FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Skyscraper" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Skyscraper
Taipei 101 is the world's tallest completed skyscraper.
The Petronas Twin Towers, the tallest buildings in the 20th century and still the world's tallest twin towers.
The Petronas Twin Towers, the tallest buildings in the 20th century and still the world's tallest twin towers.
The Sears Tower in Chicago is the tallest building in the U.S.
The Sears Tower in Chicago is the tallest building in the U.S.
The Empire State Building (right) and Chrysler Building in New York City. Built in 1931 and 1930, respectively, and exemplifying Art Deco architecture, they are among the oldest, yet still remain among the tallest skyscrapers in the world.
The Empire State Building (right) and Chrysler Building in New York City. Built in 1931 and 1930, respectively, and exemplifying Art Deco architecture, they are among the oldest, yet still remain among the tallest skyscrapers in the world.
The Commerzbank Tower in Frankfurt/Germany is the tallest completed skyscraper in the European Union.
The Commerzbank Tower in Frankfurt/Germany is the tallest completed skyscraper in the European Union.
The Award Winning 30th St Mary's Axe (The Gherkin) in London is an example of modern environmental friendly skyscrapers
The Award Winning 30th St Mary's Axe (The Gherkin) in London is an example of modern environmental friendly skyscrapers
The Turning Torso skyscraper in Malmö, Sweden. It is the second tallest residential skyscraper in Europe. The tower was completed in 2005.
The Turning Torso skyscraper in Malmö, Sweden. It is the second tallest residential skyscraper in Europe. The tower was completed in 2005.
The Freedom Tower, under construction in New York, will be the tallest building in the U.S. when completed in 2010, standing at 541 m (1,776 ft) in height. However, the Chicago Spire, expected to be completed by 2010, is expected to stand at 610 m (2,000 ft)

A skyscraper is a very tall, continuously habitable building. There is no official definition or a precise cutoff height above which a building may clearly be classified as a skyscraper. However, as per usual practice in most cities, the definition is used empirically, depending on the relative impact of the shape of a building to a city's overall skyline. Thus, depending on the average height of the rest of the buildings and/ or structures in a city, even a building of 80 meters height (approximately 262 ft) may be considered a skyscraper provided that it clearly stands out above its surrounding built environment and significantly changes the overall skyline of that particular city. Skyscraper is a very tall, continuously habitable building. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 313 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (415 × 795 pixel, file size: 313 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Portrait image of Taipei 101 from Hsinyi Road, Taipei, Taiwan. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 313 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (415 × 795 pixel, file size: 313 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Portrait image of Taipei 101 from Hsinyi Road, Taipei, Taiwan. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1232x1840, 283 KB) Español Descripción: Imagen nocturna de las Torres Petronas en Kula Lumpur. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1232x1840, 283 KB) Español Descripción: Imagen nocturna de las Torres Petronas en Kula Lumpur. ... The Petronas Twin Towers (also known as the Petronas Towers or Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia are the worlds tallest twin buildings. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x643, 80 KB) Summary Photo taken 1998 by uploader. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x643, 80 KB) Summary Photo taken 1998 by uploader. ... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x2000, 1455 KB) yo motha fuckas this is new york city!! YAYA! auteur : slonecker There are no usage restrictions for this photo. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x2000, 1455 KB) yo motha fuckas this is new york city!! YAYA! auteur : slonecker There are no usage restrictions for this photo. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Asheville City Hall. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (750x950, 411 KB) Beschreibung Description The nighty skyline of the city of Frankfurt am Main forms a very interesting motive for both photographers and tourists. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (750x950, 411 KB) Beschreibung Description The nighty skyline of the city of Frankfurt am Main forms a very interesting motive for both photographers and tourists. ... View of Commerzbank Tower from the top of Main Tower The Commerzbank Tower at night Commerzbank Tower is a skyscraper located in Frankfurt, Germany. ...   (German: , English: American English: ) is the largest city in the German state of Hesse and the fifth-largest city in Germany, with a mid-2007 population of 663,567. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Looking south down Bishopsgate, one of the main roads leading through Londons financial district. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 655 KB) Turning Torso in Malmö. Date: September 2001 Author: Väsk File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Skyscraper Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 655 KB) Turning Torso in Malmö. Date: September 2001 Author: Väsk File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Skyscraper Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... HSB Turning Torso is a skyscraper in Malmö, Sweden on the Swedish side of the Oresund strait. ... Motto: FrÃ¥n arbetarstad till kunskapsstad (eng: From industrial city to knowledge city) Location of Malmö in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country  Sweden Municipality Malmö Municipality County SkÃ¥ne County Province Scania (SkÃ¥ne) Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Illmar Reepalu Area  - City 335. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2400x3150, 3055 KB)The redesigned Freedom Tower will project a beam of light towards the sky. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2400x3150, 3055 KB)The redesigned Freedom Tower will project a beam of light towards the sky. ... For the building in Miami, Florida of the same name, see Freedom Tower (Miami). ... The Chicago Spire is a really tall skyscraper under construction in Chicago, Illinois. ... Old Executive Office Building, Washington D.C. Bank of China Tower, Hong Kong, China In architecture, construction, engineering and real estate development the word building may refer to one of the following: Any man-made structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or continuous occupancy, or An...


