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Encyclopedia > Skopje
Скопје
Skopje
Flag of СкопјеSkopje
Flag
Official seal of СкопјеSkopje
Seal
Location of the city of Skopje (green) in Macedonia
Country Flag of the Republic of Macedonia Macedonia
Municipality Greater Skopje
Government
 - Mayor Trifun Kostovski
Area
 - Total 1,854 km² (715.8 sq mi)
Elevation 240 m (787 ft)
Population (2004)
 - Total 506 926
 - Density 273.422/km² (105.568/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+2)
Postal codes 1000
Area code(s) 02
Patron saints: Virgin Mary
Website: skopje.gov.mk

Skopje (Macedonian: Скопје, pronounced [ˈskopje]) is the capital and largest city in the Republic of Macedonia, with more than a quarter of the population of the country, as well as the political, cultural, economic, and academic centre of the country. It was known from the Roman period under the name Scupi. The city developed rapidly after World War II, but this trend was interrupted in 1963 when it was hit by a disastrous earthquake. Today Skopje is a modern city with a range of cultural monuments. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links MKD_muni_nonn(Skopje). ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Greater Skopje (Macedonian: Големо Скопје, Golemo Skopje), is an administrative division within the Republic of Macedonia constituted of 10 municipalities. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Trifun Kostovski, mayor of Skopje Trifun Kostovski (Macedonian: ) (born 27 December 1946 in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia) is a Macedonian politician, businessman and singer, and the current Mayor of Skopje He is married with three children. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... The term Virgin Mary has several different meanings: Mary, the mother of Jesus, the historical and multi-denominational concept of Mary Blessed Virgin Mary, the Roman Catholic theological and doctrinal concept of Mary Marian apparitions shrines to the Virgin Mary Virgin Mary in Islam, the Islamic theological and doctrinal concept... Not to be confused with capitol. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Modern Skopje Skopje (Macedonian: Скопје, Albanian Shkup, Latin Scupi; Turkish: Üsküb) is the capital city of the Republic of Macedonia. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The 1963 Skopje earthquake (Macedonian: , Latinic: 1963 Skopski zemjotres) was an earthquake which measured 6. ...


Skopje is located at 42°0′N, 21°26′E, on the upper course of the Vardar River and is located on a major north-south Balkan route between Central Europe and Athens. It has 506,926 inhabitants (2002 census). It is a major centre for the metal-processing, chemical, timber, textile, leather, and printing industries but has suffered many closures since 1991. Industrial development of the city has been accompanied by developments of the trade and banking sectors, as well as an emphasis on the fields of culture and sport. Vardar in Skopje The Vardar (Macedonian Вардар, Greek Αξιός Axios, Latin Axius) is the longest river in the Republic of Macedonia and a major river of Greece. ... ... Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ...

Contents

Name

In 1912, the name was officially changed from Uskub (the Turkish name for Skopje) to Skoplie[2]. Since the 1950s, the name of the city in Macedonian has been Skopje (Скопје), reflecting the Macedonian Cyrillic adaptation of the then spelling Skopie. It originates from Latin Skupi (Albanians today call it Shkupi). This, in turn, is explained either as going back to a local Illyrian tribe,[1] or to the Greek skopion and skopein meaning to look out[3], pointing to Skopje's origin as a classical era Greco-Roman frontier fortress town.[2] During the Middle Ages, Skopje was often under the rule of the Bulgarian Empire; the Bulgarian rendition is Skopie (Скопие). The Turkish name of the city is Üsküb and it was known as Uskub or Uskup in most Western European languages during the period of Ottoman rule.[3] The Serbian name for the city is Skoplje (Скопље); it was known as such in English from the time the city joined the Kingdom of Serbia, and continued so during the time of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (including the first ten years as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes). (See also: other names of Skopje) abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... This article is about an ancient civilization in southeastern Europe; see also Illyria (software), Illyria (character in the TV series Angel). ... First Bulgarian Empire Second Bulgarian Empire This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Ottoman redirects here. ... Serbian (; ) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ... Anthem: Bože Pravde [[Image:|250px|center|Location of the Kingdom of Serbia]] Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Serbian Government Monarchy  - King Milan (1882-1889)  - King Aleksandar (1889-1903)  - King Peter I (1903-1918) Proclamation March 6, 1882 Area  - Total  km² ([[List of countries and outlying territories by area|]])  sq... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander...


History

Classical era

Roman aqueduct near Skopje

The site of modern Skopje has been inhabited since at least 3500 BC; remains of Neolithic settlements have been found within the old Kale fortress that overlooks the modern city centre. The settlement appears to have been founded around the by the Paionians, a people that inhabited the region. In the 3th century BC, Skopje and the surrounding area was invaded by the Dardani.Skupi came under Roman rule after the general Quintus Caecilius Metellus defeated Andriscus of Macedon in 148 BC, being at first part of the Roman province of Macedonia, established in 146 BC. The northward expansion of the empire in the course of the 1st century BC lead to the creation of the province of Moesia in Augustus's times, into which Scupi was incorporated. After the division of the province by Domitian in 86 AD, Scupi was elevated to colony and became a seat of government within the new province of Moesia superior. From 395 AD, it passed into the hands of the Eastern Roman (or Byzantine) Empire. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... For other uses, see Aqueduct (disambiguation). ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... ... Albani (Albanoi), tribe in ancient Illyria, from Alexander G. Findlays Classical Atlas to Illustrate Ancient Geography, New York, 1849 The Dardani were an ancient Indo-European tribe that lived in Dardania (largely corresponding to present day Kosovo, as well as other parts of present day southern Serbia) and was... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... The Caecilii Metellii was one of the most important and wealthiest families in the Roman Republic. ... Andriscus, (also spelt Andriskos) often called the pseudo-Philip, a fuller of Adramyttium, who claimed to be a son of Perseus, last king of Macedonia. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC - 140s BC - 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC Years: 153 BC 152 BC 151 BC 150 BC 149 BC - 148 BC - 147 BC 146 BC... Map of the Roman Empire, with the provinces, after 120. ... Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 190s BC 180s BC 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC - 140s BC - 130s BC 120s BC 110s BC 100s BC 90s BC Years: 151 BC 150 BC 149 BC 148 BC 147 BC - 146 BC - 145 BC 144 BC... Moesia (Greek: , Moisia; Bulgarian: Мизия, Miziya; Serbian: Мезија, Mezija) is an ancient province situated in the areas of modern Serbia and Bulgaria. ... For other persons named Octavian, see Octavian (disambiguation). ... Titus Flavius Domitianus (24 October 51 – 18 September 96), commonly known as Domitian, was a Roman Emperor of the gens Flavia. ... Colonies in antiquity were city-states founded from a mother-city, not from a territory-at-large. ... Moesia (Greek: , Moisia; Bulgarian: Мизия, Miziya; Serbian: Мезија, Mezija) is an ancient province situated in the areas of modern Serbia and Bulgaria. ... Events After the death of emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Empire is divided in an eastern and a western half. ... Byzantine redirects here. ...


