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Encyclopedia > Skyscape

In art, a cloudscape (or skyscape) is the depiction of a view of clouds or the sky. Usually, as in the examples seen here, the clouds are depicted as viewed from the earth, often including just enough of a landscape to suggest scale, orientation, weather conditions, and distance (through the application of the technique of aerial perspective, which see). Bentheim Castle (1653) Jacob Izaaksoon van Ruysdael (or Ruisdaal) (c. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... This article is about clouds in meteorology. ... A typical daytime sky. ... The Harvesters, by Pieter Brueghel the Elder, 1565: Peace and agriculture in a pre-Romantic ideal landscape, without sublime terrors Landscape near Bologna, by Frans Koppelaar, 2001: Realistic landscape painted after nature Landscape art depicts scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers and forests. ... This article needs cleanup. ...


A highly complex cloudscape - as in some works of J. M. W. Turner, for example - within an otherwise conventional landscape painting, can sometimes seem like an abstract painting-within-a-painting, nearly obliterating the realistic setting with a grand display of gestural force. Some critics have explicitly cited 19th century cloudscapes and seascapes as precursors of the work of abstract expressionist artists such as Helen Frankenthaler. This is particularly true when the clouds are depicted over open sea, so that there is little or nothing in the painting to "ground" the image in relation to a "realistic" setting, allowing sea and sky nearly to fuse (a blurring enhanced in Turner's case by a lot of complicated English weather, as in his "Sunrise With Sea Monsters" [1]). Self portrait, oil on canvas, circa 1799 Joseph Mallord William Turner (born in Covent Garden, London on April 23, 1775 (exact date disputed), died December 19, 1851) was an English Romantic landscape artist, whose style can be said to have laid the foundation for Impressionism. ... Black square by Kazimir Malevich Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses color and form in a non-representational or subjective way. ... Seascape may refer to: A photograph, painting, or other work of art which depicts the sea. ... American post-World War II art movement. ... Helen Frankenthaler (born December 12, 1928) is an American post-painterly abstraction artist. ...


Thus, commenting on a 1999 Turner exhibition, New York Times art critic Roberta Smith writes that, in 1966, "the Museum of Modern Art established the artist's lush late works ... as precursors of both Impressionism and modernist abstraction. The current show is a feast of Frankenthaleresque plumes of color...."[2] 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... View across garden, in new MoMA building by Yoshio Taniguchi. ... Impressionism was a 19th century art movement that began as a loose association of Paris-based artists who began publicly exhibiting their art in the 1860s. ... Black square by Kazimir Malevich Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses color and form in a non-representational or subjective way. ... Helen Frankenthaler (born December 12, 1928) is an American post-painterly abstraction artist. ...


Smith continues:


Titles like Calm Sea With Distant Gray Clouds are specific, and when you step back from oil paintings like Waves Breaking on the Shore, a sudden spatial logic snaps into place. None of which should diminish the pleasure of the brash minimalism of these works, which conflate extremes of sea and sky with extremes of painting, showing both to contain elements of the unfathomable and the unknown.[3]


There are some later cloudscape paintings - for example, the famous cloudscapes of Georgia O'Keeffe - in which the clouds are seen from above, as though viewed from an airplane. The Mona Lisa is one of the most recognizable artistic paintings in the Western world. ... Georgia Totto OKeeffe (November 15, 1887—March 6, 1986) was an American artist. ...


According to an essay at the website of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, "Among the most dramatic and well-known images of O'Keeffe's later years are her cloudscapes of the 1960s and '70s. Traveling around the world, she was exhilarated by the views seen from an airplane window." [4] Below, in the "external links" section, is a link to a color image of O'Keeffe's gigantic cloudscape entitled "Sky Above Clouds IV" ( 1965; oil on canvas; 8 x 24 ft.; Art Institute of Chicago). Such "airborne-view" cloudscapes are in a sense aerial landscapes, except that typically there is no view of the land at all: only white clouds, suspended in (and even below) blue sky. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as The Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... The Art Institute of Chicago is one of the premier fine art institutions in the United States. ... An example of artistic depiction of an aerial landscape: Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Ploughed Fields, Maryland, 1974, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 52x48. Aerial landscape art is painting or other visual art which depicts or evokes the appearance of a landscape...


See also

An example of artistic depiction of an aerial landscape:Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Ploughed Fields, Maryland, 1974, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 52x48. (This article concerns painting and other non-photographic media. ... The Harvesters, by Pieter Brueghel the Elder, 1565: Peace and agriculture in a pre-Romantic ideal landscape, without sublime terrors Landscape near Bologna, by Frans Koppelaar, 2001: Realistic landscape painted after nature Landscape art depicts scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers and forests. ... Seascape may refer to: A photograph, painting, or other work of art which depicts the sea. ... An example of cloudscape photography Cloudscape photography is photography showing a view of clouds and sky. ...

External links

  • COLOR IMAGE of cloudscape by Georgia O'Keeffe
  • COLOR IMAGE of J. M. W. Turner's "Sunrise With Sea Monsters" (Oil on canvas. Exh. c.1845. 36 x 48 (91.5 x 122). The Tate Gallery, London)

 
 

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