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Encyclopedia > Sobekneferu
Sobekneferu
Nefrusobek
Skemiophris (in Manetho)
Preceded by:
Amenemhat IV
Pharaoh of Egypt
12th Dynasty
Succeeded by:
Sekhemre
Khutawy

or Wegaf
Reign 18061802 BC
Praenomen

Sobek-kare
Sobek is the Ka of Re
Nomen

Sobekneferu
The beauties of Sobek
Horus
name
Image:srxtail2.GIF
Meritra
Beloved of Re
Nebty
name


Satsekhem Nebettawy
Daughter of the powerful one,
Mistress of the two lands
Golden
Horus

Djedetkhau
Established of crowns
Died 1802 BC

Sobekneferu (sometimes written "Nefrusobek") was an Egyptian female pharaoh of the Twelfth dynasty. Her name meant "the beauties of Sobek." Some scholars believe she was the daughter of Pharaoh Amenemhat III; Manetho states she was the sister of Amenemhat IV. She is the first known female ruler of Egypt, though Nitocris may have ruled in the Sixth Dynasty. Manetho, also known as Manethon of Sebennytos, was an Egyptian historian and priest from Sebennytos who lived during the Ptolematic era, circa 3rd century BC. Manetho recorded Aegyptiaca (History of Egypt). ... nomen or birth name Amenemhat IV was Pharaoh of Egypt, likely ruling between 1808 BC - 1799 BC. He served first as a junior coregent to Amenemhat III and completed the latters temples at Medinet Maadi. ... Pharaoh was the ancient Egyptian name for the office of kingship. ... Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Twelfth Dynasty. ... birth name: Sobekhotep throne name: Sekhemre Khutawy Sekhemre Khutawy Sobekhotep I was an Egyptian king of the 13th Dynasty and he is known from several sources, including several Nile Flood records (providing a year date 4) and inscriptions at the Mont temple at Medamud. ... birth name: Wegaf throne name: Khutawyre Khutawyre Wegaf was an Egyptian king of the 13th Dynasty and he is known from several sources, including a stelae and statues. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... (Redirected from 1806 BC) (20th century BC - 19th century BC - 18th century BC - other centuries) (3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC) Events Hittite empire in Anatolia 1829 - 1818 BC -- Egyptian-Nubian war 1818 BC -- Egyptian Campaign in Palestine 1813 BC -- Amorite Conquest of Northern Mesopotamia 1806 BC... Pyramid of Senusret II at El-Lahun. ... The royal titulary or royal protocol of an Egyptian Pharaoh is the standard naming convention taken by the kings of Ancient Egypt. ... The royal titulary or royal protocol of an Egyptian Pharaoh is the standard naming convention taken by the kings of Ancient Egypt. ... Sobek (from the Temple of Kom Ombo) or In Egyptian mythology, Sobek (also spelt Sebek, Sochet, Sobk, Sobki, Soknopais, and in Greek, Suchos) was the deification of crocodiles, and was originally a demon, as crocodiles were deeply feared in the nation so dependent on the Nile River. ... The royal titulary or royal protocol of an Egyptian Pharaoh is the standard naming convention taken by the kings of Ancient Egypt. ... Image File history File links Srxtail2. ... The royal titulary or royal protocol of an Egyptian Pharaoh is the standard naming convention taken by the kings of Ancient Egypt. ... The royal titulary or royal protocol of an Egyptian Pharaoh is the standard naming convention taken by the kings of Ancient Egypt. ... Pyramid of Senusret II at El-Lahun. ... Known rulers, in the History of Egypt, for the Twelfth Dynasty. ... Sobek (from the Temple of Kom Ombo) or In Egyptian mythology, Sobek (also spelt Sebek, Sochet, Sobk, Sobki, Soknopais, and in Greek, Suchos) was the deification of crocodiles, and was originally a demon, as crocodiles were deeply feared in the nation so dependent on the Nile River. ... Pharaoh was the ancient Egyptian name for the office of kingship. ... ny m3ˁt rˁ (Nimaatre)[1] Belonging to the truth of Re Nomen Amenemhat[1] Amun is in front Horus name Wahankh[1] Long of life Nebty name Itjijautawy[1] Who comes to the inheritance of the two lands Golden Horus ˁ3 ba(u) (Aabaw)[1] Great of power Issues... Manetho, also known as Manethon of Sebennytos, was an Egyptian historian and priest from Sebennytos who lived during the Ptolematic era, circa 3rd century BC. Manetho recorded Aegyptiaca (History of Egypt). ... nomen or birth name Amenemhat IV was Pharaoh of Egypt, likely ruling between 1808 BC - 1799 BC. He served first as a junior coregent to Amenemhat III and completed the latters temples at Medinet Maadi. ... For other uses, see Nitocris (disambiguation). ... The Sixth Dynasty of Egypt is considered by many authorities as the last dynasty of the Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt, although The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt (ed. ...


