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Encyclopedia > Smuggling
A skirmish with smugglers from Finland at the Russian border, 1853, by Vasily Hudiakov.

Smuggling, or trafficking, is illegal transport, in particular across a border. Taxes are avoided; or the goods themselves are illegal for unlicensed possession; or people are transported to a place where they are not allowed to be. Image File history File linksMetadata Hudiakov_Smugglers. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Hudiakov_Smugglers. ... Self-illuminating Border flower pot between Burghausen, Salzach(river) in Germany and Ach in Austria. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        A tax is a financial charge or other levy imposed on...

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Smuggled goods and people

Illegal drug trafficking, and the smuggling of armaments (gunrunning), as well as the historical staples of smuggling, alcohol and tobacco, are widespread. The profits involved in smuggling goods appears to be extensive. It has been reported that smuggling one truckload of cigarettes within the United States leads to a profit of $2 Million Dollars. [1] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A tower of confiscated smuggled weapons about to be set ablaze in Nairobi, Kenya Gunrunning, also known as arms trafficking, is trafficking in (smuggling) contraband weapons and ammunition. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in genus Nicotiana. ...


With regard to people smuggling, a distinction can be made between people smuggling as a service to those wanting to illegally migrate and the involuntary trafficking of people. An estimated 90% of people who illegally crossed the border between Mexico and the United States are believed to have paid a smuggler to lead them across the border. [2] People smuggling is a term which is used to describe the illegal and organised smuggling of people across international boundaries, usually for financial gain. ... Illegal Aliens is a 2006 movie featuring the late Anna Nicole Smith and Joanie Laurer. ... Trafficking of human beings is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of people for the purpose of exploitation. ...


People smuggling can also be viewed by some in some circumstances as a form of rescue. During the years while some US states allowed slavery while others did not, many slaves moved north via the underground railroad. Similarly during the holocaust, jews were smuggled out of Germany by such as Algoth Niska. This does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). ... Algoth Niska (1888-1954) was a Finnish liquor smuggler and adventurer. ...


A related topic is illegally passing a border oneself.


See also illegal immigration et illegal emigration. Illegal immigration refers to immigration across national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country. ... Illegal emigration may occur in countries where emigration is not allowed, or is restricted. ...


Smuggling methods

With regard to crossing borders we can distinguish concealment of the whole transport or concealment of just the smuggled goods: Look up hiding in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

  • Avoiding border checks, such as by small ships, private airplanes, through overland smuggling routes and smuggling tunnels. This also applies for illegally passing a border oneself, for illegal immigration or illegal emigration. In many parts of the world, particularly the Gulf of Mexico , the smuggling vessel of choice is the go-fast boat.
  • Submitting to border checks with the goods or people hidden in a vehicle or between (other) merchandise, or the goods hidden in lugguage, in or under cloths, inside the body (see body cavity search and balloon swallower), etc. Many smugglers fly on regularly scheduled airlines. A large number of suspected smugglers are caught each year by airport police worldwide. Goods and people are also smuggled across seas hidden in containers, and overland hidden in cars, trucks, and trains. A related topic is illegally passing a border oneself as a stowaway. The high level of duty levied on alcohol and tobacco in Britain has led to large-scale smuggling from France to the UK through the Channel Tunnel.

For the related topic of illegally passing a border oneself, another method is with a false passport (completely fake, or illegally changed, or the passport of a lookalike). This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Smuggling tunnels are secret tunnels, usually hidden underground, used for smuggling of goods (including illegal weapons) and people. ... Illegal immigration refers to immigration across national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country. ... Illegal emigration may occur in countries where emigration is not allowed, or is restricted. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... // A go-fast is the preferred boat of many smugglers. ... A body cavity search ( known as a booty check in US prison systems. ... A balloon swallower is an individual who crosses a border with the intent to smuggle drugs contained in his or her gastrointestinal tract. ... An airline is an organization providing aviation services to passengers and/or cargo. ... Shipping containers at a terminal in Port Elizabeth, New Jersey. ... A stowaway (also stoweaway) is a person who travels illegally, by airplane, bus, ship or train. ... Map of the Channel Tunnel. ... For other types of travel document, see Travel document. ...


See also mule (smuggling). A mule is someone who, knowingly or unknowingly smuggles something onto an airplane or across a national border. ...


History

Smuggling has a long and controversial history, probably dating back to the first time at which duties were imposed in any form.


In Britain, smuggling became economically significant at the end of the 18th century, although of course it was carried out to a greater or lesser extent prior to this high-water mark. The high rates of duty levied on wine and spirits, and other luxury goods coming in from mainland Europe at this time made the clandestine import of such goods and the evasion of the duty a highly profitable venture for impoverished fishermen and seafarers. In certain parts of the country such as the Romney Marsh, East Kent, Cornwall and East Cleveland, the smuggling industry was for many communities more economically significant than legal activities such as farming and fishing. The principal reason for the high duty was the need for the government to finance a number of extremely expensive wars with France and the United States of America. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... The Romney Marsh is a sparsely-populated wetland area in the counties of Kent and East Sussex in the south-east of England. ... East Kent and West Kent are one-time traditional subdivisions of the English county of Kent, kept alive by the Association of the Men of Kent and Kentish Men: an organisation formed in 1913. ... Cornwall (pronounced ; Cornish: ) is a county in south-west England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar and Devon. ... Status: Non-metropolitan county Admin. ... Look up war in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In modern times, as many first-world countries have struggled to contain a rising influx of immigrants, the smuggling of people across national borders has become a lucrative extra-legal activity, as well as the extremely dark side, people-trafficking, especially of women who may be enslaved typically as prostitutes. The terms First World, Second World, and Third World were used to divide the nations of Earth into three broad categories. ...