The first known bishop of the city is Perigorius, present at the Council of Sardica (343). Scupi was probably a metropolitan see about the middle of the 5th century (Latin: Archidioecesis Scopiensis).[4] The Council of Sardica was called as an Ecumenical Council in 342, 343, or 347 in response to the Arian Heresy. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ...


Medieval era

Lamentation of Christ, a Nerezi fresco (1164)
Lamentation of Christ, a Nerezi fresco (1164)

The Byzantine Emperor Justinian I was born near Skupi, at Tauresium, in 483. In 518, Skupi was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake. Justinian came to the aid of its inhabitants by founding a new settlement called Justiniana Prima north from the site of Skupi. However, Justiniana and the remnants of Skupi were destroyed by invading Slavic peoples at the end of the 7th century. The Slavs renamed the site as Skopje but were eventually pushed out by the Byzantines. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 591 pixelsFull resolution (2024 × 1494 pixel, file size: 326 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 591 pixelsFull resolution (2024 × 1494 pixel, file size: 326 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article is about the Roman emperor. ... Taor (Macedonian: Таор; Greek: Tαυρίσιο) is a small village near Skopje, in the Republic of Macedonia. ... Events March 13 - Pope Felix III succeeds Pope Simplicius The general Illus and Verina, mother-in-law of Byzantine emperor Zeno I, attempt to overthrow Zeno and place a general named Leontius on the throne. ... Events July 9 - Justin becomes Roman emperor September 29 - Severus, Patriarch of Antioch is deposed by a synod for his Monophysitism. ... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ...


During much of the early medieval period, the town was contested between the Byzantines and the Bulgarian Empire. From 972 to 992 it was the capital of the First Bulgarian Empire.[5] After that, it was a capital of Byzantine administrative region (katepanat) Bulgaria after the fall the First Bulgarian Empire in 1018. Skopje was a thriving trading settlement but fell into decline after being hit by another devastating earthquake at the end of the 11th century. It was a capital of the estate of the Bulgarian feudal lord, later Emperor Konstantin Asen in the middle of 13th century. The town was taken by the Serbs in 1282. In 1346 it was named the capital of the Serbian Empire of Stefan Dušan. During the time of the late Roman Empire, the lands of present-day Bulgaria had been organised in several provinces - Scythia (Scythia Minor), Moesia (Upper and Lower), Thrace, Macedonia (First and Second), Dacia (Coastal and Inner, both situated south of Danube), Dardania, Rhodope and Hemimont, and had a mixed population... Imperial Emblem Bulgarian Empire at its greatest extent c. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Constantine I (in Bulgarian, Konstantin I, called Tih/Tikh, which is diminutive form of the name of his father), ruled as emperor (tsar) of Bulgaria 1257-1277. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... // Events Serbian Empire was proclaimed in Skopje by Dusan Silni, occupying much of the South-Eastern Europe Foundation of the University of Valladolid Foundation of Pembroke College, University of Cambridge August 26 Battle of Crecy after which Edward the Black Prince honored the bravery of John I, Count of Luxemburg... The Serbian Empire (Serbian: Српско Царство, Srpsko Carstvo) was a medieval empire in the Balkans that emerged from the medieval Serbian kingdom in the 14th century. ... DuÅ¡an Silni Tsar Stefan UroÅ¡ IV DuÅ¡an Silni (the mighty) (Serbian: Цар Стефан Душан Силни) (circa 1308 – December 20, 1355) was a Serb king (September 8, 1331 – 1346) and tsar (1346 – December 5, 1355). ...


The Ottoman city

In 1392, three years after the Serbian defeat in the Battle of Kosovo in 1389, Skopje was captured by the Ottoman Empire. For the next five hundred years it was known by the Turkish name Üsküb or Üsküp. Ottoman Üsküb was the capital of the Vilayet of Kosovo (district of Kosovo), which occupied a much greater area than the modern region of Kosovo [4]. Events December 16 - Emperor Go-Kameyama of Japan abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu, ending the nanboku-cho period of competing imperial courts James of Jülich is boiled alive for pretending to be a bishop and ordaining his own priests Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General... Combatants Ottoman Empire Serbia Bosnia Commanders Murad I †, Bayezid I, Yakub † Lazar Hrebeljanović †, Vuk Branković, Vlatko Vuković Strength ~ 27,000-40,000[9][10][11] ~ 12,000-30,000[9][10][11][12] Casualties moderate amount; Sultan Murad I killed as a result of a ruse Extremely high; most of... Events February 24 - Margaret I defeats Albert in battle, thus becoming ruler of Denmark, Norway and Sweden June 28 - Battle of Kosovo between Serbs and Ottomans. ... Ottoman redirects here. ... The Province of Kosovo Albanian: Vilajeti i Kosovës; (Turkish: Kosova Vilayeti; Serbian: Косовски вилајет or Kosovski vilajet; Macedonian: Покраина на Косово or Pokraina na Kosovo) was a vilayet of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkan Peninsula only roughly corresponding to the current region of Kosovo. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ...


