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Encyclopedia > Smederevo
Smederevo
Смедерево

Coat of arms
Location of Smederevo within Serbia
Location of Smederevo within Serbia
Coordinates: 44°40′N 20°56′E / 44.667, 20.933
Country Serbia
District Podunavlje
Settlements 27
Government
 - Mayor Saša Radosavljević (DSS)
Area [2]
 - Municipality 484 km² (186.9 sq mi)
Population (2002 census)[3]
 - Total 77,808
 - Municipality 109,809
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11300
Car plates SD
Area code +381 26
Smederevo, town hall
Smederevo, town hall
The Saint George orthodox church
The Saint George orthodox church

Smederevo (Смедерево) is a city and municipality in Serbia on the Danube at 44.67° North, 20.93° East. In 2002 the city had a total population of 77,808 (2002), and the surrounding municipality had a population of 109,809. It is the administrative center of the Podunavlje District of Serbia. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Country (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Subdivisions of Serbia. ... Podunavlje District (Podunavski okrug) The Podunavlje District expands in the central part of the Republic of Serbia. ... This is the complete list of settlements in Serbia without Kosovo, as recorded by 2002 census, sorted by municipalities. ... The Democratic Party of Serbia (Serbian: Демократска странка Србије or Demokratska stranka Srbije ) is the largest centre-right political party in Serbia. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... This article or section is incomplete and may require expansion and/or cleanup. ... These are the current Serbian car license plate codes by region and in alphabetical order: Obsolete licence plate codes: Categories: | ... This is an alphabetical list by town of phone dialing codes in Serbia. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixels, file size: 529 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixels, file size: 529 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixels, file size: 455 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixels, file size: 455 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... This article is about the Danube River. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Podunavlje District (Podunavski okrug) The Podunavlje District expands in the central part of the Republic of Serbia. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ...

Contents

Name

In Serbian, the city is known as Smederevo (Смедерево), in Latin as Semendria, in Romanian as Semendria, in Hungarian as Szendrő or Vég-Szendrő, in Turkish as Semendire, and in German as Semendria or Smederewo. Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ...


History

The modern founder of the city was the Serbian prince Đurađ Branković in the 15th century, who built the Smederevo fortress in 1430 as new Serbian capital. When he became lord of Tokaj in Hungary, he planted vines from Smederevo on his estates there; from these came the famous Tokaji white wine. Smederevo was the residence of Branković and the capital of Serbia from 1430 until 1439, when it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire after a two months siege. Despot ĐuraÄ‘ Branković, Cyrillic: Ђурађ Бранковић, Hungarian: György Brankovics, ruled 1427 - 1456) was a Serbian monarch who built Smederevo. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Smederevo fortress is a medieval fortified city in Smederevo, Serbia. ... // Events May 23 - Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne The Ottoman Empire captures Thessalonica from the Venetians First use of optical methods in the creation of Art A map of Europe in 1430. ... Tokaj is a historical town in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county, Northern Hungary, 54 kilometers from county capital Miskolc. ... Tokaj cellar Tokaji, meaning of Tokaj in Hungarian, is used to label wines from the wine region of Tokaj-Hegyalja in Hungary. ... // Events May 23 - Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne The Ottoman Empire captures Thessalonica from the Venetians First use of optical methods in the creation of Art A map of Europe in 1430. ... Events Battle of Grotnik, which ended the hussite movement in Poland Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway is declared deposed in Sweden. ... Ottoman redirects here. ...


In 1444 according to the Peace of Szeged between the Kingdom of Hungary and the Ottoman Empire the Sultan gave back Smederevo to Đurađ Branković, the ally of John Hunyadi. On 22 August 1444 the Serb prince peacefully took possession the evacuated town. The Treaty of Edirne and the Peace of Szeged were two halves of a peace treaty between Sultan Murad II of the Ottoman Empire and King Vladislaus of the Kingdom of Hungary. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Ottoman redirects here. ... John Hunyadi, as imagined by a 17th century artist John Hunyadi (Medieval Latin: Ioannes Corvinus, German: Johann Hunyadi; Hungarian: Hunyadi János, Romanian: Iancu or Ioan de Hunedoara) (c. ...


After Hunyadi broke the peace treaty Đurađ Branković remained neutral. Serbia became a battleground territory between Kingdom of Hungary and the Ottomans so the angry Branković captured Hunyadi after his defeat at the Second Battle of Kosovo in 1448. Hunyadi was imprisoned in Smederevo fortress for a short time. In the second Battle of Kosovo in 1448, the Hungarian Catholic coalition under John Hunyadi was defeated by the Ottoman Turkish-led coalition under Murad II. The battle was fought between October 7th and 10th in the Kosovo Field (Kosovo Polje). ...


