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Encyclopedia > Social Democratic Party (Romania)
Partidul Social Democrat
Social Democratic Party
PSD electoral logo
Leader Mircea Geoană
Senate Leader Ion Iliescu
Chamber Leader Viorel Hrebenciuc
Founded January 2001
Headquarters Şos. Kiseleff, 10
Bucharest
Political Ideology Social Democracy
International Affiliation Socialist International
European Affiliation Party of European Socialists
European Parliament Group Party of European Socialists
Colours Red
Website www.psd.ro
See also Politics of Romania

Political parties
2004 elections Image File history File links Psd. ... Mircea Geoană Mircea Dan Geoană (born July 14, 1958 in Bucharest) is a Romanian politician, and a current member of the Romanian Senate. ... Ion Iliescu (born March 3, 1930) is a Romanian politician. ... Åžoseaua Kiseleff (Kiseleff Road) is a major road in Bucharest that runs as a northward continuation of Calea Victoriei. ... Status Capital of Romania Mayor Adriean Videanu, since 2005 Area 238 km² Population (2005) 1,924,959[1] Density 8,088 inh/km² Geographical coordinates Web site http://www. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... The official symbol of Socialist International. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) is a European political party whose members are 33 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well as Norway. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) is a European political party whose members are 33 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well as Norway. ... Red is any of a number of similar colors evoked by light consisting predominantly of the longest wavelengths of light discernible by the human eye, in the wavelength range of roughly 625–750 nm. ... Politics of Romania takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Romania is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... Political parties in Romania lists political parties in Romania. ... The Romanian legislative election of 2004 was held on November 28, 2004. ...

The Social Democratic Party of Romania (in Romanian, Partidul Social Democrat, PSD) is a major political party of Romania. It is currently in opposition, as the Justice and Truth alliance, made up of the Liberals and Democrats, is in government. The current president of the PSD is Mircea Geoană, elected on April 21, 2005. Justice and Truth (in Romanian Dreptate ÅŸi Adevăr, or D.A. for short) is a political alliance comprising two political parties in Romania: the centre-right liberal National Liberal Party (PNL) and the centre-left reformist Democratic Party (PD). ... The Partidul NaÅ£ional Liberal (National Liberal Party) is a liberal party in Romania, and the second largest party in parliament, being edged out only by the Social Democratic Party. ... The Democratic Party (Romanian: Partidul Democrat, PD) is a centre-right (formerly social democrat) party of Romania. ... Mircea Geoană Mircea Dan Geoană (born July 14, 1958 in Bucharest) is a Romanian politician, and a current member of the Romanian Senate. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

PSD Headquarters
PSD Headquarters

Contents

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

History

On April 7, 1992, the struggle for power inside the National Salvation Front (Frontul Salvării Naţionale, FSN) between the more hard-line group led by Ion Iliescu and the more reformist group led by Petre Roman resulted in the Iliescu group withdrawing from FSN and founding of the Democratic National Salvation Front (Frontul Democrat al Salvării Naţionale, FDSN), which would later become the present-day PSD. April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The National Salvation Front (in Romanian, Frontul Salvării NaÅ£ionale, FSN) was the governing body of Romania in the first weeks after the Romanian Revolution of 1989, subsequently turned into a political party. ... Ion Iliescu (born March 3, 1930) is a Romanian politician. ... Petre Roman (born July 22, 1946) is a Romanian politician, former Prime Minister of Romania from 1989 to 1991, when his government was overthrown by the intervention of the miners led by Miron Cozma. ...


FDSN won the 1992 elections and went on to govern Romania until 1996. On July 10, 1993 it took the name of Party of Social Democracy in Romania (Partidul Democraţiei Sociale din România, PDSR) upon merger with the Socialist Democratic Party of Romania (PDSR), the Republican Party and the Cooperative Party. is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...

Mircea Geoana

From 1994 to 1996 the PDSR ruled in coalition with three extremist parties - the right-wing Romanian National Unity Party (PUNR) and Greater Romania Party (PRM), and the left-wing Socialist Party of Labour. PUNR had ministers in the cabinet chaired by Nicolae Văcăroiu from March 1994 to September 1996. PRM was not present at the Cabinet, but was given some posts in the State administration. The PDSR lost the 1996 election, which was won by the multi-party coalition Romanian Democratic Convention (CDR). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1050x1197, 373 KB) Mircea Geoană, president of PSD 2005-present This image is a work of a U.S. military or Department of Defense employee, taken or made during the course of an employees official duties. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1050x1197, 373 KB) Mircea Geoană, president of PSD 2005-present This image is a work of a U.S. military or Department of Defense employee, taken or made during the course of an employees official duties. ... The Romanian National Unity Party (Partidul Unităţii Naţionale a Românilor, PUNR) is a political party in Romania without parliamentary representation. ... Great Romania Party campaign poster for the Romanian presidential election, 2004. ... Nicolae Văcăroiu (born on December 5, 1943 in Cetatea Albă, now Bilhorod-Dnistrovskyi in Ukraine) is a Romanian politician, member of the Social Democratic Party, who served as Prime Minister between 1992 and 1996. ... The Romanian Democratic Convention (Romanian: Convenţia Democrată Română, CDR) was an electoral alliance of several political parties of Romania, active from early 1992 until 2000. ...


