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Encyclopedia > Slam poetry
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A poetry slam is a competition at which poets read or recite original work (or, more rarely, that of others). These performances are then judged on a numeric scale by previously selected members of the audience. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (820x615, 79 KB)[edit] Summary The author of this photo is me, David Shankbone. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (820x615, 79 KB)[edit] Summary The author of this photo is me, David Shankbone. ... The Nuyorican Poets Cafe is a New York City performance venue, best known for slam poetry, but also presenting theater, stand-up comedy, Latin jazz, hip-hop performance, and screenplay readings, the café is a non-profit organization. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...

Contents

History

Marc Smith is credited with starting the poetry slam at the Get Me High Lounge in Chicago in November 1984. In July 1986, the slam moved to its permanent Chicago home, the Green Mill Jazz Club. In 1990, the first National Poetry Slam took place in Fort Mason, San Francisco, involving a team from Chicago, a team from San Francisco, and an individual poet from New York [1]. The National Poetry Slam has grown and currently features approximately 75 certified teams each year. Born on the southeast side of Chicago in 1950, Marc Kelly Smith is the founder of the Poetry Slam. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Year 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1984 Gregorian calendar). ... The most famous bar in Uptown if not all of Chicago, the Green Mill is one of famous gangster Al Capones former speakeasies from the Prohibition-era roaring 20s (check out his photo on the baby grand behind the bar); it was also a fav of Charlie Chaplin and... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


Although American in origin, slams have spread all over the world, with slam scenes in Germany, Austria, Nepal, the Netherlands, UK, New Zealand, and Singapore, and in Sarajevo, Bosnia. Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Bosnia and Herzegovina Entity Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Motto none Anthem Intermeco Bosnia and Herzegovina() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Sarajevo Official languages Bosnian Croatian Serbian Government Parliamentary democracy  -  Presidency members NebojÅ¡a Radmanović1 Haris Silajdžić2 Željko KomÅ¡ić3  -  Chairman of the Council of Ministers Nikola Å pirić  -  High Representative 4 Independence...


Format

1. Elimination over the course of two to four rounds is traditionally practiced so that a number of poets can enter the competition, but those who score well get most time to perform. A standard design for elimination is 8-4-2, with eight poets in the first round, four in the second, and two in the last. In invitational slams, elimination is usually not used, so as to give the competing poets a better chance to show off. These may be formatted as 5-5-5, with five poets reading three poems each.


2. Time Penalties are often enforced. The standard time limit for a poem is three minutes (including a grace period of around ten seconds), after which a poet's score may be docked according to how long the poem exceeded the limit.


3. Props and Costumes, except during a special competition (see below), may be forbidden in some slams, to ensure that a poet will not win a slam simply by wearing clothes appropriate to his piece or having brought with him a monkey and an accordion. When this rule is rigorously enforced, even wearing sunglasses can be seen as a costume, and, if taken off or put on during the performance, can be seen as a prop.


4. Scoring is done by members of the audience chosen at random. Scoring systems vary across the world but an element of audience response is usually sought.


Competition types

In an Open Slam, the most common slam type, competition is open to all who wish to compete. If there are more slammers than available time slots, competitors will often be chosen at random from the signup list. In an Invitational Slam, by contrast, only those invited to do so may compete.


A Theme Slam is one in which all performances must conform to a specified theme or genre. Thematic slams have included the Goth Slam, the Erotica Slam, the Queer Slam and the Cute Boy Slam.


A Dead Poet Slam allows competitors to read or recite the works of deceased poets. The slam is not restricted to any particular time period. [1]


The "1-2-3" Slam enforces time penalties and begins with a round of one-minute poems, followed by a round of two-minute poems and concluding with a round of three-minute poems, with the number of poets in each subsequent round reduced by elimination. The theory here is that the poet earns the right to do a longer poem by first proving that he can do a shorter one well.


The Team Slam (aka "Grudge Slam") involves two or more slam teams, usually (though not always) from different cities, each usually consisting of four or five poets. The two teams then take turns sending poets to battle it out for the prize, which is usually boasting rights.


The Props Slam allows competing poets to use props and costumes, which are --under ordinary circumstances--against the rules of slam. Google cache


The Individual World Poetry Slam is another week long event held in a different US city each year, where individual poets compete for the Individual World Poetry Slam Championship.


High School Slams in the US are sponsored by teachers, and held much in the fashion of an Open Slam. Schools come together at either a public venue or a hosting school, and usually perform individually (unless the slam is specified by the hosting school as a Team Slam). Commonly, two rounds and a final round are held. Depending on the school, slams may be conducted as field trips for a specific class, or as an official "team."


"British Slams", for want of a better name, tend to be more more relaxed for not having highly sought 'winner takes all' prizes such as big money. American events tend to be more ruthless and unforgiving, with audiences behaving as aggressively as at football games. It makes actually listening to the poems difficult for many. The British Slam will offer winners a modest medal or even toys, or a few pints of beer. The Manchester Creatures Of The Night Slams hosted by Rosie Lugosi up to 2003 offered the monthly winners a vampire stake on a plinth. It makes the events less competitive and more relaxed. Also, in UK slams, judges may be visiting guest poets or just the compere of the event rather than selected audience members.