The city's character changed markedly during this period. The Ottomans imported Islam and built many mosques and other typically Ottoman buildings, such as hamams (baths) and travelers' inns, some of which still exist today. Many Sephardi Jews expelled from Spain also settled in the city, adding to its ethnic variety. The medieval city was badly damaged by an earthquake in 1555, but it soon recovered and prospered. By the 17th century, its population was put at between 30,000-60,000. The Turkish writer Dulgar Dede visited Üsküb during this period and wrote: "I travelled for many years across that country of Rumelia and I saw a many beautiful cities and I was amazed at Allah's blessings, but not one impressed and delighted as much as the heavenly city of Skopje across which passes the Vardar River." For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Language(s) Hebrew, Ladino, Judæo-Portuguese, Catalanic, Shuadit, local languages Religion(s) Judaism Related ethnic groups Ashkenazi Jews, Mizrahi Jews, other Jewish ethnic divisions, Arabs, Spaniards, Portuguese. ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Map of Rumelia as of 1801 Rumelia (turkish: Rum: Roman El: Land Rumeli: Lands of Rome), the area that was the East Roman or Byzantine Empire, a name commonly used, from the 15th century onwards, to denote the part of the Balkan Peninsula subject to the Ottoman Empire. ...


In 1689, however, Skopje was burned by the Austrian general Engelberto d'Ugo Piccolomini – ostensibly to eradicate an outbreak of cholera, but quite possibly to avenge the Ottomans' 1683 attack on Vienna. Year 1689 (MDCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Piccolomini is the name of an Italian noble family, which was prominent in Siena from the beginning of the 13th century onwards. ... Cholera (or Asiatic cholera or epidemic cholera) is an extreme diarrheal disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... // For siege of Vienna in 1529 see Siege of Vienna Combatants Holy League: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Austria, Saxony, Franconia, Swabia, Bavaria Ottoman Empire, Khanate of Crimea, Transylvania, Wallachia, Moldavia Commanders John III Sobieski, Charles V of Lorraine Kara Mustafa Pasha Strength 70,000, (10,000 during siege) 138,000, (200...


The city's fortunes waned over the next 200 years and its population shrank to only about 10,000 people by the middle of the 19th century. It revived after 1873 with the building of the railway from Belgrade to Thessaloniki, which passed through Skopje. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Thessaloniki or Salonica (Greek: ) is Greeces second-largest city and the capital of Macedonia, the largest Region of Greece. ...


In the 20th century

Skopje with its Neo-Classical architecture before the 1963 earthquake
Skopje with its Neo-Classical architecture before the 1963 earthquake

By 1905, Skopje had a population of approximately 32,000, which was comprised of a mixture of ethnic and religious groups. In 1910, the Roman Catholic nun [5], Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu, later to become famous as Mother Teresa, was born in Skopje. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 496 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,001 × 620 pixels, file size: 138 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Source: Macedonian Archive This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 496 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,001 × 620 pixels, file size: 138 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Source: Macedonian Archive This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Mother Teresa (born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu IPA: ) (August 26, 1910 – September 5, 1997) was a Roman Catholic nun who founded the Missionaries of Charity and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 for her humanitarian work. ...


The city became a major centre of rebellion against the weakening Ottoman Empire, and in 1903 it was a key player in the unsuccessful Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising against Ottoman rule. The Ottomans were shortly expelled from the city in August 12, 1912 by the local Slavic population. Several months later the city was captured by the Serbs at the beginning of First Balkan War. Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Ethnic map of the Balkans prior to the Upspring. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Countries inhabited by South Slavs (in teal) The South Slavs are a southern branch of the Slavic peoples that live in the Balkans, the southern Pannonian Plain and the eastern Alps. ... Belligerents Ottoman Empire Balkan League: Bulgaria Greece Montenegro Serbia Commanders Nazim Pasha, Zekki Pasha, Essad Pasha, Abdullah Pasha, Ali Rizah Pasha Ivan Fichev, Vasil Kutinchev, Nikola Ivanov, Radko Dimitriev, Georgi Todorov Crown Prince Constantine, Panagiotis Danglis, Pavlos Kountouriotis King Nicholas I, Prince Danilo Petrović, Mitar Martinović, Janko Vukotić Radomir Putnik...


