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Encyclopedia > Sochi
Sochi (English)
Сочи (Russian)

View of Sochi from the Black Sea

Sochi on the map of Russia
Coordinates
43°35′47″N 39°43′36″E / 43.59639, 39.72667Coordinates: 43°35′47″N 39°43′36″E / 43.59639, 39.72667
Coat of Arms Flag
City Day: May 1
Administrative status
Federal subject
In jurisdiction of
Administrative center of
Krasnodar Krai
Krasnodar Krai
Local self-government
Charter Charter of Sochi
Municipal status Urban okrug
Head Viktor Kolodyazhny
Legislative body City Assembly
Area
Area 3,508 km² (1,354.4 sq mi)
Population (as of the 2002 Census)
Population
- Rank
- Density
328,809 inhabitants
55th
93.7/km² (242.7/sq mi)
Events
Founded 1864
Renamed Sochi 1896
Town status 1917
Other information
Postal code 354xxx
Dialing code +7 8622
Official website
http://www.sochiadm.ru/

Sochi (Russian: Сочи, IPA: ['soʨɪ]) is a Russian resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai just north of the southern Russian border. It sprawls along the shores of the Black Sea against the background of the snow-capped peaks of the Caucasus Mountains. At 145 km (90 mi), Greater Sochi is claimed to be the longest city in Europe.[1] As of the 2002 Census, it had a population of 328,809, down from 336,514 recorded in the 1989 Census. The city has been selected to host the XXII Olympic Winter Games in 2014.[2] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 799 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1037 × 778 pixel, file size: 109 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Originally from swedish wiki (compressed) Photo taken by Användare:Ojj! 600 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Heraldry in its most general sense encompasses all matters relating to the duties and responsibilities of officers of arms. ... It has been suggested that the section intro from the article Civil flag be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... Russia is a federation which consists of 86 subjects[1]. These subjects are of equal federal rights in the sense that they have equal representation—two delegates each—in the Federation Council (upper house of the Russian parliament). ... Krasnodar Krai (Russian: , Krasnodarsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District. ... Krasnodar Krai (Russian: , Krasnodarsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Federal subjects of the Russian Federation Being the largest country in the world, and one of the most populated, Russia incorporates several types and levels of subdivisions. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... This is a list of cities and towns in Russia with population over 50,000, grouped by federal subject and sorted by population. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Postal codes are generally clearly visible outside local Australian post offices. ... // Proposed Country Code: 3 In 1996, the European Commission proposed the introduction of a single telephone numbering plan, in which all European Union member states would use the code 3. Calls between member states would no longer require the use of the international access code 00. This proposal would have... A website (alternatively, Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on a Web server, usually accessible via the Internet or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML, that is almost always accessible via HTTP, a... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... Resorts combine a hotel and a variety of recreations, such as swimming pools. ... Types of inhabited localities in Russia, Soviet Union, and some other post-Soviet states have certain peculiarities with respect to the English language traditions. ... Krasnodar Krai (Russian: , Krasnodarsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system between the Black and Caspian seas in the Caucasus region, usually considered the southeastern limit of Europe. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ... The 1989 Soviet Census was the final and most comprehensive census taken within The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics The census officially recorded the popullation of the USSR at 286,717,000, making it the third most populous country in the world. ... The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, is an international winter multiple sports event that will be celebrated from February 7 to February 23, 2014. ...

Contents

History

From the 6th to the 15th centuries, the area successively belonged to the Georgian kingdoms of Egrisi and Abkhazia who built a dozen churches within the city limits. The Christian settlements along the coast were destroyed by the invading Gokturks, Khazars, and other nomadic empires whose control of the region was slight. The northern wall of an 11th-century Byzantinesque basilica still stands in the district of Loo. Egrisi (or Kolkheti) known to the ancient Greeks and Romans as Lazica and Persians as Lazistan was a kingdom in the western part of Georgia, which flourished between the 6th century BC and the 7th century AD. It covered the territory of the former kingdom Kolkha (Colchis) and the territory... The Abkhazian Kingdom or the Kingdom of the Abkhazians refers to an early medieval feudal state in the Caucasus which lasted from the 780s until being united, through dynastic succession, with the Kingdom of the Georgians (see Tao-Klarjeti) in 1008. ... The Göktürks or Kök-Türks known as Tujue (突厥 tu2 jue2) in medieval Chinese sources, established the first known Turkic state around 552, after the Huns, under the leadership of Bumin/Tuman Khan/Khaghan (d. ... The Khazars (Hebrew Kuzari כוזרי Kuzarim כוזרים; Turkish Hazar Hazarlar; Russian Хазарин Хазары; Tatar sing Xäzär Xäzärlär; Crimean Tatar: ; Greek Χαζάροι/Χάζαροι; Persianخزر khazar; Latin Gazari or Cosri) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people from Central Asia, many of whom converted to Judaism. ... Nomadic Empires, sometimes also called Steppe Empires, Central or Inner Asian Empires, are the empires erected by the bow wielding, horse riding, Eurasian nomads, from Classical Antiquity (Scythia) to the Early Modern era (Dzungars). ... Byzantine architecture is the architecture of the Byzantine Empire. ... St. ...

