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Encyclopedia > Smart Fortwo
Smart Fortwo
Smart Fortwo Cabrio
Manufacturer Smart GmbH
Parent company DaimlerChrysler
Also called City Coupe
Production 1998–present
Assembly Bottrop, Germany
Hambach, France
Class Microcar
Layout RR layout
Engine(s) 0.6L petrol(turbo) 0.7L petrol (turbo) and 0.8L diesel (turbo) and 999 cc NA and turbo versionsI3
Transmission(s) 6-speed manual
Wheelbase 71.3 in (1811 mm)
Length 98.4 in (2499 mm)
Width 59.6 in (1514 mm)
Height 61 in (1549.4 mm)
Related Smart Roadster
Mitsubishi i

The Fortwo is the original smart model, launched in 1998 as City Coupe. Image File history File linksMetadata Smart_Fortwo_Cabrio. ... Automakers, also known as carmakers, automobile manufacturers, motor manufacturers, or the automobile industry are companies that design and manufacture automobiles. ... For cars with artificial intelligence, see Smart car. ... DaimlerChrysler AG (ISIN: DE0007100000) is a German car corporation and the worlds eighth largest car manufacturer. ... Map of Germany showing Bottrop Bottrop is a city in west central Germany, on the Rhine-Herne Canal, in North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen). ... Hambach is a city in Germany. ... Car classification is subjective since many vehicles fall into multiple categories. ... A Messerschmitt KR200. ... In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Straight-3 is an internal combustion engine with three cylinders arranged in a straight line side by side. ... “Gearbox” redirects here. ... A manual transmission (also known as a stick shift, straight drive, or standard transmission) is a type of transmission used in automotive applications. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Smart Roadster is a two-door microcar first introduced in 2003 by Smart GmbH. Sales of the Roadster and Roadster Coupé were below expectations, resulting in a halt of production of both models in November 2005 after about 43,000 Roadsters were made. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ... For cars with artificial intelligence, see Smart car. ...

Contents

Concept

The Smart "Micro compact car" was designed primarily for urban use in European cities, where parking is scarce and fuel economy is of great importance. The Smart Fortwo's length of only 8 ft allows as many as three of the vehicles to be parked in the space normally taken by one standard-length car. A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


Providing adequate passenger safety was a challenge to the designers. To solve this and to provide a rigid frame, a solid steel "Tridion" frame, left visible at the exterior as a major design element, completely surrounds and protects the passenger compartment, and defines the basic shape of the car as well. Interchangeable plastic body panels complete the exterior. With a weight of 730 kg (1609 lb), it is one of the lightest cars in the European market.


In order to make maximum use of the minimal crumple zone at the front, the Smart Fortwo has its engine positioned at the rear of the vehicle. Mercedes-Benz Fintail, an early example of a car with crumple zones The crumple zone on the front of these cars absorbed the impact of a head-on collision Activated rear crumple zone The crumple zone of a vehicle such as a train or an automobile is a structural feature...


The engine range is composed of only turbocharged three cylinder motors. Originally, the base petrol engine had 599 cc, but displacement was increased to 698 cc along with the restyling. It is available in 37 kW (50 hp) or 45 kW (61 hp) variants or with the Brabus models even more. The turbodiesel engine has 799 cc displacement with 30 kW (40 hp). Engines are mounted in the rear of the vehicle. The new 999 cc version (2007 onwards) comprises NA and turbo versions. “Turbo” redirects here. ... A Straight-3 is an internal combustion engine with three cylinders arranged in a straight line side by side. ... For other uses, see Watt (disambiguation). ... This article is about a unit of measurement. ... Look up and in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Although a manual transmission is offered, there is no clutch pedal. Instead, input from floor-mounted shifter or optional steering wheel-mounted paddles is fed to a servo-operated clutch to shift the sequential automatic gearbox.


The Smart averages 4.7 L/100 km (50 mpg or 21.3 km/L) for the gasoline model and 3.4 L/100 km (69 mpg or 29.4 km/L) for the diesel. MPG or mpg is a three-letter acronym with several meanings, including: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft - The Max Planck society for the advancement of science is an important German non-profit research organisation. ...


