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Encyclopedia > Smolyan
Smolyan
Map of Bulgaria, Smolyan is indicated
Province
(oblast)
Smolyan
Population 31 113 (2005-09-13)
Altitude 999 m
Postal code 4700
Area code 0301
Geographic
coordinates
41° 58' north,
24° 69' east
Time zone EET
(UTC+2; UTC+3 in summer)
Mayor Dora Yankova (BSP)
Website http://www.smolyan.com/

Smolyan (Bulgarian: Смолян; Turkish: Paşmaklı or Ahiçelebi) is a town in the very south of Bulgaria, the administrative center of Smolyan Province. It is situated in the valley of the Cherna ("Black") and the Byala ("White") Rivers in the central Rhodopes at the foot of the mountains' highest part south of the popular ski resorts Pamporovo and Chepelare. Image File history File links Smolyan_location_in_Bulgaria. ... Since 1999 Bulgaria is divided into 28 oblasts (provinces or regions) that correspond aproximatly to the 28 okrugs that existet before 1987. ... Smolyan province shown within Bulgaria Smolyan is a province in southern Bulgaria. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... Blagoevgrad - 2700 Bansko - 2770 Bania - 2778 Kremen - 2771 Eleshnitza - 2782 Dobrinishte - 2777 Belitsa - 2780 Gotse Delchev - 2900 Gurmen - 2960 Kresna - 2840 Petrich - 2850 Razlog - 2760 Sandanski - 2800 Satovcha - 2950 Simitli - 2730 Strumiani - 2825 Hadzidimovo - 2933 Yakoruda - 2790 Riltzi Burgas - 8000 Dyuny - 8001 Elenite - 8002 Slunchev Briag/Sunny Beach - 8240 Aitos... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Eastern European Time (EET) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... The Bulgarian Socialist Party (Bulgarian: Bălgarska Socialističeska Partija or Българска социалистическа партия) (BSP or БСП) is a political party in Bulgaria and successor to the Bulgarian Communist Party. ... Smolyan province shown within Bulgaria Smolyan is a province in southern Bulgaria. ... The Rhodopes (also spelled Rodopi) are a mountain range, with over 83% of its area in southern Bulgaria and the remainder in Greece. ... The five-star Hotel Pamporovo and the new church in the resort Pamporovo (Bulgarian: Пампорово) is a popular mountain resort in southern Bulgaria, one of the best-known in Southeastern Europe. ... Chepelare (Bulgarian: Чепеларе) is a town in Smolyan Province in Southern Bulgaria. ...

Contents

History

According to archaeological evidence, the area around Smolyan was first settled in the 2nd-1st millennium BC. It acquired its name from the Slavic tribe of the Smolyani that settled in the region in the 7th century. Part of the Byzantine and Bulgarian Empires during the Middle Ages, it was ruled by the 14th-century Bulgarian feudal lord Momchil along with the whole Rhodopes for a while before being entirely subjugated by the Ottoman Empire. Smolyan remained under Ottoman rule for five centuries, a township of the Ottoman Komotini (Gümülcine) sanjak in Edirne vilayet between 1867 and 1912. It was known in Ottoman Turkish as Paşmaklı or Ahiçelebi. The 2nd millennium BC marks the transition from the Middle to the Late Bronze Age. ... (2nd millennium BC – 1st millennium BC – 1st millennium – other millennia) // Events The Iron Age spread to Western Europe Egypt declined as a major power The Tanakh was written Buddhism was founded by Siddharta Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha (6th century BC) Jainism was founded by Mahavira (6th century BC... Countries inhabited predominantly by Slavic peoples The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Eastern Europe. ... The Smolyani (Bulgarian: ; in Byzantine sources Smolenoi or Smoleanoi) were a medieval Slavic tribe that settled in the Rhodope Mountains and the valley of the Mesta River and the region around Drama, possibly in the 7th-8th century. ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Byzantine Empire at its greatest extent c. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Momchils band engaging in battle Momchil (Bulgarian: ), Momchil Yunak () or Momchil Voyvoda () (died 7 July 1345) was a 14th century Bulgarian independent feudal lord and voivod in the Rhodopes and the Aegean region and a legendary fighter against the Ottoman invasion of the Balkans. ... Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1680, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 Osman I  - 1918–1922 Mehmed VI... // Early centuries of Ottoman rule Organisation of Ottoman Bulgaria The Ottomans reorganised the Bulgarian territories as the Beyerlik of Rumili, ruled by a Beylerbey at Sofia. ... Komotini (or Komotene Greek: Κομοτηνή, Turkish: Gümülcine, Bulgarian: Гюмюрджина (Gyumyurdjina)) is a city in north-eastern Greece. ... Sanjak and Sandjak (other variants: sinjaq, sanjaq) are the most common English transliterations of the Turkish word Sancak, which literally means banner. In Arabic the sanjaks were also called liwas. ... Selimiye Mosque, built by Sinan in 1575 Edirne (Greek: Αδριανούπολη, Bulgarian: Одрин) is a city in Thrace, the westernmost part of Turkey, close to the borders with Greece and Bulgaria. ... 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Ottoman Turkish (Turkish: Osmanlıca or Osmanlı Türkçesi, Ottoman Turkish: لسان عثمانی - lisân-i Osmânî) is the variant of the Turkish language that was used as the administrative and literary language of the Ottoman Empire. ...