View of the Sochi River and Sochi from the west. Photograph by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky circa 1905-1915
View of the Sochi River and Sochi from the west. Photograph by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky circa 1905-1915

From the 15th century, the coast was controlled by the local mountaineer clans, nominally under the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire. It was ceded to Russia in 1829 as a result of the Russo-Turkish War. In 1838, the fort of Alexandria, renamed Navaginsky a year later, was founded at the mouth of the Sochi river to protect the area from Circassian incursions. During the Crimean War, the garrison was evacuated from Navaginsky in order to reinforce active forces. The fort was rebuilt in 1864 under the name of Dakhovsky, or Dakhovsky Posad (as it became known in 1874). In 1896, the settlement acquired its present name, derived from the local Sochi River. Town status was granted to Sochi in 1917. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 666 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (857 × 771 pixel, file size: 138 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sochi. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 666 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (857 × 771 pixel, file size: 138 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Sochi. ... Photograph of the Sochi River circa 1905-1915 by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky The Sochi (Russian: [Soči]; Abkhaz: Шәача [Š°ača, //]; Adyghe: Шъачэ; Ubykh: Шьача) is a river in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky. ... The Ubykh people are a group who spoke the Northwest Caucasian Ubykh language, up until 1992. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–65) Edirne (1365–1453) Constantinople (Ä°stanbul, 1453–1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–22 Mehmed VI... The Russo-Turkish War of 1828-1829 was sparked by the Greeks struggle for independence. ... Construction of the Georgian Military Road through disputed territories was a key factor in the eventual Russian success A Scene from the Caucasian War, by Franz Roubaud Russian Invasion of the Caucasus, better known in Russia as the Caucasian War of 1817-1864, was a series of military actions of... Combatants Allies: Second French Empire British Empire Ottoman Empire Kingdom of Sardinia Russian Empire Bulgarian volunteers Casualties 90,000 French 35,000 Turkish 17,500 British 2,194 Sardinian killed, wounded and died of disease ~134,000 killed, wounded and died of disease The Crimean War (1853–1856) was fought... Photograph of the Sochi River circa 1905-1915 by Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky The Sochi (Russian: [Soči]; Abkhaz: Шәача [Š°ača, //]; Adyghe: Шъачэ; Ubykh: Шьача) is a river in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ...


From 1918 to 1919, the town and its environs saw sporadic armed clashes involving the Red Army, White movement forces and the Democratic Republic of Georgia. Sochi was established as a fashionable resort area in the years of the Soviet Union when Joseph Stalin had his favourite dacha built in the city; Stalin's study, complete with a wax statue of the leader, is now open to the public.[3] The Sochi conflict was a three-party border conflict which involved the counterrevolutionary White Russian forces, Bolshevik Red Army and the Democratic Republic of Georgia each of which sought the control over the Black Sea town Sochi and the adjacent region. ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... White Army redirects here. ... Anthem: Dideba Zetsit Kurtheuls (Praise Be To The Heavenly Bestower of Blessings) Map of the Democratic Republic of Georgia from November 1918 to May 1920. ... Josef Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili (Georgian: , Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jughashvili; Russian: , Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili) (December 18 [O.S. December 6] 1878[2] – March 5, 1953), better known by his adopted name, Joseph Stalin (alternatively transliterated Josef Stalin), was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Unions Central Committee from... Dacha of Boris Pasternak in Peredelkino. ...


Climate

Climate diagram (1961-1990)
Climate diagram (1961-1990)

Sochi has a humid subtropical climate (Koppen climate classification Cfa) at the lower elevations; with winter temperatures rarely falling much below freezing and with the average winter temperature of +6 °C (42.8 °F). The average summer high temperature ranges between +25 °C (77 °F) and +28 °C (82.4 °F) with occasional extreme heat in some interior locations exceeding +40 °C (104 °F). Average annual precipitation is 1,400 mm.[4][5][6] Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 548 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 685 pixel, file size: 71 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 548 pixelsFull resolution (1000 × 685 pixel, file size: 71 KB, MIME type: image/png) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and chilly to mild winters. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ...


Population

The Black Sea near Sochi, picture from 1915
The Black Sea near Sochi, picture from 1915
Year Population
1897 1,300
1926 13,000
1939 71,000
1959 127,000
1979 287,300
1989 336,514
2002 328,809
2006 329,481

Image File history File links Sochi_edited. ... Image File history File links Sochi_edited. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

Layout and landmarks

Monument to Archangel Mikhail
Monument to Archangel Mikhail

Sochi almost alone of larger Russian cities has the aspect of a subtropical resort. Apart from the scenic Caucasus Mountains, pebbly and sand beaches, the city attracts vacation-goers with its subtropical vegetation, numerous parks, monuments, and extravagant Stalinist architecture. About two million people visit Greater Sochi each summer[7], when the city is home to the annual film festival "Kinotavr" and a getaway for Russia's elite. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 411 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (548 × 800 pixel, file size: 49 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 411 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (548 × 800 pixel, file size: 49 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ... The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system between the Black and Caspian seas in the Caucasus region, usually considered the southeastern limit of Europe. ... The Beach in Calella, Spain. ... Tourists on Oahu, Hawaii Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travel. ... Unrealised design for the Palace of Soviets, Moscow, by Boris Iofan, 1933 Stalinist architecture (also referred to as Stalins Empire style or Socialist Classicism) is a term given to constructions that were built in the Soviet Union between 1933, when Boris Iofans draft for Palace of Soviets was... Kinotaur {Russian: ), also known as Sochi Open Russian Film Festival is an open film festival carried out in the resort city of Sochi, Russia annually in June since 1991. ...