As of late, the term Smuggle, or to be Smuggled refers to modern slang meaning to be thrashed by the arms of a bear, or to thrash another with your arms, in a bearlike manner.


Human trafficking

Trafficking in human beings, sometimes called human trafficking, or sex trafficking (as the majority of victims are women or children forced into prostitution) is not the same as people smuggling. A smuggler will facilitate illegal entry into a country for a fee, but on arrival at their destination, the smuggled person is free; the trafficking victim is enslaved. Victims do not agree to be trafficked: they are tricked, lured by false promises, or forced into it. Traffickers use coercive tactics including deception, fraud, intimidation, isolation, threat and use of physical force, debt bondage or even force-feeding with drugs to control their victims. Whilst the majority of victims are women, and sometimes children, forced into prostitution, other victims include men, women and children forced or conned into manual or cheap labor. Trafficking of human beings is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of people for the purpose of exploitation. ... Trafficking of human beings is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of people for the purpose of exploitation. ... Whore redirects here. ... Whore redirects here. ...


Due to the illegal nature of trafficking, the exact extent is unknown. A US Government report published in 2003, estimates that 800,000-900,000 people worldwide are trafficked across borders each year. [3] This figure does not include those who are trafficked internally.


Etymology

The word probably comes from the Common Germanic verb smeugan (Old Norse smj├║ga) = "to creep into a hole". Other sources say it comes from the word smook (fog) which was used in West Flanders. Map of the Pre-Roman Iron Age culture(s) associated with Proto-Germanic, ca 500 BC-50 BC. The area south of Scandinavia is the Jastorf culture Proto-Germanic, the proto-language believed by scholars to be the common ancestor of the Germanic languages, includes among its descendants Swedish, Norwegian... Old Norse or Danish tongue is the Germanic language once spoken by the inhabitants of the Nordic countries (for instance during the Viking Age). ... West Flanders (Dutch: West-Vlaanderen) is the westernmost province of Flanders and of Belgium. ...


See also

Smuggling tunnels are secret tunnels, usually hidden underground, used for smuggling of goods (including illegal weapons) and people. ... This page lists works of fiction whose primary subject matter is smuggling: Eric Ambler: The Light of Day (filmed as Topkapi) Eric Ambler: Passage of Arms S.R. Crockett: The Raiders Rudyard Kipling: A Smugglers Song (poem) Daphne du Maurier: Jamaica Inn (although this is also concerned with wrecking... Rum-running is the business of smuggling or transporting of alcoholic beverages illegally, usually to circumvent taxation or prohibition. ... These lollipops, above, were found to contain heroin when inspected by the US Drug Enforcement Administration In jurisdictions where legislation restricts or prohibits the sale of certain popular drugs, it is common for an illegal drugs trade to develop. ... The Yogurt Connection was a drug smuggling ring which operated out of Indianapolis, Indiana in the late 1970s and eary 1980s. ... Trafficking of human beings is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of people for the purpose of exploitation. ... Contraband consists of items of which possession may be illegal, depending on the variety and the country or the age or sex of the possessor. ... Snakeheads (Chinese: 蛇頭 shé tóu) are China gangs who smuggle people to other countries. ... A tower of confiscated smuggled weapons about to be set ablaze in Nairobi, Kenya Gunrunning, also known as arms trafficking, is trafficking in (smuggling) contraband weapons and ammunition. ... People smuggling is a term which is used to describe the illegal and organised smuggling of people across international boundaries, usually for financial gain. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Snowblind: A brief career in the cocaine trade is a book written by American author Robert Sabbag in 1976. ...

External links

Look up smuggling in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Organizations working against Trafficking: Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive, and distribute cultural works. ...

Further Reading

Joshua M. Smith, Borderland Smuggling: Patriots, Loyalists and Illicit Trade in the Northeast, 1783-1820 (Gainesville, University Press of Florida, 2006).


  Results from FactBites:
 
Smuggling - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (755 words)
Smuggling is illegal transport, in particular across a border.
Illegal drug trafficking, and the smuggling of armaments (gunrunning), as well as the historical staples of smuggling, alcohol and tobacco, are widespread.
One method of defeating smuggling is to legalize the activity the smugglers are undertaking and reducing or eliminating the taxes which the smugglers are avoiding, thus reducing the profit potential and making the smuggling activity uneconomic as the goods would then be available for a lower price via legal channels.
smuggling. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (373 words)
Smuggling has been carried on in nearly all nations and has occasionally been adopted as an instrument of national policy, as by Great Britain against Spain and France in the 18th and 19th cent.
Smuggling into the United States flourished in the prohibition era and was carried on practically with impunity from overseas and overland from Canada.
U.S. law declares the article smuggled to be forfeit and the smuggler liable to a fine or imprisonment, or both.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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