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Encyclopedia > Sludge metal
Sludge metal
Stylistic origins: Doom metal
Hardcore punk
Southern rock
Cultural origins: Southern United States, late 1980s
Typical instruments: Electric guitar - Bass guitar - Drum kit - Vocals
Mainstream popularity: Minor, but growing due to the popularity of certain sludge-influenced bands.
Subgenres
Atmospheric sludge - Southern sludge - Stoner sludge
Regional scenes
Southern United States (particularly Louisiana)

Sludge metal is a form of heavy metal music that is generally regarded as a fusion of the doom metal and hardcore punk genres, often displaying southern rock influence. Sludge metal is typically aggressive and abrasive; featuring shouted vocals, heavily distorted instruments, sharply contrasting tempos and complex drumming. It originated in the American state of Louisiana during the late 1980s. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Hardcore punk, now commonly known as hardcore, is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s. ... Southern rock is a subgenre of rock music. ... Historic Southern United States. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... An electric guitar An electric guitar is a type of guitar that uses pickups to convert the vibration of its steel-cored strings into electrical current, which is then amplified. ... A sunburst-colored Fender Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass[1][2]; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played primarily with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... A drum kit (or drum set or trap set) is a collection of drums, cymbals and sometimes other percussion instruments, such as a cowbell, wood block, chimes or tambourines, arranged for convenient playing by a single drummer. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... Historic Southern United States. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Hardcore punk, now commonly known as hardcore, is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s. ... Southern rock is a subgenre of rock music. ... For other uses, see Tempo (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...

Contents

Characteristics

Sludge metal generally combines the slow tempos, heavy rhythms and dark, pessimistic atmosphere of doom metal with the aggressive style, shouted vocals and fast tempos of hardcore punk. The string instruments (electric guitar and bass guitar) are heavily distorted and often use a large amount of audio feedback to produce an abrasive, sludgy sound. Guitar solos are often absent. Drumming bears similarities to the style of drumming present in hardcore punk or extreme metal; for example d-beat and double bass drumming. However the beats may be slowed considerably, with the tempo usually falling somewhere between 50 and 80 beats per minute (bpm). Vocals are usually shouted or screamed, and lyrics are generally blue-collar in nature; reflecting on society, generally in a depressive, cynical or downtrodden manner. For other uses, see Tempo (disambiguation). ... In the world of guitar music and guitar amplification, distortion is actively sought, evaluated, and appreciatively discussed in its endless flavors. ... Audio feedback (also known as the Larsen effect after the Danish scientist, Søren Larsen, who first discovered its principles) is a special kind of feedback which occurs when a sound loop exists between an audio input (for example, a microphone or guitar pickup) and an audio output (for example... Extreme metal is an umbrella term, somewhat loosely defined, for a variety of heavy metal subgenres developed since the 1980s. ... D-beat is a drum beat, specifically a fast rock beat unique to hardcore punk, especially in its UK and European variants. ... A bass drum is a large drum that produces a note of low definite or indefinite pitch. ... Beats per minute (bpm) is a unit typically used as either a measure of tempo in music, or a measure of ones heart rate. ... A blue-collar worker is a member of the working class who performs manual labor and earns an hourly wage. ...


Many sludge metal bands from the Southern United States incorporate southern rock influences and imagery, although it should be noted that not all sludge metal bands share this style. Due to the similarities with stoner metal, there is often a crossover between the two genres, but sludge metal generally avoids stoner metal's positive atmosphere and its usage of psychedelia. Sludge metal also bears some musical and lyrical resemblance to crust punk (for example Dystopia). Historic Southern United States. ... Southern rock is a subgenre of rock music. ... Stoner music, stoner metal and stoner rock are interchangeable terms describing a sub-genre of rock music. ... Psychedelia is a term describing a category of music, visual art, fashion, and culture that is associated originally with the high 1960s, hippies, and the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood of San Francisco, California. ... Crusty redirects here. ... Formed in Orange County, California in 1991, Dystopia are a sludge band, popular in both the heavy metal and crust punk scenes, due in large part to their bleak, misanthropic imagery. ...