A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the 295,700-hectare (730,690-acre) Caucasian Biosphere Reserve, lies just north from the city.[8] Sochi also has Europe's most northerly tea plantations. It is served by the Adler-Sochi International Airport. UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... The last wild wisent in the world was killed by poachers here in 1927. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... Tea leaves in a Chinese gaiwan. ... // This article is about crop plantations. ... Adler-Sochi International Airport (IATA: AER, ICAO: URSS) (Russian: Международный Аэропорт Адлер-Сочи) is an airport located in Adler District of the resort city of Sochi situated at the Black Sea coast in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ...


Tsentralny City District

Train station of Sochi hidden behind palm trees
Train station of Sochi hidden behind palm trees
Sochi Maritime Terminal
Sochi Maritime Terminal

Tsentralny (Central) City District, or Sochi proper, covers an area of 32 square kilometers (12.4 sq mi) and, as of 2002 Census has a population of 133,935. The highlights include: Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1556 × 1167 pixel, file size: 276 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Train station of Sochi hidden behind palm tree. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1556 × 1167 pixel, file size: 276 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Train station of Sochi hidden behind palm tree. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 731 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 656 pixel, file size: 78 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 731 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 656 pixel, file size: 78 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Russian Census of 2002 (Russian: ) was the first census of Russian Federation carried out on October 9, 2002. ...

  • Michael Archangel Cathedral, a diminutive church built in 1873-91 to Kaminsky's designs in order to commemorate the victorious conclusion of the Caucasian War.
  • The red-granite Archangel Column, erected in 2006 in memory of the Russian soldiers fallen in Sochi during the Caucasian War. It is capped by a 7-metre bronze statue of Sochi's patron saint, Michael the Archangel.
  • Sochi Art Museum occupies a large building with a four-columned portico, completed in 1939. The elegant Neoclassical design is considered to be the masterpiece of Ivan Zholtovsky.
  • The Winter Theatre (1934-37) is another rigorously Neoclassical edifice, surrounded by 88 Corinthian columns, with a pediment bearing the statues of Terpsichore, Melpomene and Thalia, all three cast by Vera Mukhina.
  • The Maritime Passenger Terminal (1955) is notable for its distinctive 71-metre-high steepled tower and four statues symbolizing the cardinal points.
  • The Railway Terminal Station (1952) is probably Sochi's most familiar building, being the first landmark seen by visitors on approach to the city. It is a remarkable example of Stalinist architecture.
  • The Riviera Park was established by Aleksey Khludov's son in 1898 in the part of the city which later became known as Khludovskaya. The park is popular with tourists and local residents alike. It has a variety of attractions, including an outcrop of funny statues and a "glade of friendship" where magnolia trees were planted by every Soviet cosmonaut, among other notables.
  • The Tree of Freedom is a lemon tree planted by Otto Schmidt in 1934. Multiple cultivars from foreign countries were grafted onto this tree as a token of friendship. The associated museum boasts a collection of 20,000 presents from all over the world.

Saint Michaels Church is an orthodox church in Sochi, Russia. ... Alexander Stepanovich Kaminsky (1829 - 1897, Russian: , sometimes spelled Kamensky, Каменский) was a Russian architect working in Moscow and suburbs. ... Construction of the Georgian Military Road through disputed territories was a key factor in the eventual Russian success A Scene from the Caucasian War, by Franz Roubaud Russian Invasion of the Caucasus, better known in Russia as the Caucasian War of 1817-1864, was a series of military actions of... Guido Renis archangel Michael (in the Capuchin church of Sta. ... The neoclassical movement that produced Neoclassical architecture began in the mid-18th century, both as a reaction against the Rococo style of anti-tectonic naturalistic ornament, and an outgrowth of some classicizing features of Late Baroque. ... Ivan Vladislavovich Zholtovsky (Иван Владиславович Жолтовский, 1867-1959) was a Russian-Soviet architect and educator. ... Terpsichore, Muse of Music and Dance, oil on canvas by Jean-Marc Nattier 1739 Terpsichore holding an Aeolian harp. ... Hesiod and the Muse, 1891 - Oil on canvas, Musee dOrsay, Paris Gustave Moreau Melpomene (to sing) was a Muse in Greek mythology. ... Thalia - oil on canvas by Jean-Marc Nattier 1739 In Greek mythology, Thalia or Thaleia (good cheer) was the muse of comedy and pastoral poetry. ... A portrait of Vera Mukhina, the work of Russian artist Mikhail Nesterov The Worker and Kolhoz Woman Vera Ignatyevna Mukhina (Russian: ; July 1, 1889 [O.S. June 19] in Riga — 6 October 1953 in Moscow) was a prominent Soviet sculptor. ... Cardinal directions or cardinal points are the four principal directions or points of the compass, north, east, south and west. ... Unrealised design for the Palace of Soviets, Moscow, by Boris Iofan, 1933 Stalinist architecture (also referred to as Stalins Empire style or Socialist Classicism) is a term given to constructions that were built in the Soviet Union between 1933, when Boris Iofans draft for Palace of Soviets was... Aleksey I. Khludov Aleksey Ivanovich Khludov (23 August 1818 — 22 March 1882) was a Russian Old Believer merchant who amassed the richest private collection of early mediaeval manuscripts in Imperial Russia. ... Species See text Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Magnolia Magnolia is a large genus of about 210[1] flowering plant species in the subfamily Magnolioideae of the family Magnoliaceae. ... U.S. Space Shuttle astronaut Bruce McCandless II using a manned maneuvering unit. ...