The word skyscraper originally referred to a nautical term tall mast or its main sail on a sailing ship. The term was first applied to buildings in the late 19th century as a result of public amazement at the tall buildings being built in Chicago and New York City. A list of nautical terms; some remain current, many date from the 17th-19th century. ... Traditional wooden cutter under sail. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


The structural definition of the word skyscraper was refined later by architectural historians, based on engineering developments of the 1880s that had enabled construction of tall multi-story buildings. This definition was based on the steel skeleton—as opposed to constructions of load-bearing masonry, which passed their practical limit in 1891 with Chicago's Monadnock Building. Philadelphia's City Hall, completed in 1901, still holds claim as the world's tallest load-bearing masonry structure at 167 m (548 ft). The steel frame developed in stages of increasing self-sufficiency, with several buildings in Chicago and New York advancing the technology that allowed the steel frame to carry a building on its own. Today, however, many of the tallest skyscrapers are built almost entirely with reinforced concrete. Pumps and storage tanks maintain water pressure at the top of skyscrapers. See also: 1890 in architecture, other events of 1891, 1892 in architecture and the architecture timeline. ... The Monadnock Building is a historic skyscraper in the Loop district of downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... Philadelphia City Hall is the seat of government for the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... See also: 1900 in architecture, other events of 1901, 1902 in architecture and the architecture timeline. ... Reinforced concrete at Sainte Jeanne dArc Church (Nice, France): architect Jacques Dror, 1926–1933 Reinforced concrete, also called ferroconcrete in some countries, is concrete in which reinforcement bars (rebars) or fibers have been incorporated to strengthen a material that would otherwise be brittle. ... This article is about a mechanical device. ... // A tank is a container, usually for liquids, sometimes for gases. ... Fluid pressure is the pressure on an object submerged in a fluid, such as water. ...


A loose convention in the United States now draws the lower limit of a "skyscraper" at 150 meters (500 ft). A skyscraper taller than 300 meters (984 ft) may be referred to as supertall. In the United States, the supertall convention is 100 stories, which is equal to 1,000 feet. Shorter buildings are still sometimes referred to as skyscrapers if they appear to dominate their surroundings. The under construction Burj Dubai in Dubai, United Arab Emirates is the worlds current tallest freestanding structure on land, rising 585. ... A hardwood floor (parquetry) is a popular feature in many houses. ...


The somewhat arbitrary term skyscraper should not be confused with the slightly less arbitrary term highrise, defined by the Emporis Standards Committee as "A high-rise building is a multi-story structure with at least 12 floors or 35 meters (115 feet) in height."[1] All skyscrapers are highrises, but only the tallest highrises are skyscrapers. Habitability separates skyscrapers from towers and masts. Some structural engineers define a highrise as any vertical construction for which wind is a more significant load factor than weight. Note that this criterion fits not only highrises but some other tall structures, such as towers. Taipei 101, the worlds tallest skyscraper by roof height on high rise. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Masts of the Rugby VLF transmitter in England Radio masts and towers are, typically, tall structures designed to support antennas (also known as aerials in the UK) for telecommunications and broadcasting, including television. ... structural engineer is an engineering profession who practices structural engineering. ... For other uses, see Wind (disambiguation). ... Load Factor (LF) – The percentage of seats filled. ... For other uses, see Weight (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The word skyscraper often carries a connotation of pride and achievement. The skyscraper, in name and social function, is a modern expression of the age-old symbol of the world center or axis mundi: a pillar that connects earth to heaven and the four compass directions to one another.[2] Axis mundi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

