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Encyclopedia > Skyway
Minneapolis skyway.
Skyway interior, Minneapolis. Nicollet Mall between 9th and 10th streets
View through window, Minneapolis
A multi-level shopping centre bridge in Calgary.
A multi-level shopping centre bridge in Calgary.
Sky bridge on the 41st floor Of the Petronas Twin Towers
Sky bridge on the 41st floor Of the Petronas Twin Towers

In an urban setting, a skyway, catwalk, or skywalk, is a type of pedway consisting of an enclosed (or covered) bridge between two buildings. This protects pedestrians from the weather. These skyways are usually owned by businesses, and are therefore not public spaces (compare with sidewalk). Skyways usually connect on the second or third floor (American numbering convention), though they are sometimes much higher, as in Petronas Towers (though this skyway is often referred to as a sky bridge). The space in the buildings connected by skyways is often devoted to retail business, so areas around the skyway may operate as a shopping mall. Non-commercial areas with closely associated buildings, such as university campuses, can often have skyways and/or tunnels connecting buildings. The largest network of skyways is in Minneapolis, 8 miles of skyways connecting 69 blocks. Nearly every building in the city's downtown core is skyway accessible. Skyways in Calgary, Alberta have a longer total length of 16 km, although the systems are discontinuous and do not connect as many downtown buildings. Other cities in the American Midwest, such as Des Moines, Cedar Rapids, and Rochester, also have significant skyways. On a smaller scale, terminals of large airports are often connected by skywalk systems, as at Manchester Airport, United Kingdom. Minneapolis skyway (exterior) 10th Street & Nicollet Mall. ... Minneapolis skyway (exterior) 10th Street & Nicollet Mall. ... Minneapolis skyway (interior) Crossing Nicollet Mall between 10th & 11th Streets. ... Minneapolis skyway (interior) Crossing Nicollet Mall between 10th & 11th Streets. ... View of Nicollet Mall from the skyway Nicollet Mall is a portion of Nicollet Avenue in downtown Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. Along with Hennepin Avenue, it forms the cultural and commercial heart of the city. ... Minneapolis skyway (view through window) View through the window of skyway section shown in Image:Skyway2large. ... Minneapolis skyway (view through window) View through the window of skyway section shown in Image:Skyway2large. ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 1051 KB)Photo courtesy of the Calgary Downtown Association File links The following pages link to this file: Skyway Categories: Images used with permission ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 1051 KB)Photo courtesy of the Calgary Downtown Association File links The following pages link to this file: Skyway Categories: Images used with permission ... Image File history File links Cropped version of Image:Two topless young Canadian women02. ... Image File history File links Cropped version of Image:Two topless young Canadian women02. ... The Petronas Twin Towers (also known as the Petronas Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... Crowded Shibuya, Tokyo shopping district An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... A pedway is an elevated or underground pedestrian walkway, often connecting urban high-rises to each other, other buildings, or the street. ... A covered bridge is a bridge, often single-lane, with enclosed sides and a roof. ... A log bridge in the French Alps near Vallorcine. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Gathering place. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Elevator plate with floor numbering. ... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... McArthur Glen Designer Outlet, Swindon, England, a shopping mall built within a disused railway engine works. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... Nickname: Motto: Onward Location of Calgary within census division number 6, Alberta, Canada. ... Motto: Fortis et liber(Latin) Strong and free Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Official languages English (see below) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong - Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 28 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th [Province]) Area Ranked... An airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer from ground transportation to the facilities that allow them to board airplanes. ... For the United States airport, see Manchester-Boston Regional Airport. ...


Some cities have the equivalent of a skyway underground, and many locales have mixed subway/skyway systems; see underground city. Part of Montreals underground city, a concourse in Bonaventure metro station, showing directional signs leading to buildings accessible through the underground city An underground city is a network of tunnels that connect buildings, usually in the downtown area of a city. ...

Contents

Early examples of skywalks

  • Copenhagen, Denmark: skywalk connecting courts building to adjacent uses, 18th century
  • Faaborg, Funen, Denmark: skywalk in centrum, 18th century

Copenhagen (IPA: or ; Danish: IPA: ) is the capital of Denmark and the countrys largest city. ... Faaborg is a city in central Denmark, located in Faaborg municipal on the island of Funen. ... Funen (Danish: Fyn) is the third largest island of Denmark, it has a population of 445,000 people. ...

Environmental factors

Besides pedestrian safety and convenience, the chief reasons assigned by urban planners for skywalk development are decrease of traffic congestion, reduction in vehicular air pollution and separation of people from vehicular noise. A number of cities (for example, Spokane, Washington) have given intricate analysis to skywalk systems employing computer models to optimize skywalk layout (Carbon monoxide dispersion analysis in downtown Spokane, ESL Inc., Sunnyvale, (1973)) This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Roadway air dispersion is applied to highway segments Roadway air dispersion modeling is the study of air pollutant transport from a roadway or other linear emitter. ... Roadway noise is the most prevalent form of environmental noise. ... A computer simulation or a computer model is a computer program which attempts to simulate an abstract model of a particular system. ... ESL Incorporated is a high technology U.S. firm engaged in software design, systems analysis and hardware development for the strategic reconnaisance marketplace. ...


