when clashes with the Kosovo Liberation Army started in Kosovo. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language Serbian written in Cyrillic alphabet1 Capital Belgrade2 President3 Svetozar Marović Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 105th 102,350 km² 0. ... Ushtria Çlirimtare e Kosovës. ...

Between 1998 and 1999, continued clashes in Kosovo between Serbian and Yugoslav security forces and the K.L.A. prompted a NATO aerial bombardment which lasted for 78 days. The attacks were stopped when Yugoslav president Slobodan Milošević agreed to remove all security forces, including the military and the police, and have them replaced by a body of international police, in return for which Kosovo would formally remain within the Yugoslav Federation (See: Kosovo War). Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (944x1436, 184 KB) Summary From Serbian Wikipedia. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (944x1436, 184 KB) Summary From Serbian Wikipedia. ... The 5th October Overthrow (sometimes colloquialy called the Bulldozer Revolution) is a term refering to the series of events that occurred in 2000 in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, culminating in the downfall of Slobodan MiloÅ¡evićs regime on October 5, 2000. ... An USAF F-15E takes off from Aviano, Italy Operation Allied Force aka Kosovo-NATO War was NATOs military operation against Federal Republic of Yugoslavia that lasted from 24 March to 11 June 1999 and is considered a major part of Kosovo War. ... Slobodan MiloÅ¡ević Slobodan MiloÅ¡ević   (IPA Serbian Cyrillic: Слободан Милошевић) (20 August 1941 – 11 March 2006) was President of Serbia and of Yugoslavia. ... The term Kosovo War or Kosovo Conflict is often used to describe two sequential and at times parallel armed conflicts (a civil war followed by an international war) in the southern Serbian province called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. ...


In September 2000, opposition parties claimed that Milošević committed fraud in routine federal elections. Street protests and rallies throughout Serbia eventually forced Milošević to concede and hand over power to the recently formed Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS), a broad coalition of anti-Milošević parties.


The fall of Milošević led to end of the international isolation Serbia suffered during the Milošević years. Serbia's new leaders announced that Serbia would seek to join the European Union and NATO. In October 2005, the EU opened negotiations with Serbia for a Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA), a preliminary step towards joining the EU. The 5th October Overthrow (sometimes colloquialy called the Bulldozer Revolution) is a term refering to the series of events that occurred in 2000 in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, culminating in the downfall of Slobodan MiloÅ¡evićs regime on October 5, 2000. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[1] (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ...


From 2003 to 2006, Serbia was part of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, into which the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia had been transformed. On May 21, 2006, Montenegro held a referendum to determine whether or not to end the union with Serbia. The next day, state-certified results showed 55.5% of voters in favor of independence, which was just above the 55% required by the referendum. On June 3, the Parliament of Montenegro declared Montenegro independent of the State Union and on June 5, the National Assembly of Serbia declared Serbia the successor to the State Union. Motto: none Anthem: Hej Sloveni Capital Belgrade (Executive and Legislative) Podgorica (Judicial) Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government President Svetozar Marović Reconstituted From FRY Dissolved February 4, 2003 June 5, 2006 Area    - Total 102,350 km² (105th)   39,518 sq mi   - Water (%) 0. ... May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Montenegrin independence referendum was a referendum on the independence of the Republic of Montenegro from Serbia and Montenegro that was held on May 21, 2006. ... June 3 is the 154th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (155th in leap years), with 211 days remaining. ... The Parliament of the Republic of Montenegro (Serbian: SkupÅ¡tina Republike Crne Gore) is the legislature of Montenegro. ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Serbian of the Ijekavian dialect1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence From Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 13. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... National Assembly of Serbia is the Serbian parliament. ...