Parking

An example of how the smart compactly parks
An example of how the smart compactly parks

As free parking spots are hard to find in many European cities, official parking is expensive, and illegally parked cars are fined, immobilized or towed, the original idea behind the very short "smart car" is that the vehicle may be parked back-in in parallel parking zones. Its length of 250 cm (98.4 in) equals the width of a truck or a regular parking slot, allowing two or three Smarts to park in the same space as one normal car if parked side-on to the usual parking direction. However, this type of parking has been banned in Munich, Germany, amongst other places. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 657 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 657 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ...


Identity & Registration

One of the key concepts of the Smart was its interchangeable body panels- a single car could be any number of colours or designs, or even a mix of different panel sets. This caused a problem when it came to registering Smart cars with various national licensing agencies, which often recorded the colour of the car for identification. The solution was that all Smarts are registered as 'silver' or 'black' (the two colour options for the car's Tridion safety frame, which remains the same regardless of the body panels), leaving the owner to do what they wished with respect to the body panels.


Models

600 cc Smart City Coupé
600 cc Smart City Coupé

The Fortwo is available with targa-style removable roof panels (originally City Cabrio, now Fortwo Cabrio), introduced in 2000, and was restyled in 2002. Model variants include the base model Pure, sporty mid-spec model Pulse, luxury top-spec model Passion and the BRABUS tuned version - all of which are available in both coupé and cabrio form. Download high resolution version (1500x1071, 381 KB) Smart City Coupé at Bristol Car Show, The Downs, Bristol, England. ... Download high resolution version (1500x1071, 381 KB) Smart City Coupé at Bristol Car Show, The Downs, Bristol, England. ...


Crossblade

In 2002, Smart introduced a limited-edition variant of the City Cabrio, called the Crossblade. It was a very pure roadster version, without a windshield, roof or conventional doors, limiting its use. Its weight was still 740 kg (1631 lb). The Brabus-tuned engine developed 52 kW (71 PS) from its 599 cc engine. After Robbie Williams purchased Crossblade number 008, Smart began a marketing association with the British singer, using Williams to promote the brand. BRABUS Weber is a high-performance aftermarket tuning company which specializes in Mercedes-Benz, Smart and Maybach vehicles, similar to Hamann which modifies Ferraris and BMW. Founded in 1977 by Bodo Buschmann, Brabus has since become the largest Mercedes tuner other than the DaimlerChrysler affiliate Mercedes-AMG. The company is... For other people with the same name, see Robbie Williams (disambiguation). ...


Crosstown

The Crosstown, a convertible with a foldable windshield based on the Fortwo, was presented at IAA Frankfurt in 2005. No plans have yet been announced to bring this model to market.


Nightrun

Edition Nightrun includes instrument panels, steering wheel, paddles, shifter, Monoblock VI alloy wheels, leather seats and engine upgrade from BRABUS. Edition Nightrun is only available with the fortwo coupé. BRABUS Weber is a high-performance aftermarket tuning company which specializes in Mercedes-Benz, Smart and Maybach vehicles, similar to Hamann which modifies Ferraris and BMW. Founded in 1977 by Bodo Buschmann, Brabus has since become the largest Mercedes tuner other than the DaimlerChrysler affiliate Mercedes-AMG. The company is...


Truestyle

Truestyle models are painted in metallic paint colour, ruby red, available in pure trim.


Forfun2 Concept

At the 2005 Athens Motor Show, Greek 4x4 Rally Champion Stefan Attart unveiled an off-road version of the Fortwo. The Forfun 2 Concept combines the body of a Fortwo with the chassis and drivetrain of a Unimog. It sports monster truck-like 26-inch wheels wrapped in 140 cm diameter tires and winding keys where the Fortwo's rear wheels are supposed to be. [1] Unimog (from the German UNIversal-MOtor-Gerät, meaning universal motor device) designates a range of multi purpose four wheel drive medium trucks produced by Mercedes-Benz (a division of DaimlerChrysler AG). ...