Contents

History

Modern skyscrapers are built with materials such as steel, glass, reinforced concrete and granite, and routinely utilize mechanical equipment such as water pumps and elevators. Until the 19th century, buildings of over six stories were rare, as having great numbers of stairs to climb was impractical for inhabitants, and water pressure was usually insufficient to supply running water above 50 m (164 ft). However, despite the lack of sanitation, the first highrise housing dates back to the 1600s in some places. In Edinburgh, Scotland, for example, a defensive city wall defined the boundaries of the city. Due to the restricted land area available for development, the houses increased in height instead. Buildings of 11 stories were common, and there are records of buildings as high as 14 stories. Many of the stone-built structures can still be seen today in the old town of Edinburgh. For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... This article is about the material. ... Reinforced concrete at Sainte Jeanne dArc Church (Nice, France): architect Jacques Dror, 1926–1933 Reinforced concrete, also called ferroconcrete in some countries, is concrete in which reinforcement bars (rebars) or fibers have been incorporated to strengthen a material that would otherwise be brittle. ... For other uses, see granite (disambiguation). ... A pump is a mechanical device used to move liquids or gases. ... For other uses, see Elevator (disambiguation). ... Fluid pressure is the pressure on an object submerged in a fluid, such as water. ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ...


The oldest iron framed building in the world is The Flaxmill (also locally known as the "Maltings"), in Shrewsbury, England. Built in 1797, it is seen as the "grandfather of skyscrapers” due to its fireproof combination of cast iron columns and cast iron beams developed into the modern steel frame that made modern skyscrapers possible. Unfortunately, it lies derelict and needs much investment to keep it standing. On 31 March 2005, it was announced that English Heritage would buy the Flaxmill so that it could be redeveloped. Section of the rear of the main part of the Flaxmill Ditherington Flaxmill at Ditherington, a suburb of Shrewsbury is the oldest iron framed building in the world. ... For other places with the same name, see Shrewsbury (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The year 1797 in architecture involved some significant events. ... The standard of English Heritage English Heritage is a non-departmental public body of the United Kingdom government (Department for Culture, Media and Sport) with a broad remit of managing the historic environment of England. ...


The first skyscraper was the ten-story Home Insurance Building in Chicago, built in 1884–1885. While its height is not considered unusual or very impressive today, the architect, Major William Le Baron Jenney, created the first load-bearing structural frame. In this building, a steel frame supported the entire weight of the walls, instead of load-bearing walls carrying the weight of the building, which was the usual method. This development led to the "Chicago skeleton" form of construction. After Jenney's accomplishment the sky was truly the limit as far as building was concerned. The Home Insurance Building was built in 1885 in Chicago, Illinois and demolished in 1931 to make way for the Field Building (now the LaSalle National Bank). ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... See also: 1884 in architecture, other events of 1885, 1886 in architecture and the architecture timeline. ...


Sullivan's Wainwright Building building in St. Louis, 1890, was the first steel frame building with soaring vertical bands to emphasize the height of the building, and is, therefore, considered by some to be the first true skyscraper. Wainwright Building The Wainwright Building is a 10-story red-brick landmark office building in downtown St. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... See also: 1890 in architecture, other events of 1891, 1892 in architecture and the architecture timeline. ...


The United Kingdom also had its share of early skyscrapers. The first building to fit the engineering definition, meanwhile, was the then largest hotel in the world, the Grand Midland Hotel, now known as St Pancras Chambers in London, opened in 1873 with a clock tower 82 metres (269 ft) in height. The 12-floor Shell Mex House in London, at 58 metres (190 ft), was completed a year after the Home Insurance Building and managed to beat it in both height and floor count. 1877 saw the opening of the Gothic revival style Manchester Town Hall by Alfred Waterhouse. Its 87-metre-high clock and bell tower dominated that city's skyline for almost a century. St Pancras station is a railway station in north central London, United Kingdom, between the new British Library building to its west and Kings Cross station to the east. ... See also: 1872 in architecture, other events of 1873, 1874 in architecture and the architecture timeline. ... Clocktower at Geelong Grammar School, Victoria, Australia A clock tower is a tower built with one or more (often four) clock faces. ... Shell Mex House Shell Mex House is at 80, Strand, London, UK. Broadly speaking in an Art Deco style, it was designed by Ernest Joseph, a Jewish architect who was a leading designer of synagogues, including the Art Deco-style synagogue at Sheepcote Street, Birmingham, and the classical-style synagogue... See also: 1876 in architecture, other events of 1877, 1878 in architecture and the architecture timeline. ... Victoria Tower at the Palace of Westminster, London: Gothic details provided by A.W.N. Pugin The Gothic revival was a European architectural movement with origins in mid-18th century England. ... Manchester Town Hall Manchester Town Hall is a building in Manchester, England that houses the citys government and administrative functions. ... The Natural History Museum in South Kensington, London, has an ornate terracotta facade typical of high Victorian architecture. ...