Government and politics

Main article: Politics of Serbia
See also: Politics of Vojvodina, Elections in Serbia, Human rights in Serbia, and Constitutional status of Kosovo
Boris Tadić, President of Serbia
Boris Tadić, President of Serbia

On 4 February 2003 the parliament of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia agreed to a weaker form of cooperation between Serbia and Montenegro within a commonwealth called Serbia and Montenegro. The union ceased to exist following Montenegrin and Serbian declarations of independence in June 2006. Politics of Serbia and Montenegro takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary republic, with a multi-party system. ... This is article about politics of Vojvodina. ... Serbia elects on national level a legislature. ... Serbia has a UN facility at is Belgrade Airport for applicants for asylum in accordance with international policies. ... The constitutional status of Kosovo has been the subject of repeated political disputes since the region was incorporated into Serbia in 1912. ... Image File history File links TadicBoris. ... Image File history File links TadicBoris. ... Boris Tadić   (Борис Тадић) (born 15 January 1958) is the President of Serbia. ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Parliament of Serbia and Montenegro (Скупштина Србије и Црне Горе/SkupÅ¡tina Srbije i Crne Gore) is the national assembly of Serbia and Montenegro. ... Anthem: Oj, svijetla majska zoro Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Serbian of the Ijekavian dialect1 Government Republic  - President Filip Vujanović  - Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence From Serbia and Montenegro   - Declared June 3, 2006   - Recognised June 8, 2006  Area  - Total 13. ... The English noun Commonwealth dates originally from the fifteenth century. ... This article is about the republic in Serbia-Montenegro, Europe. ...


After the ousting of Slobodan Milošević on 5 October 2000, the country was governed by the Democratic Opposition of Serbia. Tensions gradually increased within the coalition until the Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS) left the government, leaving the Democratic Party (DS) in overall control. Nevertheless, in March 2004 the DSS gathered enough support to form the new Government of Serbia, together with G17 Plus and coalition SPO-NS, and the support of the Socialist Party of Serbia, who do not take part in the government, but in exchange for the support hold minor government and justice positions and influence policies. The Prime Minister of Serbia is Vojislav Koštunica, leader of the Democratic Party of Serbia. Slobodan MiloÅ¡ević Slobodan MiloÅ¡ević   (IPA Serbian Cyrillic: Слободан Милошевић) (20 August 1941 – 11 March 2006) was President of Serbia and of Yugoslavia. ... October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (279th in Leap years). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The Democratic Opposition of Serbia was an alliance of political parties in Serbia, formed as an alliance against the ruling Socialist Party of Serbia and its leader, Slobodan Milosevic. ... The Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS) (Демократска странка Србије / Demokratska stranka Srbije) is a center-right conservative political party in Serbia. ... The Democratic Party (Serbian: Демократска странка or Demokratska stranka) is a social democratic political party in Serbia. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The current Serbian government was formed on March 3, 2004 with the appointment of Vojislav Kostunica as the Prime Minister. ... G17 Plus is a liberal conservative political party in Serbia. ... The Serbian Renewal Movement (Srpski Pokret Obnove) is a political party in Serbia. ... New Serbia (Nova Srbija) is a political party in Serbia. ... The Socialist Party of Serbia (Serbian: Socijalistička partija Srbije) is a political party in Serbia. ... List of Prime Ministers of Serbia Current Prime Minister of Serbia is Vojislav Koštunica. ... Dr. Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica   (Serbian: Војислав Коштуница) (pronounced , born March 24, 1944, Belgrade, Serbia) is the current Prime Minister of Serbia. ... The Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS) (Демократска странка Србије / Demokratska stranka Srbije) is a center-right conservative political party in Serbia. ...


The current President of Serbia is Boris Tadić, leader of the Democratic Party (DS). He was elected with 53% of the vote in the second round of the Serbian presidential election held on 27 June 2004, following several unsuccessful elections since 2002. Standard flag of President of Serbia Current Serbian President Boris Tadić The President of Serbia is the head of state of the Republic of Serbia. ... Boris Tadić   (Борис Тадић) (born 15 January 1958) is the President of Serbia. ... The Democratic Party (Serbian: Демократска странка or Demokratska stranka) is a social democratic political party in Serbia. ... Serbia held the first round of its 2004 elections for President of Serbia on Sunday, 13 June 2004, and the second round on Sunday, 27 June 2004. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Serbia held a two-day referendum on October 28-29, 2006, that ratified a new constitution replacing the Milošević-era constitution with a majority victory. As a result Serbia will hold new national elections on January 21, 2007. A referendum on a proposed draft of the new Serbian constitution was held on October 28 and 29 October 2006 and has resulted in the draft constitution being approved by the Serbian electorate. ...