In November 2000 the PDSR was back in power, this time in a coalition named the Social Democratic Pole of Romania along with the Romanian Social Democratic Party (PSDR) and the Romanian Humanist Party (PUR). PSDR merged with PDSR on January 16, 2001, and the resulting party took its present name, PSD. The Social Democratic Pole of Romania was the governing coalition of Romania 2000-2004. ... The Romanian Social Democratic Party (Romanian: Partidul Social Democrat Român, or Partidul Social Democrat, PSD) was a social-democratic political party in Romania. ... The Romanian Humanist Party (Romanian: Partidul Umanist Român, PUR) is a Romanian centrist political party. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

PSD meeting on the occasion of visit by Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, president of the Party of European Socialists, May 2006
PSD meeting on the occasion of visit by Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, president of the Party of European Socialists, May 2006

In November 2004, Adrian Năstase, the PSD candidate, won the first round of the presidential elections but did not have a majority and had to go to a second round of voting, which he lost to Traian Băsescu of the Justice and Truth alliance, who is therefore the current president. In the legislative elections of 2004, the PSD gained the largest share of the vote but because it did not have a majority, all the other major parties formed the Justice and Truth alliance, which managed to gain a parliamentary majority and is currently in government, consigning the PSD to opposition. Image File history File linksMetadata Garden_meeting. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Garden_meeting. ... Poul Nyrup Rasmussen Poul Nyrup Rasmussen (born June 15, 1943) was the Prime Minister of Denmark from January 25, 1993 to November 27, 2001. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) is a European political party whose members are 33 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well as Norway. ... Adrian Năstase (born June 22, 1950) is a Romanian politician who was the Prime Minister of Romania from December 2000 to December 2004. ... Traian Băsescu (born November 4, 1951) is a Romanian politician and former Merchant Navy officer. ... Justice and Truth (in Romanian Dreptate ÅŸi Adevăr, or D.A. for short) is a political alliance comprising two political parties in Romania: the centre-right liberal National Liberal Party (PNL) and the centre-left reformist Democratic Party (PD). ... The Romanian legislative election of 2004 was held on November 28, 2004. ...


Considered a young reformer, Geoană was elected president of the party in April 2005 by delegates at a PSD Party Congress held in Bucharest. His victory represented a surprise defeat for former President Ion Iliescu, who was expected to defeat Geoană handily. Geoană's win was attributed by the media to last minute backroom dealing by party leaders opposed to Iliescu as well as to public gaffes made by Iliescu at the Party Congress, including using allegedly old communist terms when referring to his party colleagues. Anthem Zdrobite cătuÅŸe (1947 - 1953) Te slăvim Românie (1953 - 1968) Trei Culori (1968-1989) Capital Bucharest Language(s) Romanian Government Socialist republic Head of State  - 1947–1965 Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej  - 1965-1989 Nicolae CeauÅŸescu Legislature Marea Adunare NaÅ£ionalÇŽ Historical era Cold War  - Monarchy abolished...


Leadership of FSN, FDSN, PDSR and PSD

Presidents

Executive presidents Ion Iliescu (born March 3, 1930) is a Romanian politician. ... Ion Iliescu (born March 3, 1930) is a Romanian politician. ... Adrian Năstase (born June 22, 1950) is a Romanian politician who was the Prime Minister of Romania from December 2000 to December 2004. ... Mircea Geoană Mircea Dan Geoană (born July 14, 1958 in Bucharest) is a Romanian politician, and a current member of the Romanian Senate. ...

Adrian Năstase temporarily "self-suspended" himself from the position on January 16, 2006 pending investigation of a scandal provoked by his wealth declaration, where he was accused of corruption. Adrian Năstase (born June 22, 1950) is a Romanian politician who was the Prime Minister of Romania from December 2000 to December 2004. ... Adrian Năstase (born June 22, 1950) is a Romanian politician who was the Prime Minister of Romania from December 2000 to December 2004. ... Ad interim (ad int) is Latin for temporarily or in the meantime. It also refers to a diplomatic officer who acts in place of an ambassador, as in the term chargé daffaires ad interim. Examples from classic literature: No; but she has become queen of Paris, ad interim, and... Adrian Năstase (born June 22, 1950) is a Romanian politician who was the Prime Minister of Romania from December 2000 to December 2004. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