Amenemhat IV most likely died without a male heir. Consequently, Amenemhat III's daughter Sobekneferu assumed the throne. According to the Turin Canon, she ruled for 3 years, 10 months and 24 days. The end of her reign concluded Egypt's Twelfth dynasty and inaugurated the Thirteenth dynasty. The Turin King List also known as the Turin Royal Canon, is a unique papyrus, written in hieratic, currently in the Museo Egizio (Egyptian Museum) at Turin, to which it owes its modern name. ...


Reign

She is not known from many monuments, though many of her (headless) statues have been preserved including the base of a king's daughter with her name that was discovered in Gezer.[1]. She also made additions to the funerary complex of Amenemhat III at Hawara (called a labyrinth by Herodotus) and built at Herakleopolis Magna while a fine cylinder seal bearing her name and royal titulary is now located in the British Museum.[2] A Nile graffito, at the Nubian fortress of Kumma records the Nile inundation height of 1.83 metres in Year 3 of her reign.[3] Her monumental works consistently associate her with Amenemhat III rather than Amenemhat IV, supporting the theory that she was Amenemhat III's daughter and was perhaps only a step-sister of Amenemhat IV.[4] The Danish Egyptologist Kim Ryholt notes that the contemporary sources from her reign show she never adopted the title of "Queen or King's sister"--only 'King's Daughter'--which supports this hypothesis.[5] ny m3ˁt rˁ (Nimaatre)[1] Belonging to the truth of Re Nomen Amenemhat[1] Amun is in front Horus name Wahankh[1] Long of life Nebty name Itjijautawy[1] Who comes to the inheritance of the two lands Golden Horus ˁ3 ba(u) (Aabaw)[1] Great of power Issues... The Pyramid of Amenemhet III at Hawara, viewed from the east Amenemhet III was the last powerful ruler of the 12th Dynasty, and the pyramid he built at Hawara, in the Faiyum, is believed to post-date the so-called Black Pyramid built by the same ruler at Dahshur. ... A Roman mosaic picturing Theseus and the Minotaur. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Graffito (archaeology), {plural Graffiti), have been created by humans, since Homo sapiens have been traversing this planet. ... Nubia is the region in the south of Egypt, along the Nile and in northern Sudan. ... Kim S B Ryholt is a Danish Egyptologist, who works at the Carsten Niebuhr Institute (Publications) of Near Eastern Studies at the University of Copenhagen. ...


Her tomb has not been positively identified, though she may have been interred in an uninscribed pyramid complex in Mazghuna, immediately north of a similar complex ascribed to Amenemhat IV. A place called Sekhem-Neferu is mentioned in a papyrus found at Harageh. This is perhaps the name of her pyramid. Mazghuna (also known as Al Mazghunah or Al-Muzghumah), 5 km to the south of Dahshur (coordinates ), is the site of several mudbrick pyramids dating from the 13th Dynasty. ...


Notes

  1. ^ Kim Ryholt, The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period, Carsten Niebuhr Institute Publications, Museum Tusculanum Press, (1997), p.213 ISBN 87-7289-421-0
  2. ^ Gae Callender, 'The Middle Kingdom Renaissance' in Ian Shaw, The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, (Oxford Univ. Press: 2003), paperback, p.159
  3. ^ Gae Callender, op. cit., p.159
  4. ^ Ryholt, op. cit., p.213
  5. ^ Ryholt, op. cit., p.213

References

  • Dodson, Aidan. Hilton, Dyan. 2004. The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson
  • W. Grajetzki, The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt: History,Archaeology and Society, Duckworth, London 2006 ISBN 0-7156-3435-6, 61-63
  • Shaw, Ian. Nicholson, Paul. 1995. The Dictionary of Ancient Egypt. Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers.
  • Shaw, Ian, Ed. 2000. The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt, Oxford University Press. Graffito ref. pg. 170.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sobekneferu - Vastauksia.com (143 words)
Sobekneferu (kirjaimellisesti Neferusobek) oli toinen tunnetuista naispuolisista hallitsijoista muinaisessa Egyptissä.
Amenemhet IV:n kuoltua vuonna 1787 eaa, Sobekneferu nousi valtaan, kuitenkaan ottamatta itselleen faaraon titteliä.
Sobekneferu piti kuningattaren (kuninkaan vaimo) titteliä, kunnes hän joko kuoli tai syrjäytettiin neljä vuotta myöhemmin 1799 eaa.
Sobekneferu - ArchaeoWiki (232 words)
Sobekneferu is the first ruler known to have compounded a royal name with that of Sobek, the crocodile-headed deity strongly associated with the Faiyum region.
The death of Sobekneferu marked the demise of the long-lived dynasty and the advent of the Thirteenth Dynasty.
Sobekneferu is found amongst the rulers listed in the Turin Canon, according to which she reigned for 3 years, 10 months and 24 days.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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