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Encyclopedia > Smithsonian Castle
The Castle entrance
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The Castle entrance

The Smithsonian Institution Building, located on the National Mall in Washington, DC, houses the Smithsonian Institution's administrative offices and information center. The Building is constructed of red sandstone in the Norman style (a 12th-century combination of late Romanesque and early Gothic motifs) and is appropriately nicknamed The Castle. The National Mall is an open-area national park in downtown Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ... Sandstone near Stadtroda, Germany Sandstone is a sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-size mineral or rock grains. ... Romanesque St. ... See also Gothic art. ...


It was the first Smithsonian building, completed in 1855 by architect James Renwick, Jr., whose other works include St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York City and the Smithsonian’s Renwick Gallery in DC. Over the years several reconstructions have taken place. The first followed a disastrous fire on January 24, 1865, which destroyed the upper story of the main segment and the north and south towers. In 1884, the east wing was fireproofed and enlarged to accommodate more offices. Remodeling from 1968 to 1969 restored the building to the Victorian atmosphere reminiscent of the era during which it was first inhabited. 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... James Renwick, Jr. ... St. ... Nickname: The Big Apple Official website: City of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area Total 468. ... The Renwick Gallery is part of the Smithsonian American Art Museum, located in Washington, D.C., and focuses on American crafts and decorative arts from the 19th century to the 21st century. ... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


This building served as a home for the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Joseph Henry and his family and for many years housed all aspects of Smithsonian operations, including an exhibit hall from 1858 until the 1960s. In 1901, Washington’s first children’s room was installed in the Castle’s South Tower Room where the original decorated ceiling and wall stencils were restored in 1987. Located inside near the north entrance is the crypt of James Smithson, benefactor of the Institution, while outside on the Mall, a bronze statue of Joseph Henry, executed by William Wetmore Story, honors the scientist who was the Institution’s first Secretary. In 1996, as the Smithsonian celebrated its 150th anniversary, a bell was added. Although Renwick had intended for a bell in his original plan, there was not enough money to add it to the Castle. It now chimes hourly. ŵ Joseph Henry Joseph Henry (December 17, 1797 – May 13, 1878) was an American scientist. ... James Smithson (1765 - June 27, 1829) was a British mineralogist and chemist noted for having left a bequest in his will to the United States of America, which was used to fund the Smithsonian Institution. ... Facing west across the Mall, with ones back towards the United States Capitol. ... William Wetmore Story (1819 - 1895) was a U.S. sculptor. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... A church bell is a bell which is rung in a (especially Christian) church either to signify the time of the hour or the time for worshippers to go to church, perhaps to attend a wedding, funeral or other service. ...


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