In 1913, the allies in the First Balkan War fell out with each other and launched the Second Balkan War over the division of the spoils. Serbia retained control of Skopje, with the Vardar valley being incorporated into Serbia. This lasted until October 1915, when Bulgaria joined the Central Powers and seized much of Serbian-ruled Macedonia. The city was occupied by Serbia at end of the World War I in 1918, when it became part of the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (known as the Kingdom of Yugoslavia from 1929). Between 1941 - 1944 the city was under Bulgarian control. One month after the communists took power in Sofia and the Bulgarian army was sent to fight the Germans to the west front, Skopje was seized by Yugoslavian troops, and then joined Yugoslavia in 1944, when it became the capital of the newly established People's Republic of Macedonia. Following the wars, Skopje and the rest of Vardar Macedonia was incorporated into Tito's Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants Bulgaria Greece Serbia Montenegro Romania Ottoman Empire Commanders Mihail Savov, Nikola Ivanov, Vasil Kutinchev, Radko Dimitriev King Constantine, Radomir Putnik, Crown Prince Ferdinand, Alexandru Averescu Strength 500,000 men Serbia 220,000 men, Romania 300,000 men, Greece 150,000 men, Montenegro 12,000 men The Second Balkan War... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Kaiser Wilhelm II, Mehmed V, Franz Joseph: The three emperors of the Central Powers in World War I. European military alliances in 1914. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The Kingdom of Yugoslavia was a Balkan state which existed from December 1, 1918 to mid-April 1941. ... Motto: One nation, one king, one country Anthem: Medley of Bože pravde, Lijepa naÅ¡a domovino, and Naprej zastava slave Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croato-Slovenian (see: Serbo-Croat and Slovenian) [1] Government Value specified for government_type does not comply King  - 1918-1921 Peter I  - 1921-1934 Alexander... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Anthem: Transliteration: English: Capital Skopje Largest city Skopje Macedonian, Albanian1 Government Parliamentary republic  - President Branko Crvenkovski  - Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski Independence from Yugoslavia   - Declared September 8, 1991  Area  - Total 25,333 km² 9,779 sq mi   - Water (%) 1. ... Tito redirects here. ... Motto Brotherhood and Unity Anthem Hey, Slavs Capital Belgrade Language(s) Serbo-Croatian (spoken throughout the territory), Slovenian, Macedonian, Albanian, Hungarian (all official), and languages of other nationalities. ...


1963 earthquake

Main article: 1963 Skopje earthquake

On 26 July 1963, Skopje was struck by another major earthquake, measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale, which killed over 1,000 people and made another 120,000 homeless. Eighty percent of the city was destroyed by the earthquake, and numerous cultural monuments were seriously damaged. The losses from the quake amounted to a massive 150% of Macedonia's GNP at the time and 15% of Yugoslavia's GNP. A major international relief effort saw the city rebuilt quickly, though much of its old Ottoman aspect was lost in the process. The ruins of the old Skopje train station which was destroyed in the earthquake remain today as a memorial to the victims along with an adjacent museum. The 1963 Skopje earthquake (Macedonian: , Latinic: 1963 Skopski zemjotres) was an earthquake which measured 6. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Skopje Airport (IATA: SKP, ICAO: LWSK) (Аеродром Скопје, Aerodrom Skopje), also known as Petrovec Airport (named after its nearest village), is the largest and busiest international airport in the Republic of Macedonia. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... The 1963 Skopje earthquake (Macedonian: , Latinic: 1963 Skopski zemjotres) was an earthquake which measured 6. ...


Skopje grew rapidly during united Yugoslavia and became a major[citation needed] industrial centre for the south-central Balkans region. In 1991 the Yugoslav federation broke up and Skopje became the capital of the independent Republic of Macedonia. Greece objected to the use of the name Macedonia by the new state, and imposed an economic blockade on the country, which severely {fact} damaged the economy of the Republic of Macedonia by closing its access to the sea through Thessaloniki. The blockade was lifted in 1995 following an agreement between the two governments on the name issue which still hasn't been resolved. Balkan redirects here. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Thessaloniki or Salonica (Greek: ) is Greeces second-largest city and the capital of Macedonia, the largest Region of Greece. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...


In December 2006 the government announced plans for renaming the city's airport to "Alexander the Great".[6] Skopje is also the home of the State University "Saints Cyril and Methodius" founded in 1949. The Ss. ...


Administrative division

Skopje is an administrative division within the Republic of Macedonia constituted of 10 municipalities. As a such administrative unit Skopje is the capital of the Republic of Macedonia. It is part of Skopje statistical region (Скопски регион). For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Republic of Macedonia is divided in eight arbitrary statistical regions. ...


The organisation of Skopje, like a distinct unit of the local-selfgovernment is defined by the Law of Skopje. Greater Skopje (Macedonian: Големо Скопје, Golemo Skopje), is an administrative division within the Republic of Macedonia constituted of 10 municipalities. ...

1 . Centar
2 . Gazi Baba
3 . Aerodrom
4 . Čair
5 . Kisela Voda
6 . Butel
7 . Šuto Orizari
8 . Karpoš
9 . Gorche Petrov
10 . Saraj Image File history File links Skopje_administrative_division_numbered1. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Centar Municipality is located in central Sarajevo in Bosnia and Herzegovina, between the older parts of the city under Stari Grad Municipality, and the newer more modern parts of the city under the Municipalities Novi Grad and Novo Sarajevo. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... [[Image:|250px|center|Location of Gazi Baba municipality]] Municipality center Skopje Mayor [[]] Municipality area km² Population  - density 72,617 people/km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Status [[]] Area code +389 Car plates Postal code Official Website [http:// ] Gazi Baba (Macedonian: Гази Баба) is one of 10... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... [[Image:|250px|center|Location of Aerodrom municipality]] Municipality center Skopje Mayor [[]] Municipality area km² Population  - density 72,009 people/km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Status [[]] Area code +389 Car plates Postal code Official Website [http:// ] Aerodrom (Macedonian: Аеродром) is one of 10 municipalities of... [[Image:|250px|center|Location of ÄŒair municipality]] Municipality center Skopje Mayor [[]] Municipality area km² Population  - density 64,773 people/km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Status [[]] Area code +389 Car plates Postal code Official Website [http:// ] ÄŒair (Macedonian: Чаир) is one of 10 municipalities of... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 480 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 624 pixel, file size: 206 KB, MIME type: image/png) Coat of arms of Kisela Voda municipality. ... [[Image:|250px|center|Location of Kisela Voda municipality]] Municipality center Skopje Mayor [[]] Municipality area km² Population  - density 57,236 people/km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Status [[]] Area code +389 Car plates Postal code Official Website [http:// ] Kisela Voda (Macedonian: Кисела Вода) is one of 10... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... [[Image:|250px|center|Location of Butel municipality]] Municipality center Skopje Mayor [[]] Municipality area km² Population  - density 36,154 people/km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Status [[]] Area code +389 Car plates Postal code Official Website [http:// ] Butel (Macedonian: Бутел) is one of 10 municipalities of... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Å uto Orizari (Шуто Оризари in Macedonian, Shuto Orizari in Romani) or shortly Shutka is one of the ten municipalities that makes up the City of Skopje, the capital of the Republic of Macedonia. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... [[Image:|250px|center|Location of KarpoÅ¡ municipality]] Municipality center Skopje Mayor [[]] Municipality area km² Population  - density 59,666 people/km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Status [[]] Area code +389 Car plates Postal code Official Website [http:// ] KarpoÅ¡ (Macedonian: Карпош) is one of 10 municipalities of... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 473 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (500 × 634 pixel, file size: 106 KB, MIME type: image/png) Coat of arms of Gjorče Petrov municipality. ... Municipality center Skopje Mayor [[]] Municipality area km² Population  - density 41,634 people/km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Status [[]] Area code +389 Car plates Postal code Official Website [http:// ] Gorče Petrov (Macedonian: Горче Петров) is one of 10 municipalities of Skopje, the capital of the... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... [[Image:|250px|center|Location of Saraj municipality]] Municipality center Saraj (Skopje) Mayor [[]] Municipality area km² Population  - density 35,408 people/km² Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Status [[]] Area code +389 Car plates Postal code Official Website [http:// ] Saraj (Macedonian: Сарај) is one of 10 municipalities...