Lazarevsky City District

The landing of Nikolay Raevsky's squadron at Subashi, as depicted in 1839 by Ivan Aivazovsky, an eyewitness to the event.
The landing of Nikolay Raevsky's squadron at Subashi, as depicted in 1839 by Ivan Aivazovsky, an eyewitness to the event.

Lazarevsky City District lies to the north-west from the city centre and has a population of 63,239 people (2002 Census). It is the largest city district by area, covering some 1,744 square kilometers (673.4 sq mi) and comprising several microdistricts: Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Portrait by George Dawe in the Military Gallery For other uses, see Nikolay Raevsky (disambiguation). ... Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky (Russian: , Armenian: - Hovhannes Aivazovsky July 29, 1817 - May 5, 1900) was a Russian painter of Armenian descent, most famous for his seascapes, which constitute more than half of his paintings. ... Microdistrict, or microraion (Russian: ; Chinese: 小区; Pinyin: XiÇŽoqÅ«), is a residential compound—a primary structural element of the residential area construction used in the Soviet Union, other former Warsaw pact countries, and the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ...

  • Lazarevskoye, 59 km from the downtown core, contains a delphinarium, an old church (1903) and a new church (1999). The settlement was founded as a Russian military outpost in 1839 and was named after Admiral Lazarev.
  • Loo, 18 km from the city centre, was once owned by Princes Loov of Abkhazia, a noble family claiming patrilineal discent from King Anos, whose royal title was sanctioned by Emperor Heraclius in 623 AD. The district contains the ruins of a medieval church, founded in the 8th century, rebuilt in the 11th century, and converted into a fortress in the Late Middle Ages.
  • Dagomys, 18 km from the city centre, has been noted for its botanical garden, established by order of Nicholas II, as well as tea plantations and factories. A sprawling hotel complex was opened there in 1982. Dagomys adjoins Bocharov Ruchey, a dacha built for Kliment Voroshilov in the 1950s, but later upgraded into a country residence of the President of Russia, where he normally spends his vacations and often confers with leaders of other states.[9]
  • Golovinka is a historic location at the mouth of the Shakhne river. Formerly marking the border between the Ubykhs and the Shapsugs, the settlement was noted by Italian travellers of the 17th century as Abbasa. On 3 May 1838, it was the site of the Subashi landing of the Russians, who proceeded to construct Fort Golovinsky where many convicted Decembrists used to serve. The fort was intentionally destroyed by Russian forces at the beginning of the Crimean War, so as to avoid its capture by the enemy.
  • Fort Godlik, of which little remains, had a turbulent history. It was built at the mouth of the Godlik River in the Byzantine period (5th to 8th centuries), was destroyed by the Khazars and revived by the Genoese in the High Middle Ages.

The Festa Dolphinarium in Varna, Bulgaria A dolphinarium is an aquarium for dolphins. ... Portrait of Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev Mikhail Petrovich Lazarev (Лазарев, Михаил Петрович in Russian) (November 3, 1788 — April 11, 1851) was a Russian fleet commander and explorer, and Admiral (1843). ... Capital Sokhumi Official languages Abkhaz, Georgian Government  -  Chairman, Cabinet of Ministers  -  Chairman, Supreme Council Temur Mzhavia Autonomous republic of Georgia  -  Georgian independence Declared Recognised 9 April 1991 25 December 1991  Currency Georgian lari (GEL) Anthem Aiaaira Capital Sukhumi Official languages Abkhaz, Russian1 Government  -  President Sergei Bagapsh  -  Prime Minister Alexander Ankvab... Heraclius and his sons Heraclius Constantine and Heraclonas. ... Dagomys is a microraion of Sochi, Russia (18 km from the city centre), known for its resorts, vacation spots and tea plantations. ... Inside the United States Botanic Garden Inside the Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden (Brazil), 1890 Botanical gardens (in Latin, hortus botanicus) grow a wide variety of plants primarily categorized and documented for scientific purposes, but also for the enjoyment and education of visitors, a consideration that has become essential to... Nicholas II can refer to: Pope Nicholas II Tsar Nicholas II of Russia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Dacha of Boris Pasternak in Peredelkino. ...   (Russian: ), popularly known as Klim Voroshilov (Russian: ) (February 4 [O.S. January 23] 1881 – December 2, 1969) was a Soviet military commander and politician. ... The President of Russia (ru: Президент России is the highest position within the Government of Russia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shapsugs (Russian: ; self-designation: шапсыг, or Shapsyg) are a people of the Adyghe branch, who live in Tuapsinsky District of Krasnodar Krai, Lazarevsky City District of Sochi, and in the Republic of Adygea in Russia. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the failed Russian revolt. ... Combatants Allies: Second French Empire British Empire Ottoman Empire Kingdom of Sardinia Russian Empire Bulgarian volunteers Casualties 90,000 French 35,000 Turkish 17,500 British 2,194 Sardinian killed, wounded and died of disease ~134,000 killed, wounded and died of disease The Crimean War (1853–1856) was fought... The Khazars (Hebrew Kuzari כוזרי Kuzarim כוזרים; Turkish Hazar Hazarlar; Russian Хазарин Хазары; Tatar sing Xäzär Xäzärlär; Crimean Tatar: ; Greek Χαζάροι/Χάζαροι; Persianخزر khazar; Latin Gazari or Cosri) were a semi-nomadic Turkic people from Central Asia, many of whom converted to Judaism. ... Alternate uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ...