Stylistic divisions

Sludge metal has several loosely defined subgenres. Traditional sludge metal is the "purest" form of the genre, typified by bands such as Crowbar,[1] which come from New Orlean's metal scene. Southern Sludgecore is typified by strong blues and southern rock influences, extreme levels of distortion, extremely slow tempos, and generally hateful and controversial lyrics concerning misogyny or drug addiction. Eyehategod is generally regarded as the founder of this genre[2]. Aside from Louisiana, the biggest sludge metal scene is in North Carolina. North Carolina bands usually have a stronger punk influence, which includes bands such as Corrosion of Conformity, Antiseen, Weedeater and Buzzov*en. It is important to note that not all sludge metal is slow. The term Sludge/Doom is usually applied to sludge metal bands that emphasise low-tempos. Crowbar is an American doom / sludge metal band from Louisiana, characterized by their extremely slow, low-keyed, heavy and brooding songs. ... This article is under construction. ... Blues music redirects here. ... Southern rock is a subgenre of rock music. ... This box:      Misogyny (IPA: ) is hatred or strong prejudice against women; an antonym of philogyny. ... Eyehategod is an American sludgecore band from Louisiana who are known for their dark, sludgy riffs combined with equally dark lyrics. ... Corrosion of Conformity is an American heavy metal band. ... Antiseen, a self-described Destructo Rock band from North Carolina, have been playing and touring since 1983. ... Weedeater are a southern metal band that formed in North Carolina during the mid 90s after the demise of the infamous Buzzov*en. ... Buzzov*en were a Sludge Metal band from North Carolina, formed in 1989 out of the ashes of Sewer Puppet by guitarist/vocalist Kirk Fisher (often credited on releases as Reverend Dirtkicker). The band were known for being one of the founders of the sludge genre (after Eyehategod), and also...


Atmospheric sludge metal aims to produce an ambient atmosphere with reduced aggression, more philosophical lyrics and an experimental style. Neurosis, Isis and Cult of Luna are considered the forerunners and the most important bands in this subgenre. Atmospheric sludge bands draws influences from bands such as Earth, Neurosis and Godflesh instead of the earliest sludge metal bands. Mogwai in particular are a strong influence, especially on Isis, Cult of Luna, Pelican and Callisto. Mogwai's influence is particularly demonstrated by the use of single-note delayed guitar riffs which are achieved using a delay pedal. In an interview, Pelican mentioned that the heaviness of their music is no longer their main priority. Their sound is now being referred to as post-metal or "postcore" by many fans. Post-metal is a music genre, a mixture between the genres of post-rock and heavy metal, with roots in progressive rock and industrial music. ... For experimental rock music, see experimental rock. ... Neurosis is a highly influential experimental rock band, based out of Oakland, California. ... Isis is a Los Angeles, California-based band, founded in Boston, Massachusetts in 1997. ... Cult of Luna is a Swedish doom/post-metal band. ... Dylan Carlson of Earth. ... Godflesh was an industrial metal band from Birmingham, England, formed in 1988 by Justin K. Broadrick (guitar, vocals, and programming) and G. C. Green (bass). ... For the Swiss progressive house producer who releases under the name Moogwai, see Chab. ... Pelican is a four-piece instrumental band hailing from Chicago, Illinois, who have since relocated to Los Angeles. ... Callisto is a Finnish post-metal band with a sound similar to the likes of Isis and Cult of Luna. ... Delay is an audio effect which records an input signal to an audio storage medium, and then plays it back after a period of time[1]. The delayed signal may either be played back multiple times, or played back into the recording again, to create the sound of a repeating... Post-metal is a music genre, a mixture between the genres of post-rock and heavy metal, with roots in progressive rock and industrial music. ...


Sludge metal is often fused with other genres, such as stoner metal (Electric Wizard), black metal (Unearthly Trance), death metal (Soilent Green), or industrial music (Fudge Tunnel). Electric Wizard are a sludge metal/doom metal band from Dorset, England. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... For the 1973 movie, see Soylent Green. ... It has been suggested that Chicago Industrial be merged into this article or section. ... Fudge Tunnel were formed in Nottingham, UK, by Alex Newport, David Ryley and Adrian Parkin. ...