Demographics

According to the 2002 census,[7] the population of Skopje was 506,926 people. The main ethnic group are Macedonians - 400,358, who make 76.75% of the population, followed by Albanians - 60,891 (10.49%), Roma - 23,475 (4.63%), Serbs - 14,298 (2.82%), Turks - 8,595 (1.70%), Bosniaks - 7,585 (1.50%) and Aromanians (Vlachs) - 2,557 (0.50%) and others - 8,167 (1.61%) Language(s) Romani, languages of native region Religion(s) Romanipen, combined with assimilations from local religions Related ethnic groups South Asians (Desi) This article is about the Indo-Aryan ethnic group. ... Languages Serbian Religions Predominantly Serbian Orthodox Christian Related ethnic groups Other Slavic peoples, especially South Slavs See Cognate peoples below (* many Serbs opted for Yugoslav ethnicity) [27] Serbs (Serbian: Срби or Srbi) are a South Slavic people who live mainly in Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and, to a lesser extent, in... Language(s) Bosnian Religion(s) Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups Slavs (South Slavs) The Bosniaks or Bosniacs[1] (Bosnian: Bošnjaci, IPA: ) are a people, living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia) and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro, with a smaller autochthonous population also present in Croatia... Aromanians (also called: Macedo-Romanians or Aroumans; in Aromanian they call themselves Armãnji, Rrãmãnji) are a people living throughout the southern Balkans, especially in northern Greece, Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria, and as an emigrant community in Romania (Dobruja). ...


97.5% of the population over the age of 10 is literate.


Climate

The city experiences a continental climate, with warm summers and cool winters. Regions containing a continental climate exist in portions of Northern Hemisphere continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of the world. ...

Climate chart for Skopje
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
34
 
4
-3
 
 
37
 
8
-1
 
 
36
 
14
2
 
 
40
 
19
5
 
 
62
 
24
10
 
 
46
 
28
13
 
 
34
 
30
15
 
 
31
 
30
15
 
 
41
 
26
11
 
 
44
 
19
6
 
 
56
 
10
1
 
 
46
 
5
-2
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: Climate-Charts.com

Tourist attractions

The church of Saint Panteleimon in Nerezi near Skopje is a superb example of the Comnenian art on the all-Byzantine level. Commissioned by several members of the royal Comnenus family, the church was not finished until 1164. Nerezi is famous for its frescoes, representing a pinnacle of the 12th-century trend of intimacy and spirituality. They are often compared with similarly delicate works by Giotto[citation needed], who worked 140 years later. These murals underwent serious 19th-century overpainting but were restored lately. Saint Pantaleon (Panteleimon), counted in the West among the late-medieval Fourteen Holy Helpers and in the East as one of the Holy Unmercenary Healers, was a martyr of Nicomedia in Bithynia during the Diocletian persecution of 303 AD. According to the martyrologies, Pantaleon was the son of a rich... Nerezi is a small town in the Republic of Macedonia, approximately fifteen minutes drive from the capital, Skopje, and at an altitude of 771 meters (2532 feet). ... Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus The Comnenus or Komnenos family was an important dynasty in the history of the Byzantine Empire. ... Events Count Henry I of Champagne marries Marie de Champagne. ... Giotto di Bondone (c. ...


A ancient Roman aqueduct survives to the north of the city. One of stone bridges connecting both side of Vardar River dates back to the reign of Stefan Dušan. This bridge is not to be confused with the more famous Stone Bridge in the city square built under the patronage of Sultan Mehmed II the Conqueror between 1451 and 1469, today featured as the emblem of the city of Skopje. Within Skopje, there are notable buildings from the Ottoman rule such as the Kuršumli Han (medieval Turkish inn) and several mosques. DuÅ¡an Silni Tsar Stefan UroÅ¡ IV DuÅ¡an Silni (the mighty) (Serbian: Цар Стефан Душан Силни) (circa 1308 – December 20, 1355) was a Serb king (September 8, 1331 – 1346) and tsar (1346 – December 5, 1355). ... Mehmed II (Ottoman Turkish: محمد ثانى , Turkish: ), (also known as el-Fatih (الفاتح), the Conqueror, in Ottoman Turkish, or, in modern Turkish, Fatih Sultan Mehmet) (March 30, 1432 – May 3, 1481) was Sultan of the Ottoman Empire for a short time from 1444 to 1446, and later from 1451 to 1481. ...