Styles

Slam poetry encompasses a very broad range of voices, styles, cultural traditions and approaches to writing and performance. Image File history File links BigPoppaE.jpg‎ [edit] Summary i made this myself. ... Image File history File links BigPoppaE.jpg‎ [edit] Summary i made this myself. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Beginning in the mid-90s, it became more and more closely associated with the vocal delivery style found in hip-hop music and drew heavily on the tradition of dub poetry, a rhythmic and politicized genre belonging to black and particularly West Indian culture. Formerly, there was a greater emphasis on "hip-hop style" that in recent years has decreased. The 2005 Individual World Slam Champion, Buddy Wakefield, is not considered a "hip-hop poet"; and the 2005 American National Poetry Slam individual championship was shared by Anis Mojgani, another poet who doesn't generally use the "hip-hop style". At the 2006 Individual World Poetry Slam, three of the top four finalists (Andrea Gibson, Joaquin Zihuatanejo, and Mighty Mike McGee) do not use the hip-hop style. The fourth finalist, Jared Paul is known as a hip-hop poet, but does have a number of poems that are not in the hip-hop style. Poets who excel with a hip-hop style may succeed in a slam; however, slam poetry continues to draw from a much wider range of influences. Hip-Hop music is a style of popular music. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is an autobiography, and may not conform to Wikipedias NPOV policy. ...

One of the goals of slam poetry is to challenge the authority of anyone who claims to know absolutely what literary quality is. Slam poets wish to give audience members the power to become part of each poem's presence, thus breaking down the barriers between poet/performer, critic and audience. Bob Holman, a poetry activist and former slammaster of the Nuyorican Poets Cafe, once called the movement "the democratization of verse." Since only the poets with the best cumulative scores advance to the final round of the night, the structure assures that the audience gets to choose whom they want to hear more from. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 987 KB)[edit] Summary The autor of this image is me, David Shankbone. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 987 KB)[edit] Summary The autor of this image is me, David Shankbone. ... Bob Holman Bob Holman is a poet and poetry activist in the United States. ... Bob Holman Bob Holman is a poet and poetry activist in the United States. ... The Nuyorican Poets Cafe is a New York City performance venue, best known for slam poetry, but also presenting theater, stand-up comedy, Latin jazz, hip-hop performance, and screenplay readings, the café is a non-profit organization. ...


Several slam poets have gone on to publish popular books, including Patricia Smith (four-time American National Poetry Slam champion), Paul Beatty, Saul Williams, Emanuel Xavier, Regie Gibson, Justin Chin, Jeffrey McDaniel, Daphne Gottlieb, Shane Koyczan, Beau Sia, Ragan Fox, Buddy Wakefield, Big Poppa E, and Taylor Mali. Patricia Smith (1955) is a poet, spoken word performer, playwright, author, writing teacher, and former journalist. ... Paul Beatty - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Saul Stacey Williams (born February 29, 1972) is most known for his blend of spoken word poetry and hip-hop. ... Emanuel Xavier Granja (born May 3, 1971), known as Emanuel Xavier, is an openly gay American poet, spoken word artist, author[1], editor, events producer and actor. ... Jeffrey McDaniel (born 1967 in Philadelphia) is a slam poet who has performed in diverse locations such as Lollapalooza 1994, the National Poetry Slam, the Globe in Prague and the Moscow Writers Union. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shane . ... Beau Sia (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: , Born 1976, Philippines) is a Chinese Filipino-American slam poet. ... Ragan Fox (Ph. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Taylor McDowell Mali is an American slam poet and high school teacher. ...


Slam poetry has found popularity as a form of self-expression among teenagers. Youth Speaks, a non-profit literary organization founded in 1996 by James Kass, serves as one of the largest youth poetry organizations in America offering many opportunities for youth ages 13-19 to express their ideas from the paper to stage. Based in San Francisco, Seattle, and Ann Arbor, Youth Speaks has greatly changed the face of poetry slam in the USA.


Another group offering opportunites in education and performance to teens is URBAN WORD NYC out of New York City, formerly known as Youth Speaks New York. URBAN WORD NYC holds the largest youth slam in NYC annually with over 500 young people. Some of today's most successful artists and young poets have come up through the Urban Word NYC organization including, Immortal Technique, Apollo, Desiree Marshall, K-Swift, Kesed Ragin, Aja-Monet, Zora Howard and countless more. The non-profit organization provides free workshops for inner-city youth ran by Hip-Hop poet and mentor, Michael Cirelli. urbanwordnyc.org Young Chicago Authors provides workshops, mentoring, and competition opportunites to youth in the Chicago area.