The area was occupied by the 21st Sredna Gora Regiment led by Vladimir Serafimov in 1912, during the First Balkan War. The modern town of Smolyan was formed by the merger of three existing villages — Ustovo, Raykovo and Ezerovo — in 1960. A view of Sredna Gora from the Thracian tomb near Starosel Sredna Gora (Средна Гора) is a mountain range in central Bulgaria, situated parallel with Stara Planina and extending to the river Iskar to the west and the elbow of Tundzha north of Yambol to the east. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... // Combatants Ottoman Empire Balkan League: Bulgaria Montenegro Greece Serbia Commanders Nizam Pasha, Zekki Pasha, Esat Pasha, Abdullah Pasha, Ali Rizah Pasha Bulgaria: Vladimir Vazov, Vasil Kutinchev, Nikola Ivanov, Radko Dimitriev Serbia: Radomir Putnik, Petar Bojović, Stepa Stepanović Greece:Crown Prince Constantine, Panagiotis Danglis, Pavlos Kountouriotis Strength 350,000 men Bulgaria... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ...

Characteristic old architecture
Characteristic old architecture
Smolyan's massive new cathedral, Cathedral of Saint Vissarion, under construction
Smolyan's massive new cathedral, Cathedral of Saint Vissarion, under construction
View of Smolyan
View of Smolyan

Image File history File linksMetadata Smolyan-houses-gruev. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Smolyan-houses-gruev. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 3743 KB) Cathedral of Saint Vissarion of Smolyan, Bulgaria. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 3743 KB) Cathedral of Saint Vissarion of Smolyan, Bulgaria. ... The Cathedral of Saint Vissarion of Smolyan The cathedral during its inauguration The Cathedral of Saint Vissarion of Smolyan (Bulgarian: ) is an Eastern Orthodox church in Smolyan, Bulgaria, inaugurated on 2 July 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Smolyan-gruev. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Smolyan-gruev. ...

Culture and sports

Due to its suitable location on top of Mount Rozhen, the Bulgarian National Astronomical Observatory is located nearby, with a planetarium in operation in the town. There is one theatre, the Rhodope Drama Theatre, and a gathering of theatre practitioners and scholars known as the The Rhodopi International Theater Collective is held every summer. There is also a regional historical museum founded in 1935. // A planetarium is a theater built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky, or for training in celestial navigation. ... The Rhodopi International Theater Collective is an annual summer gathering of theater practitioners and scholars, which allows professional participants to work with and train students and each other in distinct forms from around the world. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Smolyan has an elite division football team, PFC Rodopa Smolyan, that has been playing in the A Professional Football Group since the 2002-2003 season. PFC Rodopa Smolyan (ПФК Родопа Смолян) is a Bulgarian football club from the town of Smolyan, currently playing in the Bulgarian A Professional Football Group, the top division of football in Bulgaria. ... The Bulgarian A Professional Football Group (А Професионална футболна група) or A PFG (А ПФГ) is the top division of Bulgarian football. ...


