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Encyclopedia > Snowdrop
Snowdrop
Common Snowdrop
Common Snowdrop
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Genus: Galanthus
L.
Species

G. alpinus
G. angustifolius
G. cilicicus
G. fosteri
G. elwesii
G. gracilis
G. ikariae
G. koenenianus
G. krasnovii
G. lagodechianus
G. nivalis
G. peshmenii
G. platyphyllus
G. plicatus
G. reginae-olgae
G. rizehensis
G. transcaucasicus
G. trojanus
G. woronowii Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1200, 483 KB) Picture taken in March 2005 in a garden under the Beskydy mountains in Czechia by Caroig (David Paloch). ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants or angiosperms are the most widespread group of land plants. ... Liliopsida is the botanical name for a class. ... Families according to the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group Agapanthus Agavaceae Alliaceae Amaryllidaceae Aphyllanthaceae Asparagaceae Asphodelaceae Asteliaceae Blandfordiaceae Boryaceae Doryanthaceae Hemerocallidaceae Hyacinthaceae Hypoxidaceae Iridaceae Ixioliriaceae Lanariaceae Laxmanniaceae Orchidaceae Ruscaceae Tecophilaeaceae Themidaceae Xanthorrhoea Xeronema Asparagales is an order of monocots which includes a number of families of non-woody plants. ... Genera Amaryllis Clivia Galanthus Hippeastrum Hymenocallis Leucojum Lycoris Narcissus Nerine Vallota For a complete list, see List of Amaryllidaceae genera The Amaryllidaceae are a family of flowering plants, with over 800 species in about 60 genera. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 13, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... Species Galanthus x allenii G. nivalis The Common Snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis) is the best-known representative of a small genus of about 20 species in the family Amaryllidaceae that are among the first bulbs to bloom in spring. ...

The common snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis) is the best-known representative of a small genus of about 20 species in the family Amaryllidaceae that are among the first bulbs to bloom in spring. For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... Genera Amaryllis Clivia Galanthus Hippeastrum Hymenocallis Leucojum Lycoris Narcissus Nerine Vallota For a complete list, see List of Amaryllidaceae genera The Amaryllidaceae are a family of flowering plants, with over 800 species in about 60 genera. ...


Snowdrops should not be confused with their relatives snowflakes, Leucojum species; leucojums are much larger and flower in spring (or early summer, depending on the species), with all six petals in the flower the same size, though it should be noted that some "poculiform" (slipper-shaped) Galanthus can have inner segments similar in length to the outer ones. species Leucojum aestivum Leucojum autumnale Leucojum nicaeënse Leucojum roseum Leucojum tingitanum Leucojum valentinum Leucojum vernum Spring Snowflake, Leucojum vernum, and Summer Snowflake, Leucojum aestivum, are members of the Amaryllidaceae family, They are the best known of the species currently classified in genus Leucojum. ...

Contents

Description

All species of Galanthus have bulbs, linear leaves, and erect flowering stalks, destitute of leaves but bearing at the top a solitary pendulous bell-shaped flower. Galanthus nivalis grows 15 cm tall, flowering in January or February in the northern temperate zone. The white flower has six petals, the outer three segments being larger and more convex than the inner series. The six anthers open by pores or short slits. The ovary is three-celled, ripening into a three-celled capsule. Shallot bulbs A bulb is an underground vertical shoot that has modified leaves (or thickened leaf bases) that is used as food storage organs by a dormant plant. ... Stoma of a leaf under a microscope. ...

Common snowdrop
Common snowdrop

Propagation is by offset bulbs, either by careful division of clumps in full growth ("in the green"), or removed when the plants are dormant, immediately after the leaves have withered; or by seeds sown either when ripe, or in spring. Professional growers and keen amateurs also use such methods as "twin-scaling" to increase the stock of choice cultivars (cultivated varieties) quickly. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1000, 103 KB) Galanthus nivalis This image shows a Galanthus nivalis close-up. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1000, 103 KB) Galanthus nivalis This image shows a Galanthus nivalis close-up. ... Twin-scaling is a method of propagating plant bulbs that have a basal plate, such as: Hippeastrum, Narcissus, Galanthus and other members of the Amaryllidaceae; some members of the lily family Liliaceae; Lachenalia, Veltheimia and other members of the Hyacinthaceae. ... A cultivar is a cultivated variety of a plant species. ...


