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Encyclopedia > Slovio
Slovio/Словио  
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Created by: Mark Hucko  2001 
Setting and usage: International auxiliary language, designed for native speakers of Slavic languages
Total speakers: unknown
Category (purpose): constructed language
 auxiliary language
  Slovio/Словио 
Category (sources): a posteriori language based on the Slavic languages
Language codes
ISO 639-1: none
ISO 639-2: art
ISO/DIS 639-3: — 

Slovio is a written and spoken constructed language created by Swiss-based Slovak linguist Mark Hucko and published on the Internet in 2001. Slovio is an international auxiliary language created to help Slavic speakers intercommunicate. National Flag of all Slavs This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Mark Hucko (born September 15, 1947 in Bratislava) is a Slovak linguist who constructed Slovio and Blitz English. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... An international auxiliary language (sometimes abbreviated as IAL or auxlang) is a language used (or to be used in the future) for communication between people from different nations who do not share a common native language. ... The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, in much of the Balkans, in parts of Central Europe, and in the northern part of Asia. ... An artificial or constructed language (known colloquially as a conlang among aficionados), is a language whose phonology, grammar and vocabulary are specifically devised by an individual or small group, rather than having naturally evolved as part of a culture the way natural languages do. ... An international auxiliary language (sometimes abbreviated as IAL or auxlang) is a language used (or to be used in the future) for communication between people from different nations who do not share a common native language. ... An artificial or constructed language (known colloquially as a conlang among aficionados), is a language whose vocabulary and grammar were specifically devised by an individual or small group, rather than having naturally evolved as part of a culture as with natural languages. ... The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, in much of the Balkans, in parts of Central Europe, and in the northern part of Asia. ... ISO 639-1 is the first part of the ISO 639 international-standard language-code family. ... ISO 639-2:1998 Codes for the representation of names of languages — Part 2: Alpha-3 code Twenty-two of the languages have two three-letter codes: a code for bibliographic use (ISO 639-2/B) a code for terminological use (ISO 639-2/T). ... ISO 639-3 is in process of development as an international standard for language codes. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... Phonetics (from the Greek word φωνή, phone = sound/voice) is the study of sounds (voice). ... Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... This is a concise version of the International Phonetic Alphabet for English sounds. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... An artificial or constructed language (known colloquially as a conlang among aficionados), is a language whose phonology, grammar and vocabulary are specifically devised by an individual or small group, rather than having naturally evolved as part of a culture the way natural languages do. ... Mark Hucko (born September 15, 1947 in Bratislava) is a Slovak linguist who constructed Slovio and Blitz English. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... An international auxiliary language (sometimes abbreviated as IAL or auxlang) is a language used (or to be used in the future) for communication between people from different nations who do not share a common native language. ... The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, in much of the Balkans, in parts of Central Europe, and in the northern part of Asia. ...


The name, Slovio, comes from the Proto-Slavic slovo which means "word" and has been retained in similar form in contemporary Bulgarian, Croatian, Serbian, Bosnian, Czech, Slovak, Polish, Russian, Macedonian and Ukrainian languages. As of May 2006, the dictionary of Slovio contains over 37,000 entries. Proto-Slavic is the proto-language from which Old Church Slavonic and other Slavic languages later emerged. ... The Serbian language is one of the standard versions of the Å tokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and by Serbs everywhere. ...

Contents


Characterization

The grammar principles of Slovio are similar to Esperanto (unified noun, adjective and verb endings, no flexion). Affixes are used to change the function or meaning of a word. For example, adding -ju to the end of a word makes it an adjective to a neighbouring noun. Consequently, there is no need for a strict word sequence: Look up Esperanto in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up affix in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An adjective is a part of speech which modifies a noun, usually describing it or making its meaning more specific. ...

trava zelenju - "green grass"
zelenju trava - "green grass"

The vocabulary is derived from the most common words from Slavic languages. According to Hucko, Slovio is understandable by more than 400 million people (Slavic-speaking) throughout the world without any prior study of the language. The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, in much of the Balkans, in parts of Central Europe, and in the northern part of Asia. ...


However, critics say that such intelligibility is far from granted, especially for speakers of West Slavic languages (Polish, Czech and Slovak). For example, the Slovio words "sobak" (dog), "tper" (now), "gvorit" (to speak) and "pecxen" (liver) are very similar to the Russian words "sobaka", "teper", "govorit" and "pyechen", but have different roots in the Polish, Czech and Slovak languages. To overcome this, sometimes synonyms are used, e.g. the word "pes" for (dog). This article or section should be merged with List of West Slavic languages The West Slavic languages is a subdivision of the Slavic language group (q. ...


Alphabet

Slovio can be written using the Latin letters, as well as using Cyrillic letters. The Slovio letters lack any diacritic markings. The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used to write six natural Slavic languages (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ...


The sound and pronunciation of the letters are similar to Esperanto, except for the Slovio letters cx, gx, sx, zx, and h. Using a letter in combination with the letter x forms a new single sound. For example, s represents the s sound, and sx the English sh sound. This system allows for easy transmission via computer and other communication networks without the need for any special fonts.

 Latin  Cyrillic sounds like...
A a А а
B b Б б
C c Ц ц ts in rats
Cx cx Ч ч tsh in china
D d Д д
E e Е е
F f Ф ф
G g Г г g in good
Gx gx ДЖ дж g in George
H h Х х h in hotel or j in Juan
I i И и
J j Й й y in yes
K k К к
L l Л л
M m М м
N n Н н
O o О о
P p П п
R r Р р rolling r
S s С с s in suit
Sx sx Ш ш sh in shoot
T t Т т
U u У у
V v В в
Z z З з z in zoo
Zx zx Ж ж zh in leisure

Optional letters are: The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used to write six natural Slavic languages (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ...

 Latin  Cyrillic sounds like...
Hq hq always h in hotel
Hx hx always j in Spanish Juan
X x Кс кс ks in extra
Wx wx Щ щ shtsh in wish-chest
Q q softner, nq is ñ as in canyon

The Latin alphabet, also called the Roman alphabet, is the most widely used alphabetic writing system in the world today. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used to write six natural Slavic languages (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ...

Text sample in Slovio

Slovio es novju mezxunarodju jazika ktor razumijut cxtirsto milion ludis na celoju zemla. Ucxijte Slovio tper!
Словио ес новйу межународйу йазика ктор разумийут чтирсто милион лудис на целойу земла. Учийте Словио тпер!
Slovio is a new international language that is understood by 400 million people in the world. Learn Slovio now!

External links

Wikibooks
Wikibooks has more about this subject:
Slovio
  • Official Slovio webpage
  • Generator for Slovio typographical filler text
  • Forum about Slavopedia project and Slovio
  • Swadesh word list: comparing Slovio, Polish, Russian, Czech, Bulgarian and Belarusian
  • Slovio-English Dictionary from Webster's Dictionary

Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo-en. ... Wikibooks logo Wikibooks, previously called Wikimedia Free Textbook Project and Wikimedia-Textbooks, is part of the Wikimedia Foundation. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Slovio language and alphabet (147 words)
Slovio is a simplified Slavonic language devised by Mark Hucko ([email protected]) intended as an international auxiliary language comprehensible to speakers of all Slavonic languages, who number about 400 million.
Slovio can be written with the Latin or Cyrillic alphabets without any accents or special characters.
An introduction to Slovio in a number of different languages
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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