Most early skyscrapers emerged in the land-strapped areas of Chicago, London, and New York toward the end of the 19th century. London builders soon found building heights limited due to a complaint from Queen Victoria, rules that continued to exist with few exceptions until the 1950s; concerns about aesthetics and fire safety had likewise hampered the development of skyscrapers across continental Europe for the first half of the twentieth century (with the notable exceptions of the 26-storey Boerentoren in Antwerp, Belgium, built in 1932, and the 31-storey Torre Piacentini in Genoa, Italy, built in 1940). After an early competition between New York City and Chicago for the world's tallest building, New York took a firm lead by 1895 with the completion of the American Surety Building. Developers in Chicago also found themselves hampered by laws limiting height to about 40 storeys, leaving New York to hold the title of tallest building for many years. New York City developers then competed among themselves, with successively taller buildings claiming the title of "world's tallest" in the 1920s and early 1930s, culminating with the completion of the Chrysler Building in 1930 and the Empire State Building in 1931, the world's tallest building for forty years. From the 1930s onwards, skyscrapers also began to appear in Latin America (São Paulo, Caracas, Mexico City) and in Asia (Tokyo, Shanghai, Hong Kong, Singapore). The Boerentoren seen from the Meir The Boerentoren (aka farmers tower) is the second tallest building of Antwerp, it measures 97 meters and was the first skyscraper of the European continent. ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... This article is about the city. ... Nickname: La Sultana del Avila (English:The Avilas Sultan) La Sucursal del paraiso Motto: Ave María Santísima, sin pecado concebida, en el primer instante de su ser natural. ... Mexico City (in Spanish: Ciudad de México, México, D.F. or simply México) is the capital city of Mexico. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ...


Immediately after World War II, the Soviet Union planned eight massive skyscrapers dubbed "Stalin Towers" for Moscow; seven of these were eventually built. The rest of Europe also slowly began to permit skyscrapers, starting with Madrid, in Spain, during the 1950s. Finally, skyscrapers also began to appear in Africa, the Middle East and Oceania (mainly Australia) from the late 1950s and early 1960s. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ...


Still today no city in the world has more completed individual free-standing buildings over 492 ft. (150 m) than New York City.[3]. Hong Kong comes in with the most in the entire world,[4] if one counts individually the multiple towers that rise from a common podium (as Emporis does), in buildings that rise several stories as a single structure before splitting into two or more columns of floors. The number of skyscrapers in Hong Kong will continue to increase, due to a prolonged highrise building boom and high demand for office and housing space in the area. A new building complex in Kowloon contains several mixed-use towers (hotel-shops-residential) and one of them will be 118 stories tall. A podium is a platform that is used to raise something to a short distance above its surroundings. ... Emporis is a real estate data company with headquarters in Darmstadt, Germany. ... International Commerce Centre (Chinese: 環球貿易廣場) is a 118 story, 484 m (1,588 ft. ... In modern day Hong Kong, Kowloon refers to the urban area made up of Kowloon Peninsula and New Kowloon, bordered by the Lei Yue Mun strait in the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutters Island in the west, Tates Cairn and Lion Rock in the north, and... International Commerce Centre is a 118 story, 484 m (1,588 ft. ...


Chicago's skyline was not allowed to grow until the height limits were relaxed in 1960; over the next fifteen years many towers were built, including the massive 442-meter (1,451-foot) Sears Tower,[5] leading to its current number of buildings over 492 ft. Chicago is currently undergoing an epic construction boom that will greatly add to the city's skyline. Since 2000, at least 40 buildings at a minimum of 50 stories high have been built.[6][7] The Chicago Spire, Trump International Hotel and Tower (Chicago), Waterview Tower, Mandarin Oriental Tower, 29-39 South LaSalle, Park Michigan, and Aqua are some of the more notable projects currently underway in the city that invented the skyscraper. Chicago, Hong Kong, and New York City, otherwise known as the "the big three," are recognized in most architectural circles as having the most compelling skylines in the world. Other large cities that are currently experiencing major building booms involving skyscrapers include Shanghai in China and Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Chicago Spire is a really tall skyscraper under construction in Chicago, Illinois. ... For other buildings of the same name see Trump International Hotel and Tower The Trump International Hotel and Tower is a skyscraper condo-hotel under construction at 401 N. Wabash Avenue in downtown Chicago, Illinois named for famed real estate developer Donald Trump. ... Waterview Tower is a mixed used development under construction in downtown Chicago, Illinois. ... The Mandarin Oriental Tower in Chicago will be a 74-story 930 foot mixed use building targeted to be the ninth largest building in Chicago upon its completion in 2009, assuming the Trump Tower Chicago and Waterview Tower are completed first. ... Park Michigan is a proposed 80 story skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois designed by Pappageorge/Haymes, Ltd. ... Aqua is the latin word for Water. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Coordinates: , Emirate Government  - Emir Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area [1]  - Metro 4,114 km² (1,588. ...


