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Encyclopedia > Slab serif
A sample of the typeface Egyptienne, a slab serif face based on the Clarendon model.
A sample of the typeface Egyptienne, a slab serif face based on the Clarendon model.

In typography, a slab serif (also called mechanistic, square serif or egyptian) typeface is a type of serif typeface characterized by thick, block-like serifs. Serif terminals may be either blunt and angular (Rockwell), or rounded (Courier). Slab serif typefaces generally have no bracket (feature connecting the strokes to the serifs). Some consider slab serifs to be a subset of modern serif typefaces. A specimen of roman typefaces by William Caslon Typography is the art and techniques of type design, modifying type glyphs, and arranging type. ... “Font” redirects here. ... In typography, serifs are non-structural details on the ends of some of the strokes that make up letters and symbols. ... Rockwell is a serif typeface belonging to the family of slab serif (or egyptian) typefaces, where the serifs are about as thick as the main strokes in each letter. ... Courier is a monospace font that resembles the output from a typewriter. ...


Because of their bold appearance, they are most commonly used in large headlines and advertisements but are seldom used in body text. The exception is those that are monospaced, because of their usage in typewriters, but that is declining as electronic publishing becomes more common. Mechanical desktop typewriters, such as this Underwood Five, were long time standards of government agencies, newsrooms, and sales offices. ...

Contents

History

A sample of the typeface Rockwell, a slab serif face based on the neo-grotesque model.
A sample of the typeface Rockwell, a slab serif face based on the neo-grotesque model.

As printed material began to branch out from the familiar realm of books, new typefaces were needed for use in advertising, posters, and flyers. Slab serif printing type was first commercially introduced by Vincent Figgins under the name Antique, with copies of specimen dated 1815 and 1817.[1] Rockwell is a serif typeface belonging to the family of slab serif (or egyptian) typefaces, where the serifs are about as thick as the main strokes in each letter. ...


Following Napoleon's Egyptian campaign and dissemination of images and descriptions via publications like Description de l'Égypte (1809) an intense cultural fascination with all things Egyptian followed. Suites of contemporary parlor furniture were produced resembling furniture found in tombs. Multicolored woodblock printed wallpaper could make a dining room in Edinburgh or Chicago feel like Luxor. While there was no relationship between Egyptian writing systems and slab serif types, either shrewd marketing or honest confusion led to slab serifs often being called Egyptians, and many early ones are named for the subject: Cairo, Karnak, and Memphis. The common metonym "Egyptian" is derived from a craze for Egyptian artifacts in Europe and North America in the early nineteenth century, which lead typefounders producing Slab Serifs after Figgins' work to call their designs Egyptian.[2] However, the term Egyptian had previously been used to describe sans-serif types in England, so the term 'Antique' was used by British and American typefounders. The term Egyptian was adopted by French and German foundries, where it became Egyptienne. For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... IDescription de lÉgypte (English: Description of Egypt) is the monumental French comprehensive scientific description of ancient and modern Egypt as well as its natural history. ... In rhetoric and cognitive linguistics, metonymy (in Greek meta = after/later and onoma = name) is the use of a single characteristic to identify a more complex entity. ...


Sub-classifications of slab-serif

There are three subgroups of slab serif typefaces:


Clarendon model

Clarendon typefaces, unlike other slab serifs, have some bracketing. Examples include Clarendon and Egyptienne. Slab-serif typeface created in England by Hermann Eidenbenz for the Fann Street Foundry in 1845. ...


Neo-grotesque model

A sample of the typeface Courier, a slab serif face based on strike-on typewriting faces.
A sample of the typeface Courier, a slab serif face based on strike-on typewriting faces.

The most common slab serif typefaces have no bracketing and evenly weighted stems and serifs. The letterforms are similar to neo-grotesque or realist sans-serifs. Examples include Rockwell and Memphis. Courier is a monospace slab serif font that resembles the output from a typewriter. ... Rockwell is a serif typeface belonging to the family of slab serif (or egyptian) typefaces, where the serifs are about as thick as the main strokes in each letter. ...


