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Encyclopedia > Sledge hockey
Ice Hockey Sledge
Ice Hockey Sledge

Sledge hockey is a sport that was designed to allow participants who have a physical disability to play the game of ice hockey. Ice sledge hockey (also known as sled hockey in the United States) was invented in the early 1960s in Stockholm, Sweden at a rehabilitation center. It is currently one of the most popular sports in the Paralympic Games. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 677 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1341 × 1188 pixel, file size: 524 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Randal J. Kwapis, www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 677 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1341 × 1188 pixel, file size: 524 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Randal J. Kwapis, www. ... The term disability, as it is applied to humans, refers to any condition that impedes the completion of daily tasks using traditional methods. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Stockholm [, ] is the capital and the largest City of Sweden. ... Silver 2004 The Paralympic Games are an elite multi-sport event for athletes with a disability. ...

Two men from Sweden designed the sled for ice sledge hockey in the 1960s because they wanted to continue to play hockey despite their physical disability. Their design included two skate blades on a metal frame that allowed the puck to pass underneath. They completed the ensemble by including 2 round poles with bike handles for sticks. Although there are many restrictions to the measurements and weight of the sledges used in the Paralympic Games, not a whole lot has changed from the original design to the ones that exist today. The term disability, as it is applied to humans, refers to any condition that impedes the completion of daily tasks using traditional methods. ... Silver 2004 The Paralympic Games are an elite multi-sport event for athletes with a disability. ...

Despite the initial decline of interest after the invention of sledge hockey, competition between sledge hockey teams started up in 1969 that included five teams out of Europe. In 1981, Great Britain established their first sledge hockey team, and that was shortly followed by Canada in 1982. It was not until 1990 that the United States developed their first ice sledge hockey team and sledge hockey continued to expand when Estonia and Japan developed their teams in 1993. International ice sledge hockey became an official event in 1994 for the beginning of the Paralympic Games in Lillehammer, with Sweden claiming the first gold medal for ice sledge hockey competition. In 1998 the following Paralympic Games in Nagano, Japan, Norway won the gold medal as Canada and Sweden took the silver and bronze respectively. For the 2002 Paralympic Games in Salt Lake City, Utah, the gold medal belonged to the United States with Norway and Sweden finishing second and third. The 2006 Paralympic Games in Torino, Italy saw the gold medal go to Canada, silver to Norway and bronze to the United States. An invention is an object, process, or technique which displays an element of novelty. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... County Oppland District Gudbrandsdal Municipality NO-0501 Administrative centre Lillehammer Mayor (2005) Synnøve Brenden Klemetrud (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 211 477 km² 450 km² 0. ... Categories: Host cities of the Winter Olympic Games | Cities in Nagano Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ... Gold Medal is an album by American band The Donnas, released in 2004. ... Salt Lake City is the capital and the most populous city of the U.S. state of Utah. ... Location Region Piedmont Province Torino Area   – Total   – Water 130 km² (50 mi²) ##.# km² (#.# mi²) #.##% Population   – Total (2002)   – Density 857,433 6,596/km² Time zone CET: UTC+1 Latitude Longitude   45°04N 7°40E (##.#######, -##.#######)1. ...



Essentially all of the regular ice hockey rules that have been implemented and enforced in regular ice hockey leagues apply to many ice sledge hockey leagues around the world. The differences that have been created into the game of ice sledge hockey are modified for the athlete and their sledges. The first set of international rules was created in 1990 and was drafted from Canadian rules. The majority of ice hockey around the world is played under the umbrella of three organizations, Hockey Canada, USA Hockey, and the International Ice Hockey Federation, each with their own set of rules. ... Look up Athlete in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

  • The entranceways to the players’ benches and penalty benches from the ice are designed evenly with the ice so the players can access them without the help of a coach or able-bodied person. Additionally, the surface area inside the players’ benches and penalty benches are made of smooth plastic or ice, which is to avoid any damage to the players’ sledges.

