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Encyclopedia > Social conservatism
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Social conservatism generally refers to a political ideology or personal belief system that advocates the conservation or resurrection of what one, or one's community, considers to be traditional morality and social structure. However, the accepted meaning of traditional morality often differs from group to group within social conservatism. Thus, there are really no policies or positions that could be considered universal among social conservatives. There are, however, a number of principles to which at least a majority of social conservatives adhere. Ths article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ... Cultural conservatism is conservatism with respect to culture. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... National conservatism is a political term used primarily in Europe to describe a variant of conservatism which concentrates more on national interests than standard conservatism, while not being nationalism or a far-right approach. ... This article is about Neoconservatism in the United States, for neoconservatism in other regions, see Neoconservatism (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Libertarianism is a political philosophy that holds that individuals should be allowed complete freedom of action as long as they do not infringe on the freedom of others. ... Fiscal conservatism (also known as economic liberalism) is a term used in the United States to refer to economic and political policy that advocates restraint of government taxation, government expenditures and deficits, and government debt. ... This page deals with property as ownership rights. ... The rule of law is the principle that governmental authority is legitimately exercised only in accordance with written, publicly disclosed laws adopted and enforced in accordance with established procedure. ... Social order is a concept used in sociology, history and other social sciences. ... Many countries have political parties that are deemed to represent conservative, center-right, or Tory views which may be referred to informally as conservative parties even if not explicitly named so. ... The International Democrat Union (IDU) is an international grouping of conservative, neoconservative and Christian democratic political parties. ... For other uses, see European Democrats (disambiguation). ... Ths article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... A tradition is a story or a custom that is memorized and passed down from generation to generation, originally without the need for a writing system. ... Morality (from the Latin manner, character, proper behaviour) has three principal meanings. ...


A second meaning of the term has developed in the Nordic countries Denmark and Norway as a translation of socialkonservatisme. Here it refers to pro-welfare liberal conservatives. Political map of the Nordic countries and associated territories. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Definition and Core Principles

There are two main principles which drive Social Conservatism: Image File history File links Emblem-important. ...


Limit the definition of family. Social Conservatism opposes divorce except for infidelity, sex outside of marriage, commercialization of sex, sequential monogamy, domestic partnerships, and same-sex marriage. However this is a generalization, since not all social conservatives agree with each other on these principles: for instance, Roman Catholic social conservatives do not believe in divorce for any reason, while other social conservatives accept divorce for any number of reasons. Roman Catholic social conservatives would also add "opposes contraception in any form" and "opposes in vitro fertilization" to the above list. Many social conservatives — for instance Dick and Lynne Cheney — accept and actively support family members who enter into domestic partnerships or who are part of gay families. Groups who consider themselves social conservatives hold a wide range of views on issues related to the family. Richard Bruce Cheney (born January 30, 1941), widely known as Dick Cheney, is an American politician and businessman affiliated with the U.S. Republican Party. ... Lynne Ann Vincent Cheney (born August 14, 1941) , is a novelist, conservative scholar, and former talk-show host who is the wife of Vice President Richard B. Cheney. ... Mary Claire Cheney (born March 14, 1969) is the second daughter of Dick Cheney, the Vice President of the United States, and his wife, Second Lady Lynne Cheney. ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ...


