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Encyclopedia > Slow Food
A restaurant placard, Santorini, Greece
A restaurant placard, Santorini, Greece

The Slow Food movement was founded by Carlo Petrini in Italy as a resistance movement to combat fast food. It claims to preserve the cultural cuisine and the associated food plants and seeds, domestic animals, and farming within an ecoregion. It was the first established part of the broader Slow movement. The movement has since expanded globally to over 83,000 members in 122 countries. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Santorini (Greek Σαντορίνη, IPA: ) is a small, circular archipelago of volcanic islands located in southern Aegean Sea, about 200 km south-east from Greeces mainland. ... Carlo Petrini ( born June 22, 1949 ), born in the province of Cuneo in the commune Bra in Italy, he founded the International Slow Food Movement in 1989. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ... The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... Cuisine (from French cuisine, cooking; culinary art; kitchen; ultimately from Latin coquere, to cook) is a specific set of cooking traditions and practices, often associated with a specific culture. ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... An ecoregion, sometimes called a bioregion, is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... The Slow movement is a cultural shift towards slowing down lifes pace. ...

Contents

The Slow Food organization

The Slow Food logo

Slow Food began in Italy with the foundation of its forerunner organization, Arcigola, in 1986.[1] The Slow Food organization spawned by the movement has expanded to include over 83,000 members with chapters in over 122 countries. All totaled, 800 local convivia chapters exist. 360 convivia in Italy — to which the name condotta (singular) / condotte (plural) applies — are composed of 35,000 members, along with 450 other regional chapters around the world. The organizational structure is decentralized: each convivium has a leader who is responsible for promoting local artisans, local farmers, and local flavors through regional events such as Taste Workshops, wine tastings, and farmers' markets. Image File history File links SlowFood. ... Image File history File links SlowFood. ... The Slow movement is a cultural shift towards slowing down lifes pace. ...


Offices have been opened in Switzerland (1995), Germany (1998), New York City (2000), France (2003), Japan (2005), and most recently in the United Kingdom. The head offices are located in Bra, near the famous city of Turin, northern Italy. Numerous publications are put out by the organization, in several languages. In the US, the Snail is the quarterly of choice, while Slow Food puts out literature in several other European nations. Recent efforts at publicity include the world's largest food and wine fair, the Salone del Gusto, a biennial cheese fair in Bra called Cheese, the Genoan fish festival called SlowFish, and Turin's Terra Madre ("Mother Earth") world meeting of food communities. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Bra is a town and comune of Italian region of Piemonte, 44°42N 7°51E, at 290 m (951 ft) above sea-level, with 28,300 inhabitants as of the 2003 census. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... Terra Madre is a network of food communities, each committed to producing quality food in a responsible, sustainable way. ...


In 2004 Slow Food opened a University of Gastronomic Sciences[2] at Pollenzo, in Piedmont, and Colorno, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. Carlo Petrini and Massimo Montanari are the leading figures in the creation of the University, whose goal is to promote awareness of good food and nutrition. University of Gastronomic Science is a university located in Bra, Italy. ... The ancient town of Pollentia on the left bank of the Tanaro is known today as Pollenzo, a fraction of Bra in the Province of Cuneo, Piedmont. ... For other uses, see Piedmont (disambiguation). ... Country Italy Region Emilia-Romagna Province Province of Parma (PR) Mayor Elevation m Area 48. ... Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... The Nutrition Facts table indicates the amounts of nutrients which experts recommend you limit or consume in adequate amounts. ...


Objectives

The Slow Food movement incorporates a series of objectives within its mission, including:

  • forming and sustaining seed banks to preserve heirloom varieties in cooperation with local food systems
  • developing an "ark of taste" for each ecoregion, where local culinary traditions and foods are celebrated
  • preserving and promoting local and traditional food products, along with their lore and preparation
  • organizing small-scale processing (including facilities for slaughtering and short run products)
  • organizing celebrations of local cuisine within regions (for example, the Feast of Fields held in some cities in Canada)
  • promoting "taste education"
  • educating consumers about the risks of fast food
  • educating citizens about the drawbacks of commercial agribusiness and factory farms
  • educating citizens about the risks of monoculture and reliance on too few genomes or varieties
  • developing various political programs to preserve family farms
  • lobbying for the inclusion of organic farming concerns within agricultural policy
  • lobbying against government funding of genetic engineering
  • lobbying against the use of pesticides
  • teaching gardening skills to students and prisoners
  • encouraging ethical buying in local marketplaces