History

Sludge metal is generally regarded to have been invented by Washington band the Melvins[3][4], and some cite the second side of Black Flag's My War (1984) as influential. The band Flipper has also been cited as an influence. However, the genre was popularized chiefly by a number of New Orleans bands, a scene and sound popularly referred to as "NOLA". From there it travelled to many other areas in the Southern United States. For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Melvins are an American rock/metal band that usually perform as a trio. ... Black Flag was a hardcore punk band formed in 1976 in southern California, largely as the brainchild of Greg Ginn: the guitarist, primary songwriter and sole continuous member through multiple personnel changes. ... My War is the second full length album by seminal American hardcore punk band Black Flag. ... Flipper is an influential punk/noise band from San Francisco, California, formed in 1979, continuing on in often erratic fashion until the mid-1990s, then reuniting in 2005. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ...


In the early 00's a lot of sludge bands began to incorporate post-rock elements into their music. The new sound that emerged was greatly inspired by the experimental sludgers in Neurosis, and played by bands such as Isis, Cult of Luna and Pelican. The term post-rock was coined by Simon Reynolds in issue 123 of The Wire (May 1994) to describe a sort of music using rock instrumentation for non-rock purposes, using guitars as facilitators of timbres and textures rather than riffs and powerchords. ... In modern psychology, the term neurosis, also known as psychoneurosis or neurotic disorder, is a general term that refers to any mental imbalance that causes distress, but (unlike a psychosis or personality disorder) does not prevent rational thought or an individuals ability to function in daily life. ... This article discusses the ancient goddess Isis. ... Cult of Luna is a Swedish doom/post-metal band. ... For other uses, see Pelican (disambiguation). ...


Sludge metal bands by style

Traditional/Southern sludge metal

These bands are the pioneers of the genre or are strongly influenced by those bands. Many are from the Southern United States.

Acid Bath was a band from Louisiana, USA active from 1991 to 1997. ... Alabama Thunderpussy is a metal band from Richmond, Virginia. ... Artimus Pyledriver is a Southern sludge metal band from Atlanta, Georgia. ... black cobra is a Los Angeles based Doom / Sludge metal band, assembled in 2002. ... Buzzov*en were a Sludge Metal band from North Carolina, formed in 1989 out of the ashes of Sewer Puppet by guitarist/vocalist Kirk Fisher (often credited on releases as Reverend Dirtkicker). The band were known for being one of the founders of the sludge genre (after Eyehategod), and also... Corrosion of Conformity is an American heavy metal band. ... Crowbar is an American doom / sludge metal band from Louisiana, characterized by their extremely slow, low-keyed, heavy and brooding songs. ... Down is an American southern heavy metal supergroup formed in 1991. ... Formed in Orange County, California in 1991, Dystopia are a sludge band, popular in both the heavy metal and crust punk scenes, due in large part to their bleak, misanthropic imagery. ... Eyehategod is an American sludgecore band from Louisiana who are known for their dark, sludgy riffs combined with equally dark lyrics. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... Iron Monkey were a sludge metal band that formed in Nottingham, England in 1994. ... Melvins are an American rock/metal band that usually perform as a trio. ... Noothgrush is a sludge metal band with a very heavy, down-tuned and down-tempo sound and lyrics grounded in misanthropy. ... Rwake Rwake is a doom metal band from Little Rock, Arkansas that began as a jamming four-piece in 1996, and was originally called Wake. ... Weedeater are a southern metal band that formed in North Carolina during the mid 90s after the demise of the infamous Buzzov*en. ...

Stoner sludge metal

These bands mix typical stoner metal traits with typical sludge metal traits, and may be considered a part of both genres. Stoner music, stoner metal and stoner rock are interchangeable terms describing a sub-genre of rock music. ...