Administrative subdivisions

Political map of Serbia
Political map of Serbia

Serbia is divided into 29 districts plus the City of Belgrade. The districts are further divided into municipalities. Serbia has two autonomous provinces: Kosovo (called Kosovo i Metohija, often abbreviated to Kosmet in Serbian) in the south (5 districts, 30 municipalities), which is presently under the administration of the United Nations Mission in Kosovo, and Vojvodina in the north (7 districts, 46 municipalities). Serbia map Serbia is made up of 108 municipalities. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2089x2538, 299 KB) Опис Taken from German Wikipedia. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2089x2538, 299 KB) Опис Taken from German Wikipedia. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Subdivisions of Serbia. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Districts and Municipalities of Serbia Serbia is made up of 108 municipalities (opÅ¡tina). ... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... The United Nations Mission in Kosovo or UNMIK is an interim civilian administration of the Serbian province (as part of Serbia and Montenegro) called Kosovo (officially Kosovo and Metohia), under the authority of the United Nations. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ...


The part of Serbia that is neither in Kosovo nor in Vojvodina is called Central Serbia. Central Serbia is not an administrative division, unlike the two autonomous provinces, and it has no regional government of its own. In English this region is often called "Serbia proper" to denote "the part of the Republic of Serbia not including the provinces of Vojvodina and Kosovo", as the Library of Congress puts it [13]. This usage was also employed in Serbo-Croatian during the Yugoslav era (in the form of "uža Srbija", literally: "narrow Serbia"). Its use in English is purely geographical, without any particular political meaning being implied. The term Serbia proper is often used in English to refer to the part of Serbia that lies outside the northern and southern autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The term Serbia proper is often used in English to refer to the part of Serbia that lies outside the northern and southern autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. ... The Great Hall interior. ... Serbo-Croatian (srpskohrvatski or hrvatskosrpski) is a name for a language of the Western group of the South Slavic languages. ...


Negotiations are currently underway to determine the final status of Kosovo. The Contact Group has postponed the completing of the status process until after Serbian parliamentary elections in January 2007. The Contact Group is the name for an informal grouping of influential countries that have a significant interest in policy developments in the Balkans. ...


Demographics

See also: Demographic history of Serbia, Demographic history of Vojvodina, Demographic history of Kosovo, and Ethnic groups of Vojvodina
Population statistics of Serbia (Estimate May 2005)
Slovaks in Serbia
Slovaks in Serbia
Serbia (excluding Kosovo) in 2002
Serbs
 
82.86%
Hungarians
 
3.91%
Bosniaks
 
1.82%
Roma
 
1.44%
Yugoslavs
 
1.08%
other
 
9.79%


Serbia is populated mostly by Serbs. Significant minorities include Albanians (who are a majority in the province of Kosovo), Hungarians, Bosniaks, Roma, Croats, Slovaks, Bulgarians, Romanians, etc. The two provinces, Vojvodina and Kosovo, are ethnically and religiously diverse, as they were ruled by the Habsburg Empire and Ottoman Empire respectively for longer time than the Central Serbia. Ethnic map of Serbia // Demographics of Serbia Population of Serbia (including Kosovo) Serbs 66% Albanians 17% Hungarians 3. ... Ethnic map of Serbia Demographics of Serbia Population of Serbia (including Kosovo) Serbs 66% Albanians 17% Hungarians 3. ... Vojvodinas demographic history reflects its rich history and its former location at the border of the Ottoman and Habsburg empires and at the confluence of various peoples, making it a hotbed of invasion, colonization, and assimilation processes. ... // Ottoman Rule 14th century The Dečani Charter from 1330[citation needed] contained detailed list of households and chartered villages in Metohija and northwestern Albania: 3 of 89 settlements were Albanian, the other being non-Albanian. ... Ethnic groups of Vojvodina Ethnic map of Vojvodina Serbs – Serbs constitute an absolute majority of people in Vojvodina. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (400x679, 126 KB)This picture is public domain from web site of Serbian Government. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (400x679, 126 KB)This picture is public domain from web site of Serbian Government. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... The term Serbia proper is often used in English to refer to the part of Serbia that lies outside the northern and southern autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. ... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in Croatia. ... The definition of a minority group can vary, depending on specific context, but generally refers to either a sociological sub-group that does not form either a majority or a plurality of the total population, or a group that, while not necessarily a numerical minority, is disadvantaged or otherwise has... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... The Bosniaks (Bosnian: BoÅ¡njaci, IPA: ) are a South Slav people living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro, with a smaller autochthonous population also present in Kosovo. ... The Roma people (pronounced rahma, singular Rom, sometimes Rroma, and Rrom) along with the closely related Sinti people are commonly known as Gypsies in English, and as Tsigany in most of Europe. ... Croats (Croatian: Hrvati) are a South Slavic people mostly living in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and nearby countries. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1680) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI...