Sanctity of human life. Social Conservatism is often believed to generally reject abortion, euthanasia, and embryonic stem cell research. Socially conservative Quakers, Mennonites, and Amish maintain that their respect for the sanctity of human life requires of them a pacifist view of war. But social conservatism, like social progressivism, also embraces human rights and the dignity of the individual in societies where these values have a long history of popular support. (In societies with no standing tradition of respecting human rights or individual liberties, these values are considered liberal or even radical.) As with matters related to the family, social conservatives do not generally agree among themselves about even these issues. Many social conservatives reach the conclusion that their respect for traditional notions of individual autonomy, limited governmental power, and privacy require them to support a pro-choice policy on abortion (as explained in "Bearing Right" by William Saletan, former U.S. President Bill Clinton and U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton are well-known advocates of this viewpoint.) Prominent social conservatives such as Nancy Reagan are vocal supporters of stem cell medical research. Social conservatives who oppose the death penalty are a distinct minority, as most social conservatives support the death penalty because it is either a retributive or traditional form of punishment. The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... The Mennonites are a group of Christian Anabaptist denominations based on the teachings and tradition of Menno Simons. ... This article is about Old Order Amish, but also refers to other Amish sects. ... Pacifist may mean: an advocate of pacifism. ... Social progressivism is the view that as time progresses, society should disgregard morality in place of political correctness. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947) is the junior United States Senator from New York, and is a candidate for the Democratic nomination in the 2008 presidential election. ... Nancy Davis Reagan (born Anne Frances Robbins on July 6, 1921) is the widow of the former United States President Ronald Reagan and was First Lady of the United States from 1981 to 1989. ...


Social Conservatives believe that their personal views are inalienable and ought to be protected by other laws and policies developed by governments, and taught in school, or the view points at least discussed in schools.


The opposite of Social Conservatism is Social Progressivism. Social progressivism is the view that as time progresses, society should disgregard morality in place of political correctness. ...


Social Conservatism is almost universal among the Christian Right. The basic principles are believed to derive from Natural Law — that is, the system of social norms that may appear to arise naturally in human societies through time and across cultures — rather than being a construct specific to one culture or time. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      The Christian... Natural law or the law of nature (Latin: lex naturalis) is an ethical theory that posits the existence of a law whose content is set by nature and that therefore has validity everywhere. ...


Therefore, the way Social Conservatism plays out in practice varies between locations, depending on the social, religious and national traditions of a particular place. However, they all have in common the idea of protecting or enhancing their respective understanding of what constitutes "family" in relation to that of the State.


Social vs. Other Conservatisms

There is no necessary link between Social and Economic or Fiscal Conservatism. In fact, some Social Conservatives are otherwise apolitical or even left-wing on fiscal issues. For example, Social Conservatives may also support a degree of government intervention in economic life for what they feel is to the benefit of the community, and as such will tend to support the concept of a social market economy to further this aim. This concern for material welfare, like advocacy of traditional mores, will often have a basis in the religion of the Social Conservatives in question. Examples of such Social Conservatives include the Christian Social Union of Bavaria, the Family First and Democratic Labor Party of Australia,the so-called red tory movement in Canada, and possibly the Communitarian movement in the United States. Conservatism or political conservatism is any of several historically related political philosophies or political ideologies. ... This article is about the practical implementation of Ordoliberalism in Germany. ... The Christian Social Union of Bavaria ( ) is a Christian democratic political party in Germany. ... The Family First Party is a political party in Australia. ... The Democratic Labor Party (DLP) is a minor political party in Australia that espouses social conservatism. ... The Red Tory Tradition: Ancient Roots-New Routes, by Ron Dart Red Tory is a term given to a political philosophy, tradition, and disposition in Canada. ... Communitarianism as a philosophy began in the late 20th century, opposing aspects of liberalism and capitalism while advocating phenomena such as civil society. ...


There is more overlap between Social Conservatism and Paleoconservatism in that they both have respect for traditional social forms. However, Paleoconservatism has a strong Cultural Conservative strain which Social Conservatism, in and of itself, is not necessarily allied with. For example, John Burger, writing in Crisis Magazine in 2005 said: The term paleoconservative (sometimes shortened to paleo or paleocon when the context is clear) refers to an American branch of conservative Old Right thought that is frequently at odds with the current of conservative thought as espoused by the Republican Party elite. ... The term paleoconservative (sometimes shortened to paleo or paleocon when the context is clear) refers to an American branch of conservative Old Right thought that is frequently at odds with the current of conservative thought as espoused by the Republican Party elite. ... Cultural conservatism is conservatism with respect to culture. ...