The largest church in southern Bulgaria, the Cathedral of Saint Vissarion of Smolyan, was inaugurated in the city in July 2006. The Cathedral of Saint Vissarion of Smolyan The cathedral during its inauguration The Cathedral of Saint Vissarion of Smolyan (Bulgarian: ) is an Eastern Orthodox church in Smolyan, Bulgaria, inaugurated on 2 July 2006. ...


Municipality

Smolyan is also the seat of Smolyan municipality (part of Smolyan Province), which includes the following 79 villages:

  • Aligovska
  • Arda
  • Belev dol
  • Bilyanska
  • Borikovo
  • Bostina
  • Bukata
  • Bukatsite
  • Chamla
  • Chepleten
  • Chereshkite
  • Chereshovo
  • Chereshovska Reka
  • Chokmanovo
  • Chuchur
  • Dimovo
  • Dunevo
  • Elenska
  • Elyovo
  • Fatovo
  • Gabritsa
  • Gela
  • Gozdevitsa
  • Gorna Arda
  • Gorovo
  • Gradat
  • Gudevitsa
  • Hasovitsa
  • Isyovtsi
  • Katranitsa
  • Kiselichevo
  • Kokorkovo
  • Koshnitsa
  • Kremene
  • Kukuvitsa
  • Kutela
  • Laka
  • Levochevo
  • Lipets
  • Lyulka
  • Milkovo
  • Mogilitsa
  • Momchilovtsi
  • Mugla
  • Nadartsi
  • Oreshitsa
  • Ostri Pazlak
  • Petkovo
  • Peshtera
  • Pisanitsa
  • Podvis
  • Polkovnik Serafimovo
  • Poprelka
  • Potoka
  • Rechani
  • Reka
  • Rovina
  • Selishte
  • Shiroka Laka
  • Sivino
  • Slaveyno
  • Smilyan
  • Sokolovtsi
  • Solishta
  • Sredok
  • Stikal
  • Stoykite
  • Sarnino
  • Strazha
  • Taran
  • Tikale
  • Trebishte
  • Turyan
  • Uhlovitsa
  • Varbovo
  • Vievo
  • Vlahovo
  • Valchan
  • Zaevite
  • Zmievo

Milkovo (ICAO: UHPM) is an airport in Kamchatka Oblast, Russia located 4 km southwest of Milkovo. ... Overview of Momchilovtsi Old Bulgarian architecture in Momchilovtsi Momchilovtsi (Момчиловци) is a Bulgarian village in the Central Rhodopes, about 15 km northeast of Smolyan. ... View of Shiroka Laka View of Shiroka Laka Shiroka Laka (Bulgarian: , wide meander) is a village in the very south of Bulgaria, located in Smolyan municipality, Smolyan Province. ... Uhlovitsa is the name of a cave in the Blue Pools Area (Bulgarian: местността „Сините вирове“) in Smolyan Province in the Rhodope Mountains. ...

External links

Official websites

  • Smolyan municipality website
  • Smolyan municipality at Domino.bg
  • Planetarium Smolyan
  • National Astronomical Observatory "Rozhen"
  • The Rhodopi International Theater Collective

Tourism websites


Coat of arms of Bulgaria Cities and towns in Bulgaria The flag of Bulgaria
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  Results from FactBites:
 
SMOLYAN BULGARIA PROPERTY BULGARIAN REAL ESTATE (1773 words)
Smolyan Quarter (at the highest altitude) is the successor of the vanished village of Ezerovo, which was situ- ated 3 km above the town, amidst the Smolyan Lakes.
27 km south of Smolyan, in the valley of Arda River is the village of Mogilitsa.
Smolyan serves as a starting point for a number of tourist routes in the neighbouring hills and ridges of Western Rhodope Mountains (refer to the Rhodope Mountains related chapter herein).
Smolyan - definition of Smolyan in Encyclopedia (170 words)
Smolyan is a municipality in Bulgaria, situated in the central part of the Rhodope Mountains upon a territory of 879 sq.
The Town of Smolyan (altitude above sea level between 800 and 1000 m) occupies the larger part of the valley extension of the Cherna River, known as the Smolyan Hollow.
The three large districts - Smolyan, Raikovo and Oystovo - are situated along the two river banks in the west-east direction.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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