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Encyclopedia > Social reality

Social reality is distinct from biological or individual cognitive reality, and consists of the accepted social tenets of a community. Some scholars such as John Searle believe that the social reality can be established separately from that of any individual or the surrounding ecology (at odds with the views of perceptual psychology including those of J. J. Gibson, and those of most ecological economics theories). A community is a set of people (or agents in a more abstract sense) with some shared element — in particular a group of people who live in the same area is a community. ... John Searle is a philosopher at UC Berkeley. ... J.J. Gibson (1904-1979) was an American psychologist, considered one of the most important 20th century psychologists in the field of visual perception. ... Ecological economics is a branch of economic theory, also known as human development theory or natural welfare economics, that assumes an inherent link between the health of ecosystems and that of human beings. ...


If one accepts the validity of the idea of social reality, scientifically, it must be amenable to measurement. Theories of the measurement of trust in the sociological community are usually called theories of social capital, to emphasize the connection to economics, and the ability to measure outputs in the same manner. Social capital refers to the collective value of all social networks and the inclinations that arise from these networks to do things for each other, according to Robert Putnam, author of Bowling Alone and the concepts leading exponent (though not its originator). ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [oeko], house, and νέμω [nemo], distribute) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources. ...


The best-known principle of social reality is "the big lie", which states that an outrageous untruth is easier to convince people of than a less outrageous truth. Many examples from politics and theology, e.g. the claim that the Roman Emperor was in fact a "god", demonstrate that this principle was known by effective propagandists from early times, and continues to be applied to this day, e.g. the propaganda model of Noam Chomsky and Edward S. Herman, which supports the 'big lie' thesis with more specifics. The phrase Big Lie derives from the Big Lie Theory described by Hitler, it has over time become confused with the notion of the Big Lie as a propagandistic technique described by Joseph Goebbels of repeating a lie, whether big or small, and repeating it so often that it becomes... Politics is the process and method of making decisions for groups. ... Theology is literally reasonable discourse concerning God (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, word or reason). By extension, it also refers to the study of other religious topics. ... Roman Emperor is the title historians use to refer to rulers of the Roman Empire, after the epoch conventionally named the Roman Republic. ... The propaganda model is a theory advanced by Edward S. Herman and Noam Chomsky that seeks to explain the supposed systemic biases of the mass media in terms of structural economic causes. ... Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an Institute Professor Emeritus of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and creator of the Chomsky hierarchy, a classification of formal languages. ... Edward S. Herman is an economist and media analyst with a specialty in corporate and regulatory issues as well as political economy and the media. ...


Compare socially constructed reality Socially constructed reality forms a concept within the sociology of knowledge and the social constructionist strand of postmodernism. ...


See also: social capital, community, propaganda, belief Social capital refers to the collective value of all social networks and the inclinations that arise from these networks to do things for each other, according to Robert Putnam, author of Bowling Alone and the concepts leading exponent (though not its originator). ... A community is a set of people (or agents in a more abstract sense) with some shared element — in particular a group of people who live in the same area is a community. ... North Korean propaganda showing a soldier destroying the United States Capitol building. ... Belief is assent to a proposition. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Social constructionism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2035 words)
Socially constructed reality is seen as an ongoing, dynamic process; reality is re-produced by people acting on their interpretations and their knowledge of it.
Within social constructionist thought, a social construction (social construct) is an idea which may appear to be natural and obvious to those who accept it, but in reality is an invention or artifact of a particular culture or society.
Social constructionism is dialectically opposed to essentialism, the belief that there are defining transhistorical essences independent of conscious beings that determine the categorical structure of reality.
Social reality - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (229 words)
Social reality is distinct from biological or individual cognitive reality, and consists of the accepted social tenets of a community.
Theories of the measurement of trust in the sociological community are usually called theories of social capital, to emphasize the connection to economics, and the ability to measure outputs in the same manner.
The best-known principle of social reality is "the big lie", which states that an outrageous untruth is easier to convince people of than a less outrageous truth.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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