Bongzilla is a stoner metal/grindcore group from Madison, Wisconsin which was formed in 1995. ... Boris are a Japanese heavy rock band. ... Corrosion of Conformity is an American heavy metal band. ... Down is an American southern heavy metal supergroup formed in 1991. ... Eyehategod is an American sludgecore band from Louisiana who are known for their dark, sludgy riffs combined with equally dark lyrics. ... Electric Wizard are a sludge metal/doom metal band from Dorset, England. ... Kylesa is a metal band from Savannah, Georgia. ... For other uses, see The Sword (disambiguation). ...

Atmospheric sludge metal

Many of these bands are also considered to be a part of the closely-related post-metal genre. Post-metal is a music genre, a mixture between the genres of post-rock and heavy metal, with roots in progressive rock and industrial music. ...

Callisto is a Finnish post-metal band with a sound similar to the likes of Isis and Cult of Luna. ... Alternate cover Re-release cover True Nature Unfolds is the first true full-length album by the Finnish post-metal band Callisto. ... Noir is the second full-length album by the Finnish post-metal band Callisto. ... Cult of Luna is a Swedish doom/post-metal band. ... Giant Squid is a doom metal band from Sacramento, California, currently signed to The End Records. ... Intronaut is a new musical project featuring Sacha Dunable (Anubis Rising), Leon del Muerte (Exhumed, Impaled, Murder Construct, Artificium Sanguis), Danny Walker (Uphill Battle), and Joe Lester. ... Isis is a Los Angeles, California-based band, founded in Boston, Massachusetts in 1997. ... Minsk is a doom metal band from Chicago, Illinois founded in 2002. ... Mouth of the Architect is an American atmospheric sludge metal band. ... Neurosis is a highly influential experimental rock band, based out of Oakland, California. ... The Ocean Collective (usually referred to as Â»The Ocean«) is an experimental rock band from Berlin, Germany. ... Pelican is a four-piece instrumental band hailing from Chicago, Illinois, who have since relocated to Los Angeles. ... Rosetta is an American post-metal band incorporating elements of death metal, drone music, and ambient music creating a sprawling, atmospheric sound similar to Neurosis and Cult of Luna, and coined by some as space metal. Their debut album, The Galilean Satellites, featured two separate hour-long discs (one of...

Other sludge metal styles

3d House Of Beef is a band originally from Seattle, Washington. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Baroness is a metal band from Savannah, Georgia. ... Progressive metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music which blends the powerful, guitar-driven sound of metal with the complex compositional structures, odd time signatures, and intricate instrumental playing of progressive rock. ... Alternative metal is an eclectic form of music that gained popularity in the early 1990s alongside grunge. ... Boris are a Japanese heavy rock band. ... Drone metal, also known as drone doom, is a subgenre of doom metal that takes the heaviness and slowness of its progenitor to a new extreme. ... Stoner music, stoner metal and stoner rock are interchangeable terms describing a sub-genre of rock music. ... Psychedelic rock is a style of rock music that attempts to replicate the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs. ... Lightning Bolt Live at the Southgate House 2005. ... It has been suggested that sludge metal be merged into this article or section. ... Ambient music refers to a kind of music that envelops the listener without drawing attention to itself [1] // The term ambient music was first coined by Brian Eno in the mid-1970s to refer to music that can be either actively listened to with attention or as easily ignored, depending... Fudge Tunnel were formed in Nottingham, UK, by Alex Newport, David Ryley and Adrian Parkin. ... It has been suggested that Chicago Industrial be merged into this article or section. ... Gojira is a French progressive death metal band. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... Groove metal, often associated with half-thrash/neo-thrash/nu-thrash/post-thrash and power groove, is a term sometimes used to describe a derivative of thrash metal which took its current form during the early 1990s. ... Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres that is characterised by high speed riffing and aggression. ... For For the British band from Bristol also named Halo, see Halo (UK band). ... Lair of the Minotaur are an aggro thrash metal band from Chicago, Illinois. ... Mastodon is a Grammy-nominated[1] band from Atlanta, Georgia. ... Moss is a three-piece extreme doom metal band from the UK. Influenced by H P Lovecraft and the occult, songs usually average the 20 minute mark and incorporate extreme vocalisations and dense, otherworldly atmospheres. ... For the 1973 movie, see Soylent Green. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

See also

Stoner rock and stoner metal are interchangeable terms describing sub-genres of rock and metal music. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...