Today, skyscrapers are an increasingly common sight where land is scarce, as in the centres of big cities, because of the high ratio of rentable floor space per area of land. Skyscrapers, like temples and palaces in the past, are considered symbols of a city's economic power.


History of tallest skyscrapers

At the beginning of the 20th century, New York City was a center for the Beaux-Arts architectural movement, attracting the talents of such great architects as Stanford White and Carrere and Hastings. As better construction and engineering technology become available as the century progressed, New York became the focal point of the competition for the tallest building in the world. The city's striking skyline has been composed of numerous and varied skyscrapers, many of which are icons of 20th century architecture: New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Beaux-Arts architecture[1] denotes the academic classical architectural style that was taught at the École des Beaux Arts in Paris. ... Stanford White (1853-1906) Washington Square Arch New York American on June 25, 1906 Stanford White (November 9, 1853 – June 25, 1906) was an American architect and partner in the architectural firm of McKim, Mead, and White, the frontrunner among Beaux-Arts firms. ... Carrere and Hastings, the firm of John Mervin Carrère (November 9, 1858 - March 1, 1911) and Thomas Hastings (1860 - 1929), sited in New York City, was one of the outstanding Beaux-Arts architectural firms in the United States. ...

  • The Flatiron Building, standing 285 ft (87 m) high, was one of the tallest buildings in the city upon its completion in 1902, made possible by its steel skeleton. It was one of the first buildings designed with a steel framework, and to achieve this height with other construction methods of that time would have been very difficult.
  • The Woolworth Building, a neo-Gothic "Cathedral of Commerce" overlooking City Hall, was designed by Cass Gilbert. At 792 feet (241 m), it became the world's tallest building upon its completion in 1913, an honor it retained until 1930, when it was overtaken by 40 Wall Street.
  • That same year, the Chrysler Building took the lead as the tallest building in the world, scraping the sky at 1,046 feet (319 m). More impressive than its height is the building's design, by William Van Alen. An art deco masterpiece with an exterior crafted of brick, the Chrysler Building continues to be a favorite of New Yorkers to this day.
  • The Empire State Building, the first building to have more than 100 floors (it has 102), was completed the following year. It was designed by Shreve, Lamb and Harmon in the contemporary Art Deco style. The tower takes its name from the nickname of New York State. Upon its completion in 1931, it took the top spot as tallest building, and at 1,472 feet (448 m) to the very top of the antenna, towered above all other buildings until 1973.
  • When the World Trade Center towers were completed in 1973 many felt them to be sterile monstrosities, even though they were the world's tallest buildings at that time. But most New Yorkers became fond of "The Twin Towers", and after the initial horror for the loss of life in the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks there came great sadness for the loss of the buildings. The Empire State Building is again the tallest building in New York City.

Momentum in setting records passed from the Unites States to other nations in 1997 with the opening of the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The record for world's tallest building remained in Asia with the opening of Taipei 101 in Taipei, Taiwan, in 2004. A number of architectural records will likely reside in the Middle East in 2008 or 2009 with the opening of the Burj Dubai in Dubai, UAE. For other uses, see Flatiron Building (disambiguation). ... The Woolworth Building, at sixty stories, is one of the oldest — and one of the most famous — skyscrapers in New York City. ... The Woolworth Building in New York City was the worlds tallest building when it was built in 1913. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... William Van Alen (1883 - May 24, 1954) was best known as the architct in charge of New York Citys Chrysler Building. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... Shreve, Lamb, and Harmon was the architectural firm best known for the 1931 Empire State Building, the tallest building in New York. ... Asheville City Hall. ... This is a list of U.S. state nicknames -- both official and traditional (official state nicknames are in bold). ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... The Petronas Twin Towers (also known as the Petronas Towers or Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia are the worlds tallest twin buildings. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... Alternative meaning: Taipei County City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Coordinates: , Emirate Government  - Emir Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area [1]  - Metro 4,114 km² (1,588. ... This article is about the United Arab Emirates. ...


