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Encyclopedia > Soay, St. Kilda

Soay (Gaelic:Soaigh) is an uninhabited island in the St Kilda archipelago (British Isles, county Isle of Harris) in the North Atlantic, about 2 km northwest of Hirta. The National Trust for Scotland is the current owner and the island is part of the St Kilda World Heritage Site. Soay covers about 96.8 hectare (968,000 square metres) and reaches a height of 378 m, the cliffs rising to this height sheer from the sea. The island is formed of a breccia of gabbro and dolerites. It is separated from Hirta by the narrow Sound of Soay with two sea stacks, Soay Stac (61 m) and Stac Biorach (73 m), in between. Note: This page contains phonetic information presented in the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) using Unicode. ... An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... The British Isles consist of Great Britain, Ireland and a number of much smaller surrounding islands. ... This article is about Harris in Scotland. ... For other uses, see Atlantic (disambiguation) The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ... Hirta is the largest island in the Saint Kilda archipelago. ... The standard of the NTS The National Trust for Scotland, or NTS, describes itself as The conservation charity that protects and promotes Scotlands natural and cultural heritage for present and future generations to enjoy. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a metric unit of surface area, equal to 100 ares (the name is a contraction of the SI prefix hecto + are). ... Breccia, derived from the Latin word for broken, is a sedimentary rock composed of angular fragments in a matrix that may be of a similar or a different material. ... Gabbro Gabbro is a dark, coarse-grained, intrusive igneous rock chemically equivalent to basalt. ... Dolerite (from the Greek word doleros meaning deceptive), in petrology is the name given by Hauy to those basaltic rocks which are comparatively coarse grained. ... Stack, near Old Harry Rocks Old Harry Rocks A stack is a geological landform consisting of a steep and often vertical column or columns of rock in the sea near a coast. ...

The first recorded instance of what may have been recreational stack climbing occurred in 1883 when Charles Barrington ascended Stac Biorach. It was described in the Alpine Club Journal and was very different from most mountaineering feats at that time. Barrington also made the first ascent of the Eiger. 1883 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Eiger is a mountain in the Alps of Switzerland. ...

The feral Soay sheep, now also free ranging on Hirta, is the most primitive domesticated animal in Europe and has been preserved unchanged since Neolithic times. A feral animal or plant is one that has escaped from domestication and returned, partly or wholly, to its wild state. ... Soay Sheep are a breed of sheep descended from a population of feral sheep on the Isle of Soay. ... The Neolithic, (Greek neos=new, lithos=stone, or New Stone Age) was a period in the development of human technology that is traditionally the last part of the Stone Age. ...

Note: there is also an island called Soay off the south coast of Skye. Soay From Old Norse so-øy meaning Sheep Island Soay is an island just off the south coast of Skye, occasionally considered part of the Small Isles. ... The Old Man of Storr, Skye The Isle of Skye, usually known simply as Skye (An t-Eilean Sgiathanach in Scottish Gaelic) is the largest and most northerly island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland. ...

External link

  • World Heritage Sites Protected Areas Programme - St Kilda

  Results from FactBites:
Southern Oregon Soay Sheep Farms: Links and Literature (1115 words)
All Soay breeders are welcome to participate in this cooperative to whatever extent they wish.
Survivors: the Ecology of the Soay Sheep of St.Kilda.
The Life and Death of St. Kilda, the Moving Story of a vanished Community, Glasgow: William Collins Sons and Co., Ltd. 1975.
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St Kilda - Soay Sheep - St Kilda is the remotest part of the British Isles, west of Benbecula in Scotland's Outer Hebrides.
St Kilda was designated a National Nature Reserve by the Scottish Natural Heritage and as a World Heritage site on account of its natural heritage value, i
Southern Oregon Soay Sheep Farms - The Soay sheep is a small, primitive domestic sheep existing in isolation on a tiny island west of Scotland for more than a thousand years.
  More results at FactBites »



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