In 1454 Sultan Mehmed II sieged Smederevo and devastated Serbia. The town was delibareted by Hunyadi. In 1459 Smederevo was captured by the Ottomans after the death of Branković. The town became a Turkish border-fortress, and played an important part in Hungarian-Ottoman wars until 1526. Because of its strategic location, Smederevo was gradually renewed and enlarged. For a long period, the town was the capital of the Sanjak of Smederevo. Mehmed II (Ottoman Turkish: محمد ثانى , Turkish: ), (also known as el-Fatih (الفاتح), the Conqueror, in Ottoman Turkish, or, in modern Turkish, Fatih Sultan Mehmet) (March 30, 1432 – May 3, 1481) was Sultan of the Ottoman Empire for a short time from 1444 to 1446, and later from 1451 to 1481. ... Sanjak of Smederevo (Pashaluk of Belgrade) in 1791 The Sanjak of Smederevo (Serbian: Smederevski sandžak or Смедеревски санџак, Turkish: Semendire Sancağı), also known as the Pashaluk of Belgrade, was an Ottoman administrative unit (sanjak), that existed between 15th and the outset of the 19th century. ...


In autumn 1476 a joint army of Hungarians and Serbs tried to capture the fortress from the Ottomans. They built three wood counter-fortresses, but after months of siege Sultan Mehmed II himself came to drive them away. After fierce fighting the Hungarians agreed to march off. [1] Mehmed II (Ottoman Turkish: محمد ثانى , Turkish: ), (also known as el-Fatih (الفاتح), the Conqueror, in Ottoman Turkish, or, in modern Turkish, Fatih Sultan Mehmet) (March 30, 1432 – May 3, 1481) was Sultan of the Ottoman Empire for a short time from 1444 to 1446, and later from 1451 to 1481. ...


In 1494 Pál Kinizsi tried to capture Smederevo from the Ottomans but he was stricken with palsy and died. In 1512 John Zápolya sieged unsuccessfully the town. Kinizsi Pál Pál Kinizsi (Romanian: ) was a general in the army of king Matthias Corvinus. ... John I Zápolya (Hungarian: ; Croatian: ) or John Szapolyai (Hungarian: ) (2 February 1487 – July 22, 1540) was a voivode of Transylvania and, along with Archduke Ferdinand I, a claimant to the throne of the Kingdom of Hungary between 1526 and 1540. ...


During the First Serbian uprising in 1806, the city became a temporary capital of Serbia, as well as the seat of Praviteljstvujušči sovjet, a government headed by Dositej Obradović. The first basic school was founded in 1806. // Flag of the First Serbian Uprising The First Serbian Uprising was a Serbian national revolution which lasted one decade (1804-1813), during which Serbia perceived itself as an independent state for the first time after 300 years of Ottoman and short-lasting Austrian occupations. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Dositej Obradović Dositej (Dositheus) Dimitrije Obradović (Доситеј Обрадовић) (February 17, 1742 - 1811) was a Serbian author, writer and translator. ...


During World War II, the city was occupied by German forces, who placed an arsenal of ammunition in the fortress. On June 5, 1941 a catastrophic explosion severely damaged the fortress and killed thousands of people in the city. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about armaments factories. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ...


Municipality

Municipality of Smederevo include following settlements:

  • Smederevo
  • Badljevica
  • Binovac
  • Vodanj
  • Vranovo
  • Vrbovac
  • Vučak
  • Dobri Do
  • Drugovac
  • Kolari
  • Landol
  • Lipe
  • Lugavčina
  • Lunjevac
  • Mala Krsna
  • Malo Orašje
  • Mihajlovac
  • Osipaonica
  • Petrijevo
  • Radinac
  • Ralja
  • Saraorci
  • Seone
  • Skobalj
  • Suvodol
  • Udovice
  • Šalinac

The Ralja (Serbian Cyrillic: Раља) is a river in Šumadija region of Serbia, a 51 km-long left tributary to the Jezava, the left arm of the Velika Morava river. ...