With this geographical transition a change can be seen in the approach to skyscraper design. For much of the twentieth century large buildings such as the Sears Tower and World Trade Center (New York) took the form of simple geometrical shapes. They were designed as large boxes. This reflected the "international style" or modernist philosophy shaped by Bauhaus architects early in the century. By the 1990s skyscraper design began to exhibit postmodernist influences. The newest record setters, though modern, incorporate traditional architectural features associated with the part of the world where they stand. Taipei 101 and the Petronas Towers recall the traditions of Asian pagoda architecture even as the Burj Dubai incorporates motifs from traditional Arab art. The result in each case is a building that does not look equally at home in any skyline in any city in the world, but a building that reflects its own continent and culture. Modern architecture, not to be confused with contemporary architecture, is a term given to a number of building styles with similar characteristics, primarily the simplification of form and the elimination of ornament. ... For the British gothic rock band, see Bauhaus (band). ... Postmodernism is a term applied to a wide-ranging set of developments in critical theory, philosophy, architecture, art, literature, and culture, which are generally characterized as either emerging from, in reaction to, or superseding, modernism. ... A pagoda at Sibu, Sarawak, Malaysia This article is about the building style. ... Look up motif in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


For current rankings of skyscrapers by height, see List of skyscrapers. Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building since its completion in 2004, is located in Taipei, Republic of China (Taiwan). ...


The following list measures height of the roof. The more common gauge is the highest architectural detail; such ranking would have included Petronas Towers, built in 1998. See list of skyscrapers for details. The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... Taipei 101, the worlds tallest building since its completion in 2004, is located in Taipei, Republic of China (Taiwan). ...

Built Building City Country Roof Floors Pinnacle Current status
1873 Equitable Life Building New York U.S. 142 ft 43 m 8 Demolished
1889 Auditorium Building Chicago U.S. 269 ft 82 m 17 349 ft 106 m Standing
1890 New York World Building New York City U.S. 309 ft 94 m 20 349 ft 106 m Demolished
1894 Manhattan Life Insurance Building New York City U.S. 348 ft 106 m 18 Demolished
1899 Park Row Building New York City U.S. 391 ft 119 m 30 Standing
1901 Philadelphia City Hall Philadelphia U.S. 9 548 ft 167 m Standing
1908 Singer Building New York City U.S. 612 ft 187 m 47 Demolished
1909 Met Life Tower New York City U.S. 700 ft 213 m 50 Standing
1913 Woolworth Building New York City U.S. 792 ft 241 m 57 Standing
1930 40 Wall Street New York City U.S. 70 927 ft 283 m Standing
1930 Chrysler Building New York City U.S. 925 ft 282 m 77 1,046 ft 319 m Standing
1931 Empire State Building New York City U.S. 1,250 ft 381 m 102 1,472 ft 449 m Standing
1972 World Trade Center (North tower) New York City U.S. 1,368 ft 417 m 110 1,732 ft 528 m Demolished
1974 Sears Tower Chicago U.S. 1,451 ft 442 m 108 1,729 ft 527 m Standing
1998 Petronas Towers Kuala Lumpur Malaysia 1,322 ft 403 m 88 1,483 ft 452 m Standing
2003 Taipei 101 Taipei City Taiwan 1,474 ft 448 m 101 1,671 ft 509 m Standing

Source: emporis.com Building NY NY LOC PP 3c00550t OM small. ... This article is about the state. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The Auditorium Building in Chicago The Auditorium Building in Chicago, Illinois is one of the best-known designs of Dankmar Adler and Louis Sullivan. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The New York World Building was a skyscraper in New York City built in 1890 to house the now defunct paper, The New York World. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The Manhattan Life Insurance Building was one of the oldest skyscrapers. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The Park Row Building is a skyscraper built in 1899 in the Financial District in the New York City borough of Manhattan, across from New York City Hall. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Philadelphia City Hall is the seat of government for the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The Singer Building at Liberty Street and Broadway in Manhattan, New York was an office building completed in 1908 as the headquarters of the Singer Manufacturing Company. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower (also Met Life Tower) at One Madison Avenue, New York City was the worlds tallest building from 1909 to 1913, when it was surpassed by the Woolworth Building. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The Woolworth Building, at sixty stories, is one of the oldest — and one of the most famous — skyscrapers in New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The Chrysler Building is an Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, located on the east side of Manhattan at the intersection of 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... The Sears Tower is a skyscraper in Chicago, Illinois. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The Petronas Towers The Petronas Towers (also known as the Petronas Twin Towers), in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (, ), were once the worlds tallest buildings when measured from the level of the main entrance to the structural or architectural top. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... Taipei 101 (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: TáibÄ›i YÄ«língyÄ«; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei I-ling-i) is a 101-floor landmark skyscraper located in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan. ... Alternative meaning: Taipei County City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ...


