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Encyclopedia > Social exchange theory

Social exchange theory is a social psychological perspective that explains social change and stability as a process of negotiated exchanges between parties. Social exchange theory posits that all human relationships are formed by the use of a subjective cost-benefit analysis and the comparison of alternatives. For example, when a person perceives the costs of relationship as outweighing the perceived benefits, then the theory predicts that the person will choose to leave the relationship.


For social exchange theorists, when the costs and benefits are equal in a relationship, then that relationship is not equitable. The notion of equity is a core part of social exchange theory.


Social exchange theory is intimately tied to rational choice theory, and features all of its main assumptions.


Citations

  • Michener, H. Andrew. (2004). Social Psychology. Wadsworth: Toronto.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Social exchange theory - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (275 words)
Social exchange theory is a social psychological perspective that explains social change and stability as a process of negotiated exchanges between parties.
Social exchange theory posits that all human relationships are formed by the use of a subjective cost-benefit analysis and the comparison of alternatives.
Social exchange theory is intimately tied to rational choice theory, and features all of its main assumptions.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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