List of cities with notable skyway/skywalk systems

City Length Blocks Connected Link
Atlanta, Georgia 14 blocks
Bangkok, Thailand (between Skytrain National Stadium/Siam/Chid Lom stations) >2 km
Calgary, Alberta (+15 or +30 Walkway) 10 miles (16 km) ~64 blocks map
Cedar Rapids, Iowa 15 blocks map
Cincinnati, Ohio (Skywalk) 1.3 miles (2.1 km) 15 blocks map
Des Moines, Iowa (Skywalk) >3.5 miles (5.6 km) 30 blocks map
Detroit, Michigan 10 Buildings ~ 8 blocks map
Duluth, Minnesota (Skywalk) ~17 blocks map
Edmonton, Alberta (Pedway) ~13 blocks map
Hong Kong (footbridges)
Houston, Texas (skyways are a small part of the larger Houston Downtown Tunnel System) >6 miles including tunnels ~35 blocks (95 total) map
Leeds (was constucted partially in the 1970s to the South of the city centre and was never completed now largely demolished except for small sections at the Bank of England building, offices off Infirmary Street and Millgarth Police Station that are out of bounds to the general public and Leeds Shopping Plaza which is accessible to the public)
London, Barbican Estate and London Wall map
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma ~30 buildings
Paradise, Nevada (skyways connect several hotel/casinos along the Las Vegas Strip)
Minneapolis, Minnesota (Skyway) >8 miles ~80 blocks map
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 16 blocks map
Rochester, Minnesota (Skyway) ~17 blocks map
Rochester, New York 20 buildings over 13 blocks map
Saint John, New Brunswick (Skyway) 15 blocks map
Saint Paul, Minnesota (Skyway) 30 blocks map
Seattle, Washington 3 blocks map
Sioux City, Iowa 13 blocks map
Spokane, Washington 16 blocks
Winnipeg, Manitoba (Winnipeg Walkway) 18 blocks map

More cities and details: Montgomery, Michael R. and Richard Bean, "Market Failure, government failure, and the private supply of public gods: the case of climate-controlled walkway networks," in PUBLIC CHOICE, Vol. 99 (1999), pages 403-437. Hotlanta redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Skytrain approaching Sala Daeng Station Skytrain leaving Asok Station Bangkok Mass Transit System (BTS) or Skytrain (Thai: รถไฟฟ้า, rot fai fa, meaning sky train) is the elevated metro system in Bangkok, Thailand, operated by Bangkok Mass Transit System Public Company Limited (BTSC) under a concession granted by the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration... Calgary is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... +15 sign and covered walkway The Plus 15 or +15 Skyway network in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, is the worlds most extensive pedestrian skywalk system with a total length of 16 km (10 miles). ... Nickname: Location in the State of Iowa Coordinates: , Country United States State Iowa County Linn County Incorporated 1849 Government  - Mayor Kay Halloran Area  - City  64. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Nickname: Hartford of the West, City of Skywalks, Raccoon City, DSM Location in the State of Iowa, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Iowa County Polk County Incorporated September 22, 1851 Government  - Mayor Frank Cownie Area  - City  77. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Settled 1701 Incorporation 1806 Government  - Type Strong Mayor-Council  - Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick Area  - City  143. ... Duluths canal connects Lake Superior to the Duluth-Superior harbor and the St. ... Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Texas Coordinates: Country United States State Texas Counties Harris County Fort Bend County Montgomery County Incorporated June 5, 1837 Government  - Mayor Bill White Area  - City  601. ... The Houston Downtown Tunnel System is a system of tunnels and skywalks, about 7 miles in total length, linking many buildings in downtown Houston. ... Leeds is a major city in West Yorkshire, England. ... Headquarters London Governor Mervyn King Central Bank of United Kingdom Currency Pound Sterling ISO 4217 Code GBP Base borrowing rate 5. ... The Leeds Shopping Plaza is a shopping centre in Leeds, England surrounded by the streets of Bond Street, Albion Street, Boar Lane and Lower Basinghall Street. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... A small part of the Barbican, showing flats and café area Shakespeare Tower, one of the residential towers The Barbican Estate is a residential estate in the City of London, in an area densely packed with commerce and finance. ... London Wall was the defensive wall built by the Romans around Londinium, their strategically important port town on the river Thames in England. ... Nickname: Location in Oklahoma County and the state of Oklahoma. ... Looking west toward Paradise Road and the Las Vegas Strip in the CDP of Paradise, Nevada Paradise is a census-designated place located in Clark County, Nevada. ... Nickname: Motto: En Avant (French: Forward) Location in Hennepin County and the state of Minnesota Coordinates: , Country United States State Minnesota Counties Hennepin Government  - Mayor R.T. Rybak (DFL) Area  - City 58. ... Nickname: Motto: Benigno Numine (With the Benevolent Deity) Location in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Coordinates: , Country United States Commonwealth Pennsylvania County Allegheny Founded November 25, 1758 Incorporated April 22, 1794 (borough)   March 18, 1816 (city) Government  - Mayor Luke Ravenstahl (D) Area  - City 151. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Minnesota County Olmsted Founded 1854 Mayor Ardell Brede Area    - City 103. ... Nickname: Motto: Rochester: Made for Living Location of Rochester in New York State Country United States State New York County Monroe Government  - Mayor Robert Duffy Area  - City  37. ... Saint John[3] is the largest city in the province of New Brunswick and the oldest incorporated city in Canada. ... Nickname: Location in Ramsey County and the state of Minnesota. ... Nickname: Location of Seattle in King County and Washington Coordinates: Country United States State Washington County King County Incorporated December 2 1869 Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Greg Nickels (NP) Area  - City  142. ... Sioux City (IPA: ) is a city located in northwest Iowa in the United States. ... Nickname: Location of Spokane in Spokane County and Washington Coordinates: Country United States State Washington County Spokane Government  - Mayor Dennis P. Hession Area  - City  58. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... The Winnipeg Walkway System, popularly known as the Winnipeg Skywalk, is a network of pedestrian skyways and tunnels connecting a significant portion of the city centre in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
skyway

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