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Encyclopedia > Slough (wetland)

The term slough (in the UK, pronounced to rhyme with cow; In the US, pronounced "slew") has several meanings related to wetland or aquatic features that seem to derive from local experience. For example: Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ...

Contents


Descriptive meanings

  • In the UK, a slough is a muddy or marshy area (for example see the probable derivation of Slough in Berkshire and other place names called Slough).
  • In eastern and southeastern United States, a slough is a type of swamp or shallow lake system, typically formed as or by the backwater of a larger waterway. It is similar to a bayou with trees being present (that is, a swamp), and unlike a bog or marsh that lacks trees. It can also refer to the area of deeper water between a sandbar and a beach or between two sandbars.
  • In the western U.S., a slough is a secondary channel of a river delta or a narrow channel in a shallow salt-water marsh, usually flushed by the tide. While this is in essence the same application of the term as used in the eastern U.S., a singular difference is that there exist no native trees in the west that would grow out into the waterway to form a swamp.
  • In the northern Great Plains of the U.S. and Canada, a slough is a pond (often alkaline) usually the result of glaciation (see kettle (geology)); also called a pothole, whence prairie pothole region to describe the area where these sloughs are abundant.[1]

Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority (Borough of Slough) in the county of Berkshire in the south of England. ... Berkshire (IPA: or  ; sometimes abbreviated to Berks) is a county in England and forms part of the South East England region. ... A freshwater swamp This article is about the wetland type (a landform). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A bayou (pronounced or ) is a small, slow-moving stream or creek formed in the former bed of a river. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Freshwater marsh in Florida In geography, a marsh is a type of wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, cat tails, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water. ... In geography, a bar is a linear shoaling landform feature within a body of water. ... 90 mile beach Australia A beach or strand is a geological formation consisting of loose rock particles such as sand, shingle, cobble, or even shell along the shoreline of a body of water. ... In physical geography, a channel is the physical confine of a river or slough, consisting of a bed and banks. ... Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ... The tide is the cyclic rising and falling of Earths ocean surface caused by the tidal forces of the Moon and the Sun acting on the Earth. ... The Great Plains is the broad expanse of prairie which lies east of the Rocky Mountains in the United States of America and Canada, covering all or parts of the U.S. states of New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Montana, South Dakota and North Dakota and the... In chemistry, an alkali (from Arabic: al-qaly) is a specific type of base, formed as a carbonate, hydroxide or other ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkali earth metal element. ... A glaciation (a created composite term meaning Glacial Period, referring to the Period or Era of, as well as the process of High Glacial Activity), often called an ice age, is a geological phenomenon in which massive ice sheets form in the Arctic and Antarctic and advance toward the equator. ... A kettle is a landform feature in glaciated terrain. ...

Word definitions

Slough has almost exclusively negative or disparaging connotations that are innapropriate to increasingly-recognized value of natural areas. The roots and older meanings of the word remain as connotations today. In the U.S., surviving "slough (wetland)" is also often a natural area.[2] Choice of words influences whether such lands should be abandoned to development for better economic use or preserved for other values, matters of intense controversy and high stakes in the U.S. and elsewhere.[3] GCIDE Dictionary meanings of the word are: GCIDE is the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English. ... A dictionary is a list of words with their definitions, a list of characters with their glyphs, or a list of words with corresponding words in other languages. ...

  1. The skin, commonly the cast-off skin, of a serpent or of some similar animal.
  2. (Med.) The dead mass separating from a foul sore; the dead part which separates from the living tissue in mortification.[4]
  1. A place of deep mud or mire; a hole full of mire. —Chaucer.
  2. A wet place; a swale; a side channel or inlet from a river.
  1. necrotic tissue; a mortified or gangrenous part or mass [syn: {gangrene}, {sphacelus}]
  2. a hollow filled with mud
  3. a stagnant swamp (especially as part of a bayou)
  4. any outer covering that can be shed or cast off (such as the cast-off skin of a snake)[5]

Thesaurus words for "slough":
abandon, baygall, bilge, bilgewater, bind, bog, bottom, bottomland, bottoms, buffalo wallow, caries, carrion, case, cashier, cast, cast aside, cast away, cast off, chuck, chuckhole, clutch, complication, crunch, decay, decomposition, deep-six, desquamation, discard, dishwater, dispose of, ditch, ditchwater, dry gangrene, dry rot, dump, eighty-six, eliminate, embarrassing position, embarrassment, everglade, exuviae, exuviate, fen, fenland, fine how-do-you-do, foulness, gangrene, garbage, gas gangrene, get quit of, get rid of, get shut of, give away, glade, hell to pay, hobble, hog wallow, holm, hot water, how-do-you-do, husk, imbroglio, jam, jettison, jilt, junk, loblolly, marais, marish, marsh, marshland, meadow, mere, mess, mire, mix, moist gangrene, molt, moor, moorland, morass, mortification, moss, muckhole, mud, mud flat, mud puddle, mudhole, necrosis, necrotic tissue, noma, offal, offscourings, parlous straits, part with, pass, peat bog, pickle, pinch, plight, pod, predicament, pretty pass, pretty pickle, pretty predicament, puddle, putrefaction, putrescence, putridity, putridness, quagmire, quicksand, rancidity, rancidness, rankness, refuse, reject, remove, riffraff, rot, rottenness, salt marsh, scrap, scrape, scum, scurf, sewage, sewerage, shed, shell, shuck, skin, slip, slob land, slop, slops, sough, sphacelation, sphacelus, spoilage, spot, squeeze, stew, sticky wicket, strait, straits, sump, swale, swamp, swampland, swill, taiga, throw away, throw off, throw out, throw over, throw overboard, tight spot, tight squeeze, tightrope, tooth decay, toss overboard, tricky spot, unholy mess, wallow, wash[6] Water stagnation occurs when water stops flowing. ...