References

  1. ^ Crowbar MP3 Downloads - Crowbar Music Downloads - Crowbar Music Videos - Crowbar Pictures - MP3.com
  2. ^ Eyehategod MP3 Downloads - Eyehategod Music Downloads - Eyehategod Music Videos - Eyehategod Pictures - MP3.com
  3. ^ Post-Rock, Post-Metal, Sludge Metal, and Avant Garde Metal - L9IAnime Forums
  4. ^ Encyclopaedia Metallum - Reviews for Melvins - Houdini
Heavy metal redirects here. ... Alternative metal is an eclectic form of music that gained popularity in the early 1990s alongside grunge. ... Avant-garde metal or experimental metal is generally regarded as a cross-genre reference to metal bands or more exactly as a stylistic adjunction with specific traits (just like Progressive-, Symphonic-, Viking-, Pagan-, Folk-, Industrial-). It is characterized by large amounts of experimentation and by non-standard sounds, instruments, and... This article is about the musical genre. ... Christian metal is a form of heavy metal music and its many subgenres with Christian lyrics and themes. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Extreme metal is an umbrella term, somewhat loosely defined, for a variety of heavy metal subgenres developed since the 1980s. ... Folk metal is a diverse collection of music, encompassing a wide variety of different styles and approaches. ... Glam metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music that arose in the late 1970s - early 1980s in the United States. ... Gothic metal is a genre of heavy metal music that originated during the mid 1990s in Europe as an outgrowth of doom-death, a fusion genre of doom metal and death metal. ... Groove metal, often associated with half-thrash/neo-thrash/nu-thrash/post-thrash and power groove, is a term sometimes used to describe a derivative of thrash metal which took its current form during the early 1990s. ... Industrial metal is a musical genre that draws elements from industrial music and heavy metal music. ... Metalcore is a fusion of extreme metal and hardcore punk that began in the United States. ... Neo-classical metal is a subgenre of the heavy metal music heavily influenced by classical music in its style of playing and composing[1]. It implies a very technical performance and the use of elements borrowed from classical music and/or by famous classical music composers. ... Nu metal (also called aggro metal, or nü metal using the traditional heavy metal umlaut) is a musical genre that has origins in the mid 1990s. ... Post-metal is a music genre, a mixture between the genres of post-rock and heavy metal, with roots in progressive rock and industrial music. ... This article is about the sub-genre of heavy metal music. ... Progressive metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music which blends the powerful, guitar-driven sound of metal with the complex compositional structures, odd time signatures, and intricate instrumental playing of progressive rock. ... Rap rock is a hybrid of rap and rock music. ... Speed metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal that spawned in the early 1980s and was the direct musical progenitor of thrash metal[1] [2]. When Speed metal first emerged as a genre, it innovatively increased the tempo of the music template set forth by Black Sabbath, Led Zeppelin... Stoner rock and stoner metal are interchangeable terms describing sub-genres of rock and metal music. ... Symphonic metal is a term used to describe heavy metal music that has symphonic elements; that is, elements that sound similar to a classical symphony. ... Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres that is characterised by high speed riffing and aggression. ... Viking metal is a term used in reference to heavy metal music with a dramatic emphasis on Norse mythology, Norse paganism, and the life and times of Northern and Central Europeans prior to the Christianization of Scandinavia. ... The New Wave of British Heavy Metal (frequently abbreviated as NWOBHM or N.W.O.B.H.M.) emerged in the late 1970s and reached mainstream attention in the late 1970s, in the United Kingdom, as a reaction in part to the decline of early heavy metal bands such as... The early Norwegian Black Metal scene consisted of a black metal youths that met in the independent record store Helvete in Oslo. ... Scandinavian death metal concerns the death metal bands of Scandinavian origin. ... Bay Area thrash metal, or Bay Area Thrash, referred to a steady following of heavy metal bands in the 1980s who formed and gained international status in the San Francisco Bay Area, California [1]. Along with Tampa, Florida, the scene was widely attributed as a starting point of American thrash... // Cover of Ultimatum Split By Dorsal Atlântica and Metalmophose in 1984 While in the beggining of the 80s in the U.S., Germany and Canada was appearing bands such as