Italienne model

In the Italienne model, the serifs are even heavier than the stems. Some Italienne slab serifs, such as Playbill, have a characteristic Western appearance. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Typewriter model

Typewriter slab serif typefaces are named for their use in strike-on typewriting. These faces originated in monospaced format with fixed-width, meaning that every character takes up exactly the same amount of horizontal space. This feature is necessitated by the nature of the typewriter apparatus. Examples include Courier, Courier New, and Prestige Elite. Mechanical desktop typewriters, such as this Underwood Five, were long time standards of government agencies, newsrooms, and sales offices. ... Courier is a monospace font that resembles the output from a typewriter. ... Courier is a monospace font that resembles the output from a typewriter. ... Prestige Elite, also known simply as Prestige, is a monospaced typeface. ...


See also

A specimen of roman typefaces by William Caslon Typography is the art and techniques of type design, modifying type glyphs, and arranging type. ... “Font” redirects here. ... In typography, serifs are non-structural details on the ends of some of the strokes that make up letters and symbols. ... Petit-serifs are small serifs, which are attached to regular sans-serif fonts. ...

Notes

  1. ^ James Mosley, The Nymph and the Grot: the revival of the sanserif letter, London: Friends of the St Bride Printing Library, 1999
  2. ^ Carter, E., Day. B, Meggs P.: “Typographic Design: Form and Communication, Third Edition”, page 35. John Wiley & Sons, 2002.
A specimen of roman typefaces by William Caslon Typography is the art and techniques of type design, modifying type glyphs, and arranging type. ... A page is one side of a leaf of paper. ... Pagination is the system by which the information on a newspaper, bookpage, manuscript, or otherwise handwritten or printed document are laid out. ... “Recto” redirects here. ... In typography, a margin is the white space that surrounds the content of a page. ... An example of a two column layout with caption. ... Recto page from a rare Blackletter Bible (1497) In the field of book design, proportions of pages, type areas (print spaces), and margins of medieval books have been analyzed by scholars, and several canons of page construction have been described by them to represent the ways in which these books... A pull quote mockup using text from the article Wikipedia A pull quote (also known as a lift-out quote or a call-out) is a quotation or edited excerpt from an article that is placed in a larger typeface on the same page, serving to lead readers into an... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Block quoItalic textte A paragraph is a self-contained unit of a discourse in writing dealing with a particular point or idea, or the words of an author. ... In typesetting, widow refers to the final line of a paragraph that falls at the top the following page of text, separated from the remainder of the paragraph on the previous page. ... In typography, leading (IPA , rhymes with heading) refers to the amount of added vertical spacing between lines of type. ... In typography, rivers, or rivers of white, are visually unattractive gaps appearing to run down a paragraph of text. ... In typography and penmanship, the baseline is the line upon which most letters sit and under which descenders extend. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In typesetting, alignment, is the horizontal positioning and alignment of text or images within a line, typically relative to a column. ... In typesetting, justification is the setting of text or images within a column or measure to align along both the left and right margin. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Ligature (palaeography). ... In typography, tracking is the process of uniformly increasing or decreasing the space between all glyphs (letters) in a block of text. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Capital letters or majuscules (in the Roman alphabet: A, B, C, ...) are one type of case in a writing system. ... Minuscule, or lower case, is the smaller form (case) of letters (in the Roman alphabet: a, b, c, ...). Originally alphabets were written entirely in majuscule (capital) letters which were spaced between well-defined upper and lower bounds. ... Initial P in Malmesbury Abbey, Wiltshire Detail from a rare Blackletter Bible (1497) printed in Strasbourg by J.R.Grueninger. ... In typography, the x-height or corpus size refers to the height of the lowercase letter x in any font, which is usually the same for a, c, e, m, n, o, r, s, u, v, w, and z. ... The ascenders are the parts of the characters that lie above the midline, highlighted in red. ... The descenders are the parts of the characters that lie below the baseline. ... Example of a letter with a diacritic A diacritic or diacritical mark, also called an accent, is a small sign added to a letter to alter pronunciation or to distinguish between similar words. ... In typography, a counter is an area entirely or partially enclosed by a letter form or a symbol (the counter-space/ the hole of). ... This article is about the terms subscript and superscript as used in typography. ... This article is about the typesetters ornament. ... “Font” redirects here. ... In typography, serifs are non-structural details on the ends of some of the strokes that make up letters and symbols. ... In typography, serifs are the small features at the end of strokes within letters. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Bold and Boldface redirect here. ... “Font” redirects here. ... “Black letter” redirects here. ... Antiqua A facsimile of Nicholas Jensons roman type used in Venice circa 1470. ... In typography, serifs are non-structural details on the ends of some of the strokes that make up letters and symbols. ... Didone is a typeface classification recognized by the Association Typographique Internationale (AtypI). ... In typography, serifs are the small features at the end of strokes within letters. ... The term punctuation has two different linguistic meanings: in general, the act and the effect of punctuating, i. ... In typography, hanging punctuation is a way of typesetting punctuation marks, most commonly quotation marks, so that they do not disrupt the ‘flow’ of a body of text. ... A hyphen ( - ) is a punctuation mark. ... Quotation marks or inverted commas (also called quotes and speech marks) are punctuation marks used in pairs to set off speech, a quotation, a phrase or a word. ... This article is not about the symbol for the set of prime numbers, â„™. The prime (′, Unicode U+2032, ′) is a symbol with many mathematical uses: A complement in set theory: A′ is the complement of the set A A point related to another (e. ... For other uses, see Dash (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dash (disambiguation). ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Type design is the art of designing typefaces. ... A type foundry is a company that designs and/or distributes typefaces. ... For the weblog software, see Movable Type. ... Contemporary Western Calligraphy. ... Phototypesetting is a method of setting type with light (photo). ... Letterpress printing is the oldest printing technique, in which a raised surface is inked and then pressed against a smooth substance to obtain an image in reverse. ... “Font” redirects here. ... A font can mean: A member of a typeface family; or digital font - file format that encapsulates a typeface family in a database. ... In typography, a typeface is a co-ordinated set of character designs, which usually comprises an alphabet of letters, a set of numerals and a set of punctuation marks. ... Point, in typography, may also refer to a dot grapheme (e. ... A pica (pronounced PIKE-ah, SAMPA /paIk@/) is a unit of measure traditionally used in document layout. ... A cicero (pronounced SIS-er-oh, IPA ) is a unit of measure traditionally used in document layout. ... An agate is a unit of typographical measure. ... An em is a unit of measurement in the field of typography, equal to the pt size of the current font. ... An en is a typographic unit, half of the width of an em. ... // ETAOIN SHRDLU (often pronounced et-ee-oin shurd-loo) is the approximate order of frequency of the twelve most commonly used letters in the English language, best known as a nonsense phrase that sometimes appeared in print in the days of hot type publishing due to a custom of Linotype... Using lorem ipsum to focus attention on graphic elements in a website design proposal. ... In type design and typography, the word Hamburgefonts (alternatively styled HAMBURGEFONTS or hamburgefonts) is a word used to sample a font. ... In traditional typography, punchcutting is the process by which matrices were made in hard metal for type founding in the early days. ... Look up pangram in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A character encoding or character set (sometimes referred to as code page) consists of a code that pairs a sequence of characters from a given set with something else, such as a sequence of natural numbers, octets or electrical pulses, in order to facilitate the storage of text in computers... Font rasterization is the process of converting text from a vector description (as found in scalable fonts such as TrueType fonts) to a raster or bitmap description. ... A font test with hinting (lower rows) and without hinting (upper rows) at 100% (above) and 400% (below). ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Code Style: CSS font-family property glossary (1491 words)
Serif types are also characterised by the form of the serif they take, which fall into four broad categories: bracketed, hairline, wedge and slab serifs.
Slab serifs, or Egyptian serifs, have visually square serifs such that the thickness of the serif is about equal to its extension from the main stroke.
Slab serif fonts generally have regular geometric shapes with no brackets, but include variant sub-types: Clarendons, which have brackets; and Typewriter, which also have an even weight to their main strokes and whose characters are fixed width (see below).
Linux.com - Fonts 102 -- Typography (1870 words)
The slab serif fonts are so named because they have thick, block like serifs, as opposed to the smooth hooks of the old styles or the thin lines of some of the moderns.
The slab serifs are paired with the grotesques, and some variants of the slab serifs are also said to match the geometrics or humanists.
The problem is that this causes the dot on the i to collide with the f, and the serif on the head of the i to collide with the horizontal stroke of the f.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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