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Encyclopedia > Slapstick
Look up slapstick in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Slapstick is a type of comedy involving exaggerated physical violence or activities (e.g., a character being hit in the face with a frying pan or running full speed into a wall). The style is common to those genres of entertainment in which the audience is supposed to understand the very hyperbolic nature of such violence to exceed the boundaries of common sense and thus license non-cruel laughter. Its greatest modern representations therefore lie in cartoons and the simple, amplified film comedies aimed at younger audiences. Though the term is often used pejoratively, the performance of slapstick comedy--based on exquisite timing and unerring calculation of execution, character reaction, and audience laughter--is considered among the more difficult tasks facing a live performer. Look up slapstick in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... image of charlie chaplin The text below is generated by a template, which has been proposed for deletion. ... image of charlie chaplin The text below is generated by a template, which has been proposed for deletion. ... “Charles Chaplin” redirects here. ... The word comedy has a classical meaning (comical theatre) and a popular one (the use of humor with an intent to provoke laughter in general). ...

Contents

=Origins

The phrase comes from the battacchio--called the 'slap stick' in English--a club-like object composed of two wooden slats used in Commedia dell'arte. When struck, the battacchio produces a loud smacking noise, though little force is transferred from the object to the person being struck. Actors may thus hit one another repeatedly with great audible effect while causing very little actual physical damage. Along with the inflatable bladder (of which the whoopee cushion is a modern variant), it was among the earliest forms of special effects that could be carried on one's person. Slapstick can be real or acted. It is used in many forms of drama. A whip being used in a marching band pit ensemble The whip or slapstick is a percussion instrument consisting of two wooden boards joined by a hinge at one end. ... “Commedia” redirects here. ... 1955 Advertising Card A Whoopee Cushion, also known as The Poo-Poo Cushion and The Razzberry Cushion, is a Practical joke device that produces a noise resembling a Bronx cheer or human flatulence. ... Special effects (also called SPFX or SFX) are used in the film, television, and entertainment industry to realize scenes that cannot be achieved by live action or normal means. ...


History

While the object from which the genre is derived dates from the Renaissance, theatre historians argue that slapstick comedy has been at least somewhat present in almost all comedic genres since the rejuvenation of theatre in church liturgical dramas in the Middle Ages. (Some argue for instances of it in Greek and Roman theatre, as well.) Beating the devil off stage, for example, remained a stock comedic device in many otherwise serious religious plays. Shakespeare also incorporated many chase scenes and beatings into his comedies. Building off its later popularity in the nineteenth and early twentieth-century ethnic routines of the American vaudeville house, the style was explored extensively during the "golden era" of black and white, silent movies directed by figures Mack Sennett and Hal Roach and featuring such notables as Mabel Normand, Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle, Buster Keaton, Charlie Chaplin, Laurel and Hardy, the Marx Brothers, the Keystone Kops, and the Three Stooges. Slapstick is also common in animated cartoons such as Tom and Jerry and Looney Tunes. Slapstick is a type of commedy like Laurel and Hardy. This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... A comedic device is used in comedy to write humor in a common structure. ... Shakespeare redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Mack Sennett (1880 - 1960) Mack Sennett (January 17, 1880 – November 5, 1960) was an innovator of slapstick comedy in film. ... Harold Eugene Roach, Sr. ... Mabel Normand Mabel Normand (November 10, 1892 - February 23, 1930) was a US film actress, who was a popular comedienne in silent films. ... Roscoe Conkling Arbuckle (1887-1933) in 1919 Roscoe Conkling Arbuckle (March 24, 1887 – June 29, 1933) was an American silent film comedian. ... Buster Keaton (born Joseph Frank Keaton, October 4, 1895 – February 1, 1966) was an American silent film comic actor and filmmaker. ... “Charles Chaplin” redirects here. ... Laurel and Hardy, in a promotional still from their 1937 feature film Way Out West. ... This article is about the comedian siblings. ... The Keystone Kops in a typical pose. ... The Three Stooges were an American vaudeville and comedy act of the mid 20th century best known for their numerous short subject films. ... For the band, see Cartoons (band). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Looney Tunes opening title Looney Tunes is a Warner Brothers animated cartoon series which ran in many movie theatres from 1930 to 1969. ...


Modern criticism

In recent times, some have criticized representations of violence in a belief that they encourage actual violence, a claim supported by the American Academy of Pediatrics.[1] Slapstick comedy has not escaped negative attention, though its lengthy presence in performance history and obviously fictitious nature protects it from efforts meant to censor video games and action films. Indeed, the uninterrupted modern presence of slapstick comedy--running in film from Buster Keaton to Mel Brooks to the Farrelly Brothers, and in live performance from Weber & Fields to Jackie Gleason to Rowan Atkinson--suggests it will remain a part of the comedic landscape. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) is an organization of pediatricians, physicians trained to deal with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents. ... This article is about computer and video games. ... Action movies usually involve a fairly straightforward story of good guys versus bad guys, where most disputes are resolved by using physical force. ... Buster Keaton (born Joseph Frank Keaton, October 4, 1895 – February 1, 1966) was an American silent film comic actor and filmmaker. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Farrelly brothers, Peter (b. ... Herbert John Jackie Gleason (February 26, 1916 – June 24, 1987) was an American comedian, actor, and musician. ... Rowan Sebastian Atkinson (born 6 January 1955) is an English comedian, actor and writer, famous for his title roles in the British television comedies Blackadder and Mr. ...


See also

For other uses, see Laughter (disambiguation). ... Slapstick films are a type of comedy film that employ slapstick comedy with five main conventions: Pain with no real consequence Editing to turn a situation more unrealistic Impossible situations Zooms to confuse the audience Off screen use of sounds for impossible stunts and tension for audience Films: Home Alone... Wacky Comedy or Anarchy Comedy is a genre of cinema using nonsensical, stream-of-consciousness humor which often lampoons some form of authority. ... Physical comedy is comedic performance relying mostly on the use of the body to convey humor. ... Actresses Uma Thurman (right) and Vivica A. Fox performing a fight choreography Stage combat is a specialized technique in theatre designed to create the illusion of physical combat without causing harm to the performers. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Slapstick - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (423 words)
Slapstick is a type of comedy involving exaggerated physical violence.
Slapstick is also common in animated cartoons such as Tom and Jerry and Looney Tunes.
Indeed, the uninterrupted modern presence of slapstick comedy--running in film from Buster Keaton to Mel Brooks to the Farrelly Brothers, and in live performance from Weber and Fields to Jackie Gleason to Rowan Atkinson--suggests it shall remain a part of the comedic landscape.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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