Population through history

  • 1805. : 4,000 (estimate)
  • 1834. : 3,907
  • 1874. : 8,343
  • 1884. : 6,600
  • 1900. : 6,946
  • 1905. : 6,912
  • 1910. : 7,075
  • 1921. : 5,800
  • 1931. : 10,500
  • 1941. : 11,500 (estimate)
  • 1948. : 14,206 (24,761)*
  • 1953. : 18,328 (29,663)*
  • 1961. : 27,182 (39,793)*
  • 1971. : 40,192 (54,257)*
  • 1981. : 55,369 (69,814)*
  • 1991. : 61,990 (76,984)*
  • 2002. : 62,805 (77,808)*
  • 2007. : 67,042 (84,219)* (estimate)

( )* - Population related to the present day boundaries of the city


The population increase from 2002. up to 2007. is related to a large number of refugees and internal displaced persons from Kosovo and Metohija (in 2003. that number was 7,152,not including the number of those who moved permanently in Smederevo since the last census,and those who came to live together with their relatives). They settled mostly in urban parts of Smederevo,but also in some suburban settlements such as Radinac,Lipe,Vucak and Petrijevo. Other three suburban settlements (Salinac,Seone,Udovice) also have rosen their population but that increase wasn't so enormous like in above mentioned settlements.


Demographics (2002 census)

Ethnic groups in the Smederevo municipality:

  • Serbs = 104,222
  • Roma = 1,801
  • Montenegrins = 533
  • Macedonians = 354
  • Yugoslavs = 296
  • Croats = 198
  • Hungarians = 144
  • others

TOTAL : 109,809


Ethnic gorups in the city:

  • Serbs = 72,996 (93.82 %)
  • Roma = 1,657 (2.13 %)
  • Montenegrins = 502 (0.65 %)
  • Macedonians = 316 (0.41 %)
  • Croats = 167 (0.21 %)
  • Hungarians = 135 (0.17 %)
  • Others

TOTAL : 77,808


Politics

Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2004 local elections: [1]

  • Democratic Party (16)
  • Socialist Party of Serbia (10)
  • Serbian Strength Movement (8)
  • Group of the citizens "Movement for Smederevo" (6)
  • Group of the citizens "Union of Smederevo" (3)
  • Serbian Renewal Movement (3)

Industry

Smederevo is an industrial city, and the center of the steel industry of Serbia. The factory previously known as Sartid was purchased by U.S. Steel in 2003; USS Serbia employs over 8,000 workers. The factory of home appliances "Milan Blagojević" is the second most important factory in the city. Smederevo is also an agricultural area, with significant production of fruits and vines. However, the large agricultural combine "Godomin" has been in financial troubles since the 1990s and is almost defunct as of 2005. The sort of grape known as Smederevka is named after the city. The factory "Ishrana" is an important supplier of bakery products in northern and eastern Serbia. Steel framework Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ... The United States Steel Corporation (NYSE: X) is an integrated steel producer with major production operations in the United States and Central Europe. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A major appliance is a large machine which accomplishes some routine housekeeping task, which includes purposes such as cooking, food preservation, or cleaning, whether in a household, institutional, commercial or industrial setting. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the fruits of the genus Vitis. ... Smederevka is a white wine grape variety grown in the Tikves wine-growing region of Macedonia. ... Bakery foods A baker is someone who bakes and sells bread, cakes and similar foods. ...


References

  1. ^ http://72.14.221.104/search?q=cache:MC293NTNJuUJ:epa.oszk.hu/00000/00018/00005/pdf/szakalyfodor.pdf+szendr%C5%91+smederevo&hl=hu&gl=hu&ct=clnk&cd=3
  2. ^ Municipalities of Serbia, 2006. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia.
  3. ^ (2003) Popis stanovništva, domaćinstava i Stanova 2002. Knjiga 1: Nacionalna ili etnička pripadnost po naseljima (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. ISBN 86-84443-00-09. 

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


Gallery

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Pale (Пале) is a small town in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Not to be confused with Serbia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... This article is about Volos, Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montenegro. ... Coordinates Mayor Dejan Mandić Municipality area 235 km² Population  - city  - municipality 12,739 33,034 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded 1382 Area code +381 88 Car plates HN Official Website www. ... This article is about the country in Europe. ...

See also

This is a list of places in Serbia, including both cities and villages. ... Alogia is a Serbian power/progressive/heavy metal band. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Smederevo

Municipalities and cities of Serbia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Smederevo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (528 words)
Smederevo (Serbian: Смедерево, Latin: Semendria) is a city in Serbia and Montenegro on the Danube at 44.67° North, 20.93° East.
Smederevo was the residence of Branković and the capital of Serbia from 1430 until 1459, when it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire.
Smederevo is an industrial city, and the center of the steel industry of Serbia.
Podunavlje District - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (248 words)
The population of the district is 226,589, and the Seat of the District is in the city of Smederevo.
Smederevo was the capital of the Serb State in the fourteenth century - there stood the royal palace at the time of the then Serbian ruler Đurađ Branković.
Today, in the remnants of the Smederevo fortress, finished in 1430, traces of the former palace, chapel, and the house of the royal family can be discerned.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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