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Encyclopedia > Social action

In sociology, social action refer to any action that takes into account actions and reactions of another individuals (real or imagined) and is modified based on those events. Sociology is the study of the social lives of humans, groups, and societies, sometimes defined as the study of social interactions. ... Look up Action in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Action can be used in different contexts: Action movie Action game Action Comics, an American comic book series featuring Superman Action, a British comics anthology of the 1970s In physics, the action is a crucial concept in Lagrangian mechanics In philosophy, action... In metaphysics and statistics, the word individual, while sometimes meaning a person, more typically describes any numerically singular thing. ...


The term social action was introduced by Max Weber. It is a more encompassing term then Florian Znaniecki's social phenomena, since the individual perorming social actions is notpassive, but (potentialy) active and reacting. Maximilian Weber (April 21, 1864 – June 14, 1920) was a German political economist and sociologist who is considered one of the founders of the modern, antipositivistic study of sociology and public administration. ... Florian Witold Znaniecki (January 15, 1882 - March 23, 1958) was a philosopher and sociologist. ...


Weber differentiated between several types of social actions:

  • ratinal actions: actions which are planned, taken after considering costs and consequences. An example would be most economic transactions;
  • traditional actions: actions which are carried out due to tradition, because they are always carried out in such a situation. An example would be putting on clothes or relaxing on Sundays. Some traditional actions can became a cultural artifact;
  • emotional actions: actions which are taken due to one's emotions, to express personal feelings. For examples, cheering after a victory, crying on a funerar would be emotional actions.

Economics (in Greek Οικονομικά) derives from the Greek word Eco(οίκω=house) and nemo(νέμω=distribute) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources through measurable variables. ... A tradition is a story or a custom that is memorized and passed down from generation to generation, originally without the need for a writing system. ... A cultural artifact is an man-made object which gives information about the culture of its creator and users. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Social interaction - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (239 words)
Social interaction is a dynamic, changing sequence of social actions between individuals (or groups) who modify their actions and reactions according to the actions by their interaction partner(s).
In sociological hierarchy, social interaction is more advanced than behavior, action, social behavior, social action and social contact, and is in turn followed by more advanced concept of social relation.
In other words, social interactions, which consist of social actions, form the basis for social relations.
Code of Ethics (7586 words)
Social workers who are concerned that clients' access to their records could cause serious misunderstanding or harm to the client should provide assistance in interpreting the records and consultation with the client regarding the records.
If social workers engage in conduct contrary to this prohibition or claim that an exception to this prohibition is warranted because of extraordinary circumstances, it is social workers--not their clients--who assume the full burden of demonstrating that the former client has not been exploited, coerced, or manipulated, intentionally or unintentionally.
Social workers should be aware of the impact of the political arena on practice and should advocate for changes in policy and legislation to improve social conditions in order to meet basic human needs and promote social justice.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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