Of these mosques, Mustapha Pasha Mosque is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful buildings of Islamic architecture in Skopje. Located on a hill facing Fort Kale, this mosque dominates the whole surroundings and was built in the last decade of the 15th century when the military spahi system of Osmanli Turkish feudalism had reached the peak of its development. It is an endowment of Mustapha Pasha, an eminent figure in the Turkish state during the rule of Sultan Bayezid II and Sultan Selim I. The year of Mustapha Pasha's death is engraved on the entrance of his mausoluem, which is located by the mosque. It shows him to have died in 1519. The mausoleum and the mosque were both badly damaged in Skopje's 1963 earthquake, and restoration and conservation work was started in 1968. The interior of the mosque, like that of the porch, is mostly decorated with stylized plants. On the walls of the praying space are calligraphic inscriptions (lehve) with the names of Allah, Mohammed and his followers (Ebubekira, Ali, Osman and Omer) and quotations from the Qu'ran. The painted decorations are more recent, mainly from 1933 when the mosque was renovated. This can be seen from the intense blue and black color of the ornaments, which are often a confusing mass of color. Most of the city's 1930s 'Balkan Art Nouveau' buildings were also destroyed in 1963 but some characteristic examples remain. Mustapha Pasha Mosque is a mosque lcated in Skopje, Macedonia. ... Sultan Beyazid II Bayezid II (1447/48 – May 26, 1512) (Arabic: بايزيد الثاني) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1481 to 1512. ... Selim I (Ottoman: سليم الأول, Turkish:) (also known as the Grim or the Brave, Yavuz in Turkish, the long name is Yavuz Sultan Selim)(October 10, 1465 – September 22, 1520) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1512 to 1520. ...


The Millennium Cross, situated on the peak of the mountain Vodno, is a tourist attraction. The cross was finished in July, 2007. At 66 meters high, it is one of the biggest crosses in the world and can be seen from 30 km away.


Skopje Culture

Museum of Contemporary Arts Skopje[6], is one of the most important institution of Macedonia in discovering, treasuring and preserving the Contemporary Arts. Тhe international community manifested an exceptionally wide solidarity in assisting the reconstruction of Skopje. An important part of that solidarity was also the action initiated by the International Association of the Plastic Arts which on its convention held in October 1963 in New York, called upon the artists of the world to assist in creating a collection of works of art by which they would support the vision of the city reconstruction. The building project was donated by the Polish Government which made a national competition to this and where the joint work of the Polish architects: J. Mokrzynski, E. Wierzbicki and W. Klyzewski was accepted. Having a total area of 5000 sq. m., the Museum building is made up of three connected wings which include the halls for temporary exhibitions, the premises for the permanent exhibition, the hall for lecturers, film and video presentation, the library and the archives, the administration, the conservation workshop, the depots and other departments. The great park areas, that enable the installation of various sculptural projects, as well as the spacious parking further relate to the immediate environment of the Skopje Museum of Contemporary Art.


Skopje Jazz Festival is one of the most important jazz events held in Macedonia. Every year it brings to Skopje the international Jazz scene. The Artists swipe from Fusion, Acid Jazz, Latin Jazz, Smooth jazz, Avant-garde jazz, and bring great variety and richness to this Festival. Ray Charles, Tito Puente, Gotan Project, have taken part of this festival, just to name a few. The Skopje Jazz Festival is a part of the European Jazz Network and The European Forum of World Wide Festivals. It is held in October. The Skopje Jazz Festival is an institution which had consistent growth in the 1980s, 1990s and continues to grow every year. ...


Famous people born in Skopje

Further information: List of people from Skopje

Some notable people born in Skopje or its surroundings are:

Mother Teresa (born Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu IPA: ) (August 26, 1910 – September 5, 1997) was a Roman Catholic nun who founded the Missionaries of Charity and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 for her humanitarian work. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Humanitarianism is the view that all people should be treated with the respect and dignity they deserve as human beings, and that advancing the well-being of humanity is a noble goal. ... Darko Pančev (Macedonian: ) (born September 7, 1965 in Skopje, SR Macedonia, SFR Yugoslavia) is a former footballer. ... European Cup redirects here. ... Milčo Mančevski (Macedonian: Милчо Манчевски; usually credited as Milcho Manchevski) (born 18 October 1959 in Skopje) is a Macedonian film director and screenwriter. ... Director Herbert Brenon with actress Alla Nazimova on the set of War Brides, 1916 A director is a person who directs the making of a film. ... Blagoj Nacoski Blagoj Nacoski (Macedonian: Благој Нацоски, born 18 May 1979 in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia) is a tenor opera singer. ... This article is about Tenor vocalists in music. ... For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... Trifun Kostovski, mayor of Skopje Trifun Kostovski (Macedonian: ) (born 27 December 1946 in Skopje, Republic of Macedonia) is a Macedonian politician, businessman and singer, and the current Mayor of Skopje He is married with three children. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Esma Redžepova is a Roma vocalist, songwriter, and humanitarian born in Yugoslavia. ... Romani (or Romany) relates to: The Roma people, sometimes referred to as Gypsies. Romani language, the language of the Roma. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Overview of the city Pernik (Bulgarian: ) is a city in western Bulgaria with a population of 91,883 as of 2006. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Bradford (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... County Dolj County Status County capital Mayor Antonie Solomon, Democratic Party, since 2004 Area 81. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Dijon ( , IPA: ) is a city in eastern France, the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Côte-dOr département and of the Bourgogne région. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Dresden (etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Nuremberg coat of arms Location of Nuremberg Nuremberg (German: Nürnberg) is a city in the German state of Bavaria, in the administrative region of Middle Franconia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario Established 1967 Amalgamation 1998 with Toronto Government  - Mayor David Miller (Toronto Mayor)  - Governing Body Toronto City Council  - MPs Jack Layton, Maria Minna  - MPPs Michael Prue, Peter Tabuns Area  - Borough 21. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... This is about the Italian city of Lecce. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Location in Slovenia Coordinates: , Country Founded AD 15 (as Colonia Iulia Aemona) Government  - Mayor and governor Zoran Janković (Lista Zorana Jankovića) Area  - Total 275. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Pittsburgh redirects here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Roubaix (Dutch Robaais) is a city of northern France, in the Nord département, located near the cities of Lille and Tourcoing and the Belgian border. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Geography Country Belgium Community French Community Region Walloon Region Province Liège Arrondissement Waremme Coordinates , , Area 31. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Babiniotis, Λεξικό της Νεοελληνικής Γλώσσας
  2. ^ Watkins, Thomas H., "Roman Legionary Fortresses and the Cities of Modern Europe", Military Affairs, Vol. 47, No. 1 (Feb., 1983)
  3. ^ Room A. Placenames of the World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for Over 5000 Natural Features, p.335.
  4. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia: Scopia.
  5. ^ Pavlov, Plamen (2002). Цар Самуил и "Българската епопея" (in Bulgarian). Sofia, Veliko Tarnovo: VMRO Rousse. 
  6. ^ Focus News Agency [1]
  7. ^ 2002 census results in English and Macedonian (PDF)