Double-flowered forms such as Galanthus nivalis f. pleniflorus 'Flore Pleno' may be less attractive to the eye of the purist. There are numerous cultivars, single and double, differing particularly in the size and markings of the flower, the period of flowering, and other characteristics of interest to keen (even fanatical) collectors known as "galanthophiles". A galanthophile is an enthusiastic collector of snowdrops (Galanthus species and cultivars). ...


Other notable species:

  • Crimean snowdrop, Galanthus plicatus, 30 cm tall, flowering January/March, white flowers, with broad leaves folded back at the edges
  • Giant snowdrop, Galanthus elwesii, a native of the Levant, 23 cm tall, flowering January/February, with large flowers, the three inner segments of which often have a much larger and more conspicuous green blotch (or blotches) than the more common kinds.

The Levant The Levant (IPA: ) is an imprecise geographical term historically referring to a large area in the Middle East south of the Taurus Mountains, bounded by the Mediterranean Sea on the west, and by the northern Arabian Desert and Upper Mesopotamia to the east. ...

Active substances

It was suggested by Duvoisin in 1983 that the mysterious magical herb moly that appears in Homer's Odyssey is actually snowdrop. An active substance in snowdrop is called galantamine, which, as anticholinesterase, could have acted as an antidote to Circe's poisons. Galantamine (or galanthamine) can be helpful in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease, though it is not a cure; the substance also occurs naturally in daffodils and other narcissi. 1. ... For other uses, see Homer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Odyssey (disambiguation). ... Galantamine (trade name Razadyne®) is a medication used in the treatment of Alzheimers disease. ... An anticholinesterase is a chemical that inhibits a cholinesterase enzyme from breaking down acetylcholine, so increasing both the level and duration of action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. ... Circe, a painting by John William Waterhouse. ... Species ????? Daffodils are a group of large flowered members of the genus Narcissus. ... This article is about the flower. ...


Cultivars of Galanthus nivalis

Single flowered cultivars

  • Galanthus nivalis Poculiformis Group - inner segments are almost same length and shape as outer ones, usually unmarked and without a "sinus" (notch); includes such cultivars as 'Sandhill Gate'
  • G. nivalis Sandersii Group - marks on inner segments are yellow instead of green; includes 'Sandersii' and 'Lutescens'
  • G. nivalis Scharlockii Group - "donkey's ears snowdrop" with elongated spathe split down centre, resembling upright ears

For other uses, see Sinus (disambiguation). ...

Double-flowered cultivars

  • G. nivalis f. pleniflorus 'Blewbury Tart' - curious, untidy, upward- or outward-facing flowers with dark green markings in the centre
  • G. nivalis f. pleniflorus 'Flore Pleno' - doubles, usually quite untidy rosettes of extra segments of uneven length
  • G. nivalis f. pleniflorus 'Lady Elphinstone' - a version of 'Flore Pleno' with yellowish colouring inside the flowers instead of green; may revert or vary from year to year
  • G. nivalis f. pleniflorus 'Pusey Green Tip' - with small green tips to the outer segments

Snowdrop gardens in the UK and Ireland

Celebrated as a sign of spring, snowdrops can form impressive carpets of white in areas where they are native or have been naturalised. These displays may attract large numbers of sightseers. Several gardens in the British Isles open specially in February for visitors to admire the flowers. Sixty gardens took part in Scotland's first Snowdrop Festival (1 Feb–11 March 2007). [1] Notable snowdrop gardens include: [2] This article describes the archipelago in north-western Europe. ...

  • Anglesey Abbey, Lode, Cambridgeshire
  • Bank Hall, Bretherton, Lancashire
  • Benington Lordship, Hertfordshire
  • Brandy Mount, Alresford, Hampshire
  • Cambo Estate, Fife, Scotland
  • Colesbourne Park, Gloucestershire
  • East Lambrook Manor, Somerset
  • Easton Lodge, near Little Easton, Essex
  • Easton Walled Gardens, near Grantham, Lincolnshire
  • Felley Priory, Nottinghamshire
  • Finlaystone, Renfrewshire, Scotland
  • Hodsock Priory, Nottinghamshire
  • Moggerhanger House, Bedfordshire
  • Painswick Rococo Gardens, Gloucestershire
  • Rodmarton Manor, Gloucestershire
  • Walsingham, Norfolk
  • Welford Park, Berkshire

