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Encyclopedia > Social Security

Social security primarily refers to social welfare service concerned with social protection, or protection against socially recognized conditions, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment and others. Although some publications use the terms "social security" and "social protection" interchangeably, social security is used both more narrowly. Social security may refer to: Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... A social welfare provision refers to any government program which seeks to provide a minimum level of income, service or other support for disadvantaged peoples such as the poor, elderly, disabled, students and minority groups. ...

  • social insurance, where people receive benefits or services in recognition of contributions to an insurance scheme. These services typically include provision for retirement pensions, disability insurance, survivor benefits and unemployment insurance.
  • income maintenance—mainly the distribution of cash in the event of interruption of employment, including retirement, disability and unemployment
  • services provided by administrations responsible for social security. In different countries this may include medical care, aspects of social work and even industrial relations.
  • More rarely, the term is also used to refer to basic security, a term roughly equivalent to access to basic necessities—things such as food, clothing, shelter, education and medical care.


A pension (also known as superannuation) is a retirement plan intended to provide a person with a secure income for life. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Unemployment benefits are sums of money given to the unemployed by the government or a compulsory para-governmental insurance system. ... Clothing protects the vulnerable nude human body from the extremes of weather, other features of our environment, and for safety reasons. ... -1... For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ...

Income maintenance

This policy is usually applied through various programs designed to provide a population with income at times when they are unable to care for themselves. Income maintenance is based in a combination of five main types of program:

  • social insurance, considered above
  • means-tested benefits. This is financial assistance provided for those who are unable to cover basic needs, such as food, clothing and housing, due to poverty or lack of income because of unemployment, sickness, disability, or caring for children. While assistance is often in the form of financial payments, those eligible for social welfare can usually access health and educational services free of charge. The amount of support is enough to cover basic needs and eligibility is often subject to a comprehensive and complex assessment of an applicant's social and financial situation. See also, Income Support.
  • non-contributory benefits. Several countries have special schemes, administered with no requirement for contributions and no means test, for people in certain categories of need - for example, veterans of armed forces, people with disabilities and very old people.
  • discretionary benefits. Some schemes are based on the discretion of an official, such as a social worker.
  • universal or categorical benefits, also known as demogrants. These are non-contributory benefits given for whole sections of the population without a test of means or need, such as family allowances or the public pension in New Zealand (known as New Zealand Superannuation). See also, Alaska Permanent Fund Dividend.

A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows what he found. ... Income Support is an income-related benefit in the United Kingdom for people who are on a low income. ... The Alaska Permanent Fund Dividend program was created by state legislation in 1980 to share the wealth of the Alaska Permanent Fund with the people of Alaska. ...

Social Protection

Social protection refers to a set of benefits available (or not available) from the state, market, civil society and households, or through a combination of these agencies, to the individual/households to reduce multi-dimensional deprivation. This multi-dimensional deprivation could be affecting less active poor persons (e.g. the elderly, disabled) and active poor persons (e.g. unemployed). This broad framework makes this concept more acceptable in developing countries than the concept of social security. Social security is more applicable in the conditions, where large number of citizens depend on the formal economy for their livelihood. Through a defined contribution, this social security may be managed. But, in the context of wide spread informal economy, formal social security arrangements are almost absent for the vast majority of the working population. Besides, in developing countries, the state's capacity to reach the vast majority of the poor people may be limited because of its limited resources. In such a context, multiple agencies that could provide for social protection is important for policy consideration. The framework of social protection is thus capable of holding the state responsible to provide for the poorest sections by regulating non-state agencies. Deprivation may refer to: Poverty Sleep deprivation This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Look up Poor in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

See also

Social security primarily refers to social welfare service concerned with social protection, or protection against socially recognized conditions, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment and others. ... The United States Social Security Administration (or SSA[1]) is an independent agency of the United States government established by a law currently codified at 42 U.S.C. Â§ 901. ... The South African Social Security Agency is a national agency of the South African Government created in April 2005. ... In the United States of America, Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) is a payroll tax-funded, federal insurance program. ... The promotional Social Security card as distributed by the F.W. Woolworth Company In the United States, a Social Security number (SSN) is a 9-digit number issued to citizens, permanent residents, and temporary (working) residents under section 205(c)(2) of the Social Security Act, codified as 42 U... The Social Security Trust Fund is the United States federal governments means of accounting for workers paid-in contributions that are in excess of current payments. ... United States Social Security Card Social Security is a social insurance program administered by the Social Security Administration under the authority of the United States federal government. ... Students for Saving Social Security, or S4 for short, is a U.S. activist group comprising college students in over 260 chapters, with headquarters in Washington D.C. Founded in 2005, it proposes reforming the Social Security laws to permit personal savings accounts. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... NHS redirects here. ... Publicly-funded health care is a health care system that is financed entirely or in majority part by citizens tax payments instead of through private payments made to insurance companies or directly to health care providers (health insurance premiums, copayments or deductibles)[citation needed]. // Publicly-funded health care systems are... The Four Pillars is a research programme set up in 1987 by the Geneva Association, also known as the International Association for the Study of Insurance Economics. ... The overall objectives in the field of Civil Protection are to ensure better protection of people, the environment, economies and infrastructure in the event of major natural or man-made disasters, including accidental marine pollution, chemical spills. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ... Broadly speaking, health care systems across the world are funded in three different ways: by private contributions, social health insurance contributions or taxes. ... Social protection refers to a set of benefits available (or not available) from the state, market, civil society and households, or through a combination of these agencies, to the individual/households to reduce multi-dimensional deprivation. ... This article concerns proposals to change the Social Security system in the United States. ... Social Security, in Australia, refers to a system of social welfare payments provided by Commonwealth Government of Australia. ... The Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) of India was established in the year 1952 consequent to the enactment of the Employees Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952. ... Social policy is the study of the welfare state, and the range of responses to social need. ... The social safety net is a term used to describe a collection of services provided by the state (such as welfare, universal healthcare, homeless shelters, and perhaps various subsidized services such as transit), which prevent any individual from falling into poverty beyond a certain level. ... Social welfare redirects here. ... The Welfare State of the United Kingdom was prefigured in the William Beveridge Report in 1942, which identified five Giant Evils in society: squalor, ignorance, want, idleness and disease. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Project on Social Security Choice 2 (2787 words)
Unlike her husband who as president sought to call attention to social security's problems, Hillary Clinton has claimed that the most recent Social Security Trustees Report shows that the system is "affordable and sustainable." She rejects the idea of personal accounts, claiming that the transition would be too costly.
By the year 2017, Social Security is scheduled to pay more in benefits than it receives in tax revenue, and the trust fund is scheduled to hit empty in the year 2041.
Social Security is plagued by the negative rate of return a worker receives on his contributions to Social Security.
Social Security - MSN Encarta (2334 words)
In particular, it refers to the social insurance portion of that act, which uses contributions made by workers and employers to provide income to people and their families during retirement or in the case of involuntary unemployment, disability, or death.
However, poor laws foreshadowed the development of social insurance in Europe and Social Security in the United States in that they established a framework of public support for the elderly, the disabled, and the unemployed.
The core of the Social Security Act was to protect all citizens against the economic risks of unemployment and old age.
  More results at FactBites »



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