"The presence of a significant population of culturally Catholic immigrants offers hope that their culture will permeate a decadent American society and contribute to the re-evangelization of native-born Catholics. . . Abortion is still illegal in most Latin American countries. And in most areas, it’s not even part of a person’s consciousness." [1]

Social Conservative Political Parties

A few examples only. Many Christian Democratic Parties around the world are Socially Conservative. Christian democracy is a diverse political ideology and movement. ...


Canada

Australia

Germany The Democratic Labor Party (DLP) is a minor political party in Australia that espouses social conservatism. ... The Family First Party is a political party in Australia. ... The Christian Democratic Party (CDP) is a minor political party in Australia. ... This article concerns the modern Australian political party. ... The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

United States The Christian Social Union of Bavaria ( ) is a Christian democratic political party in Germany. ... The Party of Bible-Abiding Christians (German: Partei Bibeltreuer Christen), a conservative Christian Fundamental minor political party in Germany. ...

Ireland The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ...

  • Muintir na hÉireann

Nigeria The Muintir na hÉireann or People of Ireland Party was a minor populist political party which was active in Ireland in the 1990s. ...

Sweden The Peoples Democratic Party is a centrist political party in Nigeria. ... The All Nigeria Peoples Party is a conservative political party in Nigeria. ...

Japan Sweden Democrats (Sverigedemokraterna, SD), founded in 1988 by Leif Zeilon, is a Swedish far-right political party. ...

United Kingdom The New Komeito ), New Komeito Party , or NKP is a political party in Japan founded by Daisaku Ikeda, leader of the Buddhist organization Soka Gakkai. ...

“DUP” redirects here. ...

Resources

Books

  • Carlson, Alan, The Family in America: Searching for Social Harmony in the Industrial Age (2003) ISBN 0-7658-0536-7
  • Carlson, Alan, Family Questions: Reflections on the American Social Crisis (1991) ISBN 1-56000-555-6
  • Fleming, Thomas, The Politics of Human Nature, (1988) ISBN 1-56000-693-5
  • Gallagher, Maggie, The Abolition of Marriage: How We Destroy Lasting Love (1996) ISBN 0-89526-46 4-1
  • Himmelfarb, Gertrude, The De-moralization Of Society (1996) ISBN 0-679-76490-9
  • Hitchens, Peter, The Abolition of Britain. (1999) ISBN 0-7043-8117-6
  • Jones, E. Michael, Degenerate Moderns: Modernity As Rationalized Sexual Misbehavior. (1993) ISBN 0-89870-447-2
  • Kirk, Russell, The Conservative Mind, 7th Ed. (2001) ISBN 0-89526-171-5
  • Magnet, Myron, Modern Sex: Liberation and Its Discontents (2001) ISBN 1-56663-384-2
  • Medved, Diane and Dan Quayle, The American Family: Discovering the Values That Make Us Strong (1997) ISBN 0-06-092810-7
  • Sobran, Joseph, Single Issues: Essays on the Crucial Social Questions (1983) ISBN 1-199-24333-7.

Social Conservative Groups in Canada Allan C. Carlson (born Des Moines, Iowa, 1949) is a scholar of the family, and is the president of the Howard Center, a director of the Family in America Studies Center, and editor of the Family in America newsletter. ... Allan C. Carlson (born Des Moines, Iowa, 1949) is a scholar of the family, and is the president of the Howard Center, a director of the Family in America Studies Center, and editor of the Family in America newsletter. ... Cover of The Abolition of Britain, revised UK edition Cover of The Abolition of Britain, US edition The Abolition of Britain (subtitled From Lady Chatterley to Tony Blair in its British editions and From Winston Churchill to Princess Diana in the USA) is a book by Peter Hitchens, first published...

Social Conservative Groups in USA

  • Focus on the Family

Social Conservative News Services

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Conservatism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4646 words)
Conservatism [derivative of conserve; from Latin conservare, to keep, guard, observe] in its true and classic sense is a simple philosophy that emphasizes "a disposition to preserve, and an ability to improve".
The term 'conservatism' is also used in the history of technology to describe the reluctance - on grounds of cost, effort and disruption - to replace a functioning technology by another.
Social conservatism in the Nordic coutries are often found in their Christian Democratic parties.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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