Ireland The house at Anglesey Abbey Anglesey Abbey is a country house, formerly a priory, in the village of Lode, 5 Â½ miles (8. ... In geology a lode is the metalliferous ore that fills a fissure in a rock or a vein of ore deposited between layers of rock. ... This article is about the area in Scotland. ... Grantham is a medium sized market town in Lincolnshire, England with about 35,000 inhabitants (40,000 including Great Gonerby), situated on the River Witham. ... Felley civil parish is in the Ashfield district of Nottinghamshire, England, between Hucknall and Sutton-in-Ashfield. ... Moggerhanger House is a Grade I listed country house in Bedfordshire, England, designed by the eminent architect John Soane. ... Painswick Beacon, and part of the view from it. ... Seal of the Medieval Shrine The Anglican National Procession to Walsingham proceeds through the ruined abbey, May 2003. ... The rear of Welford Park House, with the church of Welford St. ...

  • Mark Smyth's Garden in Antrim Galanthus Gallery
  • Primrose Hill, Lucan, County Dublin, Ireland [3]

Antrim in Northern Ireland may refer to Antrim town. ... Lucan redirects here. ...

Gallery

See also

  • List of early spring flowers

These flowers come into bloom in early spring: Anemone ranunculoides Bloodroot Dewberry Dogs Mercury Early Star-of-Bethlehem Eastern Redbud Ghostflower Helianthemum apenninum Iris Lasthenia conjugens Lesser celandine Luzula campestris Snowdrop Snowflake Sterculia colorata Category: ...

References

  1. ^ VisitScotland.com: Snowdrop Festival. Retrieved on 11 March, 2007.
  2. ^ Great British Gardens: Snowdrops and Snowdrop Gardens 2007. Retrieved on 11 March, 2007.
  3. ^ [http://www.rhs.org.uk/rhseventfinder/EventFinder2.asp?ID=5012379 RHS Event Finder: Snowdrops at Primrose Hill]. Retrieved on 11 March, 2007.
  • Aaron P Davis, The Genus Galanthus, A Botanical Magazine Monograph. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon (in association with the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew) ISBN 0-88192-431-8
  • Matt Bishop, Aaron Davis, John Grimshaw, SNOWDROPS A Monograph of Cultivated Galanthus, Griffin Press, January 2002 (ISBN 0-9541916-0-9)
  • Gvaladze GE, Ultrastructural study of Embryo Sac of Galanthus nivalis L. in: Fertilization and embryogenesis, Bratislava, 1983
  • Gvaladze GE, Akhalkatsi MSh, Ultrastructure of autumn and spring Embryo Sac of Galanthus nivalis L. in Annales Scientifiques de l'Universite de Reims Champagne-Ardenne et de l'A.R.E.R.S., 1988, Numero 23
  • Plaitakis A, Duvoisin RC, Homer's moly identified as Galanthus nivalis L.: physiologic antidote to stramonium poisoning. Clin Neuropharmacol. 1983 Mar; 6(1):1-5. Abstract
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Galanthus nivalis
Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... For other places with the same name, see Royal Botanical Gardens (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Snowdrop - definition of Snowdrop in Encyclopedia (348 words)
The Common Snowdrop, Galanthus nivalis, is the best-known representative of a small genus of about 20 species in the Lily family Liliaceae that are the first bulbs to bloom in spring.
(Snowdrops should not be confused with their relatives Snowflakes, Leucojum species; Leucojums are much larger and flower in summer, with all six petals in the flower the same size.)
There are numerous cultivated varieties, different in the size of the flower and the period of flowering; the double form is probably the least attractive.
Snowdrop - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (594 words)
The Common Snowdrop (Galanthus nivalis) is the best-known representative of a small genus of about 20 species in the family Amaryllidaceae that are among the first bulbs to bloom in spring.
Giant snowdrop, Galanthus elwesii, a native of the Levant, 23 cm tall, flowering January/February, with large flowers, the three inner segments of which often have a much larger and more conspicuous green blotch (or blotches) than the more common kinds.
An active substance in snowdrop is called galantamine, which, as anticholinesterase, could have acted as an antidote to Circe's poisons.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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