Responses to Slam

Slam has not been without its critics. Populist responses to slam have included the International SpokenWord and Poetry Tournament, created by the Hip Hop Feminist Nation, and the Anti-Slam, begun at Collective:Unconscious on New York's Lower East Side. The ISPT emphasizes positive messages by all participants. At an Anti-Slam, all forms of expression are given a six-minute set and all participants are given a perfect ten by the judges. Lower East Side impresario/artist Rev. ...


Academia has also responded to slam in various and contradictory ways. In an interview published in a recent Paris Review, literary critic Harold Bloom called the movement "the death of art." In response, poet and critic Victor D. Infante wrote in OC Weekly, "[The death of art] is a big onus to place on anybody, but Bloom has always had a propensity for (reactionary) generalizations and burying his bigotries beneath 'aesthetics,' insisting — as he did in his prologue to the anthology Best of the Best of American Poetry — that the 'art' of poetry is being debased by politics." The Paris Review, which is actually based in New York, is a literary magazine started in 1953 by Peter Matthiessen, Thomas H. Guinzburg, and Harold L. Humes, and edited until his death in 2003 by George Plimpton. ... Victor D. Infante (born 1972 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is an American poet and critic. ... OC Weekly is a weekly paper circulated in Orange County. ...


Despite the highly-visible animosity between certain members of both group, a number of poets belong to academia and slam: Jeffrey McDaniel started as a slammer but has published in such mainstream poetry journals as Ploughshares and teaches at Sarah Lawrence College; Sam Pierstorff created the ILL LIST Poetry Slam Invitational, is the Poet Laureate of Modesto, CA, and has published poems in various conventional journals; Craig Arnold won the Yale Series of Younger Poets Competition and has nonetheless competed at slams. A less successful attempt at crossover was that of Henry Taylor, winner of the 1985 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, who competed in the 1997 National Poetry Slam as an individual and placed 75th out of 150. Poets such as Michael Salinger, Felice Bell, Javon Johnson, Susan B. Anthony Somers-Willett, Robbie Q. Telfer, Phil West, Karyna McGlynn and Scott Dillard have devoted much attention to the merger in their respective scholarly works. Jeffrey McDaniel (born 1967 in Philadelphia) is a slam poet who has performed in diverse locations such as Lollapalooza 1994, the National Poetry Slam, the Globe in Prague and the Moscow Writers Union. ... Craig Arnold (born November 16, 1967) is an American poet. ... The Yale Series of Younger Poets Competition is an annual event of Yale University Press aiming to publish the first collection of a promising American poet. ... Sir Henry Taylor (October 18, 1800 - March 27, 1886) was an English dramatist. ... Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... The Pulitzer Prize in Poetry has been presented since 1922 for a distinguished volume of original verse by an American author. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Bio Michael Salinger is a poet/performer and educator living in Northeast Ohio. ... A nationally successful slam poetry writer and performer, he has been a featured performer at the Bowery Poetry Club in New York and The Green Mill in Chicago. ... Karyna McGlynn (born 1977 in Austin, Texas) is an American poet. ...


Filmography

Marc Levin, is a Jewish filmmaker best perhaps best known for his film SLAM which won the Sundance Grand Jury Prize in 1998. ... Russell Simmons (born October 4, 1957 in Queens, New York), is an African American entrepreneur, the co-founder, with Rick Rubin, of the pioneering hip-hop label Def Jam, founder of another label, Russell Simmons Music Group, and creator of the clothing fashion line Phat Farm. ...

Bibliography

  • Algarin & Holman, ALOUD: Voices from the Nuyorican Poets' Cafe
  • Beau Sia, A Night Without Armor II: The Revenge
  • Daphne Gottlieb, Final Girl, Pelt, and Why Things Burn
  • Gary Glazner, Poetry Slam
  • Jeffrey McDaniel, Alibi School, The Forgiveness Parade, and The Splinter Factory
  • Justin Chin, Bite Hard
  • Michael Salinger, Neon and Outspoken
  • Patricia Smith, Big Towns, Big Talk : Poems, Close to Death : Poems, and Life According to Motown
  • Ragan Fox, Heterophobia
  • Regie Gibson, Storms Beneath the Skin
  • Big Poppa E, The Wussy Boy Manifesto
  • Emanuel Xavier, Americano, and Bullets & Butterflies: queer spoken word poetry

See also

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Emanuel Xavier Granja (born May 3, 1971), known as Emanuel Xavier, is an openly gay American poet, spoken word artist, author[1], editor, events producer and actor. ... Spoken word is a form of music or artistic performance in which lyrics, poetry, or stories are spoken rather than sung. ... Performance poetry is poetry that is specifically composed for or during performance before an audience. ... The following is a (very) partial list of performance poets. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Academy of American Poets - A Brief Guide to Slam Poetry (317 words)
Poetry began as part of an oral tradition, and movements like the Beats and the poets of Negritude were devoted to the spoken and performed aspects of their poems.
This interest was reborn through the rise of poetry slams across America; while many poets in academia found fault with the movement, slam was well received among young poets and poets of diverse backgrounds as a democratizing force.
A slam itself is simply a poetry competition in which poets perform original work alone or in teams before an audience, which serves as judge.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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