Khostinsky City District

The Mount Akhun observation tower

Khostinsky City District, sprawling to the south-east from the city centre, occupies approximately 374 square kilometers (144.4 sq mi), with a population of 62,515 (2002 Census). The district is traversed by many rivulets which give their names to the sub-districts of Matsesta ("flame-coloured river"), Kudepsta, and Khosta ("the river of boars"): Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

  • Matsesta has been a spa since 1902. A 1,316-metre long tunnel, constructed between 1996 and 2000, connects it to Khosta and Sochi proper. The area does not retain many marks of antiquity, although the eponymous river was noted as Masaitica as early as 137 AD, in a letter from Arrian to Emperor Hadrian.
  • Kudepsta is another seashore resort, notable for the Vorontsov Caves, stretching for some four kilometers away from the shore. There are fourteen entrances to the caves. The largest hall has a length of twenty meters.
  • Khosta is an old village, attested in medieval documents as Casto and Khamysh. It contains the ruins of a medieval church, going back to the 14th century, and the comparatively modern Transfiguration Church, consecrated in 1914. Khosta has an array of tourist attractions:
    • Khosta Fortress, or rather the ruins thereof, perched on the top of a 100-metre high cliff within six kilometers from the sea coast.
    • The fortress stands on the grounds of an ancient grove of yews and boxwood, which may be up to 30 mya old. The largest yews attain a height of 50 metres; some are estimated to be 2,000 years old. The grove covers an area of 301 ha and has been affiliated with the Caucasian Bioshere Reserve since 1931.
    • The Akhun massif comprises Greater Akhun Mtn. (663 meters), Lesser Akhun Mtn. (501 meters), and Eagle Bluff (380 meters). Greater Akhun is crowned by a Neo-Romanesque limestone tower (1936) that offers glimpses of Pitsunda and Gagra across the border in Abkhazia. There is also a chain of twenty karst caves in the massif.
    • The Sochi Arboretum, which goes back to 1889, possesses the most comprehensive collection of subtropical flora in Russia, including 76 species of pine, 80 species of oak, and 24 species of palm.
    • The Summer Theatre is a rather ordinary Neoclassical structure, erected in 1937 and extensively renovated in 2001.

Look up spa, Spa, SpA in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Alexander the Great Lucius Flavius Arrianus Xenophon (c. ... Publius Aelius Traianus Hadrianus (January 24, 76 – July 10, 138), known as Hadrian in English was Roman emperor from 117 – 138, as well as a Stoic and Epicurean philosopher. ... Mya has more than one meaning: Mýa, an American R&B singer and actress mya (unit), an abbreviation for million years ago, used as a unit of time in astronomy and geology The ISO 639 alpha-3 code for the Burmese language (mya) The IOC, license plate, and UNDP... The last wild wisent in the world was killed by poachers here in 1927. ... In geology, a massif is a section of a planets crust that is demarcated by faults or flexures. ... Bexar County Courthouse, San Antonio, Texas. ... Pitsunda (Georgian: Bichvinta) is a resort town in Abkhazia, situated on the shore of the Black Sea 25 km south from Gagra. ... Gagra, View from the Black Sea Gagra is a city in the Abkhazia region of western Georgia, sprawling for 5 km on the northeast coast of the Black Sea, at the foot of the Caucasus Mountains. ... Karst topography occurs when a landscape is marked by underground drainage patterns. ... An arboretum is a botanical garden primarily devoted to trees and other woody plants, forming a living collection of trees intended at least partly for scientific study. ... Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ... Subgenera Subgenus Strobus Subgenus Ducampopinus Subgenus Pinus See Pinus classification for complete taxonomy to species level. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Look up Palm in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Adlersky City District

View of Adlersky City District from Khosta
View of Adlersky City District from Khosta

Adlersky City District, with an area of 1,352 square kilometers (522 sq mi) and a population of 69,120 people (2002 Census), is the southernmost district of the city, located just north of the border with Abkhazia. Until the establishment of Greater Sochi in 1961, it was administered as a separate town, which had its origin in an ancient Sadz village and a medieval Genoese trading post. View of Adlersky City District from Khosta coast Adlersky City District (Russian: ) is the southernmost of four city districts of the city of Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 594 pixelsFull resolution (2180 × 1620 pixel, file size: 508 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) ru: вид на курортный городок Адлера с побережья Хосты File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 594 pixelsFull resolution (2180 × 1620 pixel, file size: 508 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) ru: вид на курортный городок Адлера с побережья Хосты File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Capital Sokhumi Official languages Abkhaz, Georgian Government  -  Chairman, Cabinet of Ministers  -  Chairman, Supreme Council Temur Mzhavia Autonomous republic of Georgia  -  Georgian independence Declared Recognised 9 April 1991 25 December 1991  Currency Georgian lari (GEL) Anthem Aiaaira Capital Sukhumi Official languages Abkhaz, Russian1 Government  -  President Sergei Bagapsh  -  Prime Minister Alexander Ankvab... The Sadz or Asadzwa are a people or a sub-ethnic group of the Abkhazians. ... Alternate uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ...