From time to time, Slow Food intervenes directly in market transactions; for example, Slow Food was able to preserve four varieties of native American turkey by ordering 4,000 of their eggs and commissioning their raising and slaughtering and delivery to market[citation needed]. The preservation of plant germplasm in seedbanks, (or genebanks), is one of the techniques of ex-situ conservation of plant species. ... Only a few of the many varieties of potato are commercially grown; others are heirlooms. ... An ecoregion, sometimes called a bioregion, is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... Fast food is food prepared and served quickly at a fast-food restaurant or shop at low cost. ... In agriculture, agribusiness is a generic term that refers to the various businesses involved in the food production chain, including farming, seed, agrichemicals, farm machinery, wholesaling, processing, distribution, and retail sales. ... Hardy Meyers chicken operation near Petal, Mississippi. ... Monoculture describes systems that have very low diversity. ... In biology the genome of an organism is the whole hereditary information of an organism that is encoded in the DNA (or, for some viruses, RNA). ... The family farm is a farm owned and operated by a family. ... Organic farming is a way of farming that avoids the use of synthetic chemicals and genetically modified organisms (GMOs), and usually subscribes to the principles of sustainable agriculture. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Kenyans examining insect-resistant transgenic Bt corn. ... A cropduster spreading pesticide. ... A gardener Gardening is the practice of growing flowering plants, vegetables, and fruits. ... For other uses, see Student (disambiguation). ... Ethical consumerism is the practice of boycotting products which a consumer believes to be associated with unnecessary exploitation or other unethical behaviour. ...


Impact

It is difficult to gauge the extent of the success of the Slow Food movement, considering that the organization itself is still very young. The current grassroots nature of Slow Food is such that few people in Europe and especially the United States are aware of it. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Statistics show that Europe, and Germany in particular, is a much bigger consumer of organics than the US.[3] Slow Food has contributed to the growing awareness of health concerns in Europe, as evidenced by this fact, but on society as a whole, Slow Food has had little effect. An example of this is the fact that tourists visit Slow Food restaurants more than locals, but Slow Food and its sister movements are still young. In an effort to spread the ideals of anti-fast food, Slow Food has targeted the youth of the nations in primary and secondary schools. Volunteers help build structural frameworks for school gardens and put on workshops to introduce the new generation to the art of farming. Organic vegetables at a farmers market in Argentina. ...


Criticism

Critics of the organization have charged it with being elitist, as it discourages nominally cheaper alternative methods of growing or preparing food. Slow Food responds by claiming to be working towards local production and consumption which will exploit "best practices" of science and professions worldwide but ultimately prove cheaper due to less reliance on transport and energy and chemical and technology intensive methods. Elitism is the belief or attitude that the people who are considered to be the elite — a selected group of persons with outstanding personal abilities, wealth, specialised training or experience, or other distinctive attributes — are the people whose views on a matter are to be taken the most seriously, or...


These arguments parallel those of the anti-globalization movement, Greenpeace and green parties against global export of monocultured foodstuffs, especially GMOs. A central point related to these arguments is that transport prices are artificially low because the true cost of fuel (including the protection of shipping lanes and military interventions around the world) are not factored into the price of goods, and are instead paid for indirectly through personal taxes. Anti-WEF grafiti in Lausanne. ... Greenpeace protest against Esso / Exxon Mobil. ... This article is about the green parties around the world. ... GMO is an abbreviation with several meanings: Genetically modified organism, an organism the genetic material of which has been altered using recombinant DNA technology Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad (AAR reporting mark GMO), an American railroad carrier This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page... -1...


See also

Cittaslow, (literally Slow City in English) is a movement founded in Italy in October of 1999. ... Green syndicalism is the philosophy of the green guild or sustainable trades movement. ... It has been suggested that Local food network be merged into this article or section. ... The Nutrition Facts table indicates the amounts of nutrients which experts recommend you limit or consume in adequate amounts. ... A slow company is a business philosophy that is contrasted to fast company. ... The Slow movement is a cultural shift towards slowing down lifes pace. ... Terra Madre is a network of food communities, each committed to producing quality food in a responsible, sustainable way. ...

References

  1. ^ Bra, Serralunga d’Alba and Barolo, Italy. History. Slow Food. Retrieved on 2007-03-04.
  2. ^ University of Gastronomic Science. Retrieved on 2007-03-04.
  3. ^ Organic Farming in the European Union — Facts and Figures 30 pages. Commission européenne, Direction générale de l'agriculture et du développement rural (November 3, 2005). Retrieved on 2007-03-04.
  • Oxford Companion to Food, Slow Food an Excerpt. Oxford Companion to Food. Oxford University Press. Retrieved on 2007-03-04.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Slow Food USA (792 words)
We believe that the food we eat should taste good; that it should be produced in a clean way that does not harm the environment, animal welfare or our health; and that food producers should receive fair compensation for their work, and that all people should have access to this good and clean food.
Slow Food USA envisions a future food system that is based on the principles of high quality and taste, environmental sustainability, and social justice – in essence, a food system that is good, clean and fair.
Slow Food USA believes that pleasure and quality in everyday life can be achieved by slowing down, respecting the convivial traditions of the table and celebrating the diversity of the earth's bounty.
New Rules Project - The New Rules - Fall 2000 - Setting a Slow Table (2497 words)
Slow Food's symbol is the snail, a tiny creature that embodies a world of wisdom: reject the frenzy of modern living in favor of a slow, contemplative life rooted in community and firmly connected to the earth and its fruits.
Slow Food is also a political movement, organized to fight what are perhaps the most serious threats facing local foods: laws that favor large-scale production and make it nearly impossible for many artisan producers to continue their craft.
Slow Food has long described itself as an eco-gastronomic movement, recognizing that artisan foods derive their singular flavors from the soil, water and climate of the place where they were created.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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