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Encyclopedia > Skinheads Against Racial Prejudice

Skinheads Against Racial Prejudice (SHARP) are anti-racist skinheads who oppose neo-Nazis and other political racists, especially if those racists call themselves skinheads. Anti-racism, like other general social attitudes, ideas and movements, has many variations and faces. ... Skinheads, named for their close-cropped or shaven heads, are a working-class subculture that originated in Britain during the 1960s. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ...


SHARPs recognize the biracial origins of the skinhead subculture, and resent what they see as the hijacking of the skinhead name by racist extremists. Beyond the issue of anti-racism, there is no official political ideology of SHARP. However, some SHARPs have similar beliefs to politically-minded anti-fascist skinheads such as redskins and anarchists (such as those in the group Red and Anarchist Skinheads). Due to their anti-racist ideals, some SHARPs have been involved with groups such as Anti-Fascist Action or Anti-Racist Action. However, this is more based on personal beliefs, instead of directly associated with SHARP. In the 2000s, SHARP has become more of an individual designation than an official organization. Actress Halle Berry was born to a white mother of British extraction and a black father of American extraction. ... In sociology, anthropology and cultural studies, a subculture is a set of people with a set of behaviors and beliefs, culture, which could be distinct or hidden, that differentiate them from the larger culture to which they belong. ... Members of the Dutch Eindhoven Resistance with troops of the US 101st Airborne in Eindhoven in September 1944. ... In the context of the skinhead subculture, a redskin is a left wing (communist or socialist) skinhead. ... Anarchist redirects here. ... Red and Anarchist Skinheads (also Anarcho-skinheads; RASH) are the anti-racist, anti-fascist skinheads. ... Anti-Fascist Action (or AFA) is a British left-wing organisation founded in 1986. ... ARA Logo, featuring a masked anarchist smashing a swastika Anti-Racist Action Network (ARA) is a decentralized network of militant anarcho-communists who espouse anti-fascist and anti-racist views. ...

Contents

Before SHARP

The original skinhead subculture started in the United Kingdom in late 1960s, and had heavy British mod and Jamaican rude boy influences, including a love for ska and soul music.[1][2][3] [4] Although some skinheads (including black skinheads) had engaged in Paki bashing (random violence against Pakistanis and other South Asian immigrants), skinheads were not associated with an organized racist political movement in the 1960s.[5] [6] [7] However, in the late 1970s, a skinhead revival in the UK included a sizeable white nationalist faction, involving organizations such as the National Front, British Movement, Rock Against Communism and Blood and Honour. Because of this, the mainstream media began to label the whole skinhead identity as neo-Nazi. This new white power skinhead movement then spread to other countries, including the United States. Skinheads, named for their close-cropped or shaven heads, are a working-class subculture that originated in Britain during the 1960s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Ska (pron. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... A Masai man in Kenya Black people or blacks is a political, social or cultural classification of people. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... // White nationalism (WN) advocates a racial definition (or redefinition) of national identity, as opposed to multiculturalism. ... In the United Kingdom, the British National Front (most commonly called the National Front or NF) is a far right political party that had its major political activities during the 1970s and 1980s. ... The British Movement was a British neo-Nazi group. ... RAC logo with a skull superimposed over a hammer and sickle. ... Blood and Honour emblem. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


SHARP in the USA

Skinheads Against Racial Prejudice was started in New York City in 1987 by Marcus Pacheco as a way to show that the skinhead subculture is not based on racism and political extremism.[8] André Schlesinger (and his Oi! band The Press) and Jason O'Toole (vocalist of the hardcore punk group Life's Blood) were among SHARP's early supporters. According to a 2005 report by the Southern Poverty Law Center, SHARP groups were essentially defunct in the United States in that year (although the SPLC does not explain how it came to that conclusion).[9] New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Oi! is a working class street-level subgenre of punk rock that originated in the United Kingdom in the 1970s. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Lifes Blood was a hardcore punk band formed by four first year college students in New York City in 1987. ... The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) is an American non-profit legal organization, whose stated purpose is to combat racism and promote civil rights through research, education and litigation. ...


SHARP outside the USA

In 1989, Roddy Moreno of the Welsh Oi! band The Oppressed visited New York City and met many SHARP members. On his return to the United Kingdom, he started promoting SHARP ideals to British skinheads.[10][11] SHARP then appeared in Germany, throughout Europe and in other continents.[12] In the UK and other European countries, the SHARP attitude was more based on the individual than on organized groups. A skinhead/Oi! punk rock band from Wales. ...


On September 8th 2007, Javier Alonso a.k.a. "El Chigüiro", a member of a colombian SHARP group, stabbed to death a hardcore band guitarrist in Bogotá, Colombia.[13]


Footnotes

  1. ^ http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2005/is_1_38/ai_n6234788/pg_1
  2. ^ Old Skool Jim. Trojan Skinhead Reggae Box Set liner notes. London: Trojan Records. TJETD169. 
  3. ^ Marshall, George (1991). Spirit of '69 - A Skinhead Bible. Dunoon, Scotland: S.T. Publishing. ISBN 1-898927-10-3). 
  4. ^ http://www.reggaereggaereggae.com/Special%20Articles.htm
  5. ^ Violence In Our Minds - The Skinhead Nation
  6. ^ Monty Montgomery of the Pyramids/Symarip interview
  7. ^ http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,909318,00.html?promoid=googlep
  8. ^ http://www.skinheadnation.co.uk/newyorkskinheads.htm
  9. ^ http://www.splcenter.org/intel/map/hate.jsp?T=30&m=4.
  10. ^ http://www.theoppressed.co.uk/home.html
  11. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/wales/music/sites/oppressed/
  12. ^ http://www.skinheadnation.co.uk/sharpskinheads.htm
  13. ^ http://www.eltiempo.com/bogota/2007-09-13/ARTICULO-WEB-NOTA_INTERIOR-3720097.html

External links

  • German SHARP site
  • UK SHARP site
  • English SHARP site
  • Myspace SHARP site
  • Interview with The Press from the SHARP 'zine Double Barrel

 
 

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