Among the natural wonders of the district is the Akhshtyr Gorge with a 160-metre-long cave which contains traces of human habitation about 30,000 years ago. The upland part of the district includes a network of remote mountain villages (auls), the Estonian colony at Esto-Sadok, and the ski resort of Krasnaya Polyana which will host the snow events (alpine and nordic) of the 2014 Winter Olympics. An aoul is a type of fortified village found throughout the Caucasus mountains, especially in Dagestan. ... Esto-Sadok (Russian: , Estonian: , the Estonian Garden) is a settlement in Adlersky City District, Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Krasnaya Polyana may refer to: Krasnaya Polyana, Kirov Oblast, an urban settlement in Kirov Oblast, Russia Krasnaya Polyana, Krasnodar Krai, an urban settlement in Krasnodar Krai, Russia This article consisting of geographical locations is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, is an international winter multiple sports event that will be celebrated from February 7 to February 23, 2014. ...


It is also possible to visit the largest trout farm in Russia (founded in 1964) and a breeding nursery for great apes. Genera Subfamily Ponginae Pongo - Orangutans Gigantopithecus (extinct) Sivapithecus (extinct) Subfamily Homininae Gorilla - Gorillas Pan - Chimpanzees Homo - Humans Paranthropus (extinct) Australopithecus (extinct) Sahelanthropus (extinct) Ardipithecus (extinct) Kenyanthropus (extinct) Pierolapithecus (extinct) (tentative) The Hominids (Hominidae) are a biological family which includes humans, extinct species of humanlike creatures and the other great apes...


Sports facilities

Sochi is also known for its sport facilities: a local tennis school spawned the careers of such notable players as Grand Slam champions Maria Sharapova and Yevgeny Kafelnikov (Kafelnikov spent much of his childhood here, while Sharapova relocated to Florida at the age of 7). In late 2005, the Russian Football Union announced that it was planning to establish a year-round training centre for the country's national teams in Sochi. The city's warm climate was cited as one of the main incentives. For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... In tennis, a singles player or doubles team that wins all four Grand Slam titles in the same year is said to have achieved the Grand Slam or a Calendar Year Grand Slam. ... Maria Yuryevna Sharapova (Russian:  ) (born April 19, 1987) is a Russian professional tennis player and a former World No. ... Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Kafelnikov (born 18 February 1974; Russian: , yev-GHE-neey KAH-fill-nee-coff) is a former World No. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... The Football Union of Russia (RFU) (Russian: Российский Футбольный Союз) is the governing body of football in Russia. ...


2014 Winter Olympics

Main article: 2014 Winter Olympics

In June 2006, IOC president Jacques Rogge announced that Sochi had been selected as a finalist city to host the 2014 Winter Olympics. On July 4, 2007, Sochi was announced as the host of the 2014 Winter Olympics, defeating Salzburg, Austria and PyeongChang, South Korea.[10] The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, is an international winter multiple sports event that will be celebrated from February 7 to February 23, 2014. ... Image File history File links Lg2014sc. ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... Jacques Rogge (born May 2, 1942) is a Belgian orthopaedic surgeon and has been the president of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) since 2001. ... The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXII Olympic Winter Games, is an international winter multiple sports event that will be celebrated from February 7 to February 23, 2014. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...   (Austro-Bavarian: SÃ¥izburg) is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. ... Pyeongchang County (Pyeongchang-gun) is a county in Gangwon Province, South Korea. ...


This will be the Russian Federation's first time hosting Winter Olympic Games. Russia was a Soviet Socialist Republic of the former Soviet Union when Moscow hosted the 1980 Summer Olympics. The Russian government has committed to a $12 billion investment package,[11] shared 60-40 between the government and private sector.[12] In its final decades of its existence, the Soviet Union consisted of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics (SSR), often called simply Soviet republics. ... Position of Moscow in Europe Coordinates: , Country District Subdivision Russia Central Federal District Federal City Government  - Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov Area  - City 1,081 km²  (417. ... Badge, released in the USSR The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, were held in Moscow in the Soviet Union. ...


Environmental impact

"Sadly, the Olympic bid is being used as a way for construction companies simply to get their hands on the most valuable land," Greenpeace Russia’s Mikhail Kreindlin said.[9] "The last time the Russian government looked at this issue, which was in January, 2007 they made no mention of the Olympic bid. They simply said that the land could be used for social infrastructure, whereas it was patently obvious that it would be snapped up by elite resorts and golf clubs [with] nothing to do with the Olympics." Putin had apparently chided construction firms working round-the-clock to get Sochi up to ready, the St. Petersburg Times reported.[13] "It would be a huge mistake not to take into account what the environmental organizations think", said Putin. "We are going to make sure that builders maintain contact with" environmentalists, who had voiced concerns about the work’s impact on the Sochi National Park, in the North Caucasus mountains. Greenpeace protest against Esso / Exxon Mobil. ...


Greenpeace Russia had told the US-funded Radio Liberty[14] on 12 September 2006 that it wanted to prevent construction work inside a national park, which it said would break Russia's environmental protection laws. // America usually means either: The Americas, the lands and regions of the Western hemisphere, often divided into North America and South America The United States of America. ... September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


Construction work

View of the ski resort of Krasnaya Polyana.
View of the ski resort of Krasnaya Polyana.