According to the last official census[5] data collected in 2002, ethnic composition of Serbia is
  • Total: 7,498,001
    • Serbs: 6,212,838 (82.86%)
    • Hungarians: 293,299 (3.91%)
    • Bosniaks: 136,087 (1.82%)
    • Roma: 108,193 (1.44%)
    • Yugoslavs: 80,721 (1.08%)
    • Others (each less than 1%): 666,863 (8.89%)

Albanians in province Kosovo did not take part in official census. Their population is estimated to around 1,8 million, bounded only to the province.


Economy

Main article: Economy of Serbia
100 Serbian dinars banknote
100 Serbian dinars banknote

Serbia has an economy based mostly on various services, industry and agriculture. In the late 1980s, at the beginning of the process of economic transition, its position was favourable, but it was gravely impacted by UN economic sanctions 1992-1995, the damage to infrastructure and industry during the NATO airstrikes in 1999, as well as having problems from losing the markets of ex Yugoslavia and the SEV. Main economic problems include high unemployment (20.0% in 2005) and an insufficient amount of economic reforms. This article deals with the economy of the Serbian part of the European state of Serbia and Montenegro. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 100RSD_front. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 100RSD_front. ... The dinar is the official currency of Serbia, one of the two republics that comprise Serbia and Montenegro. ... Services are: plural of service Tertiary sector of industry IRC services Web services the name of a first-class cricket team in India This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... Economic sanctions are economic penalties applied by one country (or group of countries) on another for a variety of reasons. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[1] (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in South Slavic languages, Југославија (Serbian, Macedonian Cyrillic): Land of the South Slavs) describes three separate political entities that existed on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... DO NOT DELETE THIS IF YOU KNOW LOVE! Im ash and I wuld like my heart to go to Sev and I wuld like him to 4give me for wot I did. ...


After the ousting of former Federal Yugoslav President Milosevic in October 2000, the country experienced faster economic growth (the amount of economic growth in 2006 was 6.3 percent[6]), and has been preparing for membership in the European Union, its most important trading partner. Serbia suffers from high export deficit and considerable debt. The country expects some major economic impulses and high growth rates in the following years. Serbia has been occasionally called a "Balkan tiger" due to its recent high economic growth rates, a reference to the East Asian Tigers. [14] Nevertheless, Serbia's GDP is still well below 1990 levels. This article is about the year 2000. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term East Asian Tigers (Simplified Chinese: 亚洲四小龙; Traditional Chinese: 亞洲四小龍; Hanyu Pinyin: yǎzhōu sì xiǎo lóng (lit. ...


Estimated GDP of Serbia for 2006 is $47.77 billion which is $5,713 per capita. GDP growth rate in 2005 was 6.3%. 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Culture

Main article: Serbian culture
The White Angel in Mileševa monastery
The White Angel in Mileševa monastery