In literature

Slough of Despond, a deep bog in the Pilgrims Progress, into which Christian sinks under the weight of his sins and his sense of their guilt. ... The Pilgrims Progress from This World to That Which Is to Come by John Bunyan (published 1678) is an allegorical novel. ... Paul and Babe in Bemidji, Minnesota Paul Bunyan is a mythical lumberjack in tall tales. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ {{Citation needed}} to differentiate from following
  2. ^ (1) Cf. such as Ebbey Slough, Snohomish County, Washington (a true western slough); University Slough, Seattle, Washington (the name is in use though named in the eastern and southeastern sense), Wikipedia redirects to Union Bay Natural Area; and around San Francisco Bay, California.
    (2) See also Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB; England, Wales and Northern Ireland) or National Scenic Area (Scotland). In the U.S., Natural Area criteria are more toward environmental value and level of human disturbance.
  3. ^ Reisner
  4. ^ Dyck
  5. ^ Miller
  6. ^ Ward

University Slough (Drainage Canal) beside the Union Bay Natural Area (UBNA) is more accurately one of three areas of open water connected with Lake Washington around Union Bay Marsh, on the east of the main campus of the University of Washington (UW), in Seattle. ... The Union Bay Natural Area (UBNA), also known as Union Bay Marsh, is the restored remainder of the fllled former Union Bay and Union Bay Marsh after University Village Shopping Center, the University of Washington (UW) athletic facilities, buildings, and main parking area E. It is located at the east... Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is a United Kingdom. ... National Scenic Area is a conservation designation specifically for Scotland, administered by Scottish Natural Heritage. ...

Bibliography

  • Dyck, Michael (ed.) (16 June 2002). "GCIDE_XML", the GNU version of The Collaborative International Dictionary of English, presented in the Extensible Markup Language. Based on GCIDE version 0.46 (15 April 2002). Retrieved 21 April 2006.
  • Miller, George A. (August 2003). WordNet (r) 2.0. Retrieved 21 April 2006.
    Permission to use, copy, modify and distribute this software and database and its documentation for any purpose and without fee or royalty is hereby granted, provided that you agree to comply with the following copyright notice and statements, including the disclaimer, and that the same appear on ALL copies of the software, database and documentation, including modifications that you make for internal use or for distribution.
    WordNet 2.0 Copyright 2003 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
    THIS SOFTWARE AND DATABASE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND PRINCETON UNIVERSITY MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED. BY WAY OF EXAMPLE, BUT NOT LIMITATION, PRINCETON UNIVERSITY MAKES NO REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR THAT THE USE OF THE LICENSED SOFTWARE, DATABASE OR DOCUMENTATION WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY THIRD PARTY PATENTS, COPYRIGHTS, TRADEMARKS OR OTHER RIGHTS. ["License" at "Obtaining WordNet 2.0" of "About WordNet"]. Retrieved 21 April 2006.
  • Reisner, Marc (1993, revised and updated). Cadillac desert : the American West and its disappearing water. New York: Penguin Books. ISBN 0140178244 (pbk.). Retrieved on 2006-04-21.
  • Ward, Grady (ed.) (May 2002). Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0. "Project Gutenberg Presents: Moby Thesaurus II". "The Project Gutenberg License". Retrieved 21 April 2006.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Urban Creeks Council Sacramento Creek Histories (1888 words)
This historic slough came off the American River at the present CSUS campus and flowed west and south through midtown to a wetland area at the present site of Land Park, and eventually to the Beach-Stone Lakes and Snodgrass Slough area in the south county.
The slough was the path of major flood events that overtopped the American River.
As the city grew in the 1860's-1870's Burns Slough was diverted to the east.
National Audubon Society :: Saving Wetlands Chapter 2 (3444 words)
Wetlands are lands transitional between terrestrial and aquatic systems where the water table is usually at or near the surface or the land is covered by shallow water.
Wetlands may be woody or herbaceous, salt water or fresh, covered with vegetation or supporting only sparse emergent growth, found in sub-polar, temperate, or tropical locales, within deserts and near oceans, bordering rivers and streams, at sea level or high in the Sierras.
While wetland functions, such as sediment control and flood storage, are natural processes of the wetlands that continue regardless of their perceived value to humans, the value man places on those functions in many cases is the primary factor determining whether a wetland remains intact or is converted for some other use.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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