Future plans

The Smart Fortwo has become the primary focus for the company as the Smart Forfour has been dropped. The new version was introduced on November 10, 2006, growing slightly in size for crash performance reasons but remaining the same general styling. Smart Forfour The Smart Forfour is a supermini produced by Smart from 2004 to 2006. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


An all-electric version of the Fortwo, the Fortwo EV, will be released in Europe in 2007. It will feature 30 kW (41 hp) output and a top speed of 70 mph (112 km/h). It will be capable of 0-30 mph (0-48 km/h) in 6.5 seconds. [2] The European Fortwo EV can travel up to 72 miles (116 kilometers) between charges. It typically takes around 8 hours for a full charge. [3]


Smart Fortwo in other markets

The car is popular in Europe and Japan. There is a Japan-only variant called the Smart K which is the only non-Japanese car that fulfills the regulations for Keicars. On 26 June 2002, Smart Fortwo was exhibited at the new Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) affiliate P.S. 1 in Queens, New York for the first time. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Example: Daihatsu Copen Example: Daihatsu Cuore Example: Suzuki Cappuccino Example: Subaru R1 Keicar (K-car), also called keijidōsha (in Japanese: 軽自動車 light motor vehicle), is a Japanese category of small automobiles, including passenger cars and also vans and pick-up trucks for commercial use. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... This article is about the museum in New York City. ... P.S.1 building exterior. ... Queens is geographically the largest of the five boroughs of New York City in the United States, and the most ethnically diverse county in the U.S. It is coterminous with Queens County in the State of New York and is located on western Long Island. ...


Australia

The Smart Fortwo is available in Australia, in only the middle 'Pulse' range, and with the gasoline engine. As of April 16, 2007 the base price for the Fortwo coupe is $19,900 (Australian dollar), and for the Fortwo cabrio is $22,900 (Australian dollar). [4] The Smart Fortwo is sold through selected Mercedes-Benz dealers. is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... ISO 4217 Code AUD User(s) Australia, Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island Inflation 2. ... ISO 4217 Code AUD User(s) Australia, Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island Inflation 2. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ...


Canada

The Smart Fortwo was introduced in Canada in 2004 and sold through Mercedes-Benz dealers. Only the turbo-diesel powerplant was offered for the coupe and convertible models because of tough emission regulations for gasoline engines dictated by Transport Canada. Demand was initially heavy, with up to six-month waiting lists in major urban areas in the spring of 2005. The vehicle has proven especially popular for light errand running for small shops and businesses, with many carrying custom paint jobs or stick-on graphics boldly advertising the associated product or service. This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ...


In 2008, Canada will only get the gasoline model because the diesel version does not meet 2007 emission standards. The Fortwo will carry a 1.0 litre engine that delivers up to 84 hp (63 kW) and re-engineered manumatic 5-speed transmission with a slightly larger body. The Bluetec-based diesel car will debut in 2009.[citation needed]


United States

In early 2006, a specialty automotive import and engineering firm - G and K Auto conversions (GNKAuto.com) of Santa Ana Calfornia, after investing millions in testing and fees, received DOT, NHTSA and EPA approval to sell a modified European specification smart car in the US. The 23 modifications to the smart included DOT certified headlights, reinforced doors for additional side impact protection, an odometer that read in miles per hour rather than kilometers, and soft padding on the interior pillars and ceiling. Smart car dealers in the US were a mix of "green car" specialty companies (EcoAutoInc.com) and exotic car dealers. Approximately 1,000 model year 2004, 2005 and 2006 smart cars were imported with smart Germany/ Mercedes Benz's cooperation and converted by G&K. The terms of the United Auto Group deal closed the door on the legal importation of the smart, and the smart soon became one of the most desirable collectible exotic cars in the US. The European smart's turbo-charged Mercedes Benz engine and unique design assured its permanent status as a rare collectible when it was announced that the 2008 replacement model would be longer, wider, and have a normally aspirated Mitsubishi engine.


In September 2006 DaimlerChrysler announced that smart USA, a division of UnitedAuto Group, will be the new distributor for smart in the United States and Puerto Rico. smart USA is headquartered in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan and can be found at http://www.smartusa.com/. Bloomfield Hills is a city in Oakland County of the U.S. state of Michigan. ...


The redesigned smart fortwo will be available in January 2008. A $99 reservation program was launched by smart USA in March, 2007.[5][6] This program allows interested parties to place a $99 refundable deposit on the new fortwo in preparation for the product's launch. To some, the 2008 smart was a disappointment. Its EPA mileage was expected to drop by 20%, and in an apparent attempt to turn the smart into a profitable division, the turbo-charged Mercedes Benz powerplant was replaced by a non-turbo Mitsubishi engine, the interior made more conservative, and the overall dimensions of the car increased.