Serbia is one of Europe's most culturally diverse countries. The borders between large empires ran through the territory of today's Serbia for long periods in history: between the Eastern and Western halves of the Roman Empire; between Royal Hungary and Byzantium; and between the Ottoman Empire and the Austrian Empire (later Austria Hungary). As a result, while the north is culturally Central European, the south is rather more Oriental. Of course, both regions have influenced each other, and so the distinction between north and south is artificial to some extent. Serbian culture refers to the culture of Serbia as well as the culture of Serbians in other parts of the former Yugoslavia and elsewhere in the world. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1576x2062, 401 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Serbia MileÅ¡eva monastery ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1576x2062, 401 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Serbia MileÅ¡eva monastery ... MileÅ¡eva (Serbian: Милешева) is a Serbian Orthodox monastery located near Prijepolje, in southwest Serbia. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... The Byzantine Empire (Greek name: - Basileia tōn Romaiōn) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered around its capital of Constantinople. ... The Western Roman Empire is the western half of the Roman Empire after its division by Diocletian in 286. ... The Roman Empire is the name given to both the imperial domain developed by the city-state of Rome and also the corresponding phase of that civilization, characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... Consequences of the Battle of Mohács, and the conquest of Buda in 1541 by the Ottomans: the Kingdom is partitioned. ... Byzantium, present day Istanbul, was an ancient Greek city-state, which according to legend was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 667 BC and named after their king Byzas or Byzantas (Βύζας or Βύζαντας in Greek). ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1680) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy The Crown of the Austrian Emperor For the history of these states before 1804, see Holy Roman Empire, Habsburg Monarchy, and articles on each of the component countries. ... Anthem: Volkshymne (Peoples Anthem) Location of Austria–Hungary in 1913 Capital Vienna Language(s) German and minority tongues (Cisleithenia) Hungarian (Hungary) Religion Roman Catholic Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1848-1916 Franz Joseph I  - 1916-1918 Karl I Historical era New Imperialism  - 1867 Compromise May 29, 1867  - Czecho-Slovak indep. ... Mitteleuropa (Middle-Europe) is a German term approximately equal to Central Europe. ... The term the Orient - literally meaning sunrise, east - is traditionally used to refer to Near, Middle, and Far Eastern countries. ...


The Byzantine Empire's influence on Serbia was perhaps the greatest. Serbs are Orthodox Christians, not Roman Catholics, with their own national church - the Serbian Orthodox Church. They use both the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets, as a result of both Eastern and Western influences. The monasteries of Serbia, built largely in the Middle Ages, are one of the most valuable and visible traces of medieval Serbia's association with the Byzantium and the Orthodox World, but also with the Romanic (Western) Europe that Serbia had close ties with back in middle ages. Most beloved queens in Serbian history were mostly of foreign origin: Helen d' Anjou (French), Anna Dondolo (Venetian), Catherine of Hungary, Symonide of Byzantium, Empress Milica of Rascia (Serbian), Maria Theresa (Austrian) etc. The Byzantine Empire (Greek name: - Basileia tōn Romaiōn) is the term conventionally used since the 19th century to describe the Greek-speaking Roman Empire of the Middle Ages, centered around its capital of Constantinople. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Flag of the Serbian Orthodox Church The Serbian Orthodox Church (SOC) (Serbian: Српска Православна Црква / Srpska Pravoslavna Crkva; СПЦ / SPC) or the Church of Serbia is one of the autocephalous Orthodox Christian churches, ranking sixth after Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem, and Russia. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used for several East and South Slavic languages; (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... This is a list of Serb Orthodox monasteries. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Serbs entered their present territory early in the 7th century AD, settling in six distinct tribal delimitations: Rascia/Raška (present-day Western Serbia and Northern Montenegro), Bosnia [1] (indistinct from Rascia until the 12th century), Zachumlie/Zahumlje (western Herzegovina), Trebounia/Travunija (eastern Herzegovina), Pagania/Paganija (middle Dalmatia) and... First Serbian state was founded in 800s by House of Vlastimirović under the name of Raška; it has evolved into Serbian Kingdom and Empire under House of Nemanjić. In modern era it was an autonomous principality (1817–1878), independent principality and kingdom (1878–1918), part of the Kingdom of... Milica (*13?? +1405), Regent of Serbia, wife of Prince Lazar (1329-1389) and mother of Stefan Lazarević Categories: | ... This page is about Maria Theresa of Austria (often only known as Empress Maria Theresa), ruler of the Habsburg Empire from 1740-1780. ...


Education

Main article: Education in Serbia

Education in Serbia is regulated by the Serbian Ministry of Education and Sports. Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Education starts in either pre-schools or elementary schools. Children enroll in elementary schools (Serbian: Osnovna škola) at age of 7 and it lasts for eight years. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ...