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Skopje
  • Skopje is at coordinates 42°00′19″N 21°26′30″E / 42.0052, 21.4417 (Skopje)Coordinates: 42°00′19″N 21°26′30″E / 42.0052, 21.4417 (Skopje)
Cities and Towns in the Republic of Macedonia
Berovo | Bitola | Bogdanci | Debar | Delčevo | Demir Kapija | Demir Hisar | Gevgelija | Gostivar | Kavadarci | Kičevo | Kočani | Kratovo | Kriva Palanka | Kruševo | Kumanovo | Makedonski Brod | Makedonska Kamenica | Negotino | Ohrid | Pehčevo | Prilep | Probištip | Radoviš | Resen | Štip | Skopje | Struga | Strumica | Sveti Nikole | Tetovo | Valandovo | Veles | Vinica

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... For an explanation of terms related to Macedonia, see Macedonia (terminology). ... Image File history File links Flag-map_of_FYR_Macedonia. ... Berovo is a small city near the MaleÅ¡evo mountains, 161 km far away from Skopje, 47 km from Strumica and 52km from Kočani, in the Republic of Macedonia. ... Nickname: Motto: Bitolia, babam Bitolia Location of the city of Bitola (red) within the Republic of Macedonia Coordinates: , Government  - Mayor Vladimir Taleski Area  - City 422. ... Bogdanci is a town in the southeastern Republic of Macedonia, close to the border with Greece. ... Debar on the map of Republic of Macedonia Debar (Cyrillic: Дебар) is a city in the western part of the Republic of Macedonia, near the border with Albania, on the road from the city of Struga to the city of Gostivar. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Delčevo municipality Elevation m Population 10 454 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 033 Postal code 2320 Car plates Å T Official Website www. ... Demir Kapija (4,815 inhabitants) is a town located near the Gates of the same name. ... Gevgelija on the map of Republic of Macedonia Coat of arms of Gevgelija Gevgelija (Macedonian: Гевгелија, Greek: Γευγελή, Yevyelí) is a town with a population of 20,362 located in the very southeast of the Republic of Macedonia along the banks of the Vardar River, situated at the countrys main border... Gostivar-view on the city center Gostivar (Macedonian: Гостивар; Albanian: Gostivari) is city in the Republic of Macedonia, located in the upper Polog region. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Kavadarci municipality Elevation 150 m Population 38 934 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 043 Postal code 1430 Car plates VE Official Website www. ... KI or ki can refer to: The Japanese word ki 気, from Chinese Qi, the originally Chinese cultural concept meaning life force or spiritual energy. See main article: Qi The Kikuyu language (ISO 639 alpha-2, ki) Kiribati (ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code, KI) The chemical compound potassium... City motto : City of rice and geothermal water - Град на оризот и гєотермалната вода Coordinates Country: Republic of Macedonia Municipality : Kočani municipality Elevation 350-420 m Population 38 092 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded 1337 [1] Area code +389 33 Postal code 2300 Car plates Å T Official Website... Kratovo is a small picturesque town in the Republic of Macedonia. ... The municipality of Kriva Palanka is located in the northeastern part of the Republic of Macedonia. ... KruÅ¡evo (Aromanian: Crushuva;Macedonian/Bulgarian: Крушево; Greek: Κρούσοβο, Krusovo) is a town in Republic of Macedonia. ... Location of the city of Kumanovo (red) within the Republic of Macedonia Coordinates: , Government  - Mayor Zoran Damjanovski Elevation +340 m (1,115 ft) Population (2002)  - Total 105 484 Time zone CET (UTC+1) Postal codes Area code(s) 389 031 Patron saints St. ... Devina tower in Makedonski Brod Makedonski brod is a city in central part of the country, on the south-eastern part of Suva Gora, western Karadzica and south-western Dautica mountains. ... Makedonska Kamenica or Македонска Каменица is a town in north-eastern Macedonia. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Negotino municipality Elevation 150 m Population 13. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Ohrid municipality Elevation 695 m Population 55 749 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 46 Postal code 6000 Car plates OH Official Website www. ... Pehčevo is a small town and municipality situated in the east of The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. ... Nickname: Location of the city of Prilep (red) within the Republic of Macedonia Coordinates: , Government  - Mayor Marjan Risteski Area  - City 1,194. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : ProbiÅ¡tip municipality Elevation m Population 10 826 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 032 Postal code 2210 Car plates Å T Official Website www. ... Centre of Radovish RadoviÅ¡ (Macedonian: Радовиш) is positioned in the southeastern part of the Republic of Macedonia. ... Resen (Macedonian: ) is a city in Republic of Macedonia. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Å tip municipality Elevation 300 m Population 43 625 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 32 Postal code {{{postal_code}}} Car plates Å T Official Website www. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Struga municipality Elevation m Population approximately 30000 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 246 Postal code 6330 Car plates Official Websites www. ... Strumica (Macedonian/Bulgarian: Струмица, Greek: Στρώμνιτσα Stromnitsa, Turkish: Usturumca) is a city of about 55,000 people in southeastern Republic of Macedonia. ... Sveti Nikole (literally means Saint Nicholas) is the center of a plain called Ovche Pole (Plain of sheep), famous for sheep farming, lamb meat, and dairy products of all kinds. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Tetovo municipality Elevation 486 m Population 80 841 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 044 Postal code 1200 Car plates TE Official Website tetovo. ... Valandovo is a town in the southeastern Republic of Macedonia. ... Veles is a city in the center of the Republic of Macedonia on the Vardar river. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Vinica municipality Elevation m Population 14 200 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 033 Postal code 2310 Car plates Å T Official Website www. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... The European Union (EU) was created by six founding states in 1957 (following the earlier establishment by the same six states of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952) and has grown to 27 member states. ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Location of Zagreb within Croatia Coordinates: , Country RC diocese 1094 Free royal city 1242 Unified 1850 Government  - Mayor Milan Bandić Area [1]  - Total 641. ... The History of Bulgaria as a separate country began in the 7th century with the arrival of the Bulgars and the foundation of the First Bulgarian Empire together with the local seven Slavic tribes, a union recognized by Byzantium in 681. ... Pliska (Bulgarian. ... Preslav ( Bulgarian: Преслав) was capital of the First Bulgarian Empire from 893 to 972. ... City motto : Coordinates Municipality : Ohrid municipality Elevation 695 m Population 55 749 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded Area code +389 46 Postal code 6000 Car plates OH Official Website www. ... Veliko Tarnovo (Bulgarian: Велико Търново; also transliterated as Veliko Turnovo) is a city in central northern Bulgaria and the administrative centre of Veliko Tarnovo Province. ... This article is about the capital of Bulgaria. ... One of the first Serbian states, RaÅ¡ka, was founded in the first half of the 7th century on Byzantine territory by the Unknown Archont, the founder of the House of Vlastimirović; it evolved into the Serbian Empire under the House of Nemanjić. In the modern era Serbia has been... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... Ras city was one of the first capitals of the medieval Serbian state of Raska, and the most important one for a long period of time. ... Coordinates Mayor Dr. Miomir MugoÅ¡a (DPS) Municipality area 1,441 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 136,473 169,132 117. ... County Dubrovnik–Neretva Population 2,605 Mayor Vedran Antunica Ston on the map of Croatia Ston municipality within Dubrovnik-Neretva county Ston is a small town in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia, located at the south of isthmus of the PeljeÅ¡ac (Sabioncello) peninsula. ... Debrc (Дебрц) is a former city, today a village, located in the Vladimirci municipality, in Mačva District of Serbia. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ... View of Prizren. ... For other uses, see Serres (disambiguation). ... Country Province Government  - Mayor Ismet Beqiri Elevation 652 m (2,139 ft) Population (2000)[1]  - Total 550,000 - 600,000  - Density 661/km² (1,712/sq mi) Time zone CET (UTC+1) Area code(s) +381 38 Website: PriÅ¡tina Municipality Bill Clinton Boulevard. ... Location of KruÅ¡evac within Serbia Coordinates: , Country District Settlements 101 Government  - Mayor Dragan Azdejković (DSS) Area [3]  - Municipality 854 km² (329. ... Location of Smederevo within Serbia Coordinates: , Country District Settlements 27 Government  - Mayor SaÅ¡a Radosavljević (DSS) Area [2]  - Municipality 484 km² (186. ... Subotica city hall Subotica (Serbian: Суботица or Subotica, Hungarian: Szabadka, Croatian: Subotica, German: Maria-Theresiopel or Theresiopel, Slovak: Subotica, Rusin: Суботица, Romanian: Subotica or Subotita) is a city and municipality in northern Serbia and Montenegro, in the North Bačka District of Vojvodina, Serbia. ... Location of Kragujevac within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District Å umadija Municipalities 5 Founded 1476 Government  - Mayor Veroljub Stevanović (SDPO)  - Ruling parties SDPO Area  - City 835 km²  (322. ... For other uses of TimiÅŸ, see TimiÅŸ (disambiguation). ... Location of Kragujevac within Serbia Coordinates: Country Serbia District Å umadija Municipalities 5 Founded 1476 Government  - Mayor Veroljub Stevanović (SDPO)  - Ruling parties SDPO Area  - City 835 km²  (322. ... Nis redirects here. ... For other uses, see Belgrade (disambiguation). ...


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Macedonia FAQ: Skopje (1584 words)
Skopje is the capital of the Republic of Macedonia.
Skopje was part of the Serbian state during its greatest expansion under the rule of Stefan Uros IV Dushan Nemanja (1331-1355).
Skopje was part of King Marko's state until the arrival of the Turks who seized it on January 19, 1392.
skopje - Article and Reference from OnPedia.com (447 words)
Skopje (Macedonian: Скопје;, Albanian Shkup, Turkish: skb) is the capital city of the Republic of Macedonia.
Skopje was not known to the Ancient Greeks, and appears to have been founded in the 3rd century BC by the Dardanians, a people on the fringes of the Kingdom of Macedon.
In 1963 Skopje was struck by a major earthquake, and numerous cultural monuments were seriously damaged.
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