All players are required to have their ice sledge hockey equipment follow the standard that has been set by the IHEC (Ice Hockey Executive Committee), including their sledges, sticks, helmet, skates (if applicable), and other protective gear. The sticks for ice sledge hockey players have a curvy blade (similar to regular ice hockey) at one end, and generally six to eight picks at the opposite end of the blade for maneuvering and propulsion. Movement is achieved by using the metal teeth as a means to grip the ice and push one forward. The metal picks cannot be overly pointy and protrude farther than 1cm beyond the stick so it cannot damage the ice or other players. Image:Norloc.gif This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other meanings, see Helmet (disambiguation). ... Look up skates in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Related sports

Many other sports have been created with the same idea as ice sledge hockey so it can allow persons with disabilities to participate in sport. Wheelchair basketball is one of the most developed sports for people with physical disabilities and many organizations around the globe exist to promote the game of wheelchair basketball. Wheelchair basketball has existed since the 1960s at Paralympic competition in Rome. Organizations such as International Wheelchair Basketball Federation (IWBF) promote the Paralympics, World Championships and Junior World Championships. International competition in Paralympic sports is continuing to expand and develop in similar ways that ice sledge hockey is. Wheelchair rugby, volleyball and wheelchair tennis are also among the most recent additions of Paralympic sports. International competition will become increasingly better if sports such as these become more accessible to communities like wheelchair basketball and ice sledge hockey. Wheelchair basketball is a sport played primarily by people with disabilities. ... A World Championship is any contest to determine the best in the world in a particular field. ... Wheelchair rugby Wheelchair rugby is a team sport for athletes with a disability. ... Volleyball is an Olympic sport in which two teams separated by a high net use their hands, arms or (rarely) other parts of their bodies to hit a ball back and forth over the net. ... A wheelchair tennis player serving. ...


  • Canadian National Men’s Sledge Hockey Team. (2004). Canadian success in sledge
  • hockey. Retrieved January 27, 2006, from [1]
  • Canadian Paralympic Committee. (2006). Torino 2006. Retrieved January 16, 2006, from [2]
  • Hockey Alberta. (2004). Sledge hockey tournaments. Retrieved January 16, 2006, from [3]
  • International Paralympic Committee. (2006). Ice sledge hockey. Retrieved January 16, 2006, from [4]
  • International Paralympic Ice Hockey Rulebook. (2005). International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved January 17, 2006, from [5]
  • International Wheelchair Basketball Federation. (2003). Promoting excellence and developing opportunities. Retrieved January 16, 2006, from [6]
  • It’s The Real Deal. (2005). Paralympic schools program. Retrieved January, 16, 2006, from [7]
  • Paralympic Sports Association. (2004). Sledge hockey. Retrieved January, 17, 2006, from [8]
  • Salt Lake 2002 Paralympics. (2002). Historical records. Retrieved January, 16, 2006, from [9]
  • Spokes n’ Motion (2006). Retrieved January 16, 2006, from [10]
  • CanWin Sports(2006). Retrieved November 20, 2006, from [11]

External links

Leagues and Associations

Equipment Manufacturers

Teams by Country

British Sledge Hockey teams

  • The Cardiff Huskies
  • The Kingston Kestrels

Canadian Teams

Cruisers Sports for the Physically Disabled, (also known as Mississauga Cruisers or Halton/Peel Cruisers) was first formed in September 1986 by a dedicated group of parents who wanted their children to be able to participate in sports. ...

Czech Sledge Hockey teams

  • B.B. Budweiser Kings
  • Draci - Dragons Kolín
  • HAMÉ Sedící Medvědi - Sitting Bears Zlín
  • HC SPARTA sledge hokej Praha
  • Kohouti - Cocks Olomouc
  • NOWACO Sharks Karlovy Vary

Dutch Sledge Hockey team

  • Amsterdam Huskies

German Sledge Hockey teams

  • Bremen Pirates
  • Dresden Cardinals
  • Hannover Scorpions
  • Heidelberg Knights
  • SG Kamen/Wiehl

Italy Sledge Hockey teams

  • Varese
  • Aquile del Sudtirolo (Alto Adige)
  • Armata Brancaleone (Lombardia)
  • Tori Seduti (Piemonte)

Poland Sledge Hockey team

  • IKS ATAK Elbląg

United States teams

  • Atlantic Hammerheads (Pennsylvania)
  • Buffalo Sled Hockey (New York)
  • Long Island Roughriders
  • Minnesota Sled Hockey
  • New England Bruins
  • Ohio Blades
  • PA Centerpedes
  • Pittsburgh Mighty Penguins
  • Portland Pirates Sled Hockey Club
  • Sacramento Lightning
  • South Jersey Wings of Steel
  • Tennessee Regulators/Eagles
  • Vineland Sled Stars (New Jersey)

Annual North American sledge hockey tournaments

  • Aladdin Invitational (Columbus, OH) – Mid-January
  • Islanders International Sledge Hockey Tournament(Markham, ON) – Mid April
  • London Blizzard Invitational (London, ON)
  • New England Invitational – April
  • Western Canada Sledge Hockey Tournament - January



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