State-controlled Unified Energy Systems would spend 30 billion roubles (about US $ 1.17 billion) on upgrading the electricity infrastructure in the Sochi area by 2014, the utility had announced on 5 July 2007, Moscow’s Kommersant daily reported the next day.[15] The utility would have to build or modernize four thermal power stations and four hydroelectric plants — and replace the Central-Shepsi electricity transmission line, which, the daily said, often failed in bad weather. The new power line would run partly on pylons and partly across the bed of the Black Sea. By 2011, UES would increase the resort’s power supply by 1129 MW — of which 300 MW would be used for Olympic sports facilities “The cost of the work is estimated at 83.6 billion roubles (about US $3.26 billion), of which 49.9 billion roubles (about US $1.94 billion) will go to investments in the electricity grid,” utility head Anatoly Chubais said. He would not say how much of the bill the state would foot. In February 2007, when UES had planned to spend 48.8 billion roubles (about US $1.9 billion) on the Sochi area, the share the state had been ready to pay had been 38 billion roubles (about US $1.48 billion) of that. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 381 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Krasnaya_Polyana - lowest station File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 381 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Krasnaya_Polyana - lowest station File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Krasnaya Polyana may refer to: Krasnaya Polyana, Kirov Oblast, an urban settlement in Kirov Oblast, Russia Krasnaya Polyana, Krasnodar Krai, an urban settlement in Krasnodar Krai, Russia This article consisting of geographical locations is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... The Unified Energy System (MICEX:EESR RTS:EESR) (OAO RAO UES of Russia; Russian: or Russian: ) is an electric power holding company in Russia which generates about 70% of Russias installed electric capacity, and owns 96% of the countrys high-voltage grid, and over 70% of its transmission... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Notable people from Sochi

Yevgeny Aleksandrovich Kafelnikov (born 18 February 1974; Russian: , yev-GHE-neey KAH-fill-nee-coff) is a former World No. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... Boris Nemtsov Boris Efimovich Nemtsov (Борис Ефимович Немцов) (born October 9, 1959) is one of the leading members of the liberal Union of Right Forces political party in Russia. ... Mordechai Spiegler (Hebrew: מרדכי שפיגלר, born 19 August 1944) is a former Israeli footballer. ... Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

Sister cities

Sochi is twinned with the following cities:

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For the parliamentary constituency, see Cheltenham (UK Parliament constituency). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Menton (Occitan: Menton in classical norm or Mentan in Mistralian norm; Italian: Mentone) is a town and commune in the Alpes-Maritimes département of the Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur région of France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Rimini is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy and capital city of the Province of Rimini. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Founded 1972 Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Area - Of which land - Rank 528 km² 312 km² ranked 279th Population - Density - Change - Rank 229,443 (2005) 729 inh. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Trabzon, formerly known as Trebizond (Modern Greek: Τραπεζούντα, Trapezoúnta; Ancient Greek: , Trapezoûs), is a city on the Black Sea coast of northeastern Turkey and the capital of Trabzon Province. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia. ... County Pärnu County Mayor Mart Viisitamm Area 32. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Weihai (威海; pinyin: wēihǎi, also Weihaiwei) is a seaport city on the Bohai Gulf in north-east Shandong province, China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Coordinates 39°22′ N 22°56′ E Country Greece Periphery Thessaly Prefecture Magnesia Population 82,439 source (2001) Area 26. ...

See also

Tuapse (Russian: , Adyghe: ТIуапсэ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the northeast shores of the Black Sea. ... Gelendzhik (Russian: ) is a resort town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the Black Sea coast some 89 km from Krasnodar. ... Gagra, View from the Black Sea Gagra is a city in the Abkhazia region of western Georgia, sprawling for 5 km on the northeast coast of the Black Sea, at the foot of the Caucasus Mountains. ... Pitsunda (Georgian: Bichvinta) is a resort town in Abkhazia, situated on the shore of the Black Sea 25 km south from Gagra. ... Capital Sokhumi Official languages Abkhaz, Georgian Government  -  Chairman, Cabinet of Ministers  -  Chairman, Supreme Council Temur Mzhavia Autonomous republic of Georgia  -  Georgian independence Declared Recognised 9 April 1991 25 December 1991  Currency Georgian lari (GEL) Anthem Aiaaira Capital Sukhumi Official languages Abkhaz, Russian1 Government  -  President Sergei Bagapsh  -  Prime Minister Alexander Ankvab...

References

  1. ^ Port of Sochi at Russia.com. Retrieved on July 7, 2007.
  2. ^ Sochi hosts 2014 Winter Olympics. BBC, 4 July 2007.
  3. ^ Stalin's ghost haunts Black Sea hotel at Mail & Guardian Online. Retrieved on July 7, 2007.
  4. ^ Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Entry on Sochi (Russian)
  5. ^ V. A. Drozdov, O. B. Glezer, T. G. Nefedova and I. V. Shabdurasulov (1992). Ecological and geographical characteristics of the coastal zone of the Black Sea. GeoJournal 27.2, 169-178.
  6. ^ Elena A. Rybak, Oleg O. Rybak and Yuri V. Zasedatelev (1994). Complex geographical analysis of the Greater Sochi region on the Black Sea coast. GeoJournal 34.4, 507-513.
  7. ^ "Сочи, Пхенчхан и Зальцбург - претенденты на Олимпиаду-2014" (in Russian), ITAR-TASS, 2007-07-04. Retrieved on 2007-07-09. 
  8. ^ Western Caucasus at Unesco Heritage Site and Google Maps search for Sochi near 44°N 40°E. Retrieved on July 7, 2007.
  9. ^ a b Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty: Russia: Environmentalists Oppose Sochi's Olympic Bid. Retrieved on July 7, 2007.
  10. ^ International Olympic Committee (2007-07-04). Sochi Elected as Host City of XXII Olympic Winter Games. Retrieved on 2007-07-04.
  11. ^ sportsline.com: Sochi, Russia wins, awarded 2014 Winter Olympics
  12. ^ Iht.com: Sochi Olympic bid organizers says venue projects conform to environmental norms, federal law. Retrieved on July 7, 2007.
  13. ^ The St. Petersburg Times: Putin Takes to Slopes to Back Olympic Bid. Retrieved on July 7, 2007.
  14. ^ Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty: Sochi Olympic Bid Faces Greenpeace Challenge. Retrieved on July 7, 2007.
  15. ^ Kommersant: Power Supply to Be Stepped Up to Sochi by 2014. Retrieved on July 7, 2007.
  16. ^ Official website of Cheltenham
  17. ^ Website of the President of France
  18. ^ Official website of Rimini
  19. ^ Official website of Espoo
  20. ^ Sister Cities information obtained from Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI)]. Retrieved on July 5, 2007.
  21. ^ a b c Official website of Sochi (international). The page spotlights similarities of the twin towns to Sochi in that all of them are "summer resorts".
  22. ^ "Греческий Волос и российский Сочи стали городами-побратимами", Interfax, 2007-05-26. Retrieved on 2007-07-08. 