Future

The following skyscrapers are either proposed, approved or due to be completed in the near future:

  • Construction of the Burj Dubai is taking place in Dubai. Its exact future height is kept secret, but it is expected to become at least 800 m (2,625 ft) high, making it the tallest building in the world. The Burj Dubai is due to be completed in June 2009.
  • Standing at 492 m (1,614 ft) and scheduled to be completed in 2008, the Shanghai World Financial Center is a mixed used skyscraper; consisting of office space, hotel rooms and shopping zones at ground level. It will surpass Jin Mao Tower and will be the tallest skyscraper in Shanghai and in main land China.
  • Plans for a 358 m (1,175 ft). skyscraper in Boston have been confirmed[8], to be called Trans National Place. Construction is tentatively scheduled to begin in 2008 and be completed in 2011. If completed, it would be the tallest building in Boston and New England.
  • Construction has started for a 610 m (2,001 ft) skyscraper in Chicago to be completed in 2011, the Chicago Spire with 150 floors is a mixed use skyscraper, also tallest residential building. Designed by Santiago Calatrava, it will be North America's tallest free-standing structure.

Burj Dubai (Arabic: Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Coordinates: , Emirate Government  - Emir Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area [1]  - Metro 4,114 km² (1,588. ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: Dubai Tower) is a supertall skyscraper currently under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The Shanghai World Financial Center (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Shanghai, China. ... Jin Mao Building as seen from the Bund The Jin Mao Building is a high-rise building in the Pudong district of Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Trans National Place is a proposed 1000 foot Skyscraper planned for Boston, Massachusetts, and designed by renowned architect Renzo Piano. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... The Chicago Spire is a really tall skyscraper under construction in Chicago, Illinois. ...

Quotations

"A chair is a very difficult object. A skyscraper is almost easier. That is why Chippendale is famous."
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
"What is the chief characteristic of the tall office building? It is lofty. It must be tall. The force and power of altitude must be in it, the glory and pride of exaltation must be in it. It must be every inch a proud and soaring thing, rising in sheer exaltation that from bottom to top it is a unit without a single dissenting line."
Louis Sullivan's The Tall Office Building Artistically Considered (1896)
"A skyscraper is a boast in glass and steel."
Mason Cooley
"The skyscraper establishes the block, the block creates the street, the street offers itself to man."
Roland Barthes
"Manhattan has no choice but the skyward extrusion of the Grid itself; only the Skyscraper offers business the wide-open spaces of a man-made Wild West, a frontier in the sky."
Rem Koolhaas
"As the twentieth century fades, North America is ceding skyscraper supremacy to Asia."
Emily Mitchell in Time Magazine, (1994)
"The tall building ought to participate in the city as both a facade, connecting the walls of the street, and as an object against the sky."
—William Pedersen in Process Architecture, 1986
"Architecture is the alphabet of giants; it is the largest set of symbols ever made to meet the eyes of men. A tower stands up like a sort of simplified statue, of much more than heroic size."
Gilbert Keith Chesterton

A provincial Chippendale-style chair with elaborate Gothick tracery back Thomas Chippendale (June 5, 1718 – November 13, 1779), born at Farnley near Otley, West Yorkshire, was a London cabinet-maker and furniture designer in the mid-Georgian, English Rococo, and Neoclassical styles. ... Ludwig Mies van der Rohe born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies (March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German architect. ... Exaltation is the theological term for trance; although it is practiced by many religious groups nowadays, it was seen as an alliance with the devil earlier in history. ... Louis Henri Sullivan (September 3, 1856 – April 14, 1924) was an American architect, called the father of modernism. ... Mason Cooley (1927 – ) is an American aphorist mostly known for his witty quotations. ... Roland Barthes Roland Barthes (November 12, 1915 – March 25, 1980) (pronounced ) was a French literary critic, literary and social theorist, philosopher, and semiotician. ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... Seattle Central Library, designed by OMA Rem Koolhaas (born November 17, 1944 in Rotterdam, Netherlands) is a Dutch architect, former journalist and screenwriter who studied architecture at the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London. ... Emily Mitchell is an Anglo-American novelist. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... For the town of Chesterton in Cambridgeshire, see Chesterton (Cambridge). ...