Tourism

Main article: Tourism in Serbia
See also: Agrotourism in Serbia

Tourism in Serbia is mostly based in mountains and villages. The most famous mountain resorts are Zlatibor, Kopaonik, and the Tara. There also are a lot of spas in Serbia, one the biggest of which is the Vrnjačka Banja. There is also significant tourism in Belgrade and Novi Sad (the capital of the Vojvodina province), as well to the Exit Festival and the Guča trumpet festival. Serbia is situated in 2 geographic and cultural parts of Europe: Central Europe- Pannonian plain, and Southeastern Europe- Balkan peninsula. ... Agrotourism in Serbia is one of the most popular branches of tourism in that country. ... Winter in Zlatibor Zlatibor (Cyrillic: ЗлатибoÑ€) is a mountain region situated in Serbia and Montenegro, in the western part of Serbia, a part of the Dinaric Alps. ... Tourist Center Kopaonik Is The Most Popular Ski Resort in Serbia Visit website: www. ... Tara mountain is located in western Serbia, from 1000 to 1,500 metres a. ... Vrnjačka Banja (Serbian Cyrillic: Врњачка Бања) is a a resort, mineral spa and municipality located in RaÅ¡ka District of Serbia. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Nickname: Serbian Athens Motto: Град по мери грађана City of the citizens (in English) Location of Novi Sad within Serbia Coordinates: Country  Serbia Province Vojvodina District South Bačka Established 1694 City status February 1, 1748 Politics    - Mayor Maja Gojković (SRS)  - City assembly SRS, DSS and SPS  - Municipalities 2 (Novi Sad and Petrovaradin) Area... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... EXIT (also known as State of EXIT) is an annual summer music festival in Petrovaradin fortress of Novi Sad, Serbia. ... Guča (Гуча), a town in Serbia and Montenegro. ...


Serbian holidays

Date Name Notes
January 1/2 New Year's Day
January 7 Orthodox Christmas
January 14 Orthodox New Year "Српска Нова Година"
"Srpska Nova Godina"
January 27 Saint Sava's feast Day Day of Spirituality
February 15 Sretenje Serbian National Day
April 6 Orthodox Good Friday Date for 2007 only
April 8 Orthodox Easter Date for 2007 only
April 9 Orthodox Easter Monday Date for 2007 only
May 1/2 Labour Day
May 9 Victory Day
June 28 Vidovdan (Martyr's Day) In memory of soldiers fallen at the Battle of Kosovo/St. Vitus's Day

January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, New Years Day, see New Years Day (film). ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Eastern Orthodox Church is a religious organization which claims to be the direct continuation of the original Christian body, founded by Jesus and his Twelve Apostles. ... Christmas or Christmas Day is an annual holiday that marks the traditional birthdate of Jesus of Nazareth. ... January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Saint Sava Saint Sava (1175 or 1176 - January 12, 1235 or 1236), originally the prince Rastko Nemanjić (son of the Serbian ruler and founder of the Serbian medieval state Stefan Nemanja and brother of Stefan Prvovenčani, first Serbian king), is the first Serb archbishop (1219-1233), the most important... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... It has been suggested that National holiday be merged into this article or section. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... Good Friday is a holy day celebrated by most Christians on the Friday before Easter or Pascha. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... Easter, also known as Pascha (Greek Πάσχα: Passover), the Feast of the Resurrection, the Sunday of the Resurrection, or Resurrection Day, is the most important religious feast of the Christian liturgical year, observed between late March and late April (early April to early May in Eastern Christianity). ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... Easter Monday is the day after Easter Sunday and is celebrated as a holiday in some largely Christian cultures. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Labor Day (United States). ... May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... Victory Day is the name of a public holiday in various countries to commemorate the victory in an important battle or war in the countrys history. ... June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 186 days remaining. ... Vidovdan (Видовдан) is a religious holiday, St. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... // This page is about the Battle of Kosovo of 1389; for other battles, see Battle of Kosovo (disambiguation). ...

Infrastructure

Communications

Telephones - main lines in use: 2,685,400 (2004) Telephones - mobile cellular: 4,729,600 (2004) Telephone system: general assessment: NA domestic: NA international: country code - 381; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) Radio broadcast stations: AM 113, FM 194, shortwave 2 (1998) Television broadcast stations: more than 771...