is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Title page of the 3rd ed. ... GeoJournal is a peer-reviewed international academic journal on all aspects of geography founded in 1980. ... GeoJournal is a peer-reviewed international academic journal on all aspects of geography founded in 1980. ... ITAR-TASS (ИТАР-ТАСС), Information Telegraph Agency of Russia, is the major news agency of the Russian Federation. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Interfax is a Russian non-governmental press agency based in Moscow. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Olympic-related

  • Sochi 2014 website

Other

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Sochi
  • Sochi Club - Online guide to Sochi
  • Sochi sites directory and search engine
  • Sochi Online - Information portal
  • Sochi on Google maps


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Coat of arms of Krasnodar Krai Cities and towns in Krasnodar Krai Flag of Russia
Administrative center: Krasnodar

Abinsk | Anapa | Apsheronsk | Armavir | Belorechensk | Gelendzhik | Goryachy Klyuch | Gulkevichi | Khadyzhensk | Korenovsk | Kropotkin | Krymsk | Kurganinsk | Labinsk | Novokubansk | Novorossiysk | Primorsko-Akhtarsk | Slavyansk-na-Kubani | Sochi | Temryuk | Tikhoretsk | Timashyovsk | Tuapse | Ust-Labinsk | Yeysk Image File history File links Krasnodar_kray_gerb. ... Krasnodar Krai (Russian: , Krasnodarsky kray) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai), located in the Southern Federal District. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... 19th century photo depicting Kuban Cossacks obelisk in Krasnodar Krasnodar (Russian: ) is a city in Southern Russia on the Kuban River. ... Abinsk (Russian: ), known as Abinsky before 1963, is a town in Krasnodar Krai in Russia, located some 75 km southwest of Krasnodar. ... Anapa (Russian: ) is a seaport town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Apsheronsk (Russian: ) founded in 1863 as stanitsa Apsheronskaya, is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Pshekha River (Kuban basin). ... Coordinates: Russia Russia District Southern Russia Subdivision Krasnodar Krai Government  - Mayor Dzhambulat Khatuov Population (2005)  - City 191,700 Time zone MSK (UTC+3)  - Summer (DST) MSD (UTC+4) Website: www. ... Belorechensk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Gelendzhik (Russian: ) is a resort town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the Black Sea coast some 89 km from Krasnodar. ... Goryachy Klyuch, also known as Psekups (Russian: ) is a town and a balneological resort in Krasnodar Krai in Russia, located on the Psekups River (Kubans tributary) some 65 km south of Krasnodar. ... Gulkevichi (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located 150 km north-east of Krasnodar at . Population: 35,141 (2002 Census). ... Khadyzhensk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Pshits River 113 km south-east of Krasnodar at . Population: 21,286 (2002 Census). ... Korenovsk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Beysuzhyok Levy River (a tributary of the Beysug) 64 km north-east of Krasnodar at . Population: 40,844 (2002 Census). ... Kropotkin (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the right bank of the Kuban River. ... Krymsk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Kurganinsk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia on the right bank of the Laba River 248 km east of Krasnodar at . Population: 46,618 (2002 Census). ... Labinsk (Russian: Лабинск; former name - станица Лабинская, or stanitsa Labinskaya (until 1947)) is a town in the Krasnodar Krai in Russia, located on the Laba River (Kubans tributary). ... Novokubansk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia situated on the Kuban River. ... Novorossiysk (Russian Новороссийск) is a city in southern Russia, one of the main Russian ports on the Black Sea, in Krasnodar Krai. ... Primorsko-Akhtarsk (Russian: ) is a port town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the coast of the Sea of Azov 151 km north-west of Krasnodar at . Population: 32,677 (2002 Census). ... Slavyansk-na-Kubani (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Protoka River (an arm of the Kuban River). ... Temryuk (Темрюк in Russian) is a town in the Krasnodar Krai in Russia, located on the right bank of the Kuban River not far from the Sea of Azov and the site of ancient Tmutarakan. ... Tikhoretsk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Timashyovsk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Kirpili River 73 km north of Krasnodar at . Population: 54,116 (2002 Census). ... Tuapse (Russian: , Adyghe: ТIуапсэ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the northeast shores of the Black Sea. ... Ust-Labinsk (Russian: ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... Yeysk (Russian: ) is a port town in and the administrative center of Yeysky District of Krasnodar Krai. ...


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Sochi appears to have much greater high-level political and financial support than Moscow did during its failed bid for the 2012 Summer Games.
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