The U.S. version of the smart fortwo will be available in 3 trims: Pure(base trim), Passion, and Passion cabrio. Pure has an MSRP of $11,590, Passion has an MSRP of $13,590, and the Passion Cabrio has an MSRP $16,590. [7]


Popular Culture

The Smart Fortwo has appeared in a number of feature films:

Maybe Baby is a 2000 British film, written and directed by Ben Elton based upon his book Inconceivable, starring Hugh Laurie, Joely Richardson. ... Just Married is a comedy / romance film directed by Shawn Levy and written by Sam Harper which opened on January 10th, 2003. ... A Good Year is a 2006 romantic comedy film set in Provence, in southeastern France. ... The Pink Panther is a 2006 comedy film. ... Agent Cody Banks is a movie released in the U.S. on March 13, 2003 that follows the adventures of 15_year_old Cody Banks (played by Frankie Muñiz) who has to finish his chores, avoid getting grounded, and save the world by going undercover for the CIA. Hilary Duff (Natalie... The Da Vinci Code is a 2006 feature film based on the bestselling 2003 novel The Da Vinci Code, by author Dan Brown. ... Salaam Namaste (Urdu and Hindi greetings, respectively) is an Indian Bollywood movie released on September 9, 2005, directed by Siddharth Anand and produced by Aditya Chopra and Yash Chopra. ... Scoop is a 2006 UK-set romantic comedy/murder mystery written and directed by Woody Allen and starring Hugh Jackman, Scarlett Johansson, Ian McShane, and Allen himself. ... Legally Blonde 2: Red, White and Blonde, is the 2003 sequel to 2001s Legally Blonde. ...

Video Games

  • Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 4 Barcelona
  • Midnight Club 2 the traffic cars also have a smart fortwo as a traffic car
  • Twisted Metal Head On in the paris arena and in the the tokyo arena has a yellow smart fortwo

Tony Hawks Pro Skater 4, often called THPS4, is the fourth game released in the Tony Hawks Series. ... Midnight Club II is the sequel to Midnight Club, published for the PlayStation 2, Xbox and PC. Players race through cities inspired by Los Angeles, Paris, and Tokyo, respectively. ...

TV appearances

The Smart Fortwo has also been featured in commercials for Nintendo's Wii video game console. Canadas Worst Driver is a reality television series first aired on Discovery Channel Canada, based on the UK Channel 4 Television Corporations Britains Worst Driver, and is considered a sister show to Canadas Worst Handyman, itself based upon Britains Worst DIYer. ... Dark Angel is an American cyberpunk science fiction television program, created by James Cameron and Charles H. Eglee, which ran from 2000 to 2002 on the FOX network. ... This article is about the US science-fiction television series For the Canadian educational science television series, see Eureka! (TV series). ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ... “Game console” redirects here. ...


Gallery

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1250, 374 KB)Smart car convertible with lowered top, left rear quarter view. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1250, 419 KB)Smart car convertible with lowered top, front view. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1850x1275, 480 KB)Smart car convertible with lowered top. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (850x600, 142 KB)Tachometer and clock of smart car convertible. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Smart (automobile)

  Results from FactBites:
 
DaimlerChrysler smart - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1305 words)
The original smart was a very small two-seater, but a coupé convertible and hatchback have been added, extending the brand into a true marque, part of DaimlerChrysler as Micro Compact Car GmbH.
The smart fortwo is manufactured at Smartville, a purpose-built factory complex in Hambach, France, established in 1994 as a joint-venture of Daimler-Benz and the Swiss watch manufacturer Swatch.
On 26 June 2002, smart fortwo was exhibited at the new Museum of Modern Art in Queens, New York for the first time.
DaimlerChrysler - Home - Top Stories - smart city-coupé Becomes smart fortwo as of 2004 (350 words)
Within the framework of the smart product offensive and the introduction of the smart forfour, the naming logic which began with the new four-seater is now to be applied to the two-seater smart model which has been on the market since 1998.
Due to this response, smart has decided not only to use the same logic to determine the names of all future smart models, but also to re-christen the well-established two-seater as smart fortwo.
The smart roadster and smart roadster-coupé are to retain their original names, since these already describe what these two smart models have to offer: Pure driving pleasure.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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