Skyline Imagery

With tall, distinctive skyscrapers, these skyline images show how skyscrapers are able to affect, define and transform cities into skylines. For other uses, see Skyline (disambiguation). ...

Panorama view of the Hong Kong Skyline
Panorama view of the Hong Kong Skyline
The Singapore Skyline.

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 165 pixelsFull resolution (5858 × 1210 pixel, file size: 5. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 165 pixelsFull resolution (5858 × 1210 pixel, file size: 5. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (8459x1024, 1387 KB)[edit] Summary Chicago Skyline from Adler Planetarium Buphoff 18:46, 9 October 2006 (UTC) [edit] Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (8459x1024, 1387 KB)[edit] Summary Chicago Skyline from Adler Planetarium Buphoff 18:46, 9 October 2006 (UTC) [edit] Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America, and the only one located entirely within the United States. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 118 pixelsFull resolution (2485 × 365 pixel, file size: 253 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Digital photo taken by Marc Averette Miami skyline Ocvtober 16, 2007 I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 118 pixelsFull resolution (2485 × 365 pixel, file size: 253 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Digital photo taken by Marc Averette Miami skyline Ocvtober 16, 2007 I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... Miami Beach is a city located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3495x480, 932 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Skyscraper Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/November-2006 Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/Pauliyas Hongkong ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3495x480, 932 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Skyscraper Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/November-2006 Wikipedia:Featured picture candidates/Pauliyas Hongkong ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (9118x2774, 8122 KB) Summary A panorama of taken from the Chalet du Mont Royal at the top of Mount Royal in Montreal on the 4th of January, 2006 by myself. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (9118x2774, 8122 KB) Summary A panorama of taken from the Chalet du Mont Royal at the top of Mount Royal in Montreal on the 4th of January, 2006 by myself. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - Total 365. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 323 pixelsFull resolution (2500 × 1010 pixel, file size: 5. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 323 pixelsFull resolution (2500 × 1010 pixel, file size: 5. ...

See also

Taipei 101, the worlds tallest completed building, is located in Taipei City, Taiwan These are lists of skyscrapers, ranked by: structural height (vertical elevation from the base to the highest architectural or integral structural element of the building). ... The Emporis Skyscraper Award is awarded annually by Emporis to the Best new skyscraper for design and functionality. The winner must have been completed during the previous year, and must be at least 100 meters in height. ... For other uses, see Skyline (disambiguation). ... The Towering Inferno (1974) Skyscrapers are frequently featured in films for their impressive appearance and potent symbolism. ... Skyscrapers are tall, internally supported structures where the majority of load bearing structure, outside of that providing structural support for dead load is specifically designed to provide for large free spaces between supporting elements while still providing for the structural support and the building utilities required for the densely populated... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

References

  1. ^ Data Standards: Real Estate A high-rise building is defined as a building 35 meters or greater in height
  2. ^ Penza State University of Architecture and Construction; Before The Workshop (1) Tower
  3. ^ List of Tallest skyscrapers in New York City
  4. ^ List of Tallest skyscrapers in Hong Kong
  5. ^ List of Tallest skyscrapers in Chicago
  6. ^ Chicago Building Boom
  7. ^ SkyscraperPage.com - Every building above 12 stories
  8. ^ Trans National Place, Boston from Emporis.com
  • Skyscrapers: Form and Function, by David Bennett, Simon & Schuster, 1995.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Skyscraper


  Results from FactBites:
 
Skyscraper Safety Campaign (0 words)
The Skyscraper Safety Campaign (SSC) was created by the Regenhard Family in memory of Christian Michael Otto Regenhard, a 28 year old Probationary Firefighter who remains missing at the WTC, along with his entire Engine Company 279, to this date.
In two congressional hearings in March and May of 2002 regarding the collapse of the WTC, Congress determined that the aftermath of the 9/11 collapse was characterized by the absence of a comprehensive investigation, a lack of cooperation and no clear lines of authority among the federal, state and NYC governments.
The use of the name of the Skyscraper Safety Campaign or names of its members to endorse any statement, organization, or purpose is prohibited, unless explicit permission has been given by the Skyscraper Safety Campaign.
55. Skyscraper. Sandburg, Carl. 1916. Chicago Poems (695 words)
Prairie and valley, streets of the city, pour people into it and they mingle among its twenty floors and are poured out again back to the streets, prairies and valleys.
A young watchman leans at a window and sees the lights of barges butting their way across a harbor, nets of red and white lanterns in a railroad yard, and a span of glooms splashed with lines of white and blurs of crosses and clusters over the sleeping city.
By night the skyscraper looms in the smoke and the stars and has a soul.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m