Metallica, Slayer (U.S.), Destruction, Kreator (Germany) and Voivod, Exciter (Canada), in Brazil at the same time was... Australian heavy metal music has its roots in the both the Australian hard rock and pub rock tradition of the 1970s and the American and British heavy metal scenes. ... For the playable character in the video game Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock, see Guitar Hero III: Legends of Rock. ... Judas Priest, in typical heavy metal attire, performing at the VH1 Rock Honors on May 25, 2006. ... A number of overlapping heavy metal genres have developed since the emergence of heavy metal (often shortened to metal) in the late 1960s. ... This is a list of bands that pertain to the heavy metal genre of music. ... This is a list of metal festivals ordered by country. ... The heavy metal umlaut, or rock dots, is an umlaut over letters in the name of a heavy metal band, such as Mötley Crüe or Motörhead. ... Hardcore punk, now commonly known as hardcore, is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s. ... Christian hardcore is a form of hardcore and metalcore music and a subgenre of punk rock played by bands where the musicians promote Christian beliefs. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Crusty redirects here. ... D-beat is a drum beat, specifically a fast rock beat unique to hardcore punk, especially in its UK and European variants. ... Digital hardcore is a music genre or style that was first defined by Alec Empire. ... Look up emo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Funkcore is a music genre or movement derived from a fusion of hardcore punk and funk. ... Grindcore, often shortened to grind, is an evolution of crust punk, most commonly associated with death metal, a very different though similarly extreme style of music. ... HateCore historically refers to hardcore punk bands in the New York City scene in the late 1980s who wanted to point out that their sound was different from the original hardcore bands a few years earlier. ... Melodic hardcore is a subgenre of hardcore punk. ... Metalcore is a fusion of extreme metal and hardcore punk that began in the United States. ... For other uses, see Oi! (disambiguation). ... Post-hardcore; this specific genre was created by others as a sourse to relaese the emotion that builds inside, making the music intimate and touching to listeners. ... Power violence is a cross breeding of the musical genres hardcore punk and grindcore. ... Queercore is a cultural and social movement that began in the mid 1980s as an offshoot of punk. ... Rapcore is a musical genre that fuses the techniques of hip hop, gangsta rap, hard rock, heavy metal, alternative rock, hardcore punk and sometimes funk. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Skate punk (also known as skatepunk, skate-punk, skate-thrash, surf punk, or skate-core) was named because of its popularity among skateboarders, and the fact that many members of skate punk bands were themselves skaters. ... Taqwacore is a genre of punk music dealing with Islam and its culture, originally conceived in Michael Muhammad Knights novel, The Taqwacores. ... Thrashcore is an extremely fast subgenre of punk rock and saw its beginnings after the beginnings of hardcore punk in the early 1980s. ... Youth crew is a sub-genre of hardcore punk that was most popular from approximately 1986 to 1990, primarily in New York City and, to a lesser degree, Los Angeles. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Punk (music). ... This is a list of Scandinavian (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) hardcore punk bands. ... South Wales is home to a scene containing a number of influential bands within the hardcore, post hardcore metalcore, alternative metal, punk and emo musical genres. ... Umeå is a city in northern Sweden. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Boston Hardcore is the influential hardcore punk scene of Boston, Massachusetts. ... The California punk scene is a regional punk music scene that started in the late 1970s and still exists today. ... Chicago developed a hardcore punk scene in the early 1980s that was more experimental than its counterparts in Washington, DC, L.A., and New York City. ... The Detroit Suburbs were the location of one of the first important hardcore punk scenes that swept underground America in the early 1980s. ... // The Minneapolis area has been a fertile ground for the hardcore punk scene for many years. ... New Jersey hardcore (NJHC) refers to hardcore punk and metalcore music created in New Jersey and to the subculture associated with that music. ... New York Hardcore (NYHC) refers to hardcore punk music created in New York City and to the subculture associated with that music. ... Phoenix had a sizable hardcore punk scene in the 1980s that focused mainly