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Encyclopedia > Smallmouth bass
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Smallmouth Bass
Conservation status: Secure

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Centrarchidae
Genus: Micropterus
Species: M. dolomieu
Micropterus dolomieu
Lacépède, 1802

The smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. It is the type species of its genus. One of the black basses, it is native to a wide area throughout eastern North America, encompassing the upper and middle Mississippi River basin, the Saint Lawrence RiverGreat Lakes system, and up into the Hudson Bay basin. Smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu). ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Phyla Subregnum Parazoa Porifera (sponges) Subregnum Agnotozoa Placozoa (trichoplax) Orthonectida (orthonectids) Rhombozoa (dicyemids) Subregnum Eumetazoa Radiata (unranked) (radial symmetry) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (coral, jellyfish, anemones) Bilateria (unranked) (bilateral symmetry) Acoelomorpha (basal) Orthonectida (parasitic to flatworms, echinoderms, etc. ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicatas Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Orders See text The Actinopterygii are the ray-finned fish. ... Families many, see text The Perciformes, also called the Percomorphi or Acanthopteri, include about 40% of all fish and are the largest order of vertebrates. ... Genera  Acantharchus  Ambloplites  Archoplites  Centrarchus  Enneacanthus  Lepomis  Micropterus  Pomoxis Sunfish range The sunfishes are a family (Centrarchidae) of freshwater ray-finned fish belonging to the order Perciformes. ... Species  M. cataractae - shoal bass  M. coosae - redeye bass  M. dolomieu - smallmouth bass  M. notius - Suwannee bass  M. punctulatus - spotted bass  M. salmoides - largemouth bass  M. treculii - Guadalupe bass Micropterus Lacépède, 1802, is a genus of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (family Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Lacépède Bernard Germain Étienne de la Ville, Comte de Lacépède (December 26, 1756 – October 6, 1825) was a French naturalist. ... --69. ... In biology, a species is the basic unit of biodiversity. ... For the village on the Isle of Wight, see Freshwater, Isle of Wight. ... Atlantic herring, Clupea harengus: one of the most abundant species of fish in the world. ... In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is 1) a rank or 2) a taxon in that rank. ... Genera  Acantharchus  Ambloplites  Archoplites  Centrarchus  Enneacanthus  Lepomis  Micropterus  Pomoxis Sunfish range The sunfishes are a family (Centrarchidae) of freshwater ray-finned fish belonging to the order Perciformes. ... Scientific classification or biological classification refers to how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Families many, see text The Perciformes, also called the Percomorphi or Acanthopteri, include about 40% of all fish and are the largest order of vertebrates. ... Type specimens When a new species is discovered, more important than creating a new and unique name for the species is developing a reasonably detailed description. ... Species  M. cataractae - shoal bass  M. coosae - redeye bass  M. dolomieu - smallmouth bass  M. notius - Suwannee bass  M. punctulatus - spotted bass  M. salmoides - largemouth bass  M. treculii - Guadalupe bass Micropterus Lacépède, 1802, is a genus of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (family Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... This article is about the river in the United States. ... The Saint Lawrence River (French: fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... This article is about the group of North American lakes. ... Hudson Bay, Canada. ...


The smallmouth bass is marked by a series of dark stripes(or bars) on the sides, and its upper jaw does not extend past the eye. It grows to a maximum recorded overall length of 69 cm (27 in), weighing up to 5.4 kg (12 lb). Specimens have been recorded living up to 26 years. This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... The international prototype, made of platinum-iridium, which is kept at the BIPM under conditions specified by the 1st CGPM in 1889. ... Officially the pound is the name for at least three different units of mass: The pound (avoirdupois). ...


M. dolomieu is found only in clear water, preferring shallow, rocky-bottomed areas of lakes and rivers. Because it is relatively intolerant of any type of pollution, the smallmouth bass is a good natural indicator of a healthy environment. Carnivorous, its diet comprises crayfish, insects, and smaller fish, the young also feeding on zooplankton. Water pollution Pollution is the release of environmental contaminants. ... Families Astacoidea   Astacidae   Cambaridae Parastacoidea   Parastacidae Crayfish, sometimes called crawfish, or crawdads are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are closely related. ... Classes & Orders See taxonomy Insects are invertebrate animals of the Class Insecta, the largest and (on land) most widely-distributed taxon within the phylum Arthropoda. ... Photomontage of plankton organisms Plankton is the aggregate community of weakly swimming but mostly drifting small organisms that inhabit the water column of the ocean, seas, and bodies of freshwater. ...


The female can lay up to 21,000 eggs which are guarded by the male in his nest.


One of the world's most popular game fish, the smallmouth bass is stocked in rivers and lakes throughout the United States, and has been introduced in many countries, sometimes with adverse effects on native fish populations. It is a wary fish, and a bit more of a challenge to catch than it's bigger cousin the largemouth bass, but well worth the effort for it's tremendously strong fight - old fishing journals referred to the smallmouth bass as "ounce for ounce and pound for pound the gamest fish that swims". More delicate in flavor than the largemouth, it is a very good eating fish, though as often as not, it is released to fight another day. A Game fish is a fish that is pursued for sport, regardless of whether the fisherman ultimately eats the fish. ... Binomial name Micropterus salmoides (Lacépède, 1802) The largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) is a species of freshwater fish in the ocean sunfish family (Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. ...


Lures

Load your tackle box with an assortment of grubs, tubes, and jigheads and you are pretty well set for the entire year. Twister tail grubs 3 inches long on a 1/16 oz jig heads work well in rivers. Craw imitation plasicts are effective in summer months.


Rod and Line

For rivers spinning rods and reels are recommended. A 6'6 medium fast rod matched with a 200 yard 6-8lbs line is a good setup. Green colored line is effective in clear water rivers.


References

  • FishBase: Micropterus dolomieu
  • ITIS: Micropterus dolomieu
  • Rohde, F. C., et al. Freshwater Fishes of the Carolinas, Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.
  • Whitlock, John. "Micropterus dolomieu: Information". Animal Diversity Web. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, 2004.
  • New River in Virginia

Note: Smallmouth populations are adversely affected by fisherman who harass bedding fish. Protect your lake's future by avoiding spawners and targeting pre-spawn and post-spawn fish during the spring. FishBase is a comprehensive database of information about fish. ... The Integrated Taxonomic Information System or ITIS is a partnership designed to provide consistent and reliable information on the taxonomy of biological species. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Smallmouth bass - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (467 words)
The smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) is a species of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes.
The smallmouth bass is marked by a series of dark stripes(or bars) on the sides, and its upper jaw does not extend past the eye.
One of the world's most popular game fish, the smallmouth bass is stocked in rivers and lakes throughout the United States, and has been introduced in many countries, sometimes with adverse effects on native fish populations.
Smallmouth Bass Micropterus dolomieu (358 words)
The smallmouth bass derives its name from the fact that the rear end of the lower jaw does not extend past the eye, while that of a largemouth does.
Smallmouth bass reside in Great Lakes bays where waters are cool and clear, and the bottom is rock or gravel.
Smallmouth bass mature at age three or four, and occasionally live to be 10 to 12 years old.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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