Criticism and allegations

PSD has been often criticised for harbouring former Romanian Communist Party officials, and for attempting to control the Romanian mass media. A number of its senior members have also been accused of corruption, including interfering in the judiciary and using their political positions for personal enrichment. PCR hammer and sickle symbol The Romanian Communist Party (Romanian: Partidul Comunist Român, PCR) was a Communist political party in Romania. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Closely guarded text transcripts of PSD meetings surfaced on an anonymous Web site just before the 2004 Romanian presidential election. Năstase and his ministers are shown talking about political involvement in corruption trials of the government's members, or involvement in suppressing "disobedient" media. Năstase stated that the transcripts were fake, but several party members, including current PSD president and former Foreign Minister Mircea Geoană, have said they are indeed genuine. A presidential election was held in Romania on November 28, 2004. ... Mircea Geoană Mircea Dan Geoană (born July 14, 1958 in Bucharest) is a Romanian politician, and a current member of the Romanian Senate. ...


See also

Politics of Romania takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Romania is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... Political parties in Romania lists political parties in Romania. ...

External links

  • Official website
  • Transcripts of PSD meetings
  • "Geoană admitted PSD stenograms were genuine", in Ziua

Coordinates: 44°27′40.46″N, 26°4′52.85″E Political parties in Romania lists political parties in Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Type Lower house President (Speaker) Bogdan Olteanu, PNL, since 2006 Number of members 332 Political groups (as of 2006 elections) PSD, PNL, PD, PRM, UDMR, PC, National minorities, Independents Meeting place Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest Web site www. ... The Partidul NaÅ£ional Liberal (National Liberal Party) is a liberal party in Romania, and the second largest party in parliament, being edged out only by the Social Democratic Party. ... The Democratic Party (Romanian: Partidul Democrat, PD) is a centre-right (formerly social democrat) party of Romania. ... Great Romania Party campaign poster for the Romanian presidential election, 2004. ... The Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, (also Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania; Hungarian: Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség, RMDSZ; Romanian: Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din România, UDMR) is a Romanian political alliance, effectively (though not officially) a party, representing ethnic Hungarians in Romania. ... Its headquarters, on Calea Victoriei This article refers to the current Conservative Party in Romania. ... The Romanian constitution reserves 18 seats in the Senate for parties and cultural associations of the ethnic minorities in Romania. ... Coat of Arms of The Senate of Romania The Senate of Romania (Romanian: Senat) is the upper house in Romanias bicameral parliament. ... The Partidul NaÅ£ional Liberal (National Liberal Party) is a liberal party in Romania, and the second largest party in parliament, being edged out only by the Social Democratic Party. ... The Democratic Party (Romanian: Partidul Democrat, PD) is a centre-right (formerly social democrat) party of Romania. ... Great Romania Party campaign poster for the Romanian presidential election, 2004. ... Its headquarters, on Calea Victoriei This article refers to the current Conservative Party in Romania. ... The Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, (also Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania; Hungarian: Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség, RMDSZ; Romanian: Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din România, UDMR) is a Romanian political alliance, effectively (though not officially) a party, representing ethnic Hungarians in Romania. ... Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Political parties 8 Committees 22 Last election June 2004 (785 MEPs) Meeting place Brussels and Strasbourg Secretariat Luxembourg and Brussels Website europarl. ... The Partidul NaÅ£ional Liberal (National Liberal Party) is a liberal party in Romania, and the second largest party in parliament, being edged out only by the Social Democratic Party. ... The Democratic Party (Romanian: Partidul Democrat, PD) is a centre-right (formerly social democrat) party of Romania. ... Great Romania Party campaign poster for the Romanian presidential election, 2004. ... Its headquarters, on Calea Victoriei This article refers to the current Conservative Party in Romania. ... The Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, (also Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania; Hungarian: Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség, RMDSZ; Romanian: Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din România, UDMR) is a Romanian political alliance, effectively (though not officially) a party, representing ethnic Hungarians in Romania. ... The Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania (German: Demokratisches Forum der Deutschen in Rumänien, DFDR; Romanian: Forumul Democrat al Germanilor din România) is a political party representing the German minority in Romania. ... The New Generation – Christian Democrat Party (Partidul Noua GeneraÅ£ie - CreÅŸtin Democrat, formerly Partidul Noua GeneraÅ£ie) is a nationalist, Christian democratic political party in Romania. ... It has been suggested that National Peasants Party be merged into this article or section. ... The Ecologist Party of Romania (Partidul Ecologist din România) is a political party in Romania without parliamentary representation. ... The Peoples Action (Acţiunea Populară) is a Romanian right-wing political party, founded and led by former President Emil Constantinescu. ... External link Party website Categories: Politics stubs | Romanian political parties ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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