around two bands from the citys east side, Meat Puppets and JFA. Meat Puppets, led by the Kirkwood brothers, signed to Greg Ginns SST Records and released several albums that proved to be highly... Washington, D.C. had one of the first and one of the most influential hardcore punk scenes in the United States during the 1980s. ... The DIY ethic (do it yourself ethic) refers to the ethic of being self-reliant and doing things yourself as opposed to paying others to do it. ... This is a list of bands considered to be hardcore punk by some. ... Further information: Hardcore punk Hardcore dancing grew out of the eastern United States hardcore scene, especially the New Jersey, New York and Boston hardcore scenes. ... This article is about the subculture. ... Punk ideologies are a group of varied social and political beliefs associated with the punk subculture. ... This is a list of bands that are considered part of the second wave of punk rock, beginning in the 1980s. ... For the drawing or cutting tool, see Straightedge. ... Extreme metal is an umbrella term, somewhat loosely defined, for a variety of heavy metal subgenres developed since the 1980s. ... For the gay mens lifestyle magazine, see Genre (magazine). ... This article is about the musical genre. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Thrash metal is a subgenre of heavy metal music, one of the extreme metal subgenres that is characterised by high speed riffing and aggression. ... A genre is any of the traditional divisions of art forms from a single field of activity into various kinds according to criteria particular to that form. ... ... Drone metal, also known as drone doom, is a subgenre of doom metal that takes the heaviness and slowness of its progenitor to a new extreme. ... It has been suggested that sludge metal be merged into this article or section. ... Melodic black metal is a sub-genre of black metal. ... Melodic death metal, (also referred to as Gothenburg metal, melodeath, and post-death) is a subgenre of death metal. ... This article is about the musical genre. ... Symphonic Black Metal is a fusion genre, combining elements of black metal and symphonic metal. ... Technical death metal, or tech death for short, is a term used to describe bands in the subgenre death metal. ... Viking metal is a term used in reference to heavy metal music with a dramatic emphasis on Norse mythology, Norse paganism, and the life and times of Northern and Central Europeans prior to the Christianization of Scandinavia. ... A Fusion genre is a music genre that fuses two or more other musical genres. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Blackened death metal also called death/black metal or black/death metal (depending on which styles is dominant) is a fusion genre of extreme metal utilising elements of death metal and black metal with bands usually hailing from Europe. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Death/Doom is a fusion genre, combines the slow tempos and pessimistic mood of doom metal with the guttral vocals and guitar style of death metal. ... Deathcore is an amalgamation of two musical styles: metalcore and death metal. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Grindcore, often shortened to grind, is an evolution of crust punk, most commonly associated with death metal, a very different though similarly extreme style of music. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Sludge - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (667 words)
In an Imhoff tank, fresh sludge is passed through a slot to the lower story or digestion chamber where decomposition by anaerobic bacteria takes place resulting in liquefaction and a reduction in the volume of the sludge.
Alternately, the fresh sludge may be continuously extracted from the tank by mechanical means and passed on to separate sludge digestion tanks which operate at higher temperatures than the lower story of the Imhoff tank and as a result digest much more rapidly and efficiently.
Sewage sludge is produced from the treatment of wastewater and consists of two basic forms – raw primary sludge (basically faecal material) and secondary sludge (a living ‘culture’ of organisms that help remove contaminants from wastewater before it is returned to rivers or the sea).
Sludge metal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (606 words)
Sludge metal is a form of heavy metal music that is generally regarded as a fusion between doom metal and hardcore.
There is often crossover between this genre and stoner metal, but sludge metal generally avoids the positive outlook on life that is common in stoner metal, and is usually far more atmospheric.
Traditional sludge metal is the purest form of the genre, occupied by bands such as Crowbar and Acid Bath.
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