Transportation

Serbia, in particular the valley of the Morava, is often described as "the crossroads between East and West", which is one of the primary reasons for its turbulent history. The Morava valley route, which avoids mountainous regions, is by far the easiest way of travelling overland from continental Europe to Greece and Asia Minor. Serbia, and in particular the valley of Morava is often described as the crossroad between the East and the West, which is one of primary reasons for its turbulent history. ... There are several European rivers called Morava: Morava river, Central Europe Morava rivers, Serbia Morava is also the Czech name for Moravia, the eastern part of the Czech Republic. ... World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to...


European routes E65, E70, E75 and E80, as well as the E662, E761, E762, E763, E771, and E851 pass through the country. The E70 westwards from Belgrade and most of the E75 are modern highways of motorway / autobahn standard or close to that. Europes road system incorporates a series of European routes, which are numbered E1 and up. ... Motorway symbol in UK, France and Ireland. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into freeway. ...


The Danube River, central Europe's connection to the Black Sea, flows through Serbia. The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ... Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... Map of the Black Sea. ...


There are three international airports in Serbia: Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, Niš Constantine the Great Airport, and Priština International Airport (last one is located in the Serbian province of Kosovo). Three regional airports are being reconstruct at the moment, and by the end of 2006, the number of international airports in Serbia will increase. Belgrade - Nikola Tesla Airport (Serbian, Аеродром Београд - Никола Тесла / Aerodrom Beograd - Nikola Tesla) (IATA: BEG, ICAO: LYBE) is Serbias busiest airport, also known as Surčin (Сурчин), after a nearby Belgrade suburb. ... NiÅ¡ Constantine the Great Airport (Serbian Ниш Кοнстантин Βелики, Latinic NiÅ¡ Konstantin Veliki) (IATA: INI, ICAO: LYNI), serves the city of NiÅ¡ in Serbia. ... PriÅ¡tina International Airport (Albanian: Aeroporti Ndërkombëtar i Prishtinës) (Serbian: MeÄ‘unarodni Aerodrom PriÅ¡tina) is an international airport located 16km outside of PriÅ¡tina, the capital of Kosovo. ... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ...


The national carrier is Jat Airways and the railway system is operated by Beovoz in Belgrade and by Serbian Railways on the national level. Jat Airways is an airline based in Belgrade, Serbia. ... The Beovoz is the suburban/commuter railway network that provides mass-transit service in the city of Belgrade, Serbia. ... Belgrade (Serbian: Београд or Beograd  ) is the capital and largest city of Serbia. ... Serbian Railways (Serbian: Железнице Србије/Železnice Srbije) is the national railway carrier of Serbia. ...


Miscellaneous

  • On August 17, 2004 the National Assembly of Serbia adopted Bože Pravde as the country's anthem.
  • In addition, the Obrenović royal coat of arms now replaces the Coat of Arms of Serbia adopted after World War II. It was first used in the 19th century. The arms are those of the royal Obrenović dynasty; they are used in two versions, the large (pictured) and small (just the central shield with eagle and crown surmounting). Use of these arms is 'recommended' which means that the coat of arms is not yet official. It will become so if adoption of the Obrenović arms is approved by more than 50% of the voters in a constitutional referendum.
  • 1564 Srbija Asteroid is discovered by Milorad B. Protić and named after Serbia.
  • Serbia grows about one-third of the world's raspberries.[citation needed]
  • Serbian industries: machine building (aircraft, trucks, and automobiles; tanks and weapons; electrical equipment; agricultural machinery); metallurgy (steel, aluminum, copper, lead, zinc, chromium, antimony, bismuth, cadmium); mining (coal, bauxite, nonferrous ore, iron ore, limestone); consumer goods (textiles, footwear, foodstuffs, appliances); electronics, petroleum products, chemicals, and pharmaceuticals (CIA Fact Book 2006)
  • As a newly independent state, Serbia will deal with assigment of international country codes.
  • Serbia and Montenegro were represented by a single football team in the 2006 FIFA World Cup tournament, despite having formally split just days prior to its start. Following this event, this team is to be inherited by Serbia, while a new one is to be organized to represent Montenegro in future international competition.

August 17 is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... National Assembly of Serbia is the Serbian parliament. ... Bože pravde (God of Justice) is the official anthem of Serbia and Republika Srpska. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... The house Obrenović(i) ruled Serbia from 1815-1842 and 1858-1903. ... Large Coat of Arms of Serbia Small Coat of Arms of Serbia The Coat of Arms of Serbia, adopted on August 17, 2004, is a replica of the coat of arms of the former Obrenović dynasty (first adopted in 1882) and features the white bicephalic eagle of the Nemanjić dynasty... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... 253 Mathilde, a C-type asteroid. ... Milorad B. Protitch (Милорад Б. Протић, Milorad B. Protić) (August 6, 1910, Belgrade - October 29, 2001, Belgrade) was a Serbian astronomer. ... Binomial name Rubus idaeus L. The Raspberry or Red Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) is a plant that produces a tart, sweet, red composite fruit in summer or early autumn. ... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... First international Czechoslovakia 7 - 0 Yugoslavia[1] (Antwerp, Belgium; 28 August 1920) Brazil 2 - 0 Yugoslavia (Porto Alegre, Brazil; 23 December 1994) Serbia and Montenegro 2 - 2 Azerbaijan (Podgorica, Serbia and Montenegro; 12 February 2003) Czech Republic - Serbia (Prague, Czech Republic; 16 August 2006 Largest win Yugoslavia 10 - 1 India... Qualifying countries The 2006 FIFA World Cup was the 18th staging of the FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international association football world championship tournament. ...

See also

Serbia Portal

Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... The term Serbia proper is often used in English to refer to the part of Serbia that lies outside the northern and southern autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina. ... Republic of Serbia   â€“Vojvodina   â€“Kosovo (UN admin. ... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Balkan peninsula with northwest border Isonzo-Krka-Sava The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe a region of southeastern Europe. ... Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... This is list of prominent Serbs // Stefan Nemanja Stefan II Stefan Radoslav Stefan Vladislav Stefan UroÅ¡ I Stefan Dragutin Stefan UroÅ¡ II Milutin Tsar Stefan DuÅ¡an the mighty (Emperor) Vuk Branković (Lord) Prince Lazar Tsar Jovan Nenad Stefan Lazarević Vlatko Vuković (Bosnian lord) MiloÅ¡ Obrenović Milan Obrenović Mihailo Obrenovi... This is the list of computer systems from Serbia. ... Combatants Austria-Hungary German Empire Bulgaria Triple Entente Serbia Greece Italy Commanders Oskar Potiorek Radomir Putnik Maurice Sarrail Adolphe Guillaumat Franchet dEsperey George Milne Panagiotis Danglis The Serbian Campaign was fought from August 1914, when Austria-Hungary invaded Serbia, thus starting the First World War, until the end of... link to natinal parliament - page contains lates past laws: http://www. ...

References

  1. ^ Britannica online:Serbia
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Hydrometeorologic Service of Serbia
  4. ^ Archive of Serbia
  5. ^ Statistical office of the Republic of Serbia
  6. ^ Domestic consumption drives growth in Eastern Europe (HTML). EBRD Transition Report 2006. Retrieved on 2006-11-16.

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ...

External links

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Government links

(In alphabetical order of the domain name.)

Other external links

(In alphabetical order.)

  • B92 News portal
  • Blic Newspaper
  • CIA World Factbook profile on Serbia
  • Glas Javnosti Newspaper
  • Krstarica Web Portal
  • Politika Newspaper
  • RTS - Serbian Broadcasting Corporation
  • Rastko Foundation
  • Serbian Unity Congress
  • Tanjug - National News Agency
 
Subdivisions of Serbia

Municipalities and cities of Serbia


  Results from FactBites:
 
Serbia Info / History of Serbia:Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1945 - 1991) (221 words)
While the war was still raging, in 1943, a revolutionary change of the social and state system was proclaimed with the abolition of monarchy in favor of the republic.
Socialist Yugoslavia was established as a federal state comprising six republics: Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Montenegro and two autonomous regions - Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija.
The trend to secure the power of the republics at the expense of the federal authorities became particularly intense after the adoption of the 1974 Constitution that encouraged the expansion of Croatian, Slovenian